Transition Pack for A Level Physics City College

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Figure 1 http scienceworld wolfram com physics images main physics gif. This pack contains a programme of activities and resources to prepare you to. start an A level in Physics in September It is aimed to be used after you complete. your GCSE throughout the remainder of the Summer term and over the. Summer Holidays to ensure you are ready to start your course in September. Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016,Pre Knowledge Topics. Below are ten topics that are essential foundations for you study of A Level Physics Each topics has example. questions and links where you can find our more information as you prepare for next year. Symbols and Prefixes,Prefix Symbol Power of ten,Nano n x 10 9. Micro x 10 6,Milli m x 10 3,Centi c x 10 2,Kilo k x 103. Mega M x 106,Giga G x 109, At A level unlike GCSE you need to remember all symbols units and prefixes Below is a list of quantities you. may have already come across and will be using during your A level course. Quantity Symbol Unit,Velocity v ms 1,Acceleration a ms 2.
Resistance R,Potential difference V V,Current I A,Energy E or W J. Pressure P Pa,Momentum p kgms 1,Density kgm 3,Charge Q C. Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016,Solve the following. 1 How many metres in 2 4 km 7 Convert 632 nm into m Express in standard. 2 How many joules in 8 1 MJ,8 Convert 1002 mV into V Express in. standard form,3 Convert 326 GW into W,9 How many eV in 0 511 MeV Express in.
4 Convert 54 600 mm into m standard form, 5 How many grams in 240 kg 10 How many m in 11 km Express in standard. 6 Convert 0 18 nm into m,Standard Form, At A level quantity will be written in standard form and it is expected that your answers will be too. This means answers should be written as x 10y E g for an answer of 1200kg we would write 1 2 x 103kg For. more information visit www bbc co uk education guides zc2hsbk revision. 1 Write 2530 in standard form 7 Write 2 4 x 10 2 as a normal number. 2 Write 280 in standard form 8 Write 3 505 x 10 1 as a normal number. 3 Write 0 77 in standard form 9 Write 8 31 x 10 6 as a normal number. 4 Write 0 0091 in standard form 10 Write 6 002 x 10 2 as a normal number. 5 Write 1 872 000 in standard form 11 Write 1 5 x 10 4 as a normal number. 6 Write 12 2 in standard form 12 Write 4 3 x 103 as a normal number. Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016,Rearranging formulae. This is something you will have done at GCSE and it is crucial you master it for success at A level For a recap of. GCSE watch the following links, www khanacademy org math algebra one variable linear equations old school equations v solving for a. www youtube com watch v WWgc3ABSj4,Rearrange the following.
1 E m x g x h to find h,6 v u at to find a,2 Q I x t to find I. 7 v2 u2 2as to find s,3 E m v2 to find m,8 v2 u2 2as to find u. 4 E m v2 to find v,5 v u at to find u,Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016. Significant figures, At A level you will be expected to use an appropriate number of significant figures in your answers The. number of significant figures you should use is the same as the number of significant figures in the data you. are given You can never be more precise than the data you are given so if that is given to 3 significant your. answer should be too E g Distance 8 24m time 1 23s therefore speed 6 75m s. The website below summarises the rules and how to round correctly. http www purplemath com modules rounding2 htm,Give the following to 3 significant figures.
1 3 4527 4 1 0247,2 40 691 5 59 972,3 0 838991, Calculate the following to a suitable number of significant figures. 6 63 2 78 1,7 39 78 120,8 3 4 3 7 3 2 3,9 0 0256 x 0 129. 10 592 3 0 1772,Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016,Recording Data. Whilst carrying out a practical activity you need to write all your raw results into a table Don t wait until the. end discard anomalies and then write it up in neat. Tables should have column heading and units in this format quantity unit e g length mm. All results in a column should have the same precision and if you have repeated the experiment you should. calculate a mean to the same precision as the data. Below are link to practical handbooks so you can familiarise yourself with expectations. http filestore aqa org uk resources physics AQA 7407 7408 PHBK PDF. http www ocr org uk Images 295483 practical skills handbook pdf. http www ocr org uk Images 295483 practical skills handbook pdf. Below is a table of results from an experiment where a ball was rolled down a ramp of different lengths A. ruler and stop clock were used,1 Identify the errors the student has made. Length cm Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Mean,10 1 45 1 48 1 46 1 463.
