WHO Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Prevention and Response

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WHO Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Prevention and Response. Announcement Type, Announcement Title WHO Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Prevention and Response. Initiator Department Office of Compliance Risk Management and Ethics CRE. Initiator Unit CRE,Document Name Information Note, Subject Standards of Conduct Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Prevention and. Response Policy and Procedures,Effective Date March 2017 edited October 2019. Applicability All staff,Addressed to All WHO Offices. Revision Not applicable,Related Documents HR e guide III 1 1.
Policy and Procedures, WHO Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Prevention and Response. Table of Contents,1 Glossary 4,2 Summary 5,3 Introduction 6. 3 1 Background 6, 3 1 1 The Inter Agency Standing Committee Task Team 6. 3 1 2 The humanitarian emergency and development context 7. 3 2 Scope of the policy 7,3 3 Application 7,4 Principles and obligations 8. 4 1 Basic principles 8,4 2 Obligations 8,4 2 1 Obligations of WHO staff 8.
4 2 2 Organizational obligations of WHO 10,5 Prevention monitoring and data tracking 10. 5 1 Raising awareness communication and dissemination of information 10. 5 2 Background checks 11,5 3 Training 11,6 Reporting and responding to SEA 12. 6 1 Reporting mechanisms 12,6 1 1 Integrity Hotline 12. 6 1 2 Confidentiality 12,6 1 3 Retaliation 12, 6 2 WHO mechanisms to respond to a report of SEA 12. 6 2 1 Investigation 13, 6 2 2 Disciplinary measures against WHO staff members 13.
6 2 3 Measures in case of violation of this Policy by WHO collaborators 13. Policy and Procedures,Sexual Exploitation and Abuse. Prevention and Response,1 Glossary, Different from sexual harassment which addresses behavior of WHO staff and collaborators internally towards one another and is. documented in the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct and the policy on prevention of harassment sexual exploitation and. abuse relates to the behavior of WHO staff and collaborators towards third parties referred to as beneficiary populations. Sexual exploitation any actual or attempted abuse of a position of vulnerability differential power. or trust for sexual purposes including but not limited to threatening or profiting monetarily. socially or politically from the sexual exploitation of another. Sexual abuse the actual or threatened physical intrusion of a sexual nature whether by force or. under unequal or coercive conditions, Sexual exploitation and abuse also includes sexual relations with a child in any context. defined as, Child a human being below the age of eighteen years. Examples of acts of sexual exploitation and abuse,Sexual exploitation and abuse.
Sexual assault defined as any unwanted or forced sexual act committed without consent. or threat thereof Sexual assault can occur either against a person s will by force or coercion. or when a person is incapable of giving consent such as when they are under duress under. the influence of drugs or alcohol Force includes, actual physical aggression including but not limited to rape forcible sodomy forcible. oral copulation sexual assault with an object sexual battery forcible fondling e g. unwanted touching or kissing,threats of physical aggression. emotional coercion and or,psychological blackmailing. Unwanted touching of a sexual nature,Demanding sex in any context. Making sex a condition for assistance, Forcing sex forcing someone to have sex with anyone.
Forcing a person to engage in prostitution or pornography. Refusing to use safe sex practices, Videotaping or photographing sexual acts and posting it without permission. Alleging or threatening to allege that anyone already has a history of prostitution on legal. Name calling with sexual epithets, Insisting on anything sexual including jokes that may be uncomfortable frightening or. Telling someone that they or anyone else are obliged to have sex as a condition for anything. Policy and Procedures, Background Checks as part of WHO s pre recruitment practices for both potential staff and non. staff members candidates are required to disclose any history of criminal verdicts including as. relevant of disciplinary sanctions imposed by existing or former employers and where relevant by. disciplinary boards of professional organizations to which the candidate is or has been subject In. addition specific questions on SEA are systematically included in the questionnaires sent out to. Beneficiary population refers to the people WHO works with and or serves or seeks to assist. across the world who are typically in situations of vulnerability and dependence vis vis WHO staff. Beneficiaries are individuals who are direct or indirect recipients of humanitarian emergency or other. WHO action in any duty station Among such individuals women and children are particularly at risk. of sexual exploitation and abuse SEA, Collaborators individuals who work for WHO as non staff members including consultants. holders of Agreements for Performance of Work APW Special Service Agreements SSA or letters. of agreement Temporary Advisers Interns and Volunteers as well as third party entities such as. vendors contractors or technical partners who have a contractual relationship with WHO. Integrity Hotline a telephone number email or web tool providing a safe and independent. mechanism to report any concerns about issues involving WHO or other partners Information. about and access to the Hotline is available here http intranet who int homes cre ethics integrity. Partner an organization through its personnel and collaborators executing a project or. undertaking any other work in the name of under contract with or for the benefit of WHO. Victim the person who is or has been sexually exploited or abused. Policy on Whistleblowing and Protection Against Retaliation Issued in 2015 WHO s policy. aims to encourage staff members as well as the wider public to report concerns or suspicions of. misconduct involving WHO and defines protection against retaliation. WHO s fundamental principles of integrity accountability independence impartiality respect and. professional commitment are documented in the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct WHO. has no tolerance for physical violence and sexual harassment 1 and has clear guidelines and recourses. for its staff and collaborators to make available reporting and protection mechanisms 2 and address. any acts of physical violence and sexual harassment The objective of this policy is to address the. behavior of WHO staff and collaborators towards third parties and to protect vulnerable populations. in the countries that WHO serves from sexual exploitation and abuse at the hands of WHO staff and. collaborators in order to ensure the integrity of WHO s activities. Policy on the Prevention of Harassment at WHO 2010. 2 Policy on Whistleblowing and Protection against Retaliation Integrity hotline. Policy and Procedures,To this end, WHO prohibits sexual exploitation and abuse and considers such acts as serious.
