THE FUTURE IS NOW Sustainable Development

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THE FUTURE IS NOW,SCIENCE FOR ACHIEVING,SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE,DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2 19, In the outcome document of the Rio 20 Conference in 2012 entitled The future we want and again in Transforming. our world the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015 United Nations Member States decided that the High. Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development would be informed by the Global Sustainable Development Report In. the Ministerial Declaration of the 2016 Forum Member States decided that the report would be produced quadrennially. by an independent group of scientists appointed by the United Nations Secretary General and comprising 15 experts. representing a variety of backgrounds scientific disciplines and institutions with geographical and gender balance. This report The Future is Now Science for Achieving Sustainable Development is the first quadrennial Global Sustainable. Development Report prepared by an independent group of scientists. Independent Group of Scientists 2019, Peter Messerli Switzerland Centre for Development and Environment CDE University of Bern Switzerland. Endah Murniningtyas Indonesia National Development Planning Agency Bappenas Republic of Indonesia. Parfait Eloundou Enyegue Cameroon Department of Development Sociology Cornell University USA. Ernest G Foli Ghana Council for Scientific and Industrial Research CSIR Forestry Research Institute Ghana. Eeva Furman Finland Finnish environment institute SYKE Finland. Amanda Glassman USA Center for Global Development USA. Gonzalo Hern ndez Licona Mexico National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy CONEVAL. Eun Mee Kim Republic of Korea Graduate School of International Studies Ewha Womans University Republic of. Wolfgang Lutz Austria Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital International Institute of. Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Austria, Jean Paul Moatti France Research Institute for Development IRD France. Katherine Richardson Denmark Sustainability Science Center University of Copenhagen Denmark. Muhammad Saidam Jordan Royal Scientific Society Jordan. David Smith Jamaica Institute for Sustainable Development University of the West Indies UWI. Jurgis Kazimieras Stani kis Lithuania Institute of Environmental Engineering Kaunas University of Technology. Jean Pascal van Ypersele Belgium Earth and Life Institute Universit catholique de Louvain Belgium. Recommended citation Independent Group of Scientists appointed by the Secretary General Global Sustainable. Development Report 2019 The Future is Now Science for Achieving Sustainable Development United Nations New York. Cover design and graphics by Camilo J Salomon,Copyright 2019 United Nations.
All rights reserved, United Nations publication issued by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Reprinted 2019,Global Sustainable Development Report 2019. FOREWORD xi,PREFACE xiii,PROLOGUE xv,EXECUTIVE SUMMARY xix. CHAPTER I THE TRANSFORMATIVE POWER OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 1. 1 1 Understanding sustainable development in the 2030 Agenda 3. 1 2 Progress to date 8, 1 3 Knowledge based transformations for sustainable development 21 v. CHAPTER II TRANSFORMATIONS 27,2 1 Lever 1 Governance 29.
2 2 Lever 2 Economy and finance 32,2 3 Lever 3 Individual and collective action 34. 2 4 Lever 4 Science and technology 36, 2 5 Entry point 1 Human well being and capabilities 38. 2 6 Entry point 2 Sustainable and just economies 50. 2 7 Entry point 3 Food systems and nutrition patterns 64. 2 8 Entry point 4 Energy decarbonization and universal access 75. 2 9 Entry point 5 Urban and peri urban development 83. 2 10 Entry point 6 Global environmental commons 94. 2 11 Shared responsibility for transformation 106, CHAPTER III SCIENCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 111. 3 1 The 2030 Agenda as a shared compass to harness advances. in science and technology 115,3 2 Sustainability science 120. 3 3 Partners for transformation 123,CHAPTER IV CALL TO ACTION 127.
4 1 Strengthening human well being and capabilities 127. 4 2 Shifting towards sustainable and just economies 128. 4 3 Building sustainable food systems and healthy nutrition patterns 129. 4 4 Achieving energy decarbonization with universal access to energy 130. 4 5 Promoting sustainable urban and peri urban development 131. 4 6 Securing the global environmental commons 132, 4 7 Science and technology for sustainable development 133. 4 8 Not incremental change but transformation 135,AFTERWORD 139. REFERENCES 159,ANNEX I MINISTERIAL DECLARATION 195. ANNEX II ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 203,ANNEX III REVIEW PROCESS 211. ANNEX IV INDEPENDENT GROUP OF SCIENTISTS 2019 215,1 1 The Global Sustainable Development Report 3.
