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ted for publication in Philosophical Readings Its, membership includes a large group of scholars repre. senting a variety of research areas and philosophical. approaches From time to time Philosophical Read,ings acknowledges their service by publishing the. names of those who have read and evaluated manu,Philosophical Readings scripts in recent years. A Four Monthly Philosophical Online Journal,Submissions Submissions should be made to the. Editors An abstract of not more than seventy words. Philosophical Readings a four monthly journal ISSN should accompany the submission Since Philosophi. 2036 4989 features articles discussions translations cal Readings has adopted a policy of blind review in. reviews and bibliographical information on all phi formation identify the author should only appear on a. losophical disciplines Philosophical Readings is de separate page Most reviews are invited However. voted to the promotion of competent and definitive colleagues wishing to write a review should contact. contributions to philosophical knowledge Not asso the Executive editor Books to be reviewed should. ciated with any school or group not the organ of any be sent to the Executive editor. association or institution it is interested in persistent. and resolute inquiries into root questions regardless. of the writer s affiliation The journal welcomes also. works that fall into various disciplines religion his. tory literature law political science computer sci. ence economics and empirical sciences that deal, with philosophical problems Philosophical Readings.
uses a policy of blind review by at least two consult. ants to evaluate articles accepted for serious consid. eration Philosophical Readings promotes special is. sues on particular topics of special relevance in the. philosophical debates Philosophical Readings occa, sionally has opportunities for Guest Editors for spe. cial issues of the journal Anyone who has an idea for. a special issue and would like that idea to be consid. ered should contact the Excutive editor,Executive editor Marco Sgarbi Universit di Ve. Associate editor Eva Del Soldato Scuola Nor,male Superiore di Pisa. Assistant editor Valerio Rocco Lozano Univer,sidad Aut noma de Madrid. Editorial Board Raphael Ebgi Universit San,Raffaele di Milano Eugenio Refini Warwick Univer.
sity Alberto Vanzo Otago University Francesco,Verde Universit La Sapienza di Roma Antonio. Vernacotola Universit della Calabria,Board of Consultants This board has as its pri. mary responsibility the evaluation of articles submit. Hobbes on Religion,Hobbes was a radical sceptic as revealed by. Calvin and Hobbes A Reply to Curley a close reading of his texts In this essay I. Martinich and Wright would like to suggest that the sceptical posi. tion can be rescued and that it is in many re, Patricia Springborg spects more congruent with the texts espe. School of Economics cially Hobbes s posthumous works the An. Free University of Bozen Bolzano swer to Bramhall the Appendix to the 1668. Italia Latin Leviathan and the Historia Ecclesias,tica precisely by respecting Hobbes s seri.
ousness For his is not an unbounded or dif, I The Calvin and Hobbes Debate fuse irony it is rather a philosophically. grounded irony and it has very precise tar,T he Calvin and Hobbes debate con. ducted between Al Martinich and,Ed Curley in the April 1996 issue. of the Journal of the History of Philosophy has,been one of the most fertile debates in recent. Hobbes as Wright concedes was at the,very least a theological minimalist I would.
go further Heir to the long line of reformers,since Valla Erasmus and Luther and like. Hobbes scholarship for all that it reached an Anglican Latitudinarians of his day he. impasse Martinich steadfast in maintaining hoped to restore to Christianity its original. Hobbes s seriousness Curley in maintaining simplicity overlaid as it had become by the. Hobbes s scepticism and that this scepticism accretions of centuries of institutionalization. is flagged by systematic irony 1 George More than that he hoped to erode the le. Wright in his reply five years later enters the gitimacy of ecclesiastical claims to institu. debate on the side of Martinich by exposing tional power in the name of the Kingdom of. anomalies that arise in maintaining that God on earth and render Christianity a civil. religion 2 But because the Anglican Church, The sequence of the exchange is as follows Curley a church established by the state made pre. wrote an essay critiquing A P Martinich s The cisely the claims to Apostolic succession and. Two Gods of Leviathan Cambridge Cambridge temporal power that Hobbes was challen. University Press 1992 Curley Calvin and Hob ging in the Roman Church denial of which. bes or Hobbes as an Orthodox Christian Journal constituted heresy and Hobbes was in fact. of the History of Philosophy 34 1996 257 71 To,this Martinich responded in the same issue of the. under personal threat of Parliamentary in, same journal On the Proper Interpretation of dictment for heresy in the 1660s he some. Hobbes s Philosophy Journal of the History of Phi, losophy 34 1996 273 83 to which Curley replied See Patricia Springborg Hobbes s Theory of.
