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Planetary Geology A Teacher s Guide with,Activities in Physical and Earth Sciences is. available in electronic format through NASA,Spacelink one of the Agency s electronic. resources specifically developed for use by the,educational community. The system may be accessed at the following,address http spacelink nasa gov. ctivities in Planetary,Geology for the Physical,and Earth Sciences.
Ronald Greeley and Kelly Bender Robert Pappalardo, Department of Geology Department of Geological Sciences. Arizona State University Brown University,Box 871404 Providence Rhode Island 02912. Tempe Arizona 85287 1404,Acknowledgments, This book is the second edition of NASA SP 179 first printed in 1982 It has. been updated to take into account planetary missions that have flown. throughout the solar system since the first edition Both editions are out. growths of various short courses in Planetary Geology that have been held. over the last two decades and from activities developed in the classroom. Activities in Planetary Geology was developed for the National Aeronautics. and Space Administration with the guidance support and cooperation of. many individuals and groups,NASA Headquarters,Solar System Exploration Division. Office of Planetary Geoscience,Education Office,Production.
Photographic Support Graphics Word Processing,Bill Knoche ASU Sue Selkirk ASU Carol Rempler ASU. Daniel Ball ASU Mary Milligan Byrnece Erwin ASU,Kelly Bender ASU. Activity Contributors,Ms Kelly Bender Ms Deana Cooper. Department of Geology Highland High School,Arizona State University Gilbert AZ 85234. Tempe AZ 85287,Mr David Nelson,Dr Richard D Alli Department of Geology.
Department of Psychiatry Arizona State University,Duke University Medical Center Tempe AZ 85287. Durham NC 27706,Dr Robert Pappalardo, Prof Ronald Greeley Department of Geological Sciences. Department of Geology Brown University,Arizona State University Providence RI 02912. Tempe AZ 85287,Mr David Rood,Ms Lee Ann Henning 2060 John Dodgen Way. Fort Hunt High School Marietta GA 30062,Fort Hunt VA.
Prof Peter H Schultz, Mr William Johnson Department of Geological Sciences. Fairfax High School Brown University,3500 Old Lee Highway Providence RI 02912. Fairfax VA 22030,Guide to Activity Level,Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17,Ra r C rin. nd ind ems,Grade Level,Form of Activity,Individual Student Activity.
Group Student Activity,Instuctor Demonstration, Activities in Planetary Geology for the Physical and Earth Sciences EG 1998 03 109 HQ. Table of Contents,Introduction,Special Note to the Instructor. A Note About Photographs,Unit One Introduction to Geologic Processes. Exercise One Geologic Events on Earth 3, Exercise Two Geologic Landforms Seen on Aerial Photos 13. Exercise Three Geologic Landforms Seen on Stereoscopic Photos 31. Unit Two Introduction to Impact Cratering,Exercise Four Impact Cratering 51.
Exercise Five Comparative Cratering Processes 63,Exercise Six Impact Cratering on a Rainy Day 75. Unit Three Introduction to Planetary Atmospheres,Exercise Seven Coriolis Effect 87. Exercise Eight Storm Systems 93,Exercise Nine Aeolian Processes 103. Unit Four Introduction to Planetary Surfaces, Exercise Ten Landform Mapping The Terrestrial Planets 115. Exercise Eleven Geologic Features of Mars 127,Exercise Twelve Geologic Features of Venus 137.
Exercise Thirteen Geologic Features of Outer Planet Satellites 149. Exercise Fourteen Planets in Stereo 167, Unit Five Introduction to Planetary Geologic Mapping. Exercise Fifteen Introduction to Photogeologic Mapping 183. Exercise Sixteen Photogeologic Mapping of the Moon 193. Exercise Seventeen Photogeologic Mapping of Mars 215. Glossary of Terms 225,Planetary Geology Resources 229. Evaluation Return Card, EG 1998 03 109 HQ Activities in Planetary Geology for the Physical and Earth Sciences. Introduction,any earth science courses include an intro. M duction to the solar system The challenge,of earth science is to understand the nat.
ural processes that shape not only our planet Earth. but all objects in the solar system But there are,more compelling arguments for including planetary. science in the classroom Those arguments some of,which are outlined below inspired NASA to con. duct short courses in planetology for earth science. teachers at the secondary and college levels This,book is an outgrowth of these short courses. The Planetary Perspective,Few processes can be understood in isolation from. other natural phenomena Planet Earth is no excep, tion The forces that drive Earth s evolution and shape.
its surface have most likely operated elsewhere in the. solar system Earth scientists attempt to recognize Apollo 17 was launched December 7 1972 Here astro. those forces on all planets and explain why they are naut Harrison Schmitt works with a lunar scoop in the. manifested on our world in ways that seem familiar Moon s Taurus Littrow mountains. and on other worlds in ways that may not consider the other planets as great experiments run. ning under conditions different from those on Earth. Earth scientists are also concerned with earth, The result is to gain insight into planetary scale prob. materials the building blocks of this planet If there is. lems and to escape the limited Earthbound view of, one illuminating result of space exploration it is the. emergence of a unifying vision of the birth and, growth of planets Pictures of the planets sent back by Earth scientists are painfully aware that the. spacecraft strongly suggest a close relationship processes active on Earth today have wiped clean. among the inner planets Rocks and soil brought back much of the record of Earth s own history However. from the Moon bear remarkable similarity to Earth relics and indirect evidence of our own past are. materials Even spacecraft pictures of the outer planet often preserved on other planetary surfaces A com. satellites many of which are planets themselves by mon tactic used by scientists to understand complex. virtue of their size have astounded scientists with systems is to study simpler analogous systems. their exotic but recognizable surfaces While the Earth is a complex turbulent and deli. cately balanced system the other planets may rep,The American geologist T C Chamberlain. resent stages in the evolution of that system that. 1843 1928 once wrote that when approaching a,have been arrested in their development or ven.
