Parents Medication Guide

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ADHD Parents Medication Guide ii,Table of Contents. Introduction 1,Causes Symptoms Choosing Treatment 2. What is ADHD 2,How do I nd out if my child has ADHD 3. What types of treatments are effective 3,Will medication cure my child 4. Choices in Medication 5,What types of medication are available 5.
Taking ADHD Medication 6,How is ADHD medication taken 6. Can over the counter or prescription medication interfere with ADHD medication 6. How do I know the medication is working 7, Are there times when my child can take a break from medication 7. How will ADHD medication make my child feel 7,When is it okay to stop taking ADHD medication 8. How do I explain ADHD medication to my child 8,Stimulant Medication Addiction 9. Is there a risk my child may become addicted to stimulant medication 9. Side Effects ADHD Medication 9,What are the most common side effects 9.
What are the rare or serious side effects 10, Do I need to monitor my child s appetite weight and height 11. How can I best manage some of the common side effects my child may experience 12. School the Child with ADHD 13,How can the school help my child with ADHD 13. How does ADHD affect my child s ability to form friendships 14. Does my child need treatment when not in school 14. Disorders that Can Accompany ADHD 15, What are some of the more common disorders that can accompany ADHD 15. Can ADHD medication cause bipolar disorder 16, Can my child take ADHD medication if there is a coexisting condition 16. Psychosocial Treatments 17, What psychosocial or behavioral treatments can be useful 17.
Unproven Treatments 17, Do alternative treatments for ADHD such as special diets or herbal supplements really work 17. What Does the Future Hold 18,For More Information about ADHD 19. National Organizations 19,Fact Sheets about ADHD in English 21. Fact Sheets about ADHD in Spanish 22,Recommended Reading for Children 22. Recommended Reading for Adults 23,Contributors 24,Endnotes 25.
The information contained in this guide is not intended as and is not a substitute for professional medical. advice All decisions about clinical care should be made in consultation with a child s treatment team. ParentsMedGuide org, No pharmaceutical funding was used in the development or maintenance of this guide helping parents help their kids. ADHD Parents Medication Guide 1,Introduction,Attention De cit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD. is a neurobehavioral condition characterized by,excessive restlessness inattention distraction. and impulsivity It is usually rst identi ed when,children are school aged although it also can. be diagnosed in people of all age groups In an,average classroom of 30 children research sug.
gests that at least one will have ADHD 1, High activity levels and short attention spans are. a normal part of childhood for many children but,for those with ADHD hyperactivity and inat. tentiveness are excessive and interfere with daily. functioning Some children with ADHD only have,problems with attention other children only have. issues with hyperactivity and impulsivity some,children have problems with both Over time. children with ADHD tend to shed some of the overactivity and impulsivity but. they often continue to have signi cant problems with inattention distraction. and organization, ADHD can interfere with a child s ability to perform in school and capacity to.
develop and maintain social peer relationships ADHD can increase a child s. risk of dropping out of school or having disciplinary problems ADHD also is. associated with an increased risk of having problems with hazardous driving. cigarette smoking and substance abuse, Effective treatments are available to help manage the inattention hyperactivity. and impulsiveness symptoms of ADHD and can improve a person s ability to. function at home at school and in other places, This medication guide is intended to help parents patients and family mem. bers better understand the treatments used to care for children with ADHD. Before treatment can begin however each child must have a careful review. of his or her medical history and a physical examination should be conducted. ADHD symptoms should be assessed by a health care professional quali. ed to evaluate children with ADHD The professional treating your child for. ADHD should be trained to diagnose and treat ADHD They also should have. a thorough understanding of normal child development such as pediatricians. developmental pediatricians child and adolescent psychiatrists and pediatric. neurologists Treatment may include medication behavioral therapy or a. combination of the two, The information contained in this guide is not intended as and is not a substitute for professional medical. advice All decisions about clinical care should be made in consultation with a child s treatment team. ParentsMedGuide org, No pharmaceutical funding was used in the development or maintenance of this guide helping parents help their kids. ADHD Parents Medication Guide 2, As a parent or guardian of a child or teenager diagnosed with ADHD you.
may be aware of the debate surrounding the medication used to treat this. condition Recently the U S Food and Drug Administration FDA reviewed. several research studies involving children and adolescents who were pre. scribed medication for ADHD and concluded that these medications are. effective and that the risks associated with these medications are known. and can be managed, While the FDA found that these medications are generally safe and effective. many children and teenagers who take medication for ADHD experience side. effects at one time or another Some of these side effects can be signi cant and. should be closely monitored, Recently the FDA directed the makers of ADHD medication to develop medi. cation guides to better inform patients and their families about the known po. tential side effects associated with these medicines common and rare These. guides will be provided along with the ADHD medication when it is dispensed. from the pharmacy Parents and guardians of children being treated with. ADHD medication should read the medication guides and talk to their. child s doctor if they have any questions or concerns 2. For more information about the FDA s medication guides please click here. Causes Symptoms,Choosing Treatment,Potential Consequences when. What is ADHD ADHD is Left Untreated, ADHD is a neurobehavioral condition with symptoms that include Increased risk for school failure and. excessive restlessness poor attention and impulsive acts Estimates dropout. show that between 3 and 7 percent of school aged children and Behavior and discipline problems. about 4 percent of adults have ADHD 3 Social dif culties and family strife. Accidental injury, No single biological cause for ADHD has been found But most Alcohol and drug abuse.
