Trace elements composition of leachate from Henchir El

Trace Elements Composition Of Leachate From Henchir El-Free PDF

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Trace element composition,II Samples, The samples analysed were collected from the open standpipe piezometers and. leachate spills pools in closed MSW landfill at Henchir El Yahoudia where landfill leachate. continuously pollute the Lake Sebkhat Sejoumi that is an isolated salt lake basin without. major inlet and outlet The sampling location is given in the locality map of Figure 1 and a. typical field occurrence of leachate pools is shown in Plate 1. Plate 1 Occurrence of the leachate pool LP2 in the Henchir El Yahoudia landfill. Leachate pool,Table 1 List of samples for analysis. Sample ID Type of sample Sampling, LP1 Leachate pool within the landfill February 2002 Nasser 2002. LP2 Leachate pool within the landfill February 2002 Nasser 2002. LP3 Leachate pool within the landfill February 2002 Nasser 2002. LP4 Leachate pool within the landfill February 2002 Nasser 2002. OG1 Leachate piezometer F 2 2 March 2001 Kallali and Yoshida 2001. OG3 Leachate piezometer F1 16 March 2001 Kallali and Yoshida 2001. OR1 Leachate piezometer F1 14 March 2001 Kallali and Yoshida 2001. OR3 Leachate piezometer F1 24 March 2001 Kallali and Yoshida 2001. OR5 Leachate piezometer SC13 March 2001 Kallali and Yoshida 2001. OR7 Leachate piezometer F1 12 March 2001 Kallali and Yoshida 2001. L1 Lake water near the landfill February 2002 Nasser 2002. L2 Lake water near the landfill February 2002 Nasser 2002. OR7 Landfill,Lake Sejoumi LP4,Figure 1 Sampling locality map. Part I Solid Waste Landfill,III Analytical Methods.
At first the samples were treated by 30 H2O2 solution and organic matters contained. in the samples were completely decomposed Then the sample is prepared for pH 2 using. HNO3 Analysis was made by an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry ICP MS. Total 74 elements were measured Li Be B Na Mg Al Si P S Cl K Ca Sc Ti V Cr. Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn. Sb Te I Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os. Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Th and U,IV Results and Discussion. IV 1 Trace Element in the Landfill Leachate Samples. The results of trace element analysis of ten landfill leachate samples LP series OG. series and OR series and two lake water samples L1 and L2 are summarized in Table 2 and. basic statistics is shown in Table 3 For the statistics previous data of heavy metal analysis of. leachate samples collected from the same landfill by Sothom et al 2000 are incorporated. Table 2 Result of trace element analysis of landfill leachate and lake water ND not detected. ELEMENT Li Be B Na Mg Al Si P S Cl K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge. unit ppb ppb ppb ppm ppm ppb ppb ppb ppm ppm ppm