With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health UAB

With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health Uab-Free PDF

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s e s s i o n,Protect Your Heart Take Good,Care of Your Diabetes for Life. Objectives, By the end of this session group members will learn. What diabetes is and how it affects the body,The symptoms of diabetes. That diabetes is a major risk factor for heart disease. The levels of blood glucose and what they mean,How to prevent and control diabetes. The amount of sugar in common beverages,Materials and Supplies.
To conduct this session you will need, With Every Heartbeat Is Life manual and picture cards. Blackboard and chalk or several large pieces of paper a marker and tape. Two bottles of water,Red food coloring, Session 7 Protect Your Heart Take Good Care of Your Diabetes for Life 203. One cup of corn syrup,A box of sugar cubes,Three manila file folders for activity display. Pictures of drinks listed on page 225, Optional Note Arrange for a health professional or a diabetes educator to come to the. session to measure group members blood glucose levels. Give group members these handouts during this session. List of places where group members can get their blood glucose checked. What Is Diabetes page 234,Are You at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes page 235.
Symptoms of Diabetes page 236,Tender Care for Your Feet page 237. Be Smart About Your Heart Control the ABCs of Diabetes page 238. Read the Food Label for Sugar page 239,Pam s Food Choices pages 240 241. Think Before You Drink Hidden Sugar in Common Beverages page 242. How Much Sugar and Calories Are in Your Favorite Drink page 243. Prepare before the session, Prepare this list before the session You may find information at your local health department. hospital or clinic, 204 With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health Worker s Manual for African Americans. Staying Healthy With Diabetes Real Life Stories pages 244 246. Soul Food Makeover Strawberry and Pineapple Delight Recipe page 247. Session Outline,Introducing the Session,2 Review of Last Week s Session.
3 About This Session,Conducting the Session,1 The Facts Don t Lie. 2 What Is Diabetes,3 Types of Diabetes,4 Risk Factors for Diabetes. 5 Symptoms of Diabetes,6 Blood Glucose Levels,A Hypoglycemia. B Hyperglycemia,7 Complications of Diabetes,8 ABCs of Diabetes Control. 9 Food Label Activity Sugar, Session 7 Protect Your Heart Take Good Care of Your Diabetes for Life 205.
10 Think Before You Drink Hidden Sugar in Drinks Activity. 11 Staying Healthy With Diabetes Group Activity, 12 Soul Food Makeover Strawberry and Pineapple Delight Recipe. Review of Today s Key Points,Weekly Pledge,I n t r o d uc i n g t h e S e s s io n. Welcome group members to the session,2 Review of Last Week s Session. At the last session we talked about aiming for a healthy weight. Ask these questions, Q Does anyone remember why a healthy weight is important to your. heart health, A Keeping a healthy weight reduces your risk of heart disease stroke high.
blood pressure high blood cholesterol diabetes and some cancers. 206 With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health Worker s Manual for African Americans. Q What is the healthiest way to lose weight, A The healthiest way to lose weight is to eat smaller portions of a variety of. foods lower in fat and calories You also need to do at least 60 minutes of. physical activity on all or most days of the week, Q How does the food label help people who are trying to lose weight. A The food label tells you the serving size and the number of calories in. At the end of the last session you made a pledge to do something to help you. keep or reach a healthy weight What problems did you have How did you. deal with any problems,Note Allow 2 minutes for group members to respond. Has anyone completed the family health history, Note Give a prize to group members who have completed the family health history. Does anyone want to share what you have learned about your family. health history,Note Allow 5 minutes for group members to respond.
3 About This Session, Singer Ella Fitzgerald said Just don t give up trying to do what you really want. to do Where there is love and inspiration I don t think you can go wrong. Session 7 Protect Your Heart Take Good Care of Your Diabetes for Life 207. What does this quote mean to you,Note Allow a moment for group members to respond. In today s session we will learn what we can do to prevent and control diabetes. If you have diabetes you will need to work closely with a doctor a registered. dietitian or a certified diabetes educator to help you monitor and control your. blood glucose blood sugar,C o n d u c t i ng t he Ses s io n. 1 The Facts Don t Lie, Diabetes is a serious problem for African American families It affects men. women and children, Diabetes is increasing among African Americans About one in eight adult.
African Americans has diabetes, Diabetes is a chronic disease that slowly damages the body Although it has. no cure complications can be prevented,Diabetes is a major risk factor for heart disease. Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people with diabetes About 3. in 10 African Americans age 35 or older with diabetes also have heart disease. African Americans are more likely to have diabetes and to die from diabetes. than whites of a similar age, 208 With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health Worker s Manual for African Americans. 2 What Is Diabetes, Now we will talk about what diabetes is and the types of diabetes. Give group members the What Is Diabetes handout page 234. Diabetes happens when the body does not make enough insulin or cannot use it. well causing glucose to build up in the blood Too much glucose in the blood is. not good for your health As a result the body does not function well. Show picture card 7 1, In a healthy body the food we eat goes to the stomach where it is digested.
The food is broken down into glucose Blood glucose is also called blood sugar. The blood takes the glucose to the cells of your body where it is turned into. the energy needed for daily life However glucose cannot enter the cells alone. Insulin a hormone made in the pancreas helps glucose enter the cells. Show picture card 7 2, Diabetes happens when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the. cells cannot use the insulin well This means that the glucose cannot enter the. cells and builds up in the blood People who have high levels of glucose in their. blood have diabetes,What Is Prediabetes,What is prediabetes. Session 7 Protect Your Heart Take Good Care of Your Diabetes for Life 209. Note Allow a minute for group members to respond,Add these answers if they are not mentioned. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than. normal but not high enough to be diabetes, People with prediabetes are more likely to develop diabetes within the next. People with prediabetes are also more likely to have a heart attack or stroke. 3 Types of Diabetes,Show picture card 7 3, When a person does not have diabetes the pancreas produces a healthy amount.