again in the same issue of the same journal with Civil Religion in Pluralismo e religione civile ed. Reply to Professor Martinich Journal of the His Gianni Paganini and Edoardo Tortarolo Milano. tory of Philosophy 34 1996 285 7 Bruno Mondatori 2003 61 98. ISSUE IV NUMBER 1 SPRING 2012 PHILOSOPHICAL READINGS. 4 HOBBES ON RELIGION, times resorted to forms of surrogacy in mak display a remarkable consistency and we see. ing his more confronting arguments and that Hobbes s scepticism is not such that he. among these irony was one 3 Writing in denied the historical person of Christ or that. Latin a language privy to a much smaller he was a prophet professing to believe. circle was another and it is notable that in there was true prophecy and true prophets. his Latin writings Hobbes is often much in the church of God from Abraham to our. blunter than in his English works there be Saviour the greatest prophet of all 4 Nor. ing no better examples than the Latin Levia did he deny that the Scriptures recorded the. than and the Historia Ecclesiastica It is not life of Christ displaying a rather learned so. necessary to adopt wholesale the Straussian phistication about the composition of the. doctrine about secret writing to concede this Old and New Testaments for which Valla. point This is a case where context supple and Erasmus were a likely source 5 Unlike. ments the text Luther and Calvin however he did not be. Indeed Hobbes s theological seriousness lieve that the Scriptures were self. is vouched for by the flood of works precipi authenticating and went to great lengths to. tated by the parliamentary charges of athe insist that the Bible like all other texts is. ism brought against him 1666 7 and de subject to a scientific hermeneutics 6 Like his. signed to exonerate him They include the forbears Hobbes steadfastly maintained that. Historia Ecclesiastica written somewhere be according to the Scriptures salvation re. tween 1659 and 1671 Hobbes s Answer to quired only that one believe that Jesus was. Bramhall s The Catching of Leviathan writ,ten in 1666 7 his Historical Narration Con 4. Hobbes An Answer to A Book Published by Dr, cerning Heresy of 1668 De Haeresi his Ap Bramhall Called the Catching of Leviathan. pendix to the Latin Leviathan of the same London 1682 written 1666 7 and cited from the. Molesworth edn EW IV 326,year the Dialogue Concerning the Common 5. See the entirety of chapter xxxiii of Leviathan Of. Laws written after 1668 the letter on heresy the Number Antiquity Scope Authority and In. now lost relating to the Scargill affair of terpreters of the Books of HOLY SCRIPTURE. 1669 Behemoth written between 1668 and Citations to Leviathan Lev unless otherwise noted. 1670 and the Chatsworth MS on Heresy of are to Leviathan 1651 with selected variants from. 1673 These works despite their different the Latin edition of 1668 ed Edwin Curley Indi. anapolis Hackett 1994 referencing chapter small,registers designed for different audiences.