1 2 Interactions among Sustainable Development Goals 6. Figure source Author s calculation For further details see the repository of Sustainable Develop. ment Goals interactions on the Global Sustainable Development Report website. vi 1 3 The Global Monitoring Framework 9,Figure source United Nations 2019. 1 4 Other assessments of progress 12,1 5 Tipping points 13. 1 6 Small island developing States 14,1 7 Least developed countries 15. 1 8 The Global Sustainable Development Framework for knowledge based. transformations towards sustainable development 24. 2 1 Political equality 31,Figure source Leininger J et al 2019. 2 2 The continuing significance of international financial cooperation 33. 2 3 Cognitive capacity for sustainable development choices 35. 2 4 Adaptive collaborative management 36, 2 5 Widespread deprivations in safely managed drinking water.
and sanitation services 40, 2 6 Climate change disproportionately affects the most vulnerable 41. 2 7 Ensuring refugees and migrants are counted and visible 42. 2 8 Tackling inequality is good for poverty reduction 44. Figure source Lakner et al 2019, 2 9 Private sector innovations towards better health 45. 2 10 Shifting behaviour for better health in Indonesia 46. 2 11 Mitigating health emergencies using emerging technology 47. 2 12 Measuring multidimensional poverty at the national level 48. 2 13 Early childhood interventions build capabilities 49. 2 14 Partnerships for access to health care in Ghana 50. 2 15 Alternatives to GDP as a measure of progress 52. 2 16 Damage caused by fossil fuel subsidies 56,2 17 Carbon pricing 57. 2 18 Just transition for coal workers and communities 59. Global Sustainable Development Report 2019, 2 19 Addressing the needs of the poor in a circular economy 62. 2 20 Stranded assets 63, 2 21 Global surveillance system for crop diseases 66.
2 22 ColdHubs solar powered storage in Nigeria 71,2 23 Belo Horizonte urban food policy 72. 2 24 NutriFish in Bangladesh 74, 2 25 The water food energy environment nexus in the Middle East. and North Africa 75, 2 26 Expanding solar lighting and sustainable electricity access in urban. and rural Togo 81, 2 27 Holistic approach to promoting energy efficiency in Greece 81. 2 28 Nuclear energy 82, 2 29 Intersection of gender health and energy in Indonesia clean cooking.
initiatives and fiscal sustainability 83,2 30 Future city growth 88 vii. 2 31 Urban development opportunities in landlocked developing countries 89. 2 32 Technology for sustainability in the cement industry 90. 2 33 Leaving no one behind three transport examples 91. 2 34 Architecture to reflect regional culture and advance the. Sustainable Development Goals examples from the Middle East 92. 2 35 Inclusive urban planning water management at Zaatari camp 93. 2 36 Sustainable Development Goals for resilient mountain communities 97. 2 37 Sustainable management of chemicals throughout their life cycle 100. 2 38 Using technology to protect old growth tropical rainforest. in a small country 102, 2 39 Networked Sustainable Development Goals through a climate lens 102. 2 40 Bhutan a carbon negative country 104, 2 41 Sustainable hydrology for fresh water as a common good 104. 2 42 Example of a mechanism that mixes multiple pathways in regional. cooperation 105,2 43 Science diplomacy 105, 2 44 Integrated pathways towards sustainable and equitable water access 106. 2 45 Equitable land governance as an integrated pathway. to sustainable development 108, 3 1 Modes of scientific engagement with the Sustainable Development Goals 113.
3 2 Decades of interdisciplinary research 114, 3 3 Strengthening the science policy interface 116. 3 4 The digital revolution 118, 3 5 Indigenous knowledge for sustainable development 120. 3 6 Open access to published scientific knowledge 122. 3 7 Transboundary research partnerships 125, 1 1 Cross national flows of information goods capital and people 4. Source United Nations 2019 World Bank 2019, 1 2 Technology exponential increases in power and rapid adoption. but also inequalities in access 7,Source Rupp 2015 World Bank 2019.
