Novel approaches to Parking Management on Nantucket

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Nantucket residents and visitors struggle with parking during the summer tourist season. Our goal was to propose improvements to parking management in the historic downtown in. collaboration with the Nantucket Planning Office and the Civic League We interviewed. stakeholders and surveyed homeowners to understand the preferences and concerns of residents. We found that lack of turnover along with employee parking are the primary causes of parking. difficulties and contrary to expectations a majority of respondents favored paid parking as part. of the solution Finally we propose short medium and long term recommendations such as the. implementation of new technology and the improvement of alternative transportation to improve. the parking management,ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS, Thank you to the Nantucket Planning Office and our liaison Mike Burns for his. dedication and for volunteering his time and resources to the success of our project as well as the. Nantucket Civic League especially our liaison Peter Morrison for their constant support. This project would not have been possible without all the residents of Nantucket who. took the time to take our survey as well as all our interviewees for their cooperation and the. insight they provided us listed in chronological order of interview date. John Hedden Nantucket Historic District, Chief William Pittman Lieutenant Angus Macvicar Nantucket Police Department. Janet Schulte Office of Culture Tourism,Gregg Tivnan Assistant Town Manager. Rachel Hobart ReMain Nantucket, David Martin and Allison Leary Chamber of Commerce. Lee Saperstein Roads and Right of Way other Committees. Paula Leary Nantucket Regional Transit Authority,Andrew Vorce Planning and Land Use Services.
Charles Stott Nantucket Civic League,David Fredericks Private Project Management. Michael Cozort Superintendent of Nantucket School District. Robert McNeil Department of Public Works,Jason Bridges Selectman. Libby Gibson Town Manager,Tom Rafter Nantucket Airport Manager. Matt Fee Selectman, Linda Williams and Nat Lowell Nantucket Planning Board. Tom Walton Nantucket Taxi Owners Association,Bruce Miller Former Selectman.
Jim Kelly Selectman,Dawn Hill Holdgate Selectman,Rita Higgins Selectman. We would also like to thank ReMain Nantucket the Office of Culture Tourism and. Young s Bike Shop for their warm welcome to the island and their generosity Thank you to The. Maria Mitchell Association for their hospitality and for providing us and the rest of the students. of Worcester Polytechnic Institute housing on island We would like to thank our advisors. Dominic Golding and Richard Vaz for their helpful feedback and advice throughout the course. of our project Finally thank you to our fellow Nantucket IQP groups for being so supportive. and for making our time on Nantucket memorable,EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Introduction, The notorious difficulty of searching for available parking is exceptionally difficult on. Nantucket as the summer season attracts many tourists onto the island nearly quadrupling the. population during that three month period Despite efforts to provide sufficient parking. downtown the demand far exceeds what the town can provide Drivers that cannot find a. parking space circle the area creating increased congestion and CO2 emissions Implementation. of an effective parking management system on Nantucket however is limited by regulations. designed to preserve the historic character of the downtown area These regulations have. prevented the integration of traditional options such as parking meters and kiosks in the past. Additionally the town lacks off street parking options in the downtown area and has limited. space to build supplementary parking structures The implementation of an effective paid. parking system is also limited by the reluctance of some Nantucket residents who are used to the. current free time limited parking system, The goal of this project is to propose updated approaches to improve the management of. parking in the Town of Nantucket To reach our goals the objectives for our project are. Objective 1 Identify stakeholder perspectives on parking issues and current and previous. parking management approaches, Objective 2 Solicit public and other stakeholder perspectives on selected parking.
management approaches, Objective 3 Evaluate stakeholder and public feedback to identify the most significant. factors that contribute to the parking situation to focus compatible management options. Objective 4 Propose short medium and long term management options that comprise a. comprehensive parking management system,Public Attitudes and Opinions. We conducted a survey of homeowners through the Civic League to gauge interest in. parking management options and parking usage willingness to purchase an annual sticker or pay. by hour for parking and use of a satellite lot The survey results indicate that. Seasonal residents favor directing paid parking revenues to be allocated to the following. in descending order of priority increasing shuttle bus services developing satellite. parking lots and expanding bike routes, Year round residents favor directing paid parking revenues to be allocated to the. following in descending order of priority increasing shuttle bus services increasing. enforcement and adding more bike paths, Although both types of residents prioritized increasing shuttle bus services only 25 of. the residents expressed personal willingness to patronize a shuttle bus. Voting taxpayer residents are equally divided in their preference for a one time parking. permit or for paying for parking by the hour,Interviews.