ppm ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb. LP1 620 ND 6380 10813 13 51 2910 20400 116 6 380 16900 5440 121 7 19 6 2200 520 11536 78 4 5120 185 9 1079 258 1083 4 8 3 6. LP2 1180 ND 8900 17512 5 414 3 3970 26150 55 88 2300 39050 7783 154 9 20 6 2610 1810 23952 60 5780 355 7 2066 692 889 6 7 4. LP3 860 ND 5690 10541 5 215 5 310 42090 27 69 1100 21330 3508 125 5 26 6 360 390 2177 33 3 6460 193 8 945 689 203 1 2 2 7. LP4 490 ND 2860 8848 94 67 77 1070 22700 30 98 230 13580 3561 91 18 16 900 340 4368 48 3 3620 167 5 756 179 220 2 3 2. OG 1 322 ND 2891 6622 38 294 6 1645 22141 32 83 273 11123 2069 121 7 24 08 420 154 1595 42 14 1827 72 17 587 3 404 6 705 6 1 4 1 82. OG 3 336 ND 1211 5929 66 29 27 1743 21420 62 73 84 7455 4754 71 15 20 37 434 105 1422 66 5 5313 65 87 454 3 339 5 117 6 1 47 1 19. OR 1 333 ND 3015 5041 51 19 18 1341 22257 49 47 162 9360 4843 73 75 27 36 360 99 1805 34 56 1647 63 63 464 4 231 3 167 4 1 8 1 8. OR 3 336 ND 15596 5950 41 27 41 6216 30520 80 34 147 7238 5609 82 12 24 43 525 84 1398 32 76 1197 103 46 534 1 170 8 166 6 1 61 2 1. OR 5 392 ND 1988 3900 37 255 1 441 22540 13 54 56 8484 1257 85 83 22 61 161 133 1029 26 6 812 51 59 427 7 196 7 63 7 0 49 1 12. OR 7 297 ND 2619 4871 98 13 36 405 24201 46 4 63 5121 5033 57 43 18 72 441 108 1885 23 4 2826 80 73 376 2 163 8 305 1 1 35 1 8. L1 1734 ND 6840 104417 7721 214 2526 5 48 5550 227556 490 1 929 9 14 42 342 638 166 8 412 7 646 8 44 18 2 2343 98 4 0 74 3 04. L2 1496 ND 7108 108458 6331 270 1852 4 996 5302 188270 432 2 1185 17 1 246 626 80 364 9 920 8 1 9 2 3005 61 4 0 62 2 06. ELEMENT As Se Br Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Cs Ba La Ce Pr. unit ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb. LP1 1010 151 26500 1927 2 3404 1 9 1094 18 7 32 ND ND 5 2 5 1 2 0 1 559 9 37 7 ND 6400 12 7 622 1 2 8 2 8 1 1. LP2 1800 404 78810 2964 6 4909 1 7 192 39 82 0 7 ND ND 1 8 1 8 0 4 511 87 1 5 15410 4 7 413 1 4 1 1 0 5. LP3 350 246 44410 1645 2 3341 0 6 122 9 6 68 ND ND ND 2 9 1 0 1 171 2 37 1 ND 8610 4 267 5 0 9 0 9 0 2. LP4 400 150 29040 1215 4 1485 0 7 139 9 2 21 ND ND ND ND 1 2 ND 330 9 21 6 ND 8690 3 469 6 1 2 1 2 0 2. OG 1 553 106 4 14287 482 37 8389 0 77 74 9 6 51 16 1 ND 1 19 ND 0 42 1 05 0 35 201 7 13 44 0 91 346990 2 87 624 8 0 91 1 19 0 14. OG 3 735 78 4 9604 1074 5 1467 0 77 42 7 3 5 23 8 ND ND ND 1 33 1 19 0 28 138 9 18 76 ND 201439 6 72 561 7 0 91 1 26 0 21. OR 1 747 77 4 11979 976 41 1747 0 63 84 6 4 95 7 2 ND ND ND 0 54 ND 0 18 98 01 79 65 0 54 178722 4 32 395 7 0 72 0 81 0 09. OR 3 469 82 6 12159 1077 02 2221 0 63 113 4 4 97 10 5 ND ND ND 0 56 1 4 0 42 267 3 23 66 ND 92491 5 46 747 7 0 63 0 84 0 14. OR 5 763 87 5 12628 397 18 5327 0 28 24 5 3 36 8 4 ND 0 42 ND ND ND 0 14 138 15 12 0 63 178430 0 84 496 9 0 21 0 28 ND. OR 7 180 46 8 6894 611 19 1194 0 36 58 5 4 77 15 3 ND ND ND 0 54 1 17 0 27 185 9 9 9 ND 87291 2 88 341 9 0 54 0 