1 3 Children out of school 11,Source World Bank 2019. 1 4 Global inequality and growth 1980 2016 17,Source Alvaredo Facundo et al 2018. 1 5 Intergenerational mobility and inequality 17,Source Corak 2013. 1 6 Human activity induces climate change rising CO2 levels increasing. mean temperatures shrinking sea ice elevated sea levels 18. Source Macfarling Meure C et al 2006 World Meteorological Organization 2019. 1 7 Continuing loss of species 20, viii Source International Union for Conservation of Nature 2019. 1 8 Human activities drive biodiversity loss 20, Source Intergovernmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem.
Services 2019, 1 9 Striking the balance no country is meeting basic human goals. within biophysical boundaries 22,Source O Neill et al 2018. 2 1 Systemic interactions related to Goal 2 zero hunger 28. Source Author s calculations modelled after Weitz et al 2018. 2 2 Pathways to transformation 29, 2 3 Human well being and capabilities where the world is falling short 39. Source Alkire et al 2018 International Labour Organization 2017a International. Telecommunication Union 2018c United Nations 2019 United Nations Children s. Fund 2018 World Bank 2018f,2 4 Sustainable and just economies the facts 51. Source International Labour Organization 2018b International Labour Organization 2019. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 2019c World Bank 2018e World. Resources Institute 2016,2 5 GDP growth and CO2 emissions per capita 52.
Source World Bank 2019,2 6 Labour force participation rates 2017 55. Source International Labour Organization 2019,2 7 The circular economy 62. Source Murray et al 2015, 2 8 Food systems and nutrition patterns changing food systems. is essential for sustainable development 65, Source Food and Agriculture Organization 2017c Food and Agriculture Organization 2019. International Labour Organization 2017b Gustavsson et al 2011 Vermeulen et al 2012 Willett. et al 2019, 2 9 Impact of food on the environment selected proteins 68.
Source Poore and Nemecek 2018,Global Sustainable Development Report 2019. 2 10 Solutions to reduce agricultural emissions 70. Source Searchinger et al 2018,2 11 Impact of nitrogen fertilizer use 73. 2 12 Energy decarbonization with universal access 77. Source International Energy Agency 2018a International Energy Agency 2019. United Nations 2018c World Bank 2019a World Health Organization 2018b. 2 13 The emissions gap current commitments insufficient to achieve. necessary reductions in emissions 77,Source United Nations Environment Programme 2018. 2 14 Urban and peri urban development growing cities growing impacts 84. Source International Energy Agency 2016 International Resource Panel 2018. United Nations 2018a United Nations Environment Programme 2016c United Nations. Environment Programme 2017b World Bank 2019f, 2 15 Human survival and the global environmental commons 95. Source Food and Agriculture Organization 2018d Food and Agriculture Organization 2018e. International Energy Agency 2018 International Energy Agency 2019 United Nations 2018d. World Bank 2019 World Health Organization 2018,3 1 Types of sustainability challenges 112.
Source Adapted from Messerli and Bieri 2018 ix, 3 2 Research and development expenditure worldwide 2015 119. Source United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization 2019. 1 1 Projected distance from targets by 2030 at current trends 10. Source Calculations based on data from United Nations 2019 United Nations Development. Programme 2018 World Meteorological Organization 2019. 2 1 Ranking of top 30 economic units by revenue 54. Source Babic et al 2017, Note Country revenues are national government figures compared on exchange rate basis. 2 2 Policy instruments by type and by concept of rights over nature 56. Source Adapted from Sterner et al 2019, 2 3 Greenhouse gas emissions and employment by sector 58. Source United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Global Sustainable Development Report 2019, Our world as we know it and the future we want are at risk. Despite considerable efforts these past four years we are not on track to achieve the. Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 We must dramatically step up the pace of xi. implementation as we enter a decisive decade for people and the planet We must connect. the dots across all that we do as individuals civic groups corporations municipalities and. Member States of the United Nations and truly embrace the principles of inclusion and. This report The Future is Now Science for Achieving Sustainable Development is the first quadrennial Global Sustainable Development Report prepared by an independent group of scientists Independent Group of Scientists 2019 Co chairs Peter Messerli Switzerland Centre for Development and Environment CDE University of Bern Switzerland

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