Our interviews with major stakeholders of downtown revealed their perspectives on the. causes of the parking problem public attitudes and behavior employee parking and. enforcement The interviews highlight the following points. Employees occupy numerous parking spaces during business hours which reduces the. amount available to patrons of local businesses, Parking difficulties are exacerbated by traffic congestion downtown that results from the. narrow streets and large volume of unmanaged pedestrians during the peak season. Residents and visitors attachment to their cars limits the usage of alternative forms of. transportation, Mixing different time limited zones leads to inconsistent enforcement because officers. may not be able regulate some zones fast enough The Stop Shop parking lot. downtown is heavily used but turnover is low because parking limits are not rigorously. enforced in this private lot,Recommendations, Our recommendations result from our interviews and surveys which document the. variety of factors that exacerbate downtown parking problems pedestrian and vehicular traffic. congestion employee parking and slow parking space turnover as well as from our background. Short Term, We recommend instituting a parking sticker system similar to the existing beach sticker. system within the next year once the Town has established a parking benefit district A one. time parking sticker fee is easy to implement and would generate a source of revenue to fund. increased shuttle bus services expanded satellite lots and increased capacity of current valet. Medium Term, In 2 5 years we recommend that the town transition from a basic parking sticker to an.
RFID transponder similar to a device like EZ Pass to facilitate automatic collection of an. hourly rate for parking with charges scaled to manage parking demand and behavior We also. recommend that the town reevaluate parking technologies These technologies are advancing. rapidly and it will be important to avoid implementing an obsolete technology. Within the next 10 years we recommend that the town move forward with the. redevelopment of a section of waterfront property downtown as an intermodal transportation. center which would include a parking garage bus stops and taxi access The town can also. improve upon medium term solutions by implementing higher technologies that provide more. real time data on parking,AUTHORSHIP, Writing responsibilities were divided among group members and are detailed below. There was typically a primary editor for each section and all group members were secondary. editors for all sections prior to submission Interview responsibilities were divided equally with. two group members attending each meeting Richard and Nicholas primarily performed the. survey analytics through use of Excel Nicholas also took the lead on formatting. Section Primary Author Primary Editor,Abstract Richard Shannon. Acknowledgements Shannon Angela,Executive Summary All All. Introduction Richard All,2 1 Angela Shannon,2 2 Nicholas Angela. 2 3 Shannon Richard,2 4 Angela Nicholas,2 5 Richard Angela.
2 6 Nicholas Richard,2 7 Angela Richard Nicholas,3 1 Shannon Nicholas. 3 2 Nicholas All,3 3 Angela All,3 4 Shannon All,3 5 Richard All. 3 6 Nicholas All,4 1 Shannon Angela Richard,4 2 Angela Nicholas Shannon. 4 3 Nicholas Richard,5 0 Richard Angela,Appendix A Angela All. Appendix B Nicholas All,Appendices C K All All,Appendix L Richard Angela.
Appendix M Shannon Angela,Appendix N Angela N A,Appendix O Nicholas All. Appendix P Richard Angela Shannon Nicholas,Table of Contents. Abstract i,Acknowledgements ii,Executive Summary iii. Authorship v,Table of Contents vii,List of Tables x. List of Figures xi,1 0 Introduction 1,2 0 Literature Review 2.
2 1 Parking on Nantucket 2, 2 2 Main Principles of Parking and Transportation Planning 3. 2 3 Current Parking Management on Nantucket 4,2 4 Parking Studies in Similar Communities 6. 2 5 Current Parking Practices from Other Cities 8,2 5 1 Boston MA 8. 2 5 2 Cooperstown NY 8,2 5 3 Seattle WA 8,2 5 4 Springfield MA 9. 2 6 Innovations in Parking Management Technology 9. 2 6 1 Cleverciti Parking Sensors 10, 2 6 2 License Plate Recognition System from Genetec 10.
