WHITEWORK Lacis Museum

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the Lacis Museum of Lace and Textiles, L MLT was established in October of 2004 as the legacy of Kaethe Kliot who. was the spirit of the Lacis Textile Center and Retail Store a haven for the tex. tile community and all involved in virtually every aspect of the textile arts a place. where she provided support encouragement and knowledge to all This spirit re. mains after her untimely passing in 2002 in the Museum which encompasses all. that she loved, This spirit is best exemplified by comments received from those she touched. whenever I needed to recharge my spirit I knew that a visit to. Lacis would do the trick, her sense of the appropriate that just rightness which made. Laces the alluring treasure trove that draws us in. her enthusiasm was contagious and she always wanted to. share it She was the consummate teacher,she had a mission to share everything she knew. she did what she loved and her passion and enthusiasm was. always evident, Kaethe was the sort of person one takes with them part of.
who I am is because of her, She will be remembered for many things for me it will be a. sense that all is possible, T he core of LMLT is the lace and textile collection of Jules Kaethe Kliot. representing 40 years of dedication to the preservation of the finest of human. handiwork The collection includes thousands of specimens from pre Columbian. Peru the finest laces from the 17th c European courts and examples of the machine. laces exemplifying the 19th c industrial revolution An extensive library focusing. on lace textiles and costume with over 10 000 items of books patterns articles and. other ephemera and a respectable collection of the related tools of the textile crafts. is included in the resources of the Museum,LMLT is dedicated. to preserving the spirit of Lacis as created by Kaethe Kliot as a place of support. knowledge and encouragement for all involved in any aspect of the textile arts. to preserve lace and textiles of all cultures from all periods including the patterns. and tools of creation the objects of their purpose and the literature associated. with these objects, to provide a resource center for research and documentation of these objects. T his current exhibit explores the broad relm of whitework embroidery. Transending virtually all cultures all ages of needlework all levels of society. and all levels of skill the common element is the human interaction with a woven. fabric and the need to inject the soul into it,Jules Kliot Director.
Starting with a simple fabric base,a thread applied with a needle. by the embroiderer s hand,becomes a miracle of the human spirit. as the simple stitch demonstrates,the ultimate skill and devotion of the worker. Spanning all cultures this transformation of a fabric through the. absorption of unfathomable hours of time defines a passion and. defies all comprehension of these skills in today s complex world. Hungarian Whitework, T he most basic definition of Whitework embroidery is embroidery of a single. color typically matching that of the base canvas where design and skill is. defined primarily by texture The effect is low key representing a purity and. demanding close scrutiny to experience,its beauty It is this demand for detail that.
requires the highest skills of the needle,W hile primitive white embroidery. has been found in Coptic tombs,and evidence persists of experiments with. whitework skills in most cultures the use,of metallic and color threads of cotton and. wool prevailed as the material for fabric,decoration as evidenced by the extraordinary. 11th century Bayeux tapestry and the Opus Pullwork Embroidery. Anglicanum embroideries of the 13th and,14th centuries.
In the 15th century a new concept for,fabric decoration with a needle took root. and predominated in Western culture The,Pullwork Embroidery. Lefkara Embroidery,fabrics of linen were coarse and. inviting to the skills for modifying the,structure of the fabric itself Threads. could be withdrawn and threads Drawnwork Embroidery. could be pulled together to create both controlled designs. and a striking piercing of the fabric,Surface embroi.
dery gained a,new partner with,these techniques,design could now. rely on contrast,Richelieu Embroidery,of solid and open areas rather than color and. material textures This monochromatic or,whitework embroidery would soon develop. into lace where the base fabric was com,pletely eliminated By the 16th century this. gossamer fabric of needle and thread alone,took Europe by storm with State fortunes.
spent on lace Crossing national boundar,ies lace was traded stolen and smuggled. as laws were soon passed re,stricting its use Those denied. Richelieu Embroidery,its ownership were not however to be. deterred as embroiderers developed, techniques to circumvent the restrictive laws By the nineteenth century white work. would demonstrate the ulti,mate skill of the embroiderer.
For the first time the sheerest,and most delicate of fabrics. were produced a most fitting, canvas for the skills that were previously demonstrated. by the lace,Appensell Embroidery,course the,finest laces would be challenged by the. finest embroideries and often the two,merging into a magnificent unity As. we dreamed of turning straw into gold,the needle workers were able to virtu.
ally change cloth into lace,Pulled and drawn thread work reached. a new perfection focused initially in,Saxony with the development of Dres. den embroidery The exquisite Sewed Lace,later called Ayrshire French and Swiss. Appensell as well as the Pina embroidery of,the Philippines followed the Dresden begin. nings as extraordinary whitework dominat,ed the needle.
arts The fine,work of the,profession,als in turn,inspired the needle work. ers of all social levels who,adapted the techniques and. stitches to the readily avail,able coarser fabrics Each. region adapted its own folk motifs to cre,ate regional styles in Scandinavia Dan. ish Hedebo and Norwegian Hardanger,flourished while in Germany the drawn.