research points to genes inherited from parents as the leading Depression and other mental. contributor to ADHD For example studies clearly show that ADHD health disorders. runs in families seventy six percent of children with ADHD have Employment problems. a relative with the condition 4 Scientists are currently looking for Driving accidents. which genes or combinations of genes in uence how ADHD Unplanned pregnancy. affects the behavior of those with the condition Delinquency criminality and arrest. Being born prematurely maternal smoking or extreme stress during. pregnancy being exposed to alcohol in the womb and traumatic. brain injury also may contribute to the development of ADHD. http www fda gov cder drug infopage ADHD default htm. The information contained in this guide is not intended as and is not a substitute for professional medical. advice All decisions about clinical care should be made in consultation with a child s treatment team. ParentsMedGuide org, No pharmaceutical funding was used in the development or maintenance of this guide helping parents help their kids. ADHD Parents Medication Guide 3,How do I nd out if my child has ADHD. Because there is no brain imaging scan or blood test to diagnose ADHD. it is important that a health care professional speci cally trained to diagnose. and treat ADHD evaluate your child s behavior Clinicians such as pediatricians. and child and adolescent psychiatrists will be able to tell whether your child s. behaviors are symptoms of ADHD or if he or she is just unusually active or. Most cases of ADHD are rst diagnosed in the early school years Children. who are diagnosed with ADHD have symptoms that impair their ability to. function as well as other children the same age These symptoms must last. at least 6 months before a child can be diagnosed with ADHD. There are three subtypes of ADHD primarily inattentive primarily hyperac. tive impulsive and that with signi cant symptoms of both called combined. Boys diagnosed with ADHD outnumber girls with the condition by about three Before I was. to one Some doctors think that just as many girls have ADHD as boys but they diagnosed a lot of. are not diagnosed as often because they are less disruptive and because their my time was spent. symptoms may not become unmanageable until they are older For instance. coping with my, girls sometimes show their ADHD in less troublemaking ways such as being. inattentive Now that more health care professionals are aware of the unique ADHD symptoms. ways ADHD affects girls and boys more girls are being diagnosed and receiving an adult with ADHD. treatment 5, Some parents worry because more children are being diagnosed with ADHD. now than in the past Research indicates that the increase is largely due to. enhanced awareness and improved detection of the condition including. diagnosing children who may have less severe forms of ADHD Now that more. people know about ADHD and its symptoms younger children adolescents. girls and adults with this condition are more likely to be identi ed and treated. Despite the rise in ADHD diagnoses and the fear that some children are. still being incorrectly identi ed as having ADHD underdiagnosis remains a. problem There are still many children with ADHD almost half who are not. diagnosed and do not receive treatment 6,What types of treatments are effective.
To help families make important decisions about treatment the National. Institute of Mental Health NIMH conducted the most in depth study ever. carried out for evaluating ADHD treatments This study is called the Multi. modal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD or the MTA Data from this. study showed that methylphenidate a commonly used stimulant medication. for ADHD is effective in treating the symptoms of ADHD either alone or in. The information contained in this guide is not intended as and is not a substitute for professional medical. advice All decisions about clinical care should be made in consultation with a child s treatment team. ParentsMedGuide org, No pharmaceutical funding was used in the development or maintenance of this guide helping parents help their kids. ADHD Parents Medication Guide 4, combination with behavioral therapy It also found that treat Most Common ADHD Medications. ment that includes medication is more effective for the symp. toms of ADHD such as hyperactivity than behavioral therapy Trade Name Generic Name. alone This is especially true when the medication s dosage is Adderall mixed amphetamine salts. closely monitored and personalized for each child 7 Adderall XR mixed amphetamine salts. Concerta methylphenidate, The MTA study along with dozens of other large scale studies Daytrana methylphenidate patch. that have assessed the safety and effectiveness of ADHD Dexedrine dextroamphetamine. medications provides evidence that medication plays an Dexedrine Spansule dextroamphetamine. important role in the treatment of children adolescents Dextrostat dextroamphetamine. and adults with ADHD Focalin dexmethylphenidate,Focalin XR dexmethylphenidate. This research demonstrates that for most young people with Metadate methylphenidate. ADHD medication dramatically reduces hyperactivity improves Metadate CD methylphenidate. attention and increases the ability to get along with others. Methylin methylphenidate,hydrochloride liquid, While medicine alone is a proven treatment for ADHD the chewable tablets.
MTA study found that combining behavioral treatment with Ritalin methylphenidate. medicine was useful in helping families teachers and children Ritalin LA methylphenidate. learn ways to manage and modify the behaviors that cause Ritalin SR methylphenidate. problems at home and at school In addition some children Strattera atomoxetine. receiving combined treatment were able to take lower doses Vyvanse lisdexamfetamine. of medicine,Over time this list will grow Researchers are. Behavioral treatments in the MTA study included three continuing to develop new medications for. approaches ADHD,The FDA directed pharmaceutical companies. Parent Training Helps parents learn about ADHD and ways to develop medication guides for each of these. to manage ADHD behaviors medications These guides can be accessed by. clicking here, Child Focused Treatment Helps children and teens with. ADHD learn to develop social academic and problem http www fda gov cder drug infopage. ADHD default htm,solving skills, School Based Interventions Help teachers meet children s. Fact Sheets about ADHD in English 21 Fact Sheets about ADHD in Spanish 22 Recommended Reading for Children 22 Recommended Reading for Adults 23 Contributors 24 Endnotes 25 ADHD Parents Medication Guide 1 ParentsMedGuide org helping parents help their kids The information contained in this guide is not intended as and is not a substitute for professional medical advice All decisions about

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