54 0 09. L1 572 1645 379652 101 46 32505 0 2 2 4 2 12 9 6 0 28 4 96 0 4 0 9 0 9 0 06 8 96 6 84 4 92 3608 0 46 43 8 0 84 0 1 0 16. L2 586 1559 350674 97 22 41039 0 26 1 6 1 28 10 6 0 26 5 92 ND 0 34 0 52 0 04 5 48 7 52 4 58 2728 0 34 55 02 0 76 0 06 0 06. ELEMENT Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Th U. unit ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb ppb. LP1 2 6 0 9 0 6 1 2 0 5 0 6 0 4 0 4 0 3 0 4 0 3 15 5 0 7 44 0 1 ND 1 9 0 4 1 2 3 ND 58 1 3 3 5 2 6. LP2 1 4 ND 0 2 1 7 0 1 0 3 0 2 0 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 3 1 0 7 44 0 3 0 6 ND 0 3 ND ND ND 15 0 8 2 11 7. LP3 1 ND 0 1 0 7 0 1 0 1 ND 0 1 ND 0 1 ND 1 8 ND 34 0 2 1 ND 0 1 ND 1 ND 40 0 7 2 9 3. LP4 1 1 ND ND 0 4 ND 0 1 ND 0 1 ND ND ND 1 9 ND 36 0 1 1 6 ND 0 1 ND 1 ND 29 ND 1 3 2 1. OG 1 1 12 ND ND 0 07 ND 0 07 ND ND ND ND ND 1 05 ND 42 0 07 1 61 1 61 0 07 0 49 1 4 ND 34 3 ND 0 91 2 31. OG 3 0 98 ND ND 0 28 ND 0 07 ND ND ND ND ND 0 77 ND 21 7 0 07 3 43 0 63 ND ND ND 0 07 73 5 0 42 ND 1 89. OR 1 0 72 ND ND 0 09 ND 0 09 ND ND ND ND ND 1 26 ND 20 7 0 09 6 66 0 81 ND ND ND ND 21 6 ND ND 3 87. OR 3 0 7 ND ND 0 07 ND 0 07 ND ND ND ND ND 1 82 ND 21 7 0 07 1 82 0 42 ND ND ND ND 14 0 42 0 42 1 89. OR 5 0 35 ND ND 0 07 ND ND ND ND ND ND ND 0 42 0 7 30 8 ND 4 83 ND ND ND ND ND 14 7 0 98 ND 2 8. OR 7 0 45 ND ND 0 36 ND ND ND ND ND ND ND 0 81 ND 21 6 ND 3 15 ND ND ND ND ND 37 8 ND ND 2 25. L1 0 4 0 3 ND 0 06 ND ND 0 1 ND ND ND ND 0 06 3 06 ND 0 1 14 2 ND ND ND 0 8 ND 26 8 0 32 1 18 3 58. L2 0 36 ND ND 0 04 ND ND 0 08 ND ND ND ND ND 1 86 ND 0 1 13 64 ND ND ND ND ND 10 8 0 42 1 58 4 32. The concentration of following twenty two trace elements is very small showing near. the detection limit or below the detection limit ND in given samples of leachate and lake. water Be Ru Rh Pd Te Sm Eu Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Ta Ir Pt Au Tl Bi and Th. The concentration of dissolved elements in the leachate samples collected from. leachate pool LP series is much higher than that from landfill s interior OG and OR series. which may be caused by a condensation effect of natural evaporation on leachate pools. Trace element composition, Table 3 Basic statistics of trace element composition in landfill leachate The data of some heavy metals Cr Ni. Zn Cd and Pb are integrated with previous data by Sothom et al 2000. Detection Standard, Element Unit Limit N Mean Minimum Maximum Deviation. Li ppb 1 10 516 6 297 0 1180 0 292 5,Be ppb 0 05 0. B ppb 20 10 5115 1211 15596 4369,Na ppb 50 10 8003 3900 17513 4100.
Mg ppb 50 10 135 13 414 147,Al ppb 1 10 2005 1 310 0 6216 0 1879 9. Si ppb 1 10 25441 9 20400 0 42090 0 6528 3,P ppb 20 10 52 14 117 30. S ppm 1 10 479 5 56 0 2300 0 709 8,Cl ppm 1 10 13964 1 5121 0 39050 0 10096 4. K ppb 50 10 4386 1257 7783 1871,Ca ppb 50 10 99 57 155 31. Sc ppb 0 05 10 22 04 16 00 27 36 3 62,Ti ppb 10 10 841 161 2610 850.