misconduct which may constitute grounds for disciplinary sanctions including. summary dismissal and criminal proceedings, WHO prohibits any acts of sexual abuse or sexual assault as illustrated in the examples. shown in the figure in the glossary and forbids the exchange of money employment. goods assistance or services for sex including sexual favours or other forms of. humiliating degrading or exploitative behaviour towards the beneficiary populations in. the countries WHO serves, WHO strictly forbids sexual activity with children persons under the age of 18. regardless of the local age of consent or majority Mistaken belief regarding the age of a. child is not a defense, Staff who deliver professional health services directly to beneficiaries have a duty not. only to abstain from having sexual relationships with the people who receive their. services but also to report any instance where they may suspect or detect signs of SEA. by virtue of the nature of their function, Any suspicion of sexual exploitation and abuse must be reported immediately to WHO. through the Integrity Hotline 3 details are available at. http www who int about ethics en or through the Office of Compliance Risk. Management and Ethics CRE at ethicsoffice who int, WHO is committed to informing and educating partners about the Sexual Exploitation.
and Abuse Prevention and Response Policy and holding them to UN and WHO. The issue of sexual exploitation and abuse will systematically be integrated into. information campaigns trainings and meetings with beneficiary populations vulnerable. The principles of this policy shall also apply to individuals and entities collaborating with. WHO collaborators,3 Introduction, 1 WHO prohibits sexual exploitation and abuse SEA SEA violates universally recognized. international legal norms and standards and WHO considers such acts as serious. misconduct which may constitute grounds for disciplinary measures including summary. dismissal and criminal prosecution,3 1 Background, 3 1 1 The Inter Agency Standing Committee Task Team. 2 The United Nations Secretary General s Bulletin Special measures for protection from. sexual exploitation and sexual abuse ST SGB 2003 13 entered into force on. 3The Integrity hotline provides an anonymous and confidential reporting mechanism CRE provides confidential. guidance and will address any report of SEA as a priority. Policy and Procedures, 15 October 2003 in the United Nations UN The objective of these special measures is to. end SEA by staff of the UN and its programmes They were developed in response to. incidents of SEA involving humanitarian workers, 3 Alongside other UN agencies civil society organizations and the Red Cross and Red. Crescent Societies WHO has been an active participant in the Inter Agency Standing. Committee IASC Task Team on Accountability to Affected Populations and Policy on. SEA established in 2014 The Task Team supports the development of complaint. mechanisms and the institutionalizing of minimum operating standards for policies on. 3 1 2 The humanitarian emergency and development context. 4 Upholding and promoting policies on SEA is critical in all WHO operations in all. countries It is of particular relevance in the context of emergency operations where. recruitment needs to be processed fast and where decisions are taken quickly in order to. perform life saving humanitarian operations It is in such environments that staff members. and specifically managers who have a particular responsibility should be the most vigilant. to create and implement policies on SEA As the relationship between humanitarian. workers and beneficiaries is inherently unequal in terms of power and level of authority. staff must be vigilant and rigorously refrain from any action that may suggest or imply that. a sexual act may be demanded as a condition for protection material assistance or service. 5 While women and children are particularly vulnerable to SEA all beneficiary populations. including young men are concerned There have been instances in the past of SEA. committed by aid workers who could provide or withhold food shelter education or. medical care There have also been cases of abuse by officials in positions of authority The. aim of policies on SEA is to ensure that mechanisms are in place from the outset to. prevent and sanction SEA at any point,3 2 Scope of the policy.
6 The objective of this policy is to, Define SEA and the expected code of conduct of WHO staff with regard to sexual. relations with beneficiaries,Determine action to prevent SEA from happening. Define clear mechanisms to report SEA and, Define mechanisms for WHO to respond to SEA related issues effectively. 3 3 Application, 7 This Policy applies to all WHO staff independent of their location grade type or duration. of appointment and including Temporary Appointment holders and Secondees 4. 4 Junior Professional Officers and individuals on loan from other entities are also bound by WHO s ethical principles. Policy and Procedures, 8 In its spirit and principles this policy also applies to all WHO collaborators.
notwithstanding their contractual or remuneration status i e individuals who have a. contractual relationship with WHO such as temporary advisers Special Service Agreement. SSA holders Agreement for Performance of Work APW holders consultants and. interns as well as third party entities such as vendors contractors or technical partners. Further details on how this policy will be applicable to WHO collaborators are provided in. Section 6 2 3, 9 The policy will be made public published on WHO s Internet Website Related internal. policies procedures and contractual documents will be amended to reflect established. protection mechanisms including the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct the Policy. on Whistleblowing and Protection against Retaliation and the Policy on the Prevention of. Harassment,4 Principles and obligations,4 1 Basic principles. 10 As set forth in WHO s Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct WHO staff shall work. and behave in a manner that respects and fosters the rights of the people they serve For. this reason and because there is often an inherent and important power differential in the. interactions between WHO staff and the most vulnerable populations in beneficiary. Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Prevention and Response 1 Glossary Different from sexual harassment which addresses behavior of WHO staff and collaborators internally towards one another and i s documented in the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct and the policy on prevention of harassment sexual exploitation and abuse relates to the behavior of WHO staff and collaborators towards

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