OBHRM 501 Human Behavior and Organizations Class 1 4 30

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Spring 2003, Slide 1 This is the introductory slide for this class One of the primary goals of this class. is to introduce and set the tone for the whole course Being that the content and. structure of this course is different from a typical core organizational behavior. course it may be worthwhile spending more time than one would typically spend. with the introduction The following questions can serve as a guide for. introductory comments, What is this class about This class is about learning how to unlock greatness. in people in self in others in groups teams in organizations It is about. creating enabling building and sustaining excellence. Why is this class important Providing a rationale for how the various topics. were selected why the focus is on enabling excellence and why it is designed as. it is may help the students engage more fully with the material This is also a. good place to situate the class as an outgrowth of Positive Organizational. Scholarship, Who am I the professor Jane talked about her credentials and background as. well as her motivation for teaching this class Being that this is a relatively new. approach to teaching organizational behavior it is just as important to seem. enthusiastic and personally invested in the material as it is to seem credible. Slide 2 This slide provides an overview of the flow of this class. Slide 3 Slide 4, Slide 3 This slide outlines the main goals for the entire course These goals can also be. thought of as themes that will likely surface time after time in each class. throughout the semester Below is a more detailed explanation of some of the. bullet points in the slide,Reveal your theory of practice.
A primary goal of this course is to help students understand why they do the. things they do Throughout this course students will have an opportunity to. Spring 2003, reflect on their attitudes and behaviors and they will be challenged to think. critically about why they hold these attitudes and engage in these behaviors To. put it more boldly this class aims to make explicit some of the students implicit. theories about work relationships human nature and life in general. Build on it, In addition to revealing students theories of practice the content covered in this. course gives students an opportunity to build on and perhaps even rethink their. implicit theories of practice,Put it to the test, This goal is about helping students understand how to move from theory to. practice Many of the topics that will be covered in this course are easy to talk. about but not so easy to put into action,Open up new possibilities. This is perhaps the primary goal of the class It is about encouraging students to. think outside the box by exposing them to new ideas and practices that are real. and that really work It s about showing them that even though business is often. done in a particular way it doesn t have to be done that way Thus this course. can help students develop new perspectives on how business gets done. Slide 4 This slide sets up an icebreaker exercise that is designed to give all of the. students in the class a chance to introduce themselves to each other In addition. to a basic introduction this icebreaker asks students to identify an asset or. experience that they are excited about bringing to the class There are several. reasons for this First it encourages students to think about how this class relates. to them as individuals Second it gives the rest of the class a glimpse at the. varied backgrounds represented in the class Finally it lets students know early. on that their unique experiences and perspectives are valued respected and. important to the content and flow of this course,Slide 5 Slide 6.
Slide 5 This slide prompts a discussion about organizational excellence by asking. students to draw on what they know about Southwest Airlines SWA and. identify instances of excellence Using SWA at this point in the class is useful. Spring 2003, because it provides the class with an opportunity to literally see manifestations of. excellence in one organization Students should have read the SWA case. provided in their coursepack before coming to class. This slide begins to talk more concretely about organizational excellence This. course conceptualizes excellence in a rather novel way but it is important that. students grasp its meaning because it is a term that will be used throughout the. course For this reason it may be worthwhile to spend some time nailing down. what the concept of excellence for individuals and organizations means in this. course This course aims to understand how to unleash excellence at three levels. in ourselves in others and in our organizations In this sense excellence is. about understanding what brings you as an individual to life and thinking about. how you as a manager can bring others to life,Discussion about excellence at SWA 30 minutes. What are some indicators of excellence at SWA What do you see in the case. that reflects the excellence of the organization Responses to this question are. recorded on a board at the front of the room on the right from the class s. perspective, Sample responses Employees are happy they are willing to work. together they are motivated to work longer hours for less pay there is a. good connection between employees and management attraction and. retention of employees good labor relations innovation outstanding. customer service financial performance organizational costs are low. Additional thought Notice that traditional markers of excellence. profitability and cost may not be mentioned right away This is. interesting because although these indicators are exemplary at SWA the. other less traditional indicators seem more noteworthy and extraordinary. What are some drivers causes of excellence at SWA Responses to this. question are recorded on a board at the from of the room on the left from the. class s perspective, Sample responses Selection and training practices an informal culture. a culture that reflects equality throughout the organization employee. recognition by management an organizational mission vision that. stresses community and teamwork and organizational practices that are. consistent with these ideas the structure of the organization. empowering practices, Additional thought It may be difficult at times to know whether some of.
