Smart Cities Big Data Deloitte United States

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Table of contents,Our ever accelerating pace of development 1. The effect that Big Data has had on society 2,New ways of harnessing data 3. How Big Data is making cities Smart 4,Conclusion 6. References 7,Our ever accelerating pace of,development. The digitisation of our lives is causing a paradigm philosophers such as Socrates Plato and Aristotle. shift to occur in our cities This is being driven by the through the Renaissance and to modern day. general advancement of computing that has brought academia scientists and engineers Through the. us the Internet the Social Web smartphones and open access policies and open source movement. more recently the Internet of Things IoT Forces the core body of our collective knowledge has never. are culminating into what is being called a third before been more accessible to citizens of the world. industrial revolution characterised by, unprecedented access to information new emerging While this has happened we are now seeing an.
technologies and the convergence of information unrelenting movement of people towards the urban. energy and transport networks We exist in a areas We have passed the point where globally. networked world and so do our cities more people are living in cities than rural areas. attracted by the digital economies opportunities for. Our relentless pursuit to master our environment work access to education and other amenities for an. through the application of knowledge has brought overall improved quality of life This trend is set to. about this change More than a survival strategy it continue especially in emerging economies where. has improved our quality of life and longevity city populations are forecast to have their population. The process continues into the 21st century and is grow from 2 billion to 4 billion between 2000 and. accelerated by the sharing of information at 2030 3 To support this growth innovative ways of. unprecedented rates that is affecting the very basic managing resources are being sought out This has. levels of the way in which we live Our world is culminated in the idea of a technologically. becoming more intelligent interconnected city which is aptly referred to as the. Smart City According to a recent study the, At its core this march has been underpinned by the expected global market size for products and. concept of the scientific method our feedback loop services for this market will be 1 5 trillion by. on nature The process calls to observe what is real 2020 4 To support this movement new modes of. and makes either a deductive or an inductive consumption have emerged and will emerge critical. assessment of the dynamics of a given situation resources will need to be monitored and optimised to. With this an amazing ability emerges an ability to reduce costs and decisions will need to be made to. describe predict and prescribe with the net effect of accommodate city dwellers All of this can be. being able to better control our world This approach supported by the adoption and use of Big Data. has been developing since the age of Greek,Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 1. The effect Big Data has had on, It has been said that we have entered the age of distribute around cultural scientific finance statistics. Big Data 5 which has opened a vast number of environment and transport themes 7. opportunities for new value creation moving forward. The phenomenon of Big Data has long been In the face of Moore s Law a guideline that states that our. characterised by volume velocity and variety in data types ability to process information doubles every two years the. that have been created at ever increasing rates 6 It has cost of copying and processing a single bit of information. been remarked that more than 80 of the world s data is limiting to zero There is every indication that the impact. has only been created in recent years For some data has of Big Data to our lives is set to continue As citizens we. become a subtle force of its own and has affected their can look forward to more transparency and improved. daily lives For others who perhaps work with it on a daily service levels from both private and public organisations. basis an image of a tidal wave comes to mind that make use of their data assets to support and enable. new forms of services that innovate on the past, Big Data gained centre stage with the advent of the social. web and the emergence of interconnected devices that. have almost overnight created a world where data of all. types of information exists particularly personal, Smartphones and connected computers and devices have.
allowed us to monitor and share everything from the. weather our geographic location health fitness levels. finances to household energy consumption to name but a. few These have also given us access to new modes of. telecommunication in the form of VOIP video,conferencing internet TV streaming music among. others Mobile apps tailored to our every need are the. successors to old webpages, Without knowing it our daily activities are recorded and. are used to support transactions we have with all types of. organisations This has raised privacy concerns centred. on who has the right to own and use data about, individuals causing governments to instate regulations to. protect its citizens The concern is that information in the. wrong hands could be used for identity theft which could. lead to fraud being committed However having access to. the same data can vastly improve service delivery and. efficiencies To this end governments and municipalities. are looking to drive Open Data initiatives where, information locked in cities is made available to citizens. businesses and other agencies to share re use and,Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 2.
New ways of harnessing data, To meet the growth in data sizes new technology solutions are appearing that are able to harness this new data. source such as back end systems that use in memory computing and massively parallel processing systems a. technique made popular by search engine companies such as Google and Yahoo Techniques and methods of. managing its integration have also appeared such as data virtualisation efficient processing of unstructured data. and advanced machine learning that is able to identify patterns across large data sets. The use of data has changed from tapping into stagnant pools to harnessing it as it is generated and as it flows. To handle volumes cloud based solutions are emerging in order to lower the cost of managing data and to. provide for scalability leveraging economies of scale. Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 3,How Big Data is making cities. making CSADM capabilities to fulfil the objective of. A new scope opens up for what can be controlled in servicing the citizen With the correct infrastructure. cities through Big Data From the commercial world a city can more effectively close out on first tier and. it has been shown that organisations that effectively use second tier service delivery issues. the data to drive decisions in their organisations. out perform their competitors by a margin of 5 A data fusion pattern which underpins this type of. to 6 9 This approach equally applies to the city environment allows for a variety of data sources such. managers at the management of their operations as video from CCTV cameras voice social media. streaming data sensor logs supervisory control, In developing cities the reality is that operations are systems and data acquisition SCADA traditional. uncoordinated and data capture is still a heavy manual structured and unstructured data to be fused together to. process Modern environments benefit from having support the mission of the city This is being supported. consolidated services across areas such as asset fleet by emerging industrial standards that range from alert. and workforce management where pertinent information signal protocols to industrialised wireless sensor. is available from these departments to facilitate shorter networks for smart meter readings. turnarounds in service delivery overall customer, satisfaction and the understanding of bottlenecks This is This has called for a unique blend of commercial off the. enabled by the implementation of data warehouses and shelf COTS technologies not seen in current enterprise. business intelligence ICT assets that developing cities data landscapes This includes software that supports. still lack real time key performance indicators industrial. supervisor control systems dashboards instant, The best practice for this is taking the form of messaging for field operators wikis advanced analytics.