V ppb 1 10 374 3 84 0 1810 0 526 4,Cr ppb 0 5 19 3062 5 60 0 23952 0 5651 5. Mn ppb 0 05 10 44 60 23 40 78 40 18 32,Fe ppb 10 10 3460 812 6460 2084. Co ppb 0 02 10 134 04 51 59 355 70 94 59,Ni ppb 0 2 19 611 6 2066 0 417 5. Cu ppb 0 1 10 332 47 163 80 692 00 203 85,Zn ppb 0 5 19 363 7 30 0 1083 0 308 4. Ga ppb 0 05 10 2 21 0 49 6 00 1 75,Ge ppb 0 05 10 2 67 1 12 7 40 1 85.
As ppb 1 10 700 7 180 0 1800 0 456 0,Se ppb 0 5 10 143 0 46 8 404 0 107 8. Br ppb 5 10 24631 6894 78810 22253,Pb ppb 0 1 10 1237 11 397 18 2964 60 775 63. Sr ppb 0 01 10 3348 361 1194 480 8388 800 2291 112. Y ppb 0 01 10 0 834 0 280 1 900 0 536,Zr ppb 0 5 10 194 6 24 5 1094 0 319 9. Nb ppb 0 01 10 10 456 3 360 39 000 11 016,Mo ppb 0 1 10 28 43 7 20 82 00 25 87. Ru ppb 0 05 1 0 7 0 7 0 7,Rh ppb 0 01 2 0 805 0 42 1 19.
Pd ppb 0 2 1 5 5 5,Ag ppb 0 05 8 1 32 0 42 2 90 0 98. Cd ppb 0 05 17 17 06 1 00 40 00 16 71,In ppb 0 01 9 0 249 0 100 0 420 0 125. Sn ppb 0 05 10 260 29 98 01 559 90 160 06,Sb ppb 0 05 10 34 39 9 90 87 00 27 42. Te ppb 0 05 4 0 90 0 54 1 50 0 43,I ppb 1 10 112447 3 6400 0 346990 0 112998 0. Cs ppb 0 01 10 4 749 0 840 12 700 3 227,Ba ppb 0 05 10 494 09 267 50 747 74 146 71.
La ppb 0 01 10 1 022 0 210 2 800 0 708,Ce ppb 0 01 10 1 092 0 280 2 800 0 676. Pr ppb 0 01 9 0 297 0 090 1 100 0 325,Nd ppb 0 01 10 1 042 0 350 2 600 0 634. Sm ppb 0 05 1 0 9 0 9 0 9,Eu ppb 0 01 3 0 300 0 100 0 600 0 265. Gd ppb 0 01 10 0 494 0 070 1 700 0 555,Tb ppb 0 01 3 0 233 0 100 0 500 0 231. Dy ppb 0 01 8 0 175 0 070 0 600 0 188,Ho ppb 0 01 2 0 300 0 200 0 400.
Er ppb 0 01 4 0 200 0 100 0 400 0 141,Tm ppb 0 01 2 0 200 0 100 0 300. Yb ppb 0 01 3 0 233 0 100 0 400 0 153,Lu ppb 0 01 2 0 200 0 100 0 300. Hf ppb 0 02 10 2 84 0 42 15 50 4 51,Ta ppb 0 05 3 0 70 0 70 0 70 0 00. W ppb 0 1 10 31 65 20 70 44 00 9 75,Re ppb 0 01 8 0 125 0 070 0 300 0 083. Os ppb 0 05 9 2 74 0 60 6 66 1 98,Ir ppb 0 05 5 1 07 0 42 1 90 0 65.
