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ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION, This work is published under the responsibility of the Secretary General of the International. Transport Forum The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily. reflect the official views of International Transport Forum member countries This document and. any map included herein are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory. to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory. city or area The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the. relevant Israeli authorities The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status. of the Golan Heights East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms. of international law Data in this report have been provided by countries to the database of the. International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group IRTAD Where data in this report has not. been independently validated by IRTAD this is indicated Additional information on individual. countries is provided online at www itf oecd org road safety annual report 2018. ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT FORUM, The International Transport Forum is an intergovernmental organisation with 59 member countries. that organises global dialogue for better transport It acts as a think tank for transport policy and. hosts the Annual Summit of transport ministers The ITF is the only global body that covers all. transport modes The ITF is administratively integrated with the OECD yet politically autonomous. ABOUT IRTAD, The International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group IRTAD is the permanent working. group for road safety of the International Transport Forum The IRTAD database collects and. aggregates international data on road crashes currently its database contains validated road. safety data for 32 countries It thereby provides an empirical basis for international comparisons. and more effective road safety policies The IRTAD Group brings together road safety experts. from national road administrations road safety research institutes International Organisations. automobile associations insurance companies car manufacturers and others Currently the. IRTAD Group has 80 members and observers from more than 40 countries. Photo credit Romrodphoto Shutterstock,4 ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018. 8 ROAD SAFETY TRENDS,18 LEAD INDICATORS,24 ROAD USER GROUPS.
34 AGE GROUPS,40 ROAD TYPE,44 INJURY DATA,48 STRATEGIES AND TARGETS. 52 MAIN CHALLENGES,56 TAKEAWAYS,58 DATA TABLES, 25 BOX The relationship between road safety and economic performance. 42 BOX IRTAD Recommendations Alcohol related road crashes. 43 BOX IRTAD Recommendations Speed and crash risks. 46 BOX The Marrakech Declaration,ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018 5. Dear Reader, The Road Safety Annual Report has been the experts go to source for quality. data related to traffic crashes for a decade now Collected and reviewed by the. International Transport Forum s permanent working group on road safety the. International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group IRTAD our data has been. hailed as simply the best in the world by road safety professionals Of this we are. immensely proud, Good data is fundamental for good policies Without a solid evidence base decision.
makers drive in the dark We owe it to humanity to choose the most effective. policies and measures to reduce the number of road deaths and we owe it to tax. payers to spend funds wisely to maximum effect The 1 3 million deaths from road. crashes every year are 1 3 million too many and we are all called upon to end this. The information in the following pages can be a starting point I invite readers to. make active use of it and help to make road traffic less deadly The 2018 Road. Safety Annual Report comes in a new slimmer and more accessible format It puts. the focus on the international dimension of road safety with comparative data for. 41 countries Detailed country sections are available online enabling us to provide. more up to date information than in an annual print edition. You will find them at www itf oecd org road safety annual report 2018. Young Tae Kim,Secretary General,International Transport Forum. 6 ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018, t is with great pleasure that I present the most recent and up to date road safety data. for 41 countries in this 2018 edition of the Road Safety Annual Report prepared by the. International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group IRTAD the permanent working. group on road safety of the International Transport Forum ITF at the OECD. This year s edition is special It is released on the occasion of the ITF s Annual Summit on. Transport Safety and Security For the first time road safety is a main focus of the world s. leading transport policy event providing an opportunity to present to transport policy makers. the status of road safety today, Most member countries of IRTAD have experienced a downward trend in the number of road. deaths since the beginning of the decade This is good news However much of that progress. has happened at the beginning of the decade In 2015 and 2016 the number of road deaths. plateaued or even increased in several countries Provisional data for 2017 shows encouraging. signs again but based on data from the last three years it is uncertain whether the overall. downward trend will continue, Reducing the number of road casualties requires continuous action based on the analysis of. good quality road safety data In a number of countries the easy to implement measures are. now in place To further reduce the number of road deaths and serious injuries more data. must be put to use for instance on the circumstances of crashes on the mechanisms leading. to crashes and determining their severity as well as on the road users involved Data is also. needed for proactive risk assessments of the road network Setting realistic but ambitious. targets is important not only for reduction of road deaths and serious injuries but for a. whole set of safety performance indicators which form the basis of effective road safety policy. Putting data to work for better road safety policies is at the heart of the IRTAD Group s work. We are striving to improve knowledge about road safety and offer countries a unique forum to. exchange on methodologies to collect and analyse road safety data This report is the fruit of a. rich collaborative effort of all IRTAD members throughout the past year The IRTAD Group now. counts 80 members and observers representing 41 countries I would like to thank each of. them for their engagement and contributions, In the past year the IRTAD Group has published three important reports that deserve your.
