Pipeline Inspection American Petroleum Institute

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Nothing contained in any API publication is to be construed as granting any right by implication or otherwise. for the manufacture sale or use of any method apparatus or product covered by letters patent Neither. should anything contained in the publication be construed as insuring anyone against liability for infringement. of letters patent, the term shall denotes a minimum requirement in order to conform to the standard. the term should denotes a recommendation or that which is advised but not required in order to. conform to the standard, the term may is used to express permission or a provision that is optional. the term can is used to express probabililty or capability. This document was produced under API standardization procedures that ensure appropriate notification and. participation in the developmental process and is designated as an API standard Questions concerning the. interpretation of the content of this publication or comments and questions concerning the procedures under. which this publication was developed should be directed in writing to the Director of Standards American. Petroleum Institute 1220 L Street NW Washington DC 20005 Requests for permission to reproduce or. translate all or any part of the material published herein should also be addressed to the director. Generally API standards are reviewed and revised reaffirmed or withdrawn at least every five years A one. time extension of up to two years may be added to this review cycle Status of the publication can be. ascertained from the API Standards Department telephone 202 682 8000 A catalog of API publications and. materials is published annually by API 1220 L Street NW Washington DC 20005. Suggested revisions are invited and should be submitted to the Standards Department API 1220 L Street. NW Washington DC 20005 standards api org,Will be generated during page proof. Recommended Practice for Pipeline Inspection, This recommended practice RP covers the basic requirements and their associated references needed to. perform inspection activities safely and effectively during onshore pipeline related construction activities Use of. this document will provide the basis for what pipeline inspectors should have a basic knowledge of and where. to find detailed information related to each facet of both new construction and construction related to the. maintenance of existing pipelines, In line inspection and anomaly evaluation is not included in this document s scope.
The requirements are organized into the following major sections. inspector responsibilities,personnel and general pipeline safety. environmental and pollution control,general pipeline construction inspection. Users of this document include pipeline owner operators and those individuals either engaged in pipeline. construction inspection or seeking to become certified inspectors Pipeline owner operators and pipeline. inspection service companies should use this document to develop their inspection processes and. responsibilities to inspectors as well as developing and enhancing their inspector training programs. 2 Normative References, The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document For dated. references only the edition cited applies For undated references the latest edition of the referenced document. including any amendments applies,API Specification 5L Line Pipe. API Recommended Practice 5L1 Railroad Transportation of Line Pipe. API Recommended Practice 5LT Truck Transportation of Line Pipe. API Recommended Practice 5LW Transportation of Line Pipe on Barges and Marine Vessels. API Specification 6D Pipeline Valves, API Recommended Practice 1102 Steel Pipelines Crossing Railroads and Highways 2007.
API Standard 1104 Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities. API Recommended Practice 1109 Marking Liquid Petroleum Pipeline Facilities. API Recommended Practice 1110 Pressure Testing of Steel Pipelines for the Transportation of Gas. Petroleum Gas Hazardous Liquids Highly Volatile Liquids or Carbon Dioxide. API Publication 1157 Hydrostatic Test Water Treatment and Disposal withdrawn. Options for Liquid Pipeline Systems, API Recommended Practice 1166 Excavation Monitoring and Observation. ASME B16 5 1 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, ASME B16 9 Factory made Steel Buttwelding Fittings. ASME B16 20 Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges, 1 American National Standards Institute 25 West 43rd Street 4th Floor New York New York 10036 www ansi org. ASME B16 21 Nonmetallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges,ASME B16 47 Large Diameter Steel Flanges. ASNT SNT TC 1A 2 Personnel Qualification and Certification for Nondestructive Testing Personnel. ASME B31 3 3 Process Piping, ASME B31 4 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquids and Slurries.
2012 ASME B31 8 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems. 2012 CGA 4 Best Practices 2013, NACE RP0169 06 5 Control of Corrosion in Underground or Submerged Metallic Pipeline Systems. NFPA 30 6 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, OSHA Title 29 CFR Part 1910 7 Occupational Safety and Health Standards. OSHA Title 29 CFR Part 1926 Safety and Health Regulations for Construction. Peabody A W Control of Pipeline Corrosion National Association of Corrosion Second Edition January. 2001 SSPC 8 Good Painting Practices Volume 1, U S DOT Title 49 CFR Part 177 9 Carriage by Public Highway. U S DOT Title 49 CFR Part 192 Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline. U S DOT Title 49 CFR Part 195 Transportation of Hazardous Liquids by Pipeline. U S DOT Title 49 CFR Part 199 Drug and Alcohol Testing. 3 Terms Definitions and Abbreviations, For the purposes of this document the following definitions apply. 3 1 Terms and Definitions,contractor, An entity that includes the primary organization and any subcontractors engaged in pipeline construction.
