This Lighting Guide 6 Amazon S3

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This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The content remains the copyright property of CIBSE. Lighting Guide 6,The exterior environment,The Society of. Light and Lighting,222 Balham High Road London SW12 9BS UK. Tel 020 8675 5211 Fax 020 8673 3302 E mail sll cibse org www sll org uk. The Society of Light and Lighting is part of the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers. This document is based on the best knowledge available at the time of publication. However no responsibility of any kind for any injury death loss damage or delay. This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The content remains the copyright property of CIBSE. however caused resulting from the use of these recommendations can be accepted. by the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers the Society of Light. and Lighting the author or others involved in its publication In adopting. these recommendations for use each adopter by doing so agrees to accept full. responsibility for any personal injury death loss damage or delay arising out of. or in connection with their use by or on behalf of such adopter irrespective of the. cause or reason therefore and agrees to defend indemnify and hold harmless the. Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers the Society of Light and. Lighting the author and others involved in their publication from any and all. liability arising out of or in connection with such use as aforesaid and irrespective. of any negligence on the part of those indemni ed, The rights of publication or translation are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or. transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission of the. January 2016 The Society of Light and Lighting, The Society is part of CIBSE which is a registered charity number 278104. ISBN 978 1 906846 68 8 print edition,ISBN 978 1 906846 69 5 PDF edition.
Editing layout and typesetting by Alasdair Deas for CIBSE Publications. Printed in Great Britain by The Lavenham Press Ltd Lavenham Suffolk. Cover illustrations upper left Wembley Stadium courtesy Thorn Zumtobel. photographer Joss Guest upper right coloured fountain lighting courtesy. Ustigate Ltd lower left steps using illuminated handrail courtesy DW. Windsor Ltd lower right Beaune Collegiale courtesy iGuzzini illuminazione. S p A photographer Didier Boy,Note from the publisher. This publication is primarily intended to provide guidance to those responsible. for the design installation commissioning operation and maintenance of. building services It is not intended to be exhaustive or de nitive and it will. be necessary for users of the guidance given to exercise their own professional. judgement when deciding whether to abide by or depart from it. Any commercial products depicted mentioned or described within this. publication are included for the purposes of illustration only and their inclusion. does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Society. This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The content remains the copyright property of CIBSE. Since the last edition of this guide in 1992 there has been a surge of interest in. lighting the exterior environment in particular light pollution energy use and. long term sustainability have become more pertinent than ever In the 1990s. LEDs that could produce a functional amount of light were simply not available. This technology will continue to develop and there is a strong expectation that it. will replace conventional light sources, The aim of this guide is to re ect these changes and provide readers with a. rm foundation from which to approach exterior lighting design Since light. source technology is advancing rapidly the guide provides a holistic approach. to the design of the exterior environment rather than concentrating on product. performance which quickly becomes out of date,Alan Tulla Alan Tulla Lighting. Task Group,Alan Tulla chairman,Lorraine Calcott it does Lighting Ltd. David Mooney Atkins,Theo Paradise Hirst,Chris Wilkes Holophane Europe Ltd.
Technical and Publications Committee,Paul Ruf es Simon Robinson chairman. John Fitzpatrick publications co ordinator,SLL Secretary. Brendan Keely,CIBSE Head of Knowledge,Nicholas Peake. Editorial Manager,Ken Butcher,Acknowledgements, This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The content remains the copyright property of CIBSE. The Task Group wishes to acknowledge the individual contributions to the guide. provided by,Francesco Anselmo,Iain Carlile,Pat Holley.
Picture credits, Figures 2 1 Thorn Zumtobel photographer Joss Guest. Figure 2 15 Courtesy of iGuzzini illuminazione S p A photographer Didier Boy. de la Tour,Figures 2 16 2 23 2 44 2 45 NDY Light London. Figures 2 19 2 26 Courtesy of it does Lighting Ltd photographer James Newton. Figures 2 20 2 25 dpa lighting consultants London, Figures 2 28 3 3 Courtesy of DW Windsor photographer James Newton. Figure 2 32 Copyright Arup,Figure 2 35 Francesco Anselmo. Figures 2 36 2 39 2 41 Courtesy of Traxon Technologies. Figure 2 37 Courtesy of Arup Lighting copyright Zhou Ruogu Architecture. Photography, Figure 2 38 Courtesy of Arup Lighting copyright Frank P Palmer.
Figures 2 42 2 43 2 46 2 49 Ray Pang, Figure 2 50 Courtesy of Abacus Lighting and Marlec Engineering. Figures 2 51 Thorn Zumtobel,Figures 3 1 A4 1 Copyright Alan Tulla Lighting. Figure 3 2 Courtesy of Ustigate Ltd, Figures 2 3 2 5 2 10 2 14 2 17 2 18 2 22 2 30 2 31 2 33 and A4 2 used under. licence from Shutterstock com, Permission to reproduce extracts from BS EN 12464 2 is granted by BSI British. Standards can be obtained in PDF or hard copy formats from the BSI online. shop www bsigroup com Shop or by contacting BSI Customer Services for. hardcopies only Tel 44 0 20 8996 9001 Email cservices bsigroup com. Contents 1 Introduction 1, This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The content remains the copyright property of CIBSE.
2 General design aspects for exterior lighting 1,2 1 Context 2. 2 2 Legislation and guidance 8,2 3 Area lighting 9. 2 4 Amenity lighting 12,2 5 Landscape lighting 15,2 6 Facade lighting 20. 2 7 Security lighting 35,2 8 Roadways 37,2 9 Vision 38. 2 10 Video walls streaming onto building facades 39. 2 11 Digital advertising signs 49, 2 12 Presentation of lighting concepts and lighting software 50.
