Reducing Revocations Challenge Request for Proposals

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Cover Sheet,A Goal of the RFP, The goal of this Request for Proposals RFP is to solicit proposals for action research on the drivers of. probation revocations, In September 2018 Arnold Ventures announced a major initiative to transform community supervision. and reduce the failures of supervision that contribute to mass incarceration Among its efforts is the. launch of the Reducing Revocations Challenge RRC an initiative in which Action Research Teams ARTs. in up to 10 jurisdictions will receive funding for a 16 month period to 1 conduct in depth research and. data analysis on the drivers of probation failures and 2 identify policy and practice solutions based on. the research findings ARTs will consist of a research partner and local probation department or district. office in a statewide system The CUNY Institute for State and Local Governance ISLG will serve as the. research intermediary for the RRC overseeing the RFP process and managing ARTs as they carry out. research and policy work,Timeline and Submission Instructions. 1 Release Date of RFP May 22 2019, 2 Q A Webinar June 3 2019 at 3 30pm EST accessed via https cuny webex com meet ISLG. 3 Questions Questions about this RFP may be submitted in writing to RRC islg cuny edu. Questions to be addressed during the webinar must be submitted by May 30 2019 any. additional questions must be submitted by June 7 2019. 4 Answers to all questions will be available as an addendum to this RFP by June 10 2019 It will be. the responsibility of the proposers to check the ISLG website to remain up to date regarding all. addenda issued for the RFP Any addenda will be listed alongside the RFP here. https islg cuny edu sites our work reducing revocations challenge. 5 Proposal Due Date Proposal submissions are due by June 24 2019 at 11 59pm EST Proposals. should be submitted via https cuny islg fluidreview com. 6 Failure to submit a proposal by the due date and time will result in the proposal being. considered non responsive to this RFP and not considered for award Unless an addendum to. this RFP is issued extending the due date and time all proposals must be submitted prior to the. time and date set forth above,7 Anticipated Contract Start Date October 1 2019.
B Funding and Number of Awards, Arnold Ventures and ISLG anticipate awarding up to 200 000 each to 10 ARTs for a total of 2 million. with 16 month contracts running from October 1 2019 to January 31 2021 ARTs will also receive. funding for travel to attend a cross site summit in New York City. C Contact Information, Questions regarding RFP content or technical difficulties should be submitted in writing to. RRC islg cuny edu,Table of Contents,Cover Sheet ii. Table of Contents iii,Background 1,Reducing Revocations Challenge 2. Proposal Content and Format 6,Project and Award Timeframe 9.
Review Process and Evaluation Criteria 10,Appendix A Budget Template 11. Appendix B References 12,Background, There has been growing agreement among practitioners policymakers and the general public that. there are far too many people under correctional control in the United States U S Indeed in 1980 1 8. million adults were in prison jail or under community supervision by 2016 that number had grown to. over 6 6 million i As the result a number of large scale initiatives have launched with the goal of. reducing jail and prison populations However there remains a significant gap in the reform landscape in. the area of community supervision ironically the type of correctional control that is by far the most. common in the U S and one that continues to grow While there have been significant decreases in. recent years these have not been enough to counter the general upward trend the number of people. on probation has increased more than 230 percent since 1980 ii We have now reached the point where. the rate of adults under community supervision is now one in 55 roughly 2 percent of the U S adult. population iii representing nearly two thirds of the total correctional population iv. Community supervision is designed to be an alternative to incarceration yet revocations have been. shown to be a significant driver of jail and prison admissions v Rates of failure among people on. probation are alarmingly high as are the rates at which people are revoked to prison or jail In 2016. almost a third of probation exits were unsuccessful with 12 percent ending in incarceration vi. Community corrections populations make up large proportions of prison admissions in a number of. states more than two thirds of admissions in Arkansas and Georgia for example vii The likelihood of. failure is exacerbated by the high number of probation conditions set for any given individual an. average of 15 per person which present enormous barriers to success viii. To attempt to counter these trends and maximize the chances of success a range of evidence based. supervision strategies have emerged over the years ix There is strong support for risk need responsivity. RNR models for example which prioritize supervision and resources for individuals at greatest risk of. recidivating and focus services on the needs found to be most closely linked to risk x Correctional. models grounded in RNR principles have demonstrated lower recidivism rates across genders ages and. supervisory settings xi Relatedly we know that over supervising low risk individuals can lead to worse. outcomes because it can interfere with the very support systems that minimize risk in the first place xii. while reducing probation terms can improve outcomes without compromising public safety xiii Some. jurisdictions have also begun using graduated responses which have been shown to reduce. reincarceration among probationers and parolees by as much as 33 percent xiv. While these strategies have effected change in many jurisdictions success rates remain far too low and. our understanding about what leads to failure far too limited We know very little about the factors. circumstances and behaviors that drive revocations to jail or prison including but not limited to the. role of technical violations vs new criminal activity and how to respond to clients in a way that. prevents new criminal activity without over punishing less harmful behaviors Without this knowledge. we lack understanding about how to effectively manage the population in a manner that reduces. revocations and maximizes supervision success while at the same time protecting public safety We. need to build our understanding of the factors that drive revocations and use that knowledge to shape. reform efforts toward a new model of supervision The Reducing Revocations Challenge RRC a joint. enterprise between Arnold Ventures and the CUNY Institute for State and Local Governance ISLG aims. to address these gaps in the field by exploring in depth the drivers of probation failure across a range of. jurisdictions and using that information to identify new