Psychology Study Companion ETS Home

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Welcome to the Praxis Study Companion,Welcome to The Praxis Study Companion. Prepare to Show What You Know, You have been working to acquire the knowledge and skills you need for your teaching career Now you are. ready to demonstrate your abilities by taking a Praxis test. Using the Praxis Study Companion is a smart way to prepare for the test so you can do your best on test day. This guide can help keep you on track and make the most efficient use of your study time. The Study Companion contains practical information and helpful tools including. An overview of the Praxis tests, Specific information on the Praxis test you are taking. A template study plan,Study topics, Practice questions and explanations of correct answers. Test taking tips and strategies,Frequently asked questions.
Links to more detailed information, So where should you start Begin by reviewing this guide in its entirety and note those sections that you need. to revisit Then you can create your own personalized study plan and schedule based on your individual needs. and how much time you have before test day, Keep in mind that study habits are individual There are many different ways to successfully prepare for your. test Some people study better on their own while others prefer a group dynamic You may have more energy. early in the day but another test taker may concentrate better in the evening So use this guide to develop the. approach that works best for you, Your teaching career begins with preparation Good luck. Know What to Expect,Which tests should I take, Each state or agency that uses the Praxis tests sets its own requirements for which test or tests you must take for. the teaching area you wish to pursue, Before you register for a test confirm your state or agency s testing requirements at www ets org praxis states.
How are the Praxis tests given, Praxis tests are given on computer Other formats are available for test takers approved for accommodations see. The Praxis Study Companion 2,Welcome to the Praxis Study Companion. What should I expect when taking the test on computer. When taking the test on computer you can expect to be asked to provide proper identification at the test. center Once admitted you will be given the opportunity to learn how the computer interface works how to. answer questions how to skip questions how to go back to questions you skipped etc before the testing time. begins Watch the What to Expect on Test Day video to see what the experience is like. Where and when are the Praxis tests offered, You can select the test center that is most convenient for you The Praxis tests are administered through an. international network of test centers which includes Prometric Testing Centers some universities and other. locations throughout the world, Testing schedules may differ so see the Praxis web site for more detailed test registration information at www. ets org praxis register,The Praxis Study Companion 3.
Table of Contents,Table of Contents, The Praxis Study Companion guides you through the steps to success. 1 Learn About Your Test 5,Learn about the specific test you will be taking. amiliarize Yourself with Test Questions 11, Become comfortable with the types of questions you ll find on the Praxis tests. 3 Practice with Sample Test Questions 15, Answer practice questions and find explanations for correct answers. 4 Determine Your Strategy for Success 23, Set clear goals and deadlines so your test preparation is focused and efficient.
5 Develop Your Study Plan 26,Develop a personalized study plan and schedule. 6 Review Study Topics 30,Review study topics with questions for discussion. 7 Review Smart Tips for Success 37,Follow test taking tips developed by experts. 8 Check on Testing Accommodations 39, See if you qualify for accommodations to take the Praxis test. 9 Do Your Best on Test Day 40, Get ready for test day so you will be calm and confident.
10 Understand Your Scores 42, Understand how tests are scored and how to interpret your test scores. Appendix Other Questions You May Have 44,The Praxis Study Companion 4. Step 1 Learn About Your Test,1 Learn About Your Test. Learn about the specific test you will be taking,Psychology 5391. Test at a Glance,Test Name Psychology,Test Code 5391.
Time 2 hours,Number of Questions 120,Format Selected response questions. Test Delivery Computer Delivered,Approximate Approximate. Content Categories Number of Percentage,Questions of Test. I Methods Approaches Ethics and 20 17,Assessment,II Biopsychology Sensation and 19 16. Perception and States of,V Consciousness, III III Life Span Development and Individual 15 12.
IV Differences,IV Learning Memory and Cognition 19 16. V Personality Social Psychology 28 23,Motivation and Emotion and Stress. VI Psychological Disorders and Treatment 19 16,About This Test. The Psychology test measures whether entry level psychology educators have the standards relevant. knowledge skills and abilities believed necessary for competent professional practice. The development of this test was guided by the National Standards for High School Curricula as developed by. the Teaching of Psychology in Secondary Schools an affiliate of the American Psychological Association. This test may contain some questions that will not count toward your score. The Praxis Study Companion 5,Step 1 Learn About Your Test. Test Specifications, Test specifications in this chapter describe the knowledge and skills measured by the test Study topics to help.
you prepare to answer test questions can be found on page 30. I Methods Approaches Ethics and 2 Knows appropriate research methods to study. Assessment psychological issues, A History and Approaches a knows the major characteristics and. appropriate use of observation,1 Understands that psychology is an empirical. experimentation surveys and case,studies knows correlational cross. a explains the scientific method sectional and longitudinal designs. b demonstrates an understanding of 3 Knows basic statistical concepts. research based problem solving,a calculates mean median mode. intervention and decision making,b describes the use of correlation and.