Roman numerals section pagination of the,Head edition and of the Curley edition. On strategies of political surrogacy in general and For the difference between Hobbes s hermeneutic. translation as a particular form see Patricia Spring approach to Scripture and the more characteristic. borg Classical Translation and Political Surro Reformation doctrine of Luther and Calvin see. gacy English Renaissance Classical Translations Curley s note to Lev xxxiii 1 198 250 citing Lu. and Imitations as Politically Coded Texts Finnish ther Works ed By Jaroslav Pelikan Concordia. Yearbook of Political Thought 5 2001 11 33 XXVI 58 and Calvin Institutes I vii IV viii 14. PHILOSOPHICAL READINGS ISSUE IV NUMBER 1 SPRING 2012. HOBBES ON RELIGION 5, the Christ and be baptized 7 To make the Greekification and mystification 9 He re. further assertion that Christ was God was to serves his most mocking irony for priests. state central Christian doctrine to which and the doctrines they preach none of. Hobbes did not himself subscribe maintain which according to central Christian beliefs. ing the Arian position that the blood of as vouched for by the Scriptures is neces. Christ was that of a man 8 Like Valla and sary for salvation But he does not stand. Erasmus Hobbes inveighed against the alone rather belonging to a long tradition of. philosophical overlay of Neoplatonism and reformers who hoped to rescue Christ from. Aristotelianism once Christian doctrine be the teeth of the Church. came formalized in a Church which like the This is common ground on which Mar. pagan religions was increasingly dominated tinich Curley and George Wright can more. by a clerical hierarchy trained as philoso or less agree suggesting that to acknow. phers and theologians who indulged in ledge that Hobbes frequently employs irony. to deflate theological doctrines which he,considers superfluous or pernicious does not. require that one accuse him of a general, Hobbes Answer to Bramhall 345 claims I in the strategy of deceptive ambiguity 10 which. forty third chapter of my Leviathan have proved I don t believe Curley goes so far as to do I. that this article Jesus is the Christ is the unum neces suggest then that we have to leave it open. sarium the only article necessary to salvation Note. the usual Scriptural references Whosoever be,at least as a possibility that in treating some.
lieves that Jesus is the Christ is born of God 1 of the more arcane and counter intuitive. John 5 1a He that believes on the Son of God Christian doctrines Hobbes is employing. hath the witness in himself He that believes not irony And in a number of cases that Wright. God hath made him a liar because he believes not specifically mentions I think the evidence is. the record that God gave of his Son 1 John 5 10 overwhelming that in fact he is Blatant in. These things have I written unto you that believe,on the name of the Son of God that you may know. congruities Skinner is right to point out, that you have eternal life and that you may believe Hobbes treats either with mocking sarcasm. on the name of the Son of God 1 John 5 13 He or a deadpan non committal that leaves the. that believes and is baptized shall be saved but he. that believes not shall be damned Mark 16 15 16 Hobbes in the Historia Ecclesiastica likened the. For God so loved the world that he gave his only Christian Church to the Egyptian dominated by. begotten Son that whosoever believes in Him shall priests who kept the common people in thrall See. not perish but have everlasting life John 3 16 Hist Eccl lines 151 228 esp lines 219 26 320 27. Jesus said unto her I am the resurrection and the References to Hobbes s Historia Ecclesiastica are to. life He that believes in me though he were dead the critical edition including text translation intro. yet shall he live And whoever lives and believes in duction commentary and notes by Patricia Spring. me shall never die Do you believe this John borg Patricia Stablein and Paul Wilson Paris. 11 25 27 Honor Champion 2008, Hobbes Answer 324 See below note 69 Wright Curley and Martinich 469. ISSUE IV NUMBER 1 SPRING 2012 PHILOSOPHICAL READINGS. 6 HOBBES ON RELIGION, reader in not much doubt about his own II Hobbes s Corporeal God. views 11 Hobbes s treatment of spirit the Bramhall and the Trinity. soul hypostasis homousion and the Trinity,all cases that Wright raises are cases in.
point Indeed I would go further and here,Martinich and Wright would not agree12 to. maintain with Descartes Bramhall and,Boyle that Hobbes s ontology and episte. B efore turning to these specific topics,it is important if one is taking Hob. bes s religious doctrines seriously to,look at the ontology and epistemology on. which they are grounded Hobbes it is, mology do not permit a personal God and widely concurred has a generally deflation.
that the banality of his concept of divine ary metaphysics He is a materialist a de. substance as fluid matter was designed to terminist and an atomist His determinism. mock even Deists Nor can God as First has been taken for a sign that he subscribes. Cause be seriously rescued contrary to the to Calvinist doctrines of predestination. An abs Philosophical Readings a four monthly journal ISSN 2036 4989 features articles discussions translations reviews and bibliographical information on all phi losophical disciplines Philosophical Readings is de voted to the promotion of competent and definitive contributions to philosophical knowledge Not asso ciated with any school or group not the organ of any association or

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