PENGUIN READERS I I Cry the Beloved Country

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g i5ffEu rT,Cry theBeloved Country, ALAN PATON, Level 6. R eto ld by G F W ear and R H D urham, Series Editors Andy H opkins and Jocelyn Potter. ELEFANTA ENGLISHTIPS ORG, Pearson E d u cation L im ited. Edinburgh Gate Harlow , Essex C M 20 2JE England, and Associated Com panies throughout the world . ISBN 978 1 4058 8263 7, First published in the Bridge Series 1953.
by arrangem ent w ith C hatto and W indus Ltd, This adaptation first published by Addison Wesley Longm an Ltd. in the Longm an Fiction Series 1996, N ew edition first published by Penguin Books Ltd 1999. This edition first published 2008, 1 3 5 7 9 10 8 6 4 2. This edition copyright Pearson Education Ltd 2008. T he publishers are indebted to Messrs Jonathan Cape Ltd. for perm ission to use this edition, T he moral rights o f the authors have been asserted. Typeset by Graphicraft Ltd H ong Kong, Set in 11 14pt Bem bo.
P rinted in C hina, S W T C 01, A ll rights reserved no part o f this publication may be reproduced stored. in a retrieval system or transmitted in any fo rm or by any means . electronic mechanical photocopying recording or otherwise without the. prior written permission o f the Publishers , Published by Pearson Education Ltd in association w ith. Penguin Books Ltd both com panies being subsidiaries o f Pearson Pic. For a com plete list o f the titles available in the Penguin R eaders series please w rite to your local. Pearson Longm an office or to Penguin R eaders M arketing D epartm ent Pearson Education . Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex C M 20 2JE England , Contents. page,Introduction V,BOOK ONE,C hapter 1 T he Hills above the U m zim kulu 1. C hapter 2 T he Letter 2,Chapter 3 D eparture from N dotsheni 7.
C hapter 4 Arrival in Johannesburg 9,C hapter 5 W elcome at the Mission House 12. C hapter 6 Clarem ont the R ubbish Pile o f the City 17. C hapter 7 John Kumalo 21,C hapter 8 T he Journey to Alexandra 27. C hapter 9 All Roads Lead to Johannesburg 33,C hapter 10 T he R eform atory 34. C hapter 11 M urder in Parkwold 38,C hapter 12 T he Search for Absalom 40. C hapter 13 W hy Fear the O ne Thing 44,C hapter 14 T he Prison 45.
C hapter 15 Father Vincent 50,C hapter 16 Absalom s Girl 52. Chapter 17 T he Lawyer 55, B O O K TW O,C hapter 1 H igh Place 59. C hapter 2 T he Story o f a Stranger 61,C hapter 3 It Is N o t Acceptable 63. C hapter 4 T he Servant Boy Recovers 64,C hapter 5 T he C ourt 66. C hapter 6 Gold in Odendaalsrust 66,C hapter 7 T he Heaviest T hing 67.
C hapter 8 T he Great Bull Voice 69,C hapter 9 A nother M urder 71. C hapter 10 T he Judgm ent 72,C hapter 11 B rother Shuts O u t Brother 74. BOOK THREE,C hapter 1 R etu rn to N dotsheni 81,C hapter 2 M ilk for the C hildren 84. C hapter 3 N o Forgiveness 86,C hapter 4 T he Dam 87. C hapter 5 Mrs Jarvis Dies 87,C hapter 6 R estoring the Valley 89.