establishing an operations centre Here city managers geospatial mappings systems proprietary systems web. are able to access data in real time streams and city service interfacing and financial systems integration. operators are able to form dynamic communities of among others Many forward thinking companies are. interest around incidents as they occur Data is tapped building their vision and strategies on this as the next. into to provide collaboration situational aware decision competitive differentiator 10 11 and 12. The operations centre powered by Big Data crowns a city s tactical strategy The value proposition for cities. becoming smarter needs to also be seen in the strategic context More broadly the value proposition to the city. Cost savings through the consolidation monitoring and optimisation of shared ICT assets and services. Stimulating business by creating a city wide digital strategy that fosters economic growth through access to. broadband and Wi Fi services, The driving of efficient citizen relationships systems geared to resolving their requests and complaints on first. call and benchmarked call closure times,Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 4. Lowering costs by providing for an analytics capability to monitor and optimise city processes and resources. that can be benchmarked against international standards. An ability to provide for enhanced second tier cross department and agency support to the citizen and. moving away from operations that work in silos, Caution however needs to be exercised in terms of the expectation of the capabilities of Big Data in the areas. such as city planning Due to the nature and complexity of cities no matter how much data is available the city. managers and planners are confronted by a so called wicked problem 8 where there are too many variables to. be pulled that can affect a desired outcome or state Here heuristics and approaches based on the experience of. city managers still need to be exercised, Combining software and wetware i e human mind and by adopting strategies that are flexible and that require. lowered adoption hurdles cities can through the weaving of a real time nerve centre place themselves at the. forefront of service excellence This infrastructure is often already in place and only needs a realignment with the. developing technological trends to track along the path to becoming smart. Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 5,Conclusion, Big Data is an essential component that is driving the Smart Cities movement along with more general advances.
in technology This is informing new forms of consumption with citizens and the demand for services that are. underpinned by smarter systems The social contract for taking care of citizens remains for cities that prompt its. managers to consider and invest in appropriate processes and systems to support this mandate In this certain. best practices have emerged and others are indeed still to emerge as this is a dynamic environment Cities that. make use of the current state of the art approaches which can be benchmarked against international standards. are positioned for future success and may have the opportunity for advancing society forward to a smarter future. Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 6,References, 1 Deloitte Business Trends 2014 Deloitte Univ Press 2014. 2 J Rifkin The Third Industrial Revolution The RSA Online Available. http www youtube com watch v I9Ts9nGGjho feature em share video user Accessed. 19 May 2014, 3 The World Bank Connecting Financing Cities Now Priorities for City Leaders 2013 p 132. 4 Frost Sullivan Next decade s mega trends and what they portend for cities Online Available. http smartcitiescouncil com article next decades mega trends and what they portend cities Accessed. 15 May 2014, 5 Steve Loher The Age of Big Data New York Times vol 12 Feb 2012. 6 D Laney META Group 3D Data Management Controlling Data Volume Velocity and Variety 2001. 7 Open Knowledge What is Open Online Available https okfn org opendata Accessed. 02 Sept 2014, 8 Lu s M A Bettencourt The Uses of Big Data in Cities BIG DATA pp 12 22 March 2014. 9 F Provost and T Fawcett Data Science and its Relationship to Big Data and Data Driven Decision. Making Big Data Vol 1 No 1 pp 51 59 Mar 2013,10 Hitachi s Vision for Smart Cities 2013.
11 IBM Smarter Planet United States 27 Aug 2013 Online Available. http www ibm com smarterplanet us en ca v smarterplanet Accessed 29 May 2014. 12 SAP for Public Sector SAP for State Local Government Online Available. http global sap com campaigns 2012 08 public services state local overview epx Accessed. 29 May 2014,Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 7,Southern Africa. Dave Kennedy Peter Gross, Managing Director Risk Advisory Africa Senior Manager RA RA CRC. Smart Cities Big Data January 2015 4 How Big Data is making cities Smart A new scope opens up for what can be controlled in cities through Big Data From the commercial world it has been shown that organisations that effectively use the data to drive decisions in their organisations out perform their competitors by a margin of 5

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