the things that the class identifies are indicators or drivers of excellence. This is an important point that may come up several times throughout. this discussion This is an issue that we will revisit in the Problems and. dilemmas section, Video SWA training video for new employees 8 minutes. This is a fun video that shows many clips of Southwest employees on the job. The focus of the video is on explaining that the spirit of SWA is the key to the. organization s success and it says that the spirit of Southwest is in you the. employees The video builds on the case by offering more insight into the. excellence of SWA references to positively outrageous customer service and. the love that characterizes the spirit of the organization are two ways in which. Spring 2003, excellence is referred to in the video The video is shown on a screen between. the two boards used in the preceding discussion that have indicators of. excellence and drivers of excellence written on them This sort of physical. arrangement is intended to suggest a movement from drivers of excellence left. to the organization in action the video in the center to indicators of excellence. Discussion about excellence at SWA based on the video 12 minutes. Does the video reveal any additional indicators of excellence Written on the. same board as the previously identified indicators. Sample responses The employees are not just satisfied they are. energized the organization seems able to adapt to changing. circumstances the organization seems healthy intelligent and wise. Additional thoughts, o This is quite different than what many organizations tend to look. like For example it is not uncommon for other organizations to. make their members feel drained and less capable as opposed to. SWA that seems to energize and empower their employees. o This link between excellence and energy is an important theme. that will come up repeatedly throughout this course. Does the video reveal any additional drivers of excellence Written on the same. board as the previously identified drivers, Sample responses diversity love a desire to have fun competitiveness. of the culture simplicity in how things are structured and executed. employees having internalized a socially valued organizational identity. the founders of SWA having come to the airline industry as outsiders and. bringing with them a fresh perspective about how to do things. Slide 6 This slide lists various drivers of excellence that will be covered over the course. of the semester While going through the drivers listed on this slide we suggest. that you try to connect each of them to the drivers that were identified in the. preceding discussions about SWA Doing this can help the class see how this. slide builds on those discussions about SWA in setting up the general flow of the. class content from week to week Each driver on this slide can be thought of as a. pathway to fostering excellence The class is set up to examine each of these. pathways in turn The numbers in parentheses at the end of each driver on the. slide refers to the class in which that topic will be covered. Spring 2003, Slide 7 This slide presents more recent information about SWA s continued success.
The bullet points on this slide can be thought of as additional indicators of. organizational excellence It is important to include slides like this because they. remind the class that the excellence of an organization like SWA is associated. with more traditional markers of success such as profitability It also shows that. the excellence of the organization is sustainable over time. Additional information about SWA should be available online and in various. publications Consider including some of this information in slides as well It is. also important to note that SWA continues to have success even though Herb. Kelleher is no longer the CEO,Break 10 minutes,Slide 8 Slide 9. Slide 8 This slide summarizes some take away ideas about excellence many of which. may have been hinted at in the preceding discussions. Spring 2003, Slide 9 This is the first of two slides about the core assumptions that underlie the content. and structure of this course These slides help to set the tone for the whole class. and they introduce concepts that help to build a common language for talking. about excellence In this slide the concept of positively deviant cases is. introduced, Slide 10 This slide breaks the idea of positive deviance down into individual and. organizational factors Negative deviance normal and positive deviance. represent the left middle and right of a normal curve respectively Typically. there is a focus on achieving normalcy e g health effectiveness efficiency. etc by seeking out instances of negative deviance and fixing them in some way. The focus of this class and of Positive Organizational Scholarship in general is. on understanding how to achieve positive deviance e g excellence etc We. want to understand what enables positive deviance and what sustains it Slide. 10 is adapted from Cameron K Organizational Virtuousness and Performance. In K Cameron J Dutton and R Quinn 2003 Positive Organizational. Scholarship San Francisco Berrett Koehler, The language that is used on this slide to depict positive deviance and. extraordinary performance is not ideal because we do not have a well developed. language for talking about people and organizations this way We have many. words for negative states and problems but not so many words for the positive. To help explain this slide medicine can serve as a useful analogy For instance. how does a doctor know if someone is healthy Medical professionals are not. trained to focus on qualities and characteristics that are indicators of thriving. Rather being healthy typically means being free from illness or specific medical. problems Thus if a doctor cannot find something wrong with you it is assumed. that you are healthy In an organization things are assumed to be going well if. there are no noticeable problems Such a focus may keep organizations. Spring 2003, functioning at a normal or ordinary level of performance but it does not help to.
foster extraordinary levels of performance, Traditional approaches to understanding organizations that focus on problems. and deficits are still important but these approaches are only part of what we. should be paying attention to If problems and deficits are all that we focus on. then we will miss a lot of what is going on in organizations We should also be. trying to understand individuals and organizations when they are at their best. What do we know about how when individuals and organizations are thriving. Slide 11 Slide 12, Slide 11 This slide presents additional assumptions that underlie the content and structure. of this course The fourth bullet point about contexts enabling greatness by. helping to bring out the best in people is particularly important point that will be. revisited on many occasions throughout the course, Slide 12 This slide sets up a video As students watch the video they should be noting the. OBHRM 501 Human Behavior and Organizations Class 1 4 30 03 Jane E Dutton University of Michigan Managing for Excellence in Work Organizations Teaching Note Prepared by Jason M Kanov University of Michigan Goals of the class 1 To provide a brief overview of the content and objectives for the entire course 2 To facilitate student introductions and encourage students to connect their

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