policy and practice solutions. Reducing Revocations Challenge,A Overview of the Challenge. The RRC is a new initiative that aims to increase success on probation through the identification. piloting and testing of promising strategies grounded in a robust analysis and understanding of why. revocations occur Specifically the RRC will support action research in 10 jurisdictions around the. country to better understand why revocations occur and how they can be prevented This research will. be carried out by Action Research Teams ARTs comprised of a research organization which will serve. as the lead applicant and a local probation agency or district office in a statewide system Each ART will. conduct an analysis of revocation drivers and use it to propose a policy programmatic or practice. intervention that is responsive to the probation agency s unique challenges In a potential second phase. of the RRC select jurisdictions will receive additional funding to further develop and implement their. proposed interventions Throughout the process ISLG will provide technical assistance and support. including peer learning events that will culminate in a cross site summit to share findings and discuss. policy and practice implications,B Action Research. ART research studies should be comprehensive in nature exploring a wide range of potential revocation. drivers with special emphasis placed on exploring the underlying behaviors that lead to violations and. the outcomes of those violations e g incarceration revoked and restored with new conditions More. specifically ARTs should consider the following factors and circumstances in their analyses. 1 Pathways toward revocation How do behaviors and decisions at different process points move. people toward or away from revocations, What are the underlying behaviors associated with revocations and the violations that.
lead to them, What specific types of noncompliance occur To what extent are they new crimes vs. technical violations vs absconding, What graduated responses are employed prior to filing a violation. Who approves violations before they are filed What do internal oversight mechanisms. What dispositions do probation officers recommend following a violation. What are the outcomes of violations including length of incarceration dispositions and. how do they align with probation officers recommendations. How long does it take to process and resolve probation violations and what are the. implications for supervision success, 2 Policy and practice context How do legal and administrative policies and the way they are. implemented affect how probation clients move through these pathways. What are the local policies around conditions set violations and revocations. o To what extent do individual probation officers within the same agency vary in. their responses to noncompliant behaviors i e what is the role of discretion. o Are there structured decision making protocols in place to guide those decisions. What role do caseload type and size play in violation and revocation rates. What types of conditions are being violated when revocations occur Are they standard. conditions Special conditions, When over the supervision term do violations and revocations occur What role if any. might probation terms and early discharge policies play in that. To what extent do supervision supports and resources protect against violations and. revocations How are probation clients matched to these supports and resources and. where might there be gaps, 3 Individual characteristics Are violations revocations more likely among probation clients with.
certain characteristics, Demographic characteristics e g gender race ethnicity age residence. Sentencing charges Misdemeanors versus felonies as well as specific charges e g. domestic violence cases involving firearms,Offending patterns e g repeat larceny. Risk and or supervision levels, Specialized needs e g young adult behavioral health. Figure 1 depicts how these key factors circumstances and decision points may relate to one other along. the revocation process, To fully examine these questions ARTs will employ a mixed methods approach utilizing multiple data. sources For example while information on violation types i e new crime vs technical violation vs. absconding may be readily available in administrative datasets it is likely that information on the. underlying behaviors leading to these violations will require review of electronic case notes or paper. case files Exploration of the broader legal context in turn will require investigation of the policies e g. probation terms likely to play a role in decision making and outcomes at different points in the process. For that reason all proposed research designs are expected to include the following four elements 1 a. review of relevant legal and administrative policies and procedures 2 a quantitative analysis of. administrative data 3 case file reviews and 4 interviews with key stakeholders such as probation. officers and supervisors judges and those with lived experience on probation. Once analyses have been completed ARTs should have an understanding of which factors decisions. and or circumstances are the most salient in their local context as well as how they interact with each. other to drive revocations ARTs will compile their findings into publicly available research reports that. share what they have learned about the factors driving supervision failure justice system policies and. responses and the characteristics of the population of individuals on probation ARTs will also submit to. ISLG and Arnold Ventures a brief proposal describing opportunities for policy and or practice. interventions that will help reduce revocation rates given the drivers they have identified Suggested. policies and interventions may focus on revocations driven by the commission of new crimes targeting. missed opportunities for crime prevention or revocation driven by technical violations particularly. those that result in incarceration Proposed policy changes may be legal or administrative in nature. Where interventions are suggested they may take risk level into account with some interventions. targeting low risk individuals who could conceivably benefit from less supervision through reduced. reporting inactive supervision or shorter supervision terms and some interventions targeting higher. risk individuals who may require more support and services All potential strategies regardless of their. nature must take into account the context in which probation agencies operate and the challenges they. Reducing Revocations Challenge Request for Proposals May 22 2019 ii Cover Sheet A Goal of the RFP The goal of this Request for Proposals RFP is to solicit proposals for action research on the drivers of probation revocations In September 2018 Arnold Ventures announced a major initiative to transform community supervision and reduce the failures of supervision that contribute to mass

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