Protecting Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict

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Protecting Cultural,Heritage in Times,of Conflict, Contributions from the participants of the International. course on First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict. Simon Lambert and Cynthia Rockwell, Protecting Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict Contributions from the participants. of the International course on First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict. Edited by Simon Lambert and Cynthia Rockwell, ISBN 978 92 9077 233 0 2012 ICCROM International Centre. for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property. Via di San Michele 13,00153 Rome Italy,www iccrom org. Designed by Jean Maxime Brais www 8bisbranding com. Images throughout Cultural heritage recovery simulation. exercises during FAC10 and FAC11 2010 11 ICCROM,Made possible thanks to the support.
of the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities MiBAC. DISCLAIMER, Any opinions expressed in the papers contained in this publication are those. of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of ICCROM its Member States. or of MiBAC They do not constitute ICCROM or MiBAC policy. List of acronyms v, Foreword by the Director General Stefano de Caro vi. Preface Mounir Bouchenaki viii, Introduction Developing the courses Aparna Tandon x. 01 RESCUING ENDANGERED CULTURAL HERITAGE, Rescue during the Belgrade bombing An example of museum staff initiative 001. Marija Radin SERBIA, The effects of conflict on the archaeological park.
of Ciudad Perdida Lost City in Colombia 006,Catalina Bateman Vargas COLOMBIA. Loss and recovery The fate of the Ekpu figures, and the Oron Museum during the Nigerian civil war 011. Linus Kasai Kingi NIGERIA, Cultural heritage in the midst of conflict The case of Swat Museum 016. Azmat Ali Khan PAKISTAN,02 RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION. Beyond the protection of material cultural heritage in times of conflict 023. Marcela Jaramillo Contreras COLOMBIA, Reorganizing storage in the National Museum of Afghanistan 029.
Mohammad Fahim Rahimi AFGHANISTAN, The alteration of history The case of the restoration. of the 11th century church of St George in Ilori in Abkhazia Georgia 033. Maka Dvalishvili GEORGIA, The impact of conflict on cultural heritage in Kosovo 039. Gjejlane Hoxha KOSOVO, The UNESCO restoration project for St Savior Church Prizren Kosovo 047. Laurence Lepetit FRANCE, The destruction of the old city of Nablus in 2002 053. Sherin Sahouri PALESTINE, Protection of abandoned churches in Northern Cyprus Challenges for reuse 060.
H lya Y ceer TURKEY, The reappearance of Ferhadija Mosque in Banja Luka 066. Medina Had ihasanovi Katana BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA. Sri Lankan archaeological heritage damaged by war,The restoration of the Dutch Fort of Jaffna 072. Samanthi Ranjith Priyana Dissanayaka Mudiyanselage SRI LANKA. 03 LEARNING FROM EXPERIENCES WITH NATURAL DISASTERS. Exploring a culture oriented solution for communities affected by disaster. The case of earthquake stricken Kodar village 079,Mir Wali Shah PAKISTAN. The impact of natural disaster on tangible and intangible cultural heritage. Experience in the Irrawaddy Delta in Myanmar 084,Kyaw Myo Ko MYANMAR. 04 PREPAREDNESS NETWORKS AND AWARENESS, The Finnish National Inventory Peacetime preparation.
for the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict 091. Minna Pesu FINLAND, Risk preparedness and heritage management in times. of sociopolitical crisis The role of experts 097,Mohammad Beiraghi IRAN. Proposal for a training course for military personnel on cultural heritage awareness 102. Isma la Diatta SENEGAL,Further reading and online resources 107. CER Cultural Emergency Response program see also PCF The Netherlands. CHBUN Cultural Heritage Blue Umbrella Network, CHWB Cultural Heritage Without Borders Swedish NGO. DACH Department of Antiquities and Cultural Heritage Palestine. ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States, EPA cole du Patrimoine Africain School of African Heritage Benin.
FAC First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict ICCROM courses 2010 2011. FARC Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, ICANH Instituto Colombiano de Antropolog a e Historia Colombia. ICCROM International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property. ICOM International Council of Museums, ICOMOS International Council on Monuments and Sites. IDP Internal Displaced Population, IFLA International Federation of Library Associations. IGO Intergovernmental organization,IMC Implementation Monitoring Council Kosovo. INTERPOL International Police Organization,INTERSOS Rome based NGO humanitarian agency.
IPM Institute of Monuments of Prizren Kosovo, IsAIO Istituto Italiano per l Africa e l Oriente Italian Institute for Africa and the Far East Rome. KFOR International Kosovo Forces,LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Sri Lanka. MiBAC Ministero per i Beni e le Attivit Culturali Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities Italy. NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization,NGO Non governmental organization. NWFP North West Frontier Province Pakistan, OSCE Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe. PCF Prince Claus Fund The Netherlands,PFF Partnership for the Future a UNDP program.