Pt ppb 0 01 5 0 194 0 070 0 400 0 147,Au ppb 0 05 2 0 85 0 49 1 20. Hg ppb 0 1 4 1 60 1 00 3 00 0 95,Tl ppb 0 01 1 0 07 0 07 0 07. Pb ppb 0 1 19 111 47 10 00 870 00 193 68,Bi ppb 0 05 6 0 77 0 42 1 30 0 34. Th ppb 0 05 6 1 69 0 42 3 50 1 08,U ppb 0 05 10 4 07 1 89 11 70 3 48. No meaningful statistics is available owing to a lack of sufficient population. Part I Solid Waste Landfill, Table 4 Median concentration of trace elements in municipal landfill leachate in USA.
adopted from Qasim and Chiang 1994,Sb As Ba Be Cd Cr Cu Fe Pb Mn Hg Ni Se Ag Tl Zn. 4 5 0 04 0 85 0 00 0 02 0 17 0 16 22 0 16 9 5 0 00 0 32 0 01 0 02 0 17 8 3. 2 2 3 6 2 5 8 1 2 9 2 6 2 1 5 2, Median concentration of trace elements in MSW landfill leachate is summarized in. Table 4 In comparing with our present data with the Table 4 the Henchir El Yahoudia. landfill leachate is relatively abundant with Cr Ni As Se Hg and Pb while poor in Mn Fe. Cu Zn and Tl, Table 5 Tunisian regulation for the quality of wastewater element basis only. NORME TUNISIENNE N T 106 002 1989 Protection de l Environnement Rejet d Effluents dans le Milieu Hydrique. Element S F P B Fe Cu Sn Mn Zn Mo Co Br, unit mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l. Domain public maritime 2 5 0 1 20 1 1 5 2 1 10 5 0 5 0 1. Domain public hydraulique 0 1 3 0 05 2 1 0 5 2 0 5 5 0 5 0 1 0 05. Canalisations publiques 3 3 10 2 5 1 2 1 5 5 0 5 1. Element Ba Ag As Be Cd Cr VI Cr III Sb Ni Se Hg Pb Ti. unit mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l mg l. Domain public maritime 10 0 1 0 1 0 05 0 005 0 5 2 0 1 2 0 5 0 001 0 5 0 001. Domain public hydraulique 0 5 0 05 0 05 0 01 0 005 0 01 0 5 0 1 0 2 0 05 0 001 0 1 0 001. Canalisations publiques 10 0 1 0 1 0 05 0 1 0 5 2 0 2 2 1 0 01 1 0 01. According to the Tunisian regulation values for wastewater quality Table 5 ten. elements Be not detected from all the samples Mn Zn Mo Ag Cd Sn Sb and Pb are. showing lower concentration below the regfulation level respectively but the concentration. of thirteen elements B P S Ti Cr Fe Co Ni As Se Br Ba and Hg fully or partly. exceeds above each regulated value In particular five non metal trace elements B S As Se. and Br are showing abnormally higher concentrations in comparing with each regulation. value Figure 2 Other five toxic heavy metals Ti Cr total Co Ni and Hg also indicate. higher concentration than the regulation levels,100000 100000.
10000 10000,Concentration ug l, B P S Ti Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn As Se Br Mo Ag Cd Sn Sb Ba Hg Pb. Figure 2 Concentration of trace elementes regulated by Norm Tunisienne N T 106 002 Each regulation value is. shown by box and observed maximum average minimum values are indicated by solid crosses. Trace element composition,IV 2 Trace Elements in Lake Water Samples. The composition of trace elements in the lake water samples of Sebkhat Sejoumi at. Henchir El Yahoudia area is shown in Table 2 L1 and L2 Except the characteristics of brine. Trace elements composition of leachate from Henchir El Yahoudia landfill and lake water of Sebkhat Sejoumi Mitsuo Yoshida Hamadi Kallali Ibrahim Abdoul Nasser and Jamila Tarhouni Laboratoire Eau amp Environnement Institut National de Recherche Scientifique et Technique INRST Institut National de Agronomie Tunisie INAT Abstract Landfill leachate samples collected from

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