covered by this RP, An individual qualified to monitor assess evaluate verify discuss decide resolve report and document. pipeline construction activities to ensure the requirements of the design drawings specifications regulations. and industry practices are being met safely efficiently and in an environmentally sound manner. There may be numerous types of inspectors such as utility coating welding and chief inspectors with. employment arrangements including owner operator employees inspection service company supplied. inspectors or freelance contract inspectors see annexes for details on other inspector classifications. owner operator, An entity usually a pipeline company who owns and or operates and is responsible for pipeline or other utility. American Society for Nondestructive Testing 1711 Arlingate Lane P O Box 28518 Columbus OH 43228 www asnt org. ASME International 3 Park Avenue New York NY 10016 5990 www asme org. Common Ground Alliance 2300 Wilson Boulevard Suite 400 Arlington VA 22201 www commongroundalliance com. NACE International 1440 South Creek Drive Houston TX 77218 8340 www nace org. National Fire Protection Association 1 Batterymarch Park Quincy MA 02169 7471 www nfpa org. U S Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration 200 Constitution Avenue NW Washington DC 20210. www osha gov, The Society for Protective Coatings 40 24th Street Sixth Floor Pittsburgh PA 15222 www sspc org. U S Department of Transportation 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE Washington DC 20590 www dot gov. NOTE Regulators typically hold operators not owners if not one in the same accountable for regulatory compliance. quality assurance, Proactive process oriented activities independent of production with the goal of preventing nonconformances. quality control, Reactive product oriented activities with the goal of identifying nonconformances before work is finalized.
3 2 Abbreviations, For the purposes of this document the following abbreviations apply. ACI American Concrete Institute,BMP best management practices. CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act. CFR Code of Federal Regulations,CP cathodic protection. dbA decibels measured on A scale, FWPCA Federal Water Pollution Control Act aka Clean Water Act. HAZCOM hazard communication,HAZMAT hazardous material.
HDD horizontal directional drilling,HVAC high voltage alternating current. GPS global positioning system,IDLH immediately dangerous to life and health. JSA job safety analysis,LFL lower flammable limit,LOTO lockout tagout. MARSEC Marine Security,MOC management of change,MSDS material safety data sheet. NDE nondestructive examintation,NDT nondestructive testing.
NORM naturally occurring radioactive material, NPDES National Pollution Discharge Elimination System. OQ operator qualification,PE professional engineer. PEL permissible exposure limit,PPE personal protective equipment. RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act,ROW right of way. RP recommended practice,SCBA self contained breathing apparatus.
SPCC spill prevention control and containment,SWP3 storm water pollution prevention plan. TWIC Transportation Worker Identification Card, 4 Pipeline Construction Inspector Responsibilities. This section outlines the responsibilities personal conduct and job performance expectations for pipeline. inspectors that enable them to effectively carry out their duties using the knowledge and skills covered in the. following sections on inspector requirements, An inspector is an individual qualified to monitor assess evaluate verify discuss decide resolve report and. document pipeline construction and maintenance activities to ensure the requirements of the design drawings. specifications regulations and industry practices are being met safely efficiently and in an environmentally. sound manner Inspector or inspection team authority is backed up by contractual provisions that state all work. done as well as material provided shall be subject at all times to inspection by the company in charge of the. Owner Operators are responsible for informing inspectors of particular concerns and their responsibilities at. every job site While inspectors are expected to exercise professional judgment and have expertise in their. field they cannot be expected to arrive on site with a full understanding of owner operator concerns unless. they have been briefed beforehand,4 2 Owner Operator Representative. Inspectors are expected to function as representatives of the owner operator or the project management firm. The inspector often works for or represents a pipeline company where strict procedures and or contract. provisions are in place that detail the expectations and obligations of the inspector s performance Because. inspectors occupy the primary quality position in the field they are expected to proactively seek out potential. concerns mitigate them if appropriate and accurately report them to the operator. If required by the owner operator inspectors are expected to pass a drug or alcohol test and a background. 4 3 Quality Assurance and Quality Control, Quality assurance includes those activities focused on providing confidence that quality requirements are.
consistently fulfilled Inspectors are expected to be the principal means of assuring work and material quality. during field construction and maintenance activities Early insistence that work is not to be performed without. an inspector present strengthens quality assurance and quality control Any questions that may arise regarding. quality and acceptability of work materials furnished and services provided are decided upon by the inspector. inspection team and or owner operator Inspectors are required to reject work materials and services that do. not meet the standards contract terms specifications drawings or other requirements of the project. Decisions by the inspector inspection team and or owner operator regarding quality acceptability and. materials provided are final and conclusive, 4 4 Relationship with Contractors Suppliers and Vendors. Inspectors are expected to establish a professional business relationship with contractors suppliers and. vendors involved in the project These relationships should be based on interactions that are characterized by. a reasonable prudent and forthright attitude and grounded in the highest degree of integrity Inspectors should. remember that contractors function independently with the power and authority to select the means methods. and manner to perform the contracted work, Inspectors should not direct contractors except when required by the owner operator. 4 5 Planning Activities, Inspectors should mutually plan upcoming tasks with their contractor counterparts supervisor and. owner operator representatives which assists in smoother job performance and work completion This should. solidify a team approach in tackling each day s work and lessen the threat of potential problems. 4 6 Authority to Stop Work, Inspectors are empowered and expected to shut down any work on the basis of but not limited to conditions. situations or activities that have occurred are occurring or may occur that could result in. imminent danger to any person,imminent danger to property or the environment.
substandard quality or work techniques that do not meet owner operator specifications. 4 7 Reporting, Inspectors are required to report safety and environmental incidents or injuries non conformances. deficiencies unsatisfactory work thefts vandalism missing materials property or suspi. Generally API standards are reviewed and revised reaffirmed or withdrawn at least every five years A one time extension of up to two years may be added to this review cycle Status of the publication can be ascertained from the API Standards Department telephone 202 6828000 A catalog of API publications and

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