PPT Pro poor Tourism, PSF Patrimoine sans fronti res Heritage without Borders France. SAVE Supporting Activities that Value the Environment a USAID program. UNDP United Nations Development Program, UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. UNMIK United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. USAID United States Agency for International Development. Foreword At a time when despite our hopes for,the peace and progress of humankind. conflicts continue to strike the identity of,National Central Library of Florence and the. Nationaal Archief Netherlands I would like to,recognize the important support received from.
people through their cultural heritage more the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and. ferociously than the worst natural disasters Activities MiBAC which has made this. the international course on First Aid to Cultural initiative possible. Heritage in Times of Conflict could not be more, timely As the course motto says Culture cannot wait. so without further ado I cordially invite you to, When the violence abates a possibility for read this unique publication and to reflect on. peace and reconciliation will reopen Protection the important messages from which we can all. of cultural heritage during the conflict can learn. strengthen this possibility since the heritage,bears witness to the inexhaustible progression. of civilizations and societies all of which are,precious expressions of a single Humanity. Stefano de Caro, First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times ICCROM Director General.
of Conflict aims to create a critical mass of,professionals who can intervene effectively to. secure cultural heritage in such times of,conflict and who can work with other actors to. integrate this protection into overall planning,for peace and recovery. I would like to take this opportunity to give spe,cial thanks to those who now carry the legacy. of this course the former participants of,FAC10 and FAC11 Thanks to all who submitted.
articles for this publication for their hard work,and dedication as well as to the reviewers and. editors for their scrupulous work In addition to,thanking ICCROM s collaborating partners for. both editions of the course UNESCO the Blue,Shield network the Prince Claus Fund the. Italian Carabinieri Cultural Heritage Protection,Unit the Italian Red Cross Pionieri di Roma the. Besides targeting human lives conflicts have a brought together 37 cultural heritage profes. profound impact on human values cultures sionals from 33 different countries Coming. and religions Increasingly conflicts target from a range of professional backgrounds they. symbols of culture to destroy identities and were all committed to improve the protection of. lead to the deliberate destruction of cultural cultural heritage in all its shapes and forms. heritage but this damage can also be accidental when it is under threat before during or after a. Looking back at the events that have marked conflict situation. the past 20 years it is clear that the interna, tional community must continue to find During the course each participant gave.
mechanisms to improve response to these short presentations about the protection of. emergencies endangered cultural heritage focusing on their. regional national or professional context, UNESCO was created in 1945 in the wake of These presentations were so appreciated by. the Second World War to foster a new spirit of both groups that the participants themselves. collaboration between nations The preamble suggested that a publication should be. to its Constitution reads Since wars begin in prepared to collect all these experiences and. the minds of men it is in the minds of men that share them with the rest of the world. the defenses of peace must be constructed, When ICCROM was initially created in 1956 It is thus with great esteem for the tremendous. it was in this same spirit of international work being done by professionals worldwide to. collaboration to provide assistance to those safeguard our collective memory that I have the. nations facing the challenges of restoring and honour and privilege of introducing this. preserving the tangible symbols of their unique and inspiring collection of testimonies. culture after the war from the field Even if much remains to be done. to protect cultural heritage in times of conflict, More and more cultural heritage is seen as I for one am filled with reassurance when I see. an instrument for peace and reconciliation the dedication and commitment of this new. Its protection and conservation can play a key generation of professionals. role in rebuilding societies and overcoming,the sense of loss and displacement caused by. conflict It is this very principle that has guided. ICCROM in the development of an entirely new, international course during my mandate as Mounir Bouchenaki.
Director General 2006 2011 ICCROM Director General 2006 2011. The First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of,Conflict course FAC has so far been held in. 2010 and 2011 for six and five weeks respec,tively The first two editions of the course. Developing effective strategies for disaster with the military humanitarian aid agencies. preparedness and response has been at and development organizations In addition. the core of ICCROM s training strategy on hands on training sessions and numerous. Introduction, preventive conservation and risk management exercises simulating emergency conditions. of cultural heritage for many years In 2010 held during the course sought to prepare. thanks to the interest of the Italian Ministry proactive Cultural First Aiders who would have. of Culture in training professionals for the the ability to secure cultural heritage in highly. Developing, protection of cultural heritage in areas of volatile situations. conflict the organization shifted its attention, from natural disasters to armed conflicts The overall pedagogy however relied heavily.
the courses,on the varied case studies brought by the. This shift in focus required the consideration of participants As a majority of them had been. a number of issues unique to the asymmetric living in conflict afflicted areas their first hand. wars of our time Primary among them is experiences were crucial in analyzing how. the deliberate destruction and or misuse of conflicts impact cultural heritage as well as. cultural heritage in order to raise hostilities in identifying the challenges of working in. and propagate different conflict ideologies tense situations. Consequently ICCROM engaged in a careful, design process that involved a cross disciplinary As the course coordinator I would like to take. team of conservation professionals military this opportunity to celebrate the dedication. personnel humanitarian aid specialists legal and high motivation of all those involved the. experts and conflict resolution specialists The ICCROM staff the resource persons and each. result was an intensive course programme and every participant who turned this shared. divided into three key themes Culture and learning process into a lifetime experience. Conflict First Aid to Cultural Heritage and,Communication Logistics and Planning. Collecting testimonies directly from the field,discussing the possible ways of protecting. cultural heritage in areas of civil unrest and, exploring culture s potential role in promoting Aparna Tandon.
peace and recovery were some of the main Project Specialist ICCROM. features of this training,Central to this training initiative was the idea. that culture cannot wait until normalcy is re,stored and that the cultural sector cannot work. in isolation to manage complex emergencies,Accordingly course sessions included several. lectures and interactive activities on working,Rescue during the Belgrade. 01 bombing An example of,Rescuing museum staff initiative.
endangered,Marija Radin SERBIA, Introduction This street and the whole area was bombed as a. NATO bombed the Federal Republic of legitimate military target on one side of the. Yugoslavia Republic of Serbia and Republic of street were government buildings and on the. Protecting Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict Contributions from the participants of the International course on First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict Edited by Simon Lambert and Cynthia Rockwell ISBN 978 92 9077 233 0 2012 ICCROM International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property Via di San Michele 13 00153 Rome Italy

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