threadwork was popularized as Schwalm,whitework In Cyprus a form of hardan. ger took on the name Lefkara and in Eng,land Mountmellick embroidery became a. household avocation,In the later part of the Nineteenth century. drawn work in particular took on a new,popularity where it was exposed and ex. plored in the many Women s magazines,where it is was described as the most.
mechanical of all the arts in lace making, Anyone who can hemstitch can make drawn work Names such as Virginia Mex. ican Spanish Bulgarian Danish and Modern were applied to various subtleties. of this lace,Because Idle hands were,considered the devil s work. shop and no respectable lady,would work outside her home. the hands of elegant ladies,turned out yard,after yard of. needleworked,flounces edg,ings collars and,cuffs Ladies.
magazines were filled with patterns and,lessons ensuring that beds were draped. with elaborate linens tables were laid with,cloths runners and napkins and even the. furniture was properly clothed with scarves,doilies and antimacassars all of which would. need to bear the fam,ily monogram in an em,broidered style reflect. ing the family wealth,Most often such pieces,were worked.
in white which,epitomized the,demure purity,of their makers. Troves of these,treasures would,define the newly,wealthy as they. were incorporat,ed into their homes and garments and accu. mulated in their trousseaus Here the canvas,was the function whitework the soul. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the popularity of needlework was at its height and whitework lent a touch of.
beauty to the grim realities of war and economic depression After the second. World War however,the decline was apparent,as increasing numbers of. women joined the work,force leaving little time,for fine needle work. with most of the dimin,ishing demand satisfied,by machine embroidery. and handwork from third,world countries,While whitework may have. become an endangered spe,cies it is far from extinct For.
some needleworkers it is a,way to honor their cultural. heritage For others it is a,way of preserving history that. records the lives of anonymous women Still others are inspired by the memory of. grandmother s hands to take up needle and thread and make their own contribu. tion to assure an ongoing tradition, It is our hope that the work you see in this exhibit will inspire you to pause and. think of the hands hearts and dedication behind each piece and perhaps pick up. a needle thread and piece of muslin,T he many techniques. of white work are,often combined some,as a reflection of the.
base material and others,independent of the base,Working with fabrics. where the threads can,be counted,French Embroidery Pull Work where the. threads of the fabric,are pulled together to,form regular openings. Drawn Work,where select woven,threads are removed,by pulling withdraw. ing them out of the,fabric and the remain,ing threads then ma.
Cut Work where geo,metric holes are cut out,in geometric patterns. Hardanger and Lefkara,embroidery being ex,Working with fabrics. where the weave is,not a factor, Free Surface Embroidery where the embroidered threads lay on the surface of. fabric Appensell Swiss embroidery being the finest and Mountmellick char. acterized by the heavy base material,Applique where additional lay. ers of fabric are sewn to the,base fabric forming shadow ef.
fects This is commonly found,in Madera work and in some. of the Pina embroidery of the,Philippines,Eyelet Embroidery where holes. in the fabric are formed by,piercing the name Broiderie. Anglais commonly applied,richelieuEmbroidery where free. form openings are cut into the,fabric design defined by con.
trast of negative and positive,The finest cottons originally. came from India in the early,18th century when a Hindu. spinner could spin a pound of,cotton into yarn 250 miles. long This yarn was wo,ven on the most primitive,looms into fabric so fine. as to deserve the name,Flowing Water,The story is told that when.
a Nawab reproved his,daughter for allowing her,skin to be seen through her. clothes she demonstrated,that she was wearing no,less than eleven thickness. es of such material It was not till,the latter part of the 18th century. that the first cotton mills of Scotland,could produce such fabric. The Flowerers M H Swain,PINA CLOTH,One of the finest handwoven textiles.
in the world made in the Philippine,Islands it is woven from fiber of the. wild pineapple plant A tedious process,of gathering scraping cleansing as. sorting and weaving The cloth is wo,Aryshire Embroidery. ven from single unspun,fibers approximately 30,long knotted together to create. the long lengths necessary for,weaving The knots virtually in.
visible can be seen as the small,microscopic dots on the cloth. An experienced weaver could,weave about two inches of the. narrow cloth a day much of,it done under a mosquito net. to save breaking the fine fibers,to mid 19th c the skills represented in these. pieces only memo,ries This exhibit,will allow the visitor.
to explore the vast,Pina Embroidery,range of whitework skills Some reaching. beyond comprehension,and others as familiar as,that found on Mother s. WHITEWORK EMBROIDERY the Merging of needle thread C loth and Spirit LACIS MUSEUM of LACE and TEXTILES 2982 adeline Street Berkeley Ca 94703 oCtoBer 2 2006 to Exhibit Catalog feBruary 5 2007 an Exhibit Appensell Embroidery the laCiS MuSeuM of laCe and textileS LMLT was established in October of 004 as the legacy of Kaethe Kliot who was the spirit of the Lacis Textile Center and Retail

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