attention Speed and Crash Risk ITF 2018 analyses the relation between vehicle speeds. and crashes With political debates about speed limits occuring in many countries this. report provides evidence based on case studies from ten countries where higher average. speeds are linked to more casualties and vice versa The second report Alcohol related Road. Casualties in Official Crash Statistics ITF 2018 reviews the methodology for collecting data. on alcohol related crashes It highlights that the incidence of drink driving is underreported in. most countries and therefore the importance of drink driving as a contributing factor for fatal. crashes is underrated, The IRTAD Group also continues to assist low and middle income countries with improving. their crash data systems and to help them better understand their road safety issues In. co operation with the F d ration Internationale de l Automobile FIA we completed a two. year project on Benchmarking Road Safety in Latin America ITF 2017 This reviewed the. road safety performance of ten Latin American countries in order to identify strengths and. weaknesses as well as areas where lessons from other countries can be usefully applied. Building on IRTAD s work with Latin America we initiated a series of workshops to prepare. with our partners at FIA and the World Bank the establishment of a Road Safety Observatory. Fred Wegman,Chair of the IRTAD Group,ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018 7. Road safety trends,Preliminary figures show fewer,road deaths in 2017 but it is. uncertain whether the long term,downward trend will continue. In 2015 and 2016 the trend slowed down and even reversed in some. countries For 2017 a decrease in the number of road deaths was reported by. 20 of 29 member countries of the International Road Traffic Data and Analysis. Group IRTAD for which preliminary fatality data are available Four saw the. number of traffic fatalities remain stable Only five registered increases of 2. or more in road deaths compared to 2016 see Table 1. The overall number of road,deaths in IRTAD member,countries increased in 2016.
A total of 75 098 road deaths were registered in 2016 in the 31 IRTAD. member countries for which data are consistently available 2015 73 879 1. This represents 1 6 more road fatalities overall Thirteen countries saw. fatalities decline in 2016 while 18 countries recorded increases see Table 2. The countries that recorded the largest decrease in 2016 were Lithuania the. Czech Republic and Switzerland The overall average is significantly influenced. by the United States As the most populous IRTAD member country the US. accounted for nearly half of the absolute number of the group s road deaths in. 1 The IRTAD database includes validated data for 32 countries Argentina did not publish data for 2015 and is excluded for purposes. for comparability There were 80 648 road deaths in IRTAD countries in 2016 with Argentina included. 2 The U S registered 37 461 of 80 648 road deaths including Argentina. 8 ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018,Aggregate evolution in the number. of road deaths 2010 2016 32 Countries,Data for Argentina in 2016 are an estimate. ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018 9,Traffic fatalities in 2016 were. down 3 6 compared to 2010, If the United States are excluded the reduction was nearly 15 However most. of the improvement was achieved at the beginning of the current decade Since. 2015 progress has slowed down markedly and a number of countries have. experienced a reversal Compared to 2014 the year with the lowest traffic death. toll on record for IRTAD countries in the past three decades the death toll was. 5 6 higher in 2016,The long term trend is positive.
but very far from sufficient to,achieve international road safety. objectives, The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals SDGs set out a 50. reduction target for road deaths by 2020 compare to 2010 While five IRTAD. member countries have made good progress in reducing fatalities by more. than one third since 2010 which is about the average reduction required to. halve fatalities by 2020 the majority of countries are not achieving what is. needed Indicative numbers from low and middle income observer countries. in IRTAD suggests that in some of those countries the number of road deaths. has increased Generally the road safety situation in low and middle income. countries where 90 of global road deaths occur is much less understood than. in IRTAD member countries and it is likely that road deaths in these regions are. underreported as reflected by the estimations of the WHO global status report. Large disparities between countries,longer term road safety performance. lie behind the averages, Benchmarked against 2010 results the number of traffic deaths has fallen in. 26 out of 32 countries in the IRTAD Group in 2016 The strongest reductions. were achieved by Portugal 39 9 Lithuania 35 8 and Norway 35 1. The success of Norway is particularly remarkable as the country s roads were. already among the safest in the world The United States experienced the. largest increase 13 5 driven by a 14 increase between 2014 and 2016. The four other countries that registered more traffic deaths in 2016 than in 2010. are Argentina 9 0 Chile 5 0 Sweden 1 5 and Iceland 10 more. deaths The number of road deaths remained stable in Luxembourg. 10 ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018,Change in the number of.
road deaths 2010 2016 in percent, Data from Iceland are not shown because the the observations are. too low to have meaningful percentage changes, a Data as provided by the countries and not validated by IRTAD. b Real data actual numbers instead of reported numbers by the police. ROAD SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT 2018 OECD ITF 2018 11,Road safety trends. A number of overarching factors,help to explain and put into. perspective recent trends in road,safety performance in addition to.
factors at work at national level,1 The economic,downturn and recovery. The aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis was associated with a decrease in the. number of road deaths The decline of economic activity may have contributed. to about two thirds of the overall reduction in the years 2008 to 2010 see. Why Does Road Safety Improve When Economic Times Are Hard ITF 2015. Conversely the economic recovery from 2013 onwards was accompanied by. a significant increase in the number of road deaths as motorised travel picked. up again The number of road deaths since 2010 still decreased overall when. The second report Alcohol related Road Casualties in Official Crash Statistics ITF 2018 reviews the methodology for collecting data on alcohol related crashes It highlights that the incidence of drink driving is underreported in most countries and therefore the importance of drink driving as a contributing factor for fatal crashes is underrated The IRTAD Group also continues to assist

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