Your Guide to Labour and Birth Best Start

Your Guide To Labour And Birth Best Start-Free PDF

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Labour is different,for each woman,It is normal to feel. excited happy,sad nervous and,afraid all at once, In this handout you will learn the answers to common questions women have. about labour and birth,1 What needs to be done to get ready 3. 2 What is labour 5,3 What are the signs of labour 6. 4 How do you time your contractions 8,5 When should you go to your place of birth 9.
6 What are the four stages of labour 10, 7 What can help you stay comfortable during labour 11. 8 What are some comfortable positions for labour 13. 9 What medical procedures are sometimes used during labour and birth 14. 10 What can you expect right after birth 16,11 Who are your important contacts 17. YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH,1 What needs to be done to get ready. earn about the process of labour and birth, hink about comfort measures you want to try as you move through the stages of. alk about comfort measures with your support person and health care provider. earn about breastfeeding, earn about services and community programs in your area that help parents.
drops ins breastfeeding support dads groups food banks community closets etc. sk what the hospital or birth centre will provide and what you need to bring with. you Pack a small suitcase or bag 3 to 4 weeks before your due date see next page. YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH,Going to the Hospital Birthing Centre. What to Pack Before,For You ing machines,q M oney for vend. teria or hospital,q Health card hospital cafe,q Pen and paper parking. nu mbers for friends,q Underwear q,good support bra and family. q N ursing bra or,brush hairbrush q C amera,q T oiletries tooth er etc charger.
lip balm hairdry q C ell phone and,nitary pads,q Sa q V ery light read. ers and robe q Y our favorite m,q N ightgown slipp. Lo os e fitting clothes for the,al registration,q Pl astic hospitha e. card if you ve on,For Your Baby s Trip,q A pproved car se q S weater. q U ndershirt q T hin blanket,q D iapers and wip q W arm blanket.
q S leeper for winter,q S ocks or bootie,support person. For your partner or,ja ma s or comfortable clothes. q T oiletries,q C ell phone and,q B ook and music,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH. 2 What is labour, Labour is the work your uterus does to help the baby come out For many hours your. uterus will tighten contract rest and then tighten contract again This makes the. opening of the uterus cervix get thinner efface and open dilate. The Thinning and Opening of the Cervix,Uterus Uterus Uterus.
Internal os,External os,Un effaced cervix Effaced cervix Dilated cervix. Efface Dilate, Your cervix gets thinner Your cervix will open dilate. effaces before it opens to about 10 cm 4 inches,dilates before your baby comes out. A contraction occurs when the uterus gets tight rests and then gets tight again You. will feel many contractions when you are in labour The pain of childbirth comes. mainly from the contractions When your cervix opens to 10 cm your contractions. and your pushing will move the baby down the birth canal vagina and out into the. Labour and birth is a natural and important process for your body Your hormones are. preparing your body and your baby for the transition from the womb to the outside. world Trust the process, For more information see Pathway to a Healthy Birth at www nationalpartnership. org research library maternal health pathway to a healthy birth booklet pdf. YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH,3 What are the signs of labour.
There are some normal signs that tell you that your labour may begin soon Most. women go into labour within a week of their due date If you have signs of labour. before you are 37 weeks pregnant go to the hospital or birthing centre right away. 1 Lightening, Near the end of your pregnancy your baby will move down When this happens you. will be able to breathe better You will feel less burning in your chest and throat after. you eat You will have to pass urine more often If this is your first baby this may. happen 2 to 3 weeks before you go into labour If this is not your first baby this may. not happen until closer to the time you will give birth. Baby drops lower,near the end of,2 Mucous Plug, While you are pregnant you have a thick mucous plug. in your cervix As the baby s birth gets closer your. cervix begins to thin and open and the plug may come. out If this happens you will notice thick mucous on. your underwear or in the toilet or you may not notice. 3 Bloody Show, You may notice a pink red or brown discharge a few. days before labour or during labour This is called. bloody show It is a sign of your cervix changing shape. and the mucous plug coming out Tell your health care. provider when this happens,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH. 4 Bag of Water Breaks, Your baby is inside a bag of water amniotic sac in your uterus When the baby is.
ready to be born it is normal for the bag of water to break This may happen before. labour starts early in labour or when the baby is almost ready to be born When it. happens you may have a little or a lot of water leaking from your vagina Sometimes. women do not know whether this is water from their uterus or urine If you are not. sure call your health care provider,When your bag of water breaks. rite down the time that your bag of,water broke,ook at the colour of the water. it should be clear,Notice if there is a smell it should not smell. Do not use a tampon use a pad in your underwear or towel if needed. Call your health care provider or hospital for instructions. 5 Contractions, Late in your pregnancy you may have contractions uterus. tightens rests and tightens again that are very strong They. may come and go for hours or days and then stop, These contractions are helping your womb uterus get.
ready for birth and are called pre labour or Braxton Hicks. contractions The chart below will help you know when you. are really in labour,Pre labour contractions True labour contractions. Do not get stronger Get stronger, Do not become regular Become regular and closer together. Go away with walking Get stronger when you walk, Feel strongest in front May begin in back and move to front. There is no bloody show Bloody show is usually present. Tend to go away with rest,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH. Duration intervals between the contractions,4 How do you time your contractions.