C hapter 7 T he Daw n Has C om e 90,Activities 94, ELEFANTA ENGLISHTIPS ORG. Introduction, W hen people go to Johannesburg they do not come back . Stephen Kumalo minister o f the church in N dotsheni a small. village in the South African province o f Natal receives a letter. telling him that his sister is ill in Johannesburg His son Absalom . is also in Johannesburg and Kumalo has not had news o f him for. some time Kumalo must go to the city but he has never travelled. so far , We follow Kumalo in his search for G ertrude and Absalom . We also m eet his brother John w ho has becom e involved in. politics and has lost his C hristian faith In the city Kumalo meets. people w ho take advantage o f his simple trusting nature and. others w ho help him and his family O n his journey he makes. terrible discoveries , The background to the fictional story o f Cry the Beloved Country. is the injustice o f the divided society o f South Africa and the. breakdown o f the black tribal system , T he population o f South Africa includes people o f many.
different origins African European Indian and mixed race but. the largest group almost 80 are black Africans Racial problems. between the w hite m inority and the black m ajority are an. im portant part o f the political history o f South Africa Between. 1948 and 1994 the National Party NP governm ent m aintained. a system o f apartheid a form o f strict legalised racial separation . This policy w hich m eant that black and w hite people were kept. apart from each other grew out o f earlier policies o f separation . Separation had already led to huge disadvantages for the m ajority. black population and had created a violent society T he policies. f separation were in force w hen Paton wrote this book . v, M any black people especially m en were leaving their families. in the countryside and going to the big cities They were poor . and the policies o f separation had forced black people to live in. the poorest parts o f the country where the land was not good for. growing crops and there was little paid work In the cities m en. could find work and earn money especially in the gold mines o f. Johannesburg However they lived there w ithout their m others. and wives far from the influence o f the tribal leaders w ho they. left behind in the countryside Although some w hite people were. sympathetic to the situation o f black people the racial laws made. life very hard for them Young m en w ho could not find work. often stole and became criminals W hite people were afraid o f. these black criminals and the justice system dealt severely w ith. them , In Cry the Beloved Country through the stories o f Stephen. Kumalo and his w hite neighbour Paton shows how harmful. the policy o f separation was for South African society for the. w hite population as well as for the black T here are many biblical. references and echoes in the novel and the style o f writing like. Stephen Kumalo Paton was a Christian Kumalo s son Absalom . is nam ed after the son o f King David w ho rebelled against his. father St Stephen was an early Christian w ho died for his. beliefs , W hen Paton s book was first published many w hite South. Africans regarded it as either too em otional or too revolutionary . Later in the 1970s and 80s black readers doubted Paton s politics . However m ore recently N elson M andela has praised the book. for its faith in the essential goodness o f people and its author . Alan Paton one o f South Africa s most im portant writers . was b orn in Pieterm aritzburg KwaZulu Natal in 1903 After. St the short form o f Saint, graduating from the University o f Natal he becam e a teacher . As the principal o f the D iepkloof R eform atory for young black. African criminals betw een 1935 and 1948 he introduced many. reforms boys were allowed to work outside the reform atory. and even in some cases to live w ith families This experience. o f w orking w ith the boys in the reform atory gave Paton an. understanding o f the society he was living in and particularly the. living conditions o f the black population , D uring the 1940s Paton visited reform schools in Europe and.
the U nited States It was at this time that he began to w rite Cry. the Beloved Country w hich he finished in 1946 It was published. in 1948 and became an international bestseller , In 1953 Paton started a political party the South African. Liberal Party to fight against the apartheid policies and laws. introduced by the National Party T he Liberal Party allowed both. black people and w hite people to jo in it and for this reason the. ruling National Party banned it in the 1960s Paton continued to. w rite and protest against apartheid but he was unhappy about. the violent actions o f some m em bers o f the Liberal Party . Paton m arried D oris Francis in 1928 and they had two sons . Doris died in 1967 and in 1969 Paton m arried his secretary . Anne Hopkins Paton s other books include two novels Too Late. the Phalarope and A h B ut Your Land is Beautiful a collection o f. short stories Debbie Go Home and two volumes o f his life story . Towards the Mountain and The Journey Continued H e died in 1988 . just before the second volume was published , BOOK ONE. C hapter 1 T h e H ills above the U m zim k u lu, There is a lovely road that runs from Ixopo into the hills These. hills are grass covered and rolling and they are too lovely to. describe T he road climbs 11 kilometres into them to. Carisbrooke and from there if there is no mist you look dow n. on one o f the fairest valleys o f Africa A bout you there is grass. and you may hear the forlorn crying o f the titihoya one o f the. birds o f the grasslands Below you is the valley o f the. Umzimkulu on its jo u rn ey from the Drakensberg M ountains to. the sea and beyond and behind the river great hill after great. hill and beyond and behind them the m ountains o f Ingeli and. East Griqualand , The grass is rich and thick you cannot see the soil It holds the. rain and the mist and they sink slowly into the ground feeding. the streams in every small valley It is well looked after and not. too many cattle feed upon it not too m any fires bu rn it . damaging the soil Stand upon it w ithout shoes for the ground is. holy being just as it came from God Keep it guard it care for it . for it keeps men guards m en cares for m en , Destroy it and m an is destroyed .