22 2 78 2 72 2 74 2 747,30 4 05 4 01 4 03 4 03,41 5 46 5 47 5 46 5 463. 51 7 02 6 96 6 98 6 98,65 8 24 9 68 8 24 8 72,70 9 01 9 02 9 0 9 01. Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016, After a practical activity the next step is to draw a graph that will be useful to you Drawing a graph is a skill. you should be familiar with already but you need to be extremely vigilant at A level Before you draw your. graph to need to identify a suitable scale to draw taking the following into consideration. the maximum and minimum values of each variable, whether 0 0 should be included as a data point graphs don t need to show the origin a false origin can be. used if your data doesn t start near zero, the plots should cover at least half of the grid supplied for the graph.
the axes should use a sensible scale e g multiples of 1 2 5 etc. Identify how the following graphs could be improved. Graph 1 Graph 2,0 10 20 30,Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016. Forces and Motion, At GCSE you studied forces and motion and at A level you will explore this topic in more detail so it is essential. you have a good understanding of the content covered at GCSE You will be expected to describe explain and. carry calculations concerning the motion of objects The websites below cover Newton s laws of motion and. have links to these in action, http www physicsclassroom com Physics Tutorial Newton s Laws. http www sciencechannel com games and interactives newtons laws of motion interactive. Sketch a velocity time graph showing the journey of a skydiver after leaving the plane to reaching the ground. Mark on terminal velocity,Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016. Electricity, At A level you will learn more about how current and voltage behave in different circuits containing different.
components You should be familiar with current and voltage rules in a series and parallel circuit as well as. calculating the resistance of a device, http www allaboutcircuits com textbook direct current chpt 1 electric circuits. http www physicsclassroom com class circuits, 1a Add the missing ammeter readings on the circuits below. b Explain why the second circuit has more current flowing than the first. 2 Add the missing potential differences to the following circuits. Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016, You have studied different types of waves and used the wave equation to calculate speed frequency and. wavelength You will also have studied reflection and refraction. Use the following links to review this topic,http www bbc co uk education clips zb7gkqt. https www khanacademy org science physics mechanical waves and sound mechanical. waves v introduction to waves, https www khanacademy org science physics mechanical waves and sound mechanical.
waves v introduction to waves, 1 Draw a diagram showing the refraction of a wave through a rectangular glass block Explain why the ray of. light takes this path, 2 Describe the difference between a longitudinal and transverse waves and give an example of each. 3 Draw a wave and label the wavelength and amplitude. Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016,Pre Knowledge Topics Answers. Symbols and prefixes,2 8 100 000,3 326 000 000 000. 6 1 8 x 10 8,7 6 32 x 10 7,9 5 11 x 10 5,10 1 1 x 104.
Standard Form,9 8 310 000,11 0 00015,Rearranging formulae. 1 h E m x g,3 m 2 x E v2 or E 0 5 x v2,4 v 2 x E m. 7 s v2 u2 2a,8 u v2 2as,Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016. Significant figures,Atomic Structure,contains protons neutrons and electrons. Relative charge,protons are positive 1,electrons are negative 1.
neutrons are uncharged 0,Relative mass,electron about 1 2000. protons and neutrons make up the nucleus,the nucleus is positively charged. electrons orbit the nucleus at a relatively large distance from the nucleus. most of the atom is empty space, nucleus occupies a very small fraction of the volume of the atom. most of the mass of the atom is contained in the nucleus. total number of protons in the nucleus equals the total number of electrons orbiting it in an atom. Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016,Recording data,Time should have a unit next to it. Length can be measured to the nearest mm so should be 10 0 22 0 etc. Length 65 trial 2 is an anomaly and should have been excluded from the mean. All mean values should be to 2 decimal places,Mean of length 61 should be 6 99 rounding error.
Axis need labels,Point should be x not dots,Line of best fit is needed. y axis is a difficult scale, x axis could have begun at zero so the y intercept could be found. y axis needs a unit,curve of best fit needed not a straight line. Point should be x not dots,Forces and motion, Graph to show acceleration up to a constant speed labelled terminal velocity Rate of acceleration should be. decreasing Then a large decrease in velocity over a short period of time parachute opens then a decreasing. rate of deceleration to a constant speed labelled terminal velocity. Electricity,1a Series 3A Parallel top to bottom 4A 2A 2A.
b Less resistance in the parallel circuit Link to R V I Less resistance means higher current. 2 Series 3V 3V Parallel 6V 6V,Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016. 1 When light enters a more optically dense material it slows down. and therefore bends towards the normal The opposite happened. when it leaves an optically dense material, 2 A longitudinal wave oscillates parallel to the direction of energy. transfer e g sound A transverse waves oscillated perpendicular to. the direction of energy transfer e g light,Copyright The PiXL Club Ltd 2016. Below are ten topics that are essential foundations for you study of A Level Physics Each topics has example questions and links where you can find our more information as you prepare for next year Symbols and Prefixes At A level unlike GCSE you need to remember all symbols units and prefixes Below is a list of quantities you may have already come across and will be using during your A

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