2 Understands contemporary approaches to the,standard deviation. study of psychology, a describes major characteristics of and 4 Understands the ethical issues in research with. recognizes similarities and differences humans and animals. between behavioral cognitive a understands the importance of informed. humanistic biological psychodynamic consent confidentiality protection from. and evolutionary approaches harm and ethics review boards in. b applies contemporary approaches to, real world situations b knows about major historical research. studies and their influence on the,3 Is familiar with the major psychological. development of ethical principles,subfields and careers.
a identifies major characteristics of the C Assessment. subfields of biopsychology clinical 1 Understands basic principles of assessment. cognitive developmental industrial a explains and applies the principles of. organizational learning personality reliability validity standardization and. sensation and perception and social norms to assessment situations. 4 Is familiar with key historical figures in the b understands the limits of assessment. study of psychology outcomes based on assessment, a identifies the major contributions of characteristics. historical figures in psychology such as 2 Understands the ethical issues relevant to. Ainsworth Bandura Erikson Freud psychological assessment. Horney James Jung Loftus Maslow,a describes the appropriate use of. Pavlov Piaget Rayner Skinner Watson,assessments,b understands the importance of the. B Research Methods,confidentiality of score reports. 1 Is familiar with basic psychological research,c recognizes the implications of test bias.
principles,for interpreting test scores,a differentiates independent dependent. and control variables,b recognizes appropriate sampling. techniques and random assignment,c understands the importance of. operational definitions,The Praxis Study Companion 6. Step 1 Learn About Your Test, II Biopsychology Sensation and Perception B Sensation and Perception.
and States of Consciousness 1 Understands basic sensory concepts and. A Biopsychology processes e g thresholds transduction. 1 Knows basic neuronal structures and their sensory receptors. functions a differentiates absolute and difference. a describes the parts of the neuron thresholds, b explains the process of an action b describes the structure and function of. potential the visual auditory somatosensory,olfactory gustatory and vestibular. c recognizes major neurotransmitters and systems,neuromodulators e g acetylcholine. serotonin dopamine and their functions 2 Is familiar with perceptual concepts and. processes and how the interaction of the, 2 Understands the organization of the nervous person and environment determine. system perception, a recognizes the structure and function of a recognizes the Gestalt principles and.
the central and peripheral somatic and concepts such as perceptual set figure. autonomic and sympathetic and ground depth perception and. parasympathetic nervous systems constancy, 3 Understands the organization and basic 3 Understands the function of selective. functions of brain structures attention, a recognizes the structure and function of C States of Consciousness. the frontal parietal temporal and, occipital lobes 1 Understands basic concepts of consciousness. e g unconscious preconscious altered states,b knows about the hemispheres of the. 2 Knows the basic characteristics and theories of,brain corpus callosum and lateralization.
sleep and dreaming, c recognizes the structure and function of a knows the major theories of sleep and. the limbic system dreaming e g activation synthesis. d recognizes the importance of the repair and restoration psychoanalytic. cerebellum hypothalamus and thalamus 3 Is familiar with the major categories of. 4 Is familiar with clinical and technological psychoactive drugs and their effects. methods for studying the brain e g MRI CT a recognizes common drugs such as. scan fMRI narcotics depressants stimulants and, 5 Knows the structure and function of the hallucinogens and their effects. endocrine system b explains aspects of drug use such as. a recognizes the functions of the major tolerance dependency addiction and. glands of the endocrine system e g withdrawal,pituitary adrenal. b identifies major hormones e g,adrenaline estrogen testosterone and. their functions,6 Is familiar with the concept that heredity.
evolution and environment influence behavior,a recognizes the importance of genetic. and environmental influences e g,nature and nurture on behavior. b knows the perspective of evolutionary,psychology. The Praxis Study Companion 7,Step 1 Learn About Your Test. III Life Span Development and Individual IV Learning Memory and Cognition. Differences A Learning,A Development,1 Understands basic principles of learning.
1 Knows major themes in development a describes the concepts of contingency. a describes continuity versus stages and timing,stability versus change and critical. b describes and applies the principles of,stimulus generalization and stimulus. 2 Understands that development e g social discrimination. cognitive physical occurs at every stage of life,c describes acquisition processes and. including prenatal childhood adolescence,influences. early adulthood middle adulthood and late, adulthood d describes and applies the principles of.
3 Knows the basic principles and theories of extinction. physical sensory and perceptual development 2 Understands the principles of classical. 4 Understands the principles and theories of conditioning. cognitive and linguistic development a explains and applies the concepts of. a describes and applies concepts unconditioned stimulus unconditioned. associated with major theories of response conditioned stimulus and. cognitive development e g Piaget conditioned response. Vygotsky 3 Understands the principles of operant, b describes the major stages and theories conditioning. of language development a knows the characteristics of. 5 Understands the principles and theories of reinforcement and punishment and can. emotional social and moral development apply them, a describes attachment theory and the b describes and applies the various. strange situation schedules of reinforcement, b lists the order of development of c explains the process of shaping. emotions 4 Is familiar with the roles of cognition and. c describes and applies Kohlberg and culture in learning. Gilligan s theories of moral development a describes the process of social learning. d describes and applies Erikson s b identifies basic environmental and. psychosocial stages cultural influences that affect learning. 6 Knows heredity and environmental factors that 5 Understands the principles of social learning. interact in the process of development a understands the principles of modeling. B Individual Differences imitation and vicarious learning. 1 Is familiar with historical and contemporary B Memory. theories of intelligence e g Binet Gardner 1 Understands the basic processes of memory. Learn about the specific test you will be taking Test Name Psychology Test Code 5391 Time 2 hours Number of Questions 120 Format Selected response questions Test Delivery Computer Delivered Psychology 5391 Content Categories Approximate Number of Questions Approximate Percentage of Test I Methods Approaches Ethics and Assessment 20 17 II Biopsychology Sensation and Perception and

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