of insulin which the body can use This is shown in the first picture. There are two main types of diabetes,Type 1 diabetes. Happens when the pancreas no longer produces insulin This is shown in the. second picture,Requires insulin pump or shots every day. Is usually found in children adolescents or young adults. Affects about 5 to 10 percent of those with diabetes. 210 With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health Worker s Manual for African Americans. Type 2 diabetes, Happens when some insulin is produced but the body cannot use it well. This is shown in the third picture, Happens more often in people who are overweight and physically inactive. Is usually treated with pills or sometimes insulin shots. Can occur at any age but it is more common after age 40. Is common among African Americans, Is increasing among children especially if they are overweight and.
African American,Affects 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a special class of type 2 diabetes. Some pregnant women develop this kind of diabetes but it usually disappears. after the baby is born, Overweight women and women who have a family history of diabetes are. also at higher risk for gestational diabetes, Women who have had gestational diabetes have a much higher chance of. developing type 2 diabetes later in life Their children are also at a higher. risk for becoming overweight and developing diabetes. We have talked about healthy living throughout the sessions Type 2 diabetes. can be prevented and controlled by making healthy food choices being. physically active and taking medication as prescribed by your doctor If you. have diabetes it is important to be under a doctor s care and to check your blood. glucose as your doctor tells you, Session 7 Protect Your Heart Take Good Care of Your Diabetes for Life 211. Now we are going to do an activity to better understand what diabetes is We. will see the difference between normal blood and blood with a high blood. glucose level,Before the session,Prepare the Blood Glucose Demonstration.
1 Put two clear plastic bottles on the table, 2 Add 1 cup of water and 3 drops of red food coloring into one of the. bottles This represents blood with normal blood glucose. 3 Add 1 cup of corn syrup and 3 drops of red food coloring into the other. bottle This represents blood with high blood glucose. Show the plain water bottle and slowly tilt it from side to side to show the. smooth movement of the liquid, Notice how the blood moves easily and freely This represents the blood of. someone with normal blood glucose, Show the bottle with corn syrup and slowly tilt the bottle from side to side to. show the slow movement of the liquid, Notice how slowly the blood moves and how thick it is when the blood glucose. level is high This represents the blood of someone with high blood glucose. The glucose stays in the blood instead of being used by the body s cells and. muscles This shows high blood glucose, 212 With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health Worker s Manual for African Americans.
4 Risk Factors for Diabetes, What are some risk factors that increase your chances of getting diabetes. Note Allow about 3 minutes for group members to respond Write their answers on the. blackboard or on a large piece of paper taped to the wall. Show picture card 7 4, Give group members the Are You at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes. handout page 235 As you read each risk factor ask group members. to make a check mark next to the risk factors that they have. Your risk of getting diabetes increases if you, Are overweight especially extra weight around the waist Nearly 8 out of. 10 African American women are overweight or obese, Are fairly inactive exercise fewer than three times a week. Have a parent brother or sister with diabetes, Are African American Latino American Indian Asian American or.
Pacific Islander, Have had gestational diabetes or have given birth to a baby weighing more. than 9 pounds African American women are more likely to have had. gestational diabetes than white women, Have blood pressure that is 140 90 mmHg millimeters of mercury or higher. or have been told by a health care provider that you have high blood pressure. Have cholesterol levels that are not normal HDL high density lipoprotein. cholesterol good cholesterol is 35 mg dL milligrams per deciliter or. lower or triglyceride level is 250 mg dL or higher. Session 7 Protect Your Heart Take Good Care of Your Diabetes for Life 213. The good news is that if you are at risk for diabetes you can prevent or delay. getting diabetes by being physically active and having a healthy weight. It is important to be physically active for 30 minutes on most days and to lose. even a small amount of weight For example someone who weighs 200 pounds. would benefit from losing 10 to 15 pounds,5 Symptoms of Diabetes. Does anyone know the signs or symptoms of diabetes. Note Allow 3 to 5 minutes for group members to respond. Give group members the Symptoms of Diabetes handout. Show picture card 7 5,Now let s review the symptoms of diabetes. Feeling tired,Increased thirst,Frequent urination,Increased hunger.
Unexplained weight loss,Sores that don t heal,Very dry skin. Pins and needles feeling in feet,Blurry vision,Feeling irritable. 214 With Every Heartbeat Is Life A Community Health Worker s Manual for African Americans. Often people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms If you have one or more. symptoms see your doctor right away,6 Blood Glucose Levels. Show picture card 7 6, To find out if you have diabetes you can take a fasting blood glucose test at the. doctor s office or at a lab, A fasting blood glucose level below 100 mg dL is normal You are in.
good shape, A fasting blood glucose level of 100 to 125 mg dL is prediabetes This is a. warning that you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes It is time to lose. weight and be physically active at least 5 days a week. A fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg dL or higher means that you have. diabetes If you have diabetes you should work with your doctor and other. health care providers to learn to control it It is important to work with. your doctor to learn the ABCs A1C test blood pressure and cholesterol of. Diabetes is a serious problem for African American families It affects men women and children Add 1 cup of water and 3 drops of red food coloring into one of the bottles This represents blood with normal blood glucose 3 Add 1 cup of corn syrup and 3 drops of red food coloring into the other bottle This represents blood with high blood glucose Show the plain water bottle and

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