Where you stand the grass is rich and thick you cannot see the. soil But the rich green hills break down They fall to the valley. below and falling change their nature For they grow red and. empty they cannot hold the rain and mist and the streams are dry. in the small valleys Too m any cattle feed upon the grass and too. many fires have burned it D o not stand upon it w ithout shoes for. titihoya a small African bird w ith black wings, 1. it is rough and sharp and the stones cut under the feet It is not. kept or guarded or cared for it no longer keeps men guards. men cares for men T he titihoya does not cry here any more . T he great red hills stand empty and the earth has torn away. like flesh T he lightning flashes over them the clouds pour down. upon them the dead streams come to life full o f the red blood o f. the earth D ow n in the valleys w om en struggle to w ork the soil. that is left and the corn hardly reaches the height o f a man They. are valleys o f old m en and old w om en o f m others and children . T he m en are away the young m en and the girls are away T he soil. cannot keep them any more , C hapter 2 T he Letter. T he small child ran im portantly to the w ood and iron church. w ith the letter in her hand N ext to the church was a house and. she knocked shyly on the door T he R everend Stephen Kumalo. looked up from the table w here he was writing and he called . C om e in , T he small child opened the door carefully like one w ho is. afraid to open carelessly the door o f so im portant a house and. stepped shyly in , I bring a letter umfundisi , A letter eh W here did you get it my child . From the store umfundisi T he w hite man asked me to bring. it to you , T hat was good o f you Go well small one B ut she did not.
go at once She rubbed one foot against the other she rubbed. one finger along the edge o f the um fundisi s table . Perhaps you m ight be hungry small one , umfundisi a Zulu title for a priest. 2, N o t very hungry umfundisi , Perhaps a little hungry . Yes a little hungry umfundisi , Go to the m other then Perhaps she has some food . I thank you umfundisi , She walked delicately as though her feet m ight do harm in so. areat a house a house w ith tables and chairs and a clock and a. plant in a pot and many books m ore even than the books at the. school , Kumalo looked at his letter It was dirty It had been in many.
hands no doubt It came from Johannesburg now there in. Johannesburg were many o f his ow n people His brother John . who was a carpenter had gone there and had a business o f his. own His sister G ertrude 25 years younger than he and the child. of his parents old age had gone there w ith her small son to look. for the husband w ho had never com e back from the mines His. only child Absalom had gone there to look for his aunt. Gertrude and he had never returned And indeed many other. relatives were there though none so near as these It was hard to. say from w hom this letter came for it was so long since any o f. these had w ritten that one did not well rem em ber their w riting . He turned the letter over but there was nothing to show from. whom it came H e was unwilling to open it for once such a. thing is opened it cannot be shut again , He called to his wife Has the child gone . kShe is eating Stephen , Let her eat then She brought a letter D o you know anything. about a letter , How should I know Stephen , No that I do not know Look at it . She took the letter and felt it B ut there was nothing in the. tc uch o f it to tell from w hom it m ight be She read out the. address slowly and carefully , 3, R everend Stephen Kumalo . St M ark s C hurch , N dotsheni , Natal , She gathered up her courage and said It is not from our son .
No he said It is not from our son , Perhaps it concerns him she said . Many black people especially men were leaving their families in the countryside and going to the big cities They were poor and the policies of separation had forced black people to live in the poorest parts of the country where the land was not good for growing crops and there was little paid work In the cities men

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