2 13 Equipment off grid systems 54,2 14 Luminaires 56. 2 15 Light sources 62,2 16 Saving energy signalling and switching 66. 3 Lighting for speci c applications 68,3 1 Flags and statues 68. 3 2 Pedestrian routes cycleways and subways 68,3 3 Water features fountains and pools 70. 3 4 Steps stairs and changes of level 70,3 5 Maintenance of external lighting systems 73.
Appendix 1 IP ratings 76,Appendix 2 IK ratings 76,Appendix 3 Floodlighting calculations 77. Appendix 4 Arti cial lighting and its effect on,animal and plant ecology 79. Glossary 84,References 93,Introduction 1, One of the major differences between this current guide and the previous edition. 1 Introduction is the emphasis on environmental and energy issues Digitally controlled lighting. This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The content remains the copyright property of CIBSE. is becoming an increasingly important facet of lighting design. Any new outdoor lighting design will be subject to much more scrutiny in terms. of its impact on the night environment and energy consumption Most major. planning applications require a visual impact assessment of both the daytime and. the night time appearance, There is a balance to be struck between increased social amenity and the desire. for darkness A typical example is the tension between the need to provide. oodlighting for sports while minimising light pollution and sky glow The social. bene ts to be gained by adults and children being able to play sport after dark. must be balanced against the environmental in its widest sense impact There is. also an increasing trend towards lighting for darkness in exterior design. Another major difference is the growing use of solid state lighting SSL This. normally refers to LEDs although other SSL sources are being introduced The. major difference between these and conventional light sources is that they are very. easily controllable using digital signals for example they can easily restrike from. hot or dim smoothly to 10 or less output and are therefore highly responsive. to pedestrian and traf c movement They can easily be made to respond to other. factors such as atmospheric conditions temperature visibility etc. Apart from the fact that LEDs have luminous ef cacies which can sometimes. exceed those of high pressure sodium there are also major energy savings to be. made by programmed switching as opposed to simple photocell control and. dimming Dimming and proactive controls should play a major part in any. exterior lighting scheme, It is anticipated that LEDs will replace conventional light sources for most.
applications, The relative cost of energy will inevitably increase in the long term so we discuss. ways of minimising consumption without compromising the function or visual. aspect of the design, The longevity of exterior lighting installations means that issues can arise which. were not seen as important at the time of the design e g the energy cost of. streetlighting or recycling of electronic components such as LEDs or their drivers. Of particular relevance to exterior lighting is the issue of light pollution in all. its forms Any new lighting installation makes an impact on the night time. environment and this should be balanced against the needs of the population. and improved social amenity, A lighting scheme that does not bene t society in some way should not be. installed in the rst place, A comfortable and stimulating outdoor environment is usually the result of a. 2 General combination of factors location topology history architecture the physical. design structure of the environment and the elements and activities contained within it. aspects for External lighting can greatly enhance the outdoor environment by creating a. exterior heightened sense of place It can extend the use of an area or activity well into the. evening contributing to a real and perceived sense of security at night enhancing. lighting the night time experience for visitors and residents alike On a broader scale. sensitive exterior lighting can instil a feeling of civic pride and signi cantly. 2 Lighting Guide 6 The exterior environment, contribute to the regeneration of urban areas Lighting can also be used as a.
means to guide people in much the same way as a road sign or traf c signal can. This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The content remains the copyright property of CIBSE. but perhaps in a more subtle and intuitive manner, Lighting can be used to reveal and enhance a space creating a sense of place. especially at focal points and nodes of activity while making positive connections. between the various elements of a development and its locale Lighting can. sometimes become a focal point in itself, In addition to the visual impact there are a number of other aspects that. need to be considered in the development of any external lighting design the. creation of a safe and pleasant environment the appropriate use of energy. ease of maintenance countering the threat of vandalism and harmonising the. appearance of the lighting equipment with its surroundings. Inappropriate external lighting is a potential environmental nuisance in any. context Arti cial light should always be delivered to the point where it is. required and nowhere else Issues such as brightness direction and context. also need to be considered in the development of the external lighting design to. ensure that light pollution and light spill is avoided. Savings can be made throughout the entire life of an installation by the careful. consideration of energy ef ciency light source and luminaire ef ciency the. overall cost of a scheme maintenance regimes and ensuring that the most. environmentally sustainable schemes are installed, People s reactions to the nocturnal environment are centred on a sense of well. being resulting from a complex combination of factors such as. visual comfort,sense of place,spatial legibility,personal safety and security. a psychologically comfortable balance between lit and unlit spaces. 2 1 Context A lighting masterplan considers all elements of the exterior lighting of a. development from the macro scale to the micro scale It lays down a set of. 2 1 1 Lighting rules and guidance that need to be adhered to for any new project within the. masterplans boundaries of the development in order to ensure consistency of approach in the. lit effect A lighting masterplan can be applied to smaller areas such as a new. residential development business park or town square or to larger scale areas. such as entire towns or cities, For new developments this can sometimes be more easily achieved as they.
Lighting Guide 6 The exterior environment The Society of Light and Lighting 222 Balham High Road London SW12 9BS UK Tel 020 8675 5211 Fax 020 8673 3302 E mail sll cibse org www sll org uk The Society of Light and Lighting is part of the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers This publication is supplied by CIBSE for the sole use of the person making the download The

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