Part 1 Fine Tuning for Life in the Universe

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28 Carbon 12 to oxygen 16 nuclear energy level ratio. 29 Decay rate for beryllium 8,30 Ratio of neutron mass to proton mass. 31 Initial excess of nucleons over antinucleons,32 Polarity of the water molecule. 33 Epoch for peak in the number of hypernova eruptions. 34 Numbers and different kinds of hypernova eruptions. 35 Epoch for peak in the number of type I supernova eruptions. 36 Numbers and different kinds of type I supernova eruptions. 37 Epoch for peak in the number of type II supernova eruptions. 38 Numbers and different kinds of type II supernova eruptions. 39 Epoch for white dwarf binaries,40 Density of white dwarf binaries. 41 Ratio of exotic matter to ordinary matter, 42 Number of effective dimensions in the early universe. 43 Number of effective dimensions in the present universe. 44 Mass values for the active neutrinos, 45 Number of different species of active neutrinos.
46 Number of active neutrinos in the universe,47 Mass value for the sterile neutrino. 48 Number of sterile neutrinos in the universe,49 Decay rates of exotic mass particles. 50 Magnitude of the temperature ripples in cosmic background radiation. 51 Size of the relativistic dilation factor,52 Magnitude of the Heisenberg uncertainty. 53 Quantity of gas deposited into the deep intergalactic medium by the first supernovae. 54 Positive nature of cosmic pressures,55 Positive nature of cosmic energy densities. 56 Density of quasars during early cosmic history,57 Decay rate of cold dark matter particles.
58 Relative abundances of different exotic mass particles. 59 Degree to which exotic matter self interacts, 60 Epoch at which the first stars metal free pop III stars begin to form. 61 Epoch at which the first stars metal free pop III stars cease to form. 62 Number density of metal free pop III stars,63 Average mass of metal free pop III stars. 64 Epoch for the formation of the first galaxies,65 Epoch for the formation of the first quasars. Part 1 Fine Tuning for Life in the Universe 2, 66 Amount rate and epoch of decay of embedded defects. 67 Ratio of warm exotic matter density to cold exotic matter density. 68 Ratio of hot exotic matter density to cold exotic matter density. 69 Level of quantization of the cosmic spacetime fabric. 70 Flatness of universe s geometry,71 Average rate of increase in galaxy sizes.
72 Change in average rate of increase in galaxy sizes throughout cosmic history. 73 Constancy of dark energy factors,74 Epoch for star formation peak. 75 Location of exotic matter relative to ordinary matter. 76 Strength of primordial cosmic magnetic field, 77 Level of primordial magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. 78 Level of charge parity violation,79 Number of galaxies in the observable universe. 80 Polarization level of the cosmic background radiation. 81 Date for completion of second reionization event of the universe. 82 Date of subsidence of gamma ray burst production. 83 Relative density of intermediate mass stars in the early history of the universe. 84 Water s temperature of maximum density,85 Water s heat of fusion. 86 Water s heat of vaporization, 87 Number density of clumpuscules dense clouds of cold molecular hydrogen gas in the universe.
88 Average mass of clumpuscules in the universe,89 Location of clumpuscules in the universe. 90 Dioxygen s kinetic oxidation rate of organic molecules. 91 Level of paramagnetic behavior in dioxygen, 92 Density of ultra dwarf galaxies or supermassive globular clusters in the middle aged universe. 93 Degree of space time warping and twisting by general relativistic factors. 94 Percentage of the initial mass function of the universe made up of intermediate mass stars. 95 Strength of the cosmic primordial magnetic field. 96 Capacity of liquid water to form large cluster anions. 97 Ratio of baryons in galaxies to baryons between galaxies. 98 Ratio of baryons in galaxy clusters to baryons in between galaxy clusters. 99 Rate at which the triple alpha process combining of three helium nuclei to make one carbon. nucleus runs inside the nuclear furnaces of stars, 100 Quantity of molecular hydrogen formed by the supernova eruptions of population III stars. 101 Epoch for the formation of the first population II second generation stars. 102 Percentage of the universe s baryons that are processed by the first stars population III stars. Part 1 Fine Tuning for Life in the Universe 3, 103 Ratio of ultra dwarf galaxies to larger galaxies. 104 Constancy of the fine structure constants,105 Constancy of the velocity of light.