scientific problem it is important to maintain sever. tured down different pathways,al working hypotheses Prior to manned and. unmanned space travel there were only terrestrial Finally the study of the Earth and planets on a. examples of planet making materials and processes grand scale is not without practical benefits Better. It is now possible to devise general theories from a analysis of the atmosphere sea and solid crust. collection of working hypotheses The multiple proves to be of technological economic and cultur. working hypotheses come from the scenes of al value But meteorologists have observed Earth s. extraterrestrial environments weather since Ben Franklin s day what has been. missing is another model another atmosphere to, A major goal of science is prediction Once general. study where the variables are different but the,ized theories are formulated then experiments are. dynamics are as definitive We may have found, designed to test the theories through their predictions. those requirements in the atmospheres of Venus, Some experiments that could address the questions of.
Mars and the outer planets, earth scientists simply cannot be performed on Earth. because of their monumental proportions What could. be more illustrative elegant or challenging than to. EG 1998 03 109 HQ Activities in Planetary Geology for the Physical and Earth Sciences. We are living in a time of revolutionary discover This publication is in the public domain and is. ies in earth science It is possible that the fundamen not protected by copyright Permission is not. tal work in earth and planetary sciences over the last required for duplication. three decades will someday be likened to Galileo,It is our hope that this book will be a valuable. turning the first telescope toward the heavens From. resource in teaching the physical earth and space sci. a scientific standpoint earth science is a special case. ences Enclosed is an evaluation card We would appre. of the more general planetary or solar system sci,ciate your returning this card with your comments. ences This is the motivation to study other,worlds to learn more about that celestial neigh. borhood in which we occupy a small but life sus A Note About Photographs. taining place,An essential part of Planetary Geology is the use.
of spacecraft photographs Ideally each student, About This Book team should have access to glossy photographic. prints for use during the laboratory exercises, Science education is an integral part of scientific. Photocopies of the pictures in this book such as,endeavors When the National Aeronautics and Space. Xerox copies generally lack sufficient detail to be. Administration was created by an act of Congress in. useful Offset printing is slightly better but again. 1958 its charter required the agency to provide for. this process is at least three generations removed. the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination. from the original product, of information concerning its activities and the results. thereof Part of that responsibility includes introduc Glossy prints or copy negatives can be obtained. ing students to the scientific results of planetary explo for a nominal cost in some cases for no charge. ration This volume is designed to help meet this goal from various sources Each spacecraft photograph. caption in this book contains the necessary picture. The activities are written either to supplement or to. identification numbers to help you in obtaining the. introduce topics usually encountered in earth science. photos Usually the mission name Apollo Viking, courses Consistent with the rationale outlined above.
etc and frame number is sufficient identification, most activities deal with new concepts in planetary. geology but when generalized to include terrestrial Listed below are sources of space photography. processes can illustrate broad problems in the earth Instructions for ordering photography will be pro. sciences The exercises are not keyed to any particular vided upon written request Be sure to include your. text rather each addresses concepts as independent name title the fact that the photographs will be. units The exercises are grouped into five units 1 used at a non profit educational institution and. introduction to geologic processes 2 impact cratering specific photograph numbers. activities 3 planetary atmospheres 4 planetary sur. faces and 5 geologic mapping Although each exer For planetary mission photography contact. cise is intended to stand alone students will benefit. from having worked some of the prior exercises For National Space Science Data Center. example it would be difficult for students to work Code 633. exercises in planetary geologic mapping without some Goddard Space Flight Center. knowledge of geologic processes and planetary sur Greenbelt MD 20771. faces The suggested introductory exercises are noted. at the beginning of each exercise Depending on the For Earth photography contact. level of the student and the context of the exercise the EROS Data Center. sequence of the units is somewhat cumulative U S Geological Survey. Depending on the instructor activities can be Sioux Falls SD 57198. adapted to most levels of instruction by modifying the. questions and adjusting the expectations for answers For photographs indicating Arizona State. A list of suggested correlations of activities with topics University as their source contact. commonly covered in earth science courses is includ. Arizona State University,ed for the convenience of the instructor. Space Photography Laboratory,Department of Geology. Special Note to the Instructor Box 871404,Tempe AZ 85287. Each activity includes an introduction with,instructor s notes a blank exercise sheet which.
can be copied for classroom use and an answer key,to the exercise. Activities in Planetary Geology for the Physical and Earth Sciences EG 1998 03 109 HQ. Introduction to,Unit One Geologic Processes, f the terrestrial planets the Earth is the most trolled by the surface environment of a planet or. O complex and diverse Because we live on this,planet we have the opportunity to study the. geologic processes that have formed and continue to. satellite Factors controlling surface environment, include gravity temperature and the presence of an. atmosphere Material falling from space such as, shape its surface The four main geologic processes meteoroids and comets result in impact cratering.
that act on the Earth s surface are volcanism tecton the fourth principal geologic process. ism gradation and impact cratering,By recognizing the morphologies shapes of. Volcanism is the eruption of molten material onto landforms produced by each of these four process. the surface On the terrestrial planets the molten es it is possible to begin to unravel the history of a. Activities in Planetary Geology for the Physical and Earth Sciences EG 1998 03 109 HQ Ms Deana Cooper Highland High School Gilbert AZ 85234 Mr David Nelson Department of Geology Arizona State University Tempe AZ 85287 Dr Robert Pappalardo Department of Geological Sciences Brown University Providence RI 02912 Mr David Rood 2060 John Dodgen Way Marietta GA 30062 Prof Peter H Schultz

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