2 6 3 RFID e Stickers 11,2 6 4 Intelligent Parking Reservation 12. 2 7 The Importance of Paid Parking 12,2 7 1 The High Cost of Free Parking 12. 2 7 2 Pricing Mechanisms 13,3 0 Methodology 16, 3 1 Objective 1 Identify Stakeholder Perspectives on Parking Issues and Current and Previous. Parking Management Approaches 17,3 1 1 Overall Approach 17. 3 1 2 Develop Interview Questions 17,3 1 3 Contact Interviewees and Plan Meetings 17.
3 1 4 Conduct Interviews 18,3 1 5 Code and Organize Content 18. 3 2 Objective 2 Solicit public and other stakeholder perspectives on selected parking. management approaches 18,3 2 1 Overall Approach 18. 3 2 2 Development of a Survey Instrument 18,3 2 3 Recruiting Participants 19. 3 2 4 Analyzing Results 19, 3 4 Objective 3 Evaluate stakeholder and public feedback to identify the most significant factors. that contribute to the parking situation to focus compatible management options 19. 3 5 Objective 4 Propose short medium and long term management options that comprise a. comprehensive parking management system 20, 3 6 Challenges limitations and flaws in our study 20.
4 0 Results Analysis 22, 4 1 Understanding stakeholder perspectives on parking 22. 4 1 1 Stakeholder Definitions of the parking problem 22. 4 1 2 Public Attitudes The Car Culture 23,4 1 3 Businesses Employee Parking 23. 4 1 4 Downtown Visitor Parking 24,4 1 5 Traffic Behavior 24. 4 1 6 Perspectives on Enforcement 25,4 2 Findings on Paid Parking 27. 4 2 1 Paid Parking 27, 4 2 2 Allocation of Revenue Generated from Parking 32.
4 3 Findings on Parking Management Options 35,4 3 1 Sticker 36. 4 3 2 Valet Parking 36,4 3 3 Satellite Lot with Shuttle Services 37. 4 3 4 Sensor Systems 37,4 3 5 RFID Enabled Parking Stickers 38. 4 3 6 Kiosks 38,4 3 7 Intermodal transportation center hub 39. 5 0 Conclusions and Recommendations 40,References 42.
Appendices 45,Appendix A List of Interviewed Stakeholders 45. Appendix B Project Timeline 46, Appendix C Interview Request Email to Stakeholder 47. Appendix D Interview Preamble 48,Appendix E Interview Script 49. Appendix F Interview Thank You Email 50,Appendix G Public Opinion Survey Questionnaire 51. Appendix H Email Accompanying Public Opinion Survey to Homeowners Association. Presidents 55, Appendix I Email Accompanying Public Opinion Survey to Friends of the Civic League 56.
Appendix J Civic League Letters of Support Accompanying Public Opinion Survey to Civically. Engaged Residents 57, Appendix K Civic League Confidentiality Agreement 58. Appendix L Scenarios for Paid Parking 59,Appendix M Further Technology Information 61. Appendix N Survey Comments 64, Appendix O Supplementary Data from the Public Opinion Survey 75. Appendix P Summative Team Assessment 78,LIST OF TABLES. Table 1 Summary of Existing Public Parking from Tetra Tech Rizzo 6. Table 2 Study Data from Towns Similar to Nantucket 7. Table 3 Civic League Parking System Options Survey Responses from February 2017 35. LIST OF FIGURES, Figure 1 Map of Massachusetts with Nantucket outlined in red 2.
Figure 2 Map of the Downtown District of Nantucket 4. Figure 3 The streets become congested from drivers searching for parking 5. Figure 4 Nantucket Parking Study Area 5, Figure 5 Area that the Cooperstown Trolley covers 8. Figure 6 Cleverciti Sensor Functionality Concept 10. Michael Cozort research Short Term We recommend instituting a parking sticker system similar to the existing beach sticker system within the next year once the Town has established a parking benefit district A one time parking sticker fee is easy to implement and would generate a source of revenue to fund increased shuttle bus services expanded satellite lots and increased

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