106 Constancy of the magnetic permeability of free space. 107 Constancy of the electron to proton mass ratio. 108 Constancy of the gravitational constant, 109 Smoothness of the quantum foam of cosmic space. 110 Constancy of dark energy over cosmic history,111 Mean temperature of exotic matter. 112 Minimum stable mass of exotic matter clumps, 113 Degree of Lorentz symmetry or integrity of Lorentz invariantce or level of symmetry of spacetime. 114 Nature of cosmic defects,115 Number density of cosmic defects. 116 Average size of the largest cosmic structures in the universe. 117 Quantity of three hydrogen molecules formed by the hypernova eruptions of population III stars. 118 Maximum size of an indigenous moon orbiting a planet. 119 Rate of growth in the average size of galaxies during the first five billion years of cosmic history. 120 Density of dwarf dark matter halos in the present day universe. 121 Metallicity enrichment of intergalactic space by dwarf galaxies. 122 Average star formation rate throughout cosmic history for dwarf galaxies. 123 Epoch of rapid decline in the cosmic star formation rate. 124 Quantity of heavy elements infused into the intergalactic medium by dwarf galaxies during the first. two billion years of cosmic history, 125 Quantity of heavy elements infused into the intergalactic medium by galactic superwinds during the.
first three billion years of cosmic history,126 Average size of cosmic voids. 127 Number of cosmic voids per unit of cosmic space. 128 Percentage of the universe s baryons that reside in the warm hot intergalactic medium. 129 Halo occupation distribution number of galaxies per unit of dark matter halo virial mass. 130 Timing of the peak supernova eruption rate for population III stars the universe s first stars. 131 Ratio of the number density of dark matter subhalos to the number density dark matter halos in the. present era universe, 132 Quantity of diffuse large grained intergalactic dust. 133 Radiometric decay rate for nickel 78, 134 Ratio of baryonic matter to exotic matter in dwarf galaxies. 135 Ratio of baryons in the intergalactic medium relative to baryons in the circumgalactic media. 136 Level of short range interactions between protons and exotic dark matter particles. 137 Intergalactic photon density or optical depth of the universe. 138 High spin to low spin transition pressure for Fe. Part 1 Fine Tuning for Life in the Universe 4, 139 Average quantity of gas infused into the universe s first star clusters. 140 degree of suppression of dwarf galaxy formation by cosmic reionization. References, 1 John D Barrow and Frank J Tipler The Anthropic Cosmological Principle New York Oxford University Press 1986.
pp 123 457, 2 Fred Hoyle Galaxies Nuclei and Quasars New York Harper and Row 1965 pp 147 150. 3 Fred Hoyle The Universe Past and Present Reflection Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics 20 1982 p 1. 4 Fred Hoyle The Nature of the Universe second edition Okford UK Basil Blackwell 1952 p 109 111. 5 Fred Hoyle Astronomy and Cosmology A Modern Course San Francisco W H Freeman 1975 pp 684 685. 6 James S Trefil The Moment of Creation New York Collier Books Macmillan 1983 pp 127 134. 7 John P Cox and Thomas R Giuli Principles of Stellar Structure Volume II Applications to Stars New York Gordon. and Breach 1968 pp 944 1028, 8 Bernard J Carr and Martin J Rees The Anthropic Principle and the Structure of the Physical World Nature 278. 1979 pp 605 612, 9 John M Templeton God Reveals Himself in the Astronomical and in the Infinitesimal Journal of the American. Scientific Affiliation December 1984 1984 pp 194 200. 10 Jim W Neidhardt The Anthropic Principle A Religious Response Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation. December 1984 1984 pp 201 207, 11 Brandon Carter Large Number Coincidences and the Anthropic Principle in Cosmology in Proceedings of the. International Astronomical Union Symposium No 63 Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Observational Data. edited by M S Longair Boston D Reidel 1974 pp 291 298. 12 John D Barrow The Lore of Large Numbers Some Historical Background to the Anthropic Principle Quarterly. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 22 1981 pp 404 420. 13 Alan Lightman To the Dizzy Edge Science 82 October 1982 pp 24 25. 14 Thomas O Toole Will the Universe Die by Fire or Ice Science 81 April 1981 pp 71 72. 15 Bernard J Carr On the Origin Evolution and Purpose of the Physical Universe in Physical Cosmology and Philosophy. edited by John Leslie New York Macmillan 1990 pp 134 153. 16 Richard Swinburne Argument from the Fine Tuning of the Universe in Physical Cosmology and Philosophy edited by. John Leslie New York Macmillan 1990 pp 154 173, 17 R E Davies and R H Koch All the Observed Universe Has Contributed to Life Philosophical Transactions of the.