By learning how to time your contractions you will know when you are in true. labour Time your contractions when the contractions come closer together and or the. contractions get stronger or when your water breaks. It is also helpful to time for at least 3 contractions in a row to see what the pattern is. Write down,When each contraction begins and ends,How far apart the contractions are. How long each contraction lasts Strength,How strong the contractions feel. How long the,contractions last,How far apart,the contractions are. Use a clock or watch with a second hand To,find out how long the contraction lasts start. timing from the beginning of the contraction,to the end of the same contraction.
To find out how far apart contractions are,time the beginning of one contraction to the. beginning of the NEXT contraction,Labour Record,Frequency of. Start Time Stop Time Length of Contraction,Contractions. How long the,contractions last,How far apart,the contractions are. YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH,5 When should you go to your place of birth.
If you are bleeding from your vagina, hen your contractions are 5 minutes apart and are also increasing in intensity. your health care provider may ask you to go to the hospital earlier. When your water breaks, You can use the acronym TACO to remember to record. Time when the bag of water broke,Amount of fluid,Color of fluid. Odour of fluid, I f you are planning a home birth contact your midwife when you have signs. It is best to stay at,home during early,labour Resting taking.
a shower going for,a walk or watching,a movie are all great. ways to cope with,early labour,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH. 6 What are the four stages of labour,Labour can be divided in four stages. Stage 1 Labour Stage 2 Birth of Baby, Your contractions will slowly get stronger You will have more contractions They. They will happen more often and last will be very strong You will feel the need. longer By the end of this stage your cervix to push Your baby will be born. will be thinner effaced and will open,dilate to 10 cm Your baby will move.
down into your pelvis,Stage 3 Release of Placenta,Not long after your baby is. born you will feel some mild Stage 4 Recovery, contractions again You will During this stage you will be resting after labour. then be able to push out the and birth You will be spending time with your baby. placenta This is usually a Skin to skin contact with your baby will help you. quick process If the placenta bond with your baby and will keep your baby warm. does not come on its own It will help your baby find your breast and latch on to. your health care provider may your nipple This is a good time to start breastfeeding. need to remove it for you,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH. 7 What can help you stay comfortable,during your labour. Here are some tips that you and your partner can use to help you learn to relax. This may make labour more comfortable and will help the baby move down into. the birth canal,Learn breathing techniques such as how to.
B reathe slowly and rhythmically in through,the nose and out through the mouth. T ake light shallow breaths in and out of,your mouth. T ake short quick breaths in and out of your,You can learn the breathing techniques in. prenatal classes or ask someone to show you,Practicing your breathing techniques alone. or with your coach will help you to prevent,hyperventilating.
I think this graphic really illustrated,poor posture would it not be better. to have it so that the back is flattened,to find something to look at or. Try Ask your support, think about during your contractions person to massage. different parts of,your body If your,lower back hurts. ask ofyour,Could we have a graphic,women sitting on a couch so.
we get away fromperson,the idea to apply,that she is confined to bed. steady pressure,lower back,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH. Listen to music Drink juice or,water or chew,on ice chips. amounts of, Go to the toilet to pass urine Have a shower or a bath. at least every hour, Some women want medications to help reduce the pain Talk to your health care.
provider about the kinds of pain medications that might help Ask questions about the. benefits and risks to you and your baby as well as the alternatives so that you can. make an informed decision about using them or not,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH. 8 What are some comfortable,positions for labour, Try some of these positions to find the ones you like It is important to change. positions during labour Doing so will help you to stay comfortable and will help your. baby move down,YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH,9 What medical procedures are sometimes. used during labour and birth, There are several medical procedures that your health care provider may use Sometimes. babies need some help to be born During your prenatal visits talk about what medical. procedures your health care provider may use during labour and birth This will help you. to be aware of the risks and benefits for you and your baby of each procedure as well. as the alternatives so you can make an informed decision during labour When in labour. Baby s Head, choose the method s that works best for you and your baby.
Middle Cut,Baby s Head, Labour may need to be started for you because Side Cut. the baby is overdue for special health reasons Middle Cut. or because the bag of water breaks but there are,no contractions This can be done with special. medication oxytocin If your bag of water is not,broken your health care provider may suggest. breaking it for you before starting the medication. Augmentation,Breaking your water and or the use of oxytocin. can help if your labour is slow to progress,Pain Medication.
Intravenous Infusion IV may be used,to give you fluids medication or pain. medication through your arm,An Epidural may be used to give you pain. medication through your lower back An,epidural anesthetic numbs the lower part of. Fetal Monitoring, During labour your baby s heart rate will be checked. Your health care provider will use a hand held,stethoscope called a Doppler.
A machine called a fetal monitor may be used to,listen to the baby s heartbeat. Monitoring also includes recording and measuring,the contractions. YOUR GUIDE TO LABOUR AND BIRTH,Episiotomy,This is a small cut to make the opening. of the vagina bigger,Baby s Head,An episiotomy is not a routine part of labour. Freezing is usually given first Middle Cut,You will need to have stitches.
Forceps and Vacuum Extraction, Forceps are a spoon like tool that fits around the baby s head. Vacuum extraction uses a soft cup that fits on top of the baby s head. ready to be born it is normal for the bag of water to break This may happen before labour starts early in labour or when the baby is almost ready to be born When it happens you may have a little or a lot of water leaking from your vagina Sometimes women do not know whether this is water from their uterus or urine If you are not

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