Royal Society of London Series B 334 1991 pp 391 403. 18 Paul Davies God and the New Physics New York Simon Schuster 1983 pp viii 3 42 142 143. 19 Paul Davies Superforce New York Simon Schuster 1984 p 243. 20 Paul Davies The Cosmic Blueprint New York Simon Schuster 1988 pp 3 203. 21 Paul Davies The Anthropic Principle Science Digest volume 191 number 10 October 1983 pp 22 25. 22 George Greenstein The Symbiotic Universe New York William Morrow 1988 p 13 148. 23 Tony Rothman A What You See Is What You Beget Theory Discover May 1987 p 99. 24 Freeman Dyson Infinite in All Directions New York Harper and Row 1988 p 298. 25 Henry Margenau and Roy Abraham Varghese editors Cosmos Bios and Theos La Salle IL Open Court 1992 p 52. 26 Fang Li Zhi and Li Shu Xian Creation of the Universe translated by T Kiang Singapore World Scientific 1989 p. 27 Edward Harrison Masks of the Universe New York Collier Books Macmillan 1985 pp 239 263. 28 John Noble Wilford Sizing Up the Cosmos An Astronomer s Quest New York Times March 12 1991 p B9. 29 Hugh Ross The Fingerprint of God 2nd edition New Kensington PA Whitaker House 1991 119 138. 30 Hugh Ross The Creator and the Cosmos 3rd edition Colorado Springs CO NavPress 2001 145 167. 31 Robert Jastrow God and the Astronomers New York W W Norton 1978 pp 89 124. 32 Richard Swinburne Argument from the Fine Tuning of the Universe in Physical Cosmology and Philosophy edited by. John Leslie New York Macmillan 1990 pp 154 173, 33 George F R Ellis The Anthropic Principle Laws and Environments in The Anthropic Principle edited by F Bertola. and U Curi New York Cambridge University Press 1993 pp 27 32. 34 F Bertola and U Curi editors The Anthropic Principle New York Cambridge University Press 1993. 35 D Allan Bromley Physics Atomic and Molecular Physics Science 209 1980 page 116. Part 1 Fine Tuning for Life in the Universe 5, 36 Michael Rowan Robinson The Nine Numbers of the Universe New York Oxford University Press 1999. 37 H R Marston S H Allen and S L Swaby Iron Metabolism in Copper Deficient Rats British Journal of Nutrition 25. 1971 pages 15 30, 38 K W J Wahle and N T Davies Effect of Dietary Copper Deficiency in the Rat on Fatty Acid Composition of Adipose. Tissue and Desaturase Activity of Liver Microsomes British Journal of Nutrition 34 1975 pages 105 112. 39 Walter Mertz The Newer Essential Trace Elements Chromium Tin Vanadium Nickel and Silicon Proceedings of the. Nutrition Society 33 1974 pages 307 313, 40 Hubert Reeves Growth of Complexity in an Expanding Universe in The Anthropic Principle edited by F Bertola and. U Curi New York Cambridge University Press 1993 pages 67 84. 41 H Oberhummer A Cs t and H Schlattl Stellar Production Rates of Carbon and Its Abundance in the Universe. Science 289 2000 pp 88 90, 42 Lawrence M Krauss The End of the Age Problem and the Case for a Cosmological Constant Revisited Astrophysical.
Journal 501 1998 pp 461 466, 43 Christopher C Page et al Natural Engineering Principles of Electron Tunneling in Biological Oxidation Reduction. Nature 402 1999 pp 47 52, 44 S Perlmutter et al Measurements of and L from 42 High Redshift Supernovae Astrophysical Journal 517 1999. pp 565 586, 45 P deBarnardis et al A Flat Universe from High Resolution Maps of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. Nature 494 2000 pp 955 959, 46 A Melchiorri et al A Measurement of from the North American Test Flight of Boomerang Astrophysical Journal. Letters 536 2000 pp L63 L66, 47 Lawrence M Krauss and Glenn D Starkman Life the Universe and Nothing Life and Death in an Ever Expanding.
Universe Astrophysical Journal 531 2000 pp 22 30, 48 Volker Bromm Paolo S Coppi and Richard B Larson Forming the First Stars in the Universe The Fragmentation of. Primordial Gas Astrophysical Journal Letters 527 1999 pp L5 L8. 49 Jaume Garriga Takahiro Tanaka and Alexander Vilenkin Density Parameter and the Anthropic Principle Physical. Review D 60 1999 5 21, 50 Jaume Garriga and Alexander Vilenkin On Likely Values of the Cosmological Constant Physical Review D 61 2000. 51 Max Tegmark and Martin Rees Why is the Cosmic Microwave Background Fluctuation Level 10 5 Astrophysical. Numbers and different kinds of type II supernova eruptions 39 Epoch for white dwarf binaries 40 Density of white dwarf binaries 41 Ratio of exotic matter to ordinary matter 42 Number of effective dimensions in the early universe 43 Number of effective dimensions in the present universe 44 Mass values for the active neutrinos 45 Number of different species of active neutrinos 46 Number

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