Mid term Review Report UMB

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1 Executive Summary 1,2 Introduction and Background 2. 3 Methodology and Limitations 2,4 Review Results 3. 4 1 Impact 3,4 2 Effectiveness 5,4 3 Efficiency 6,4 4 Relevance 6. 4 5 Sustainability 7,4 6 Institutional capacity 8,4 7 Financial management and corruption 9. 4 8 Stakeholder participation and issues 9,4 9 Environmental and technical sustainability 10.
4 10 Risk management 10,5 Conclusions and Recommendations 11. 6 Annexes 13, 6 1 List of Stakeholder Interviews Field Visits 13. 6 2 Summary Assessment of the Fifteen On going Research Projects 16. 6 3 Principal Investigator Survey Questions and Results 18. 6 4 PhD and MSc Scholarship Student Survey Questions and Results 25. 6 5 NGO REDD Pilot Project Survey Questions and Results 31. 6 6 Illustrative List of Documentation Reviewed 34. 1 Executive Summary, This report summarizes the findings of a mid term review of the Climate Change Impacts Adaptation. and Mitigation CCIAM research and capacity building programme in Tanzania This 5 year NOK. 93 88 million programme funded by the Government of Norway aims to achieve better management. of natural resources and the environment through appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies. and participation in climate change initiatives, The mid term review s scope focused on evaluating progress to date effectiveness and to the extent. possible impact Deloitte AS assessed the extent to which the programme is meeting its milestone. targets and is on a trajectory that will lead to achieving its stated Goal Purpose and Objectives. Key findings of the review include, The programme is behind schedule and needs a time extension to achieve key outputs.
While the Programme Document indicates a July 2009 June 2014 timeframe the contract. was signed in November 2009 Likewise the multi institutional collaborative model that was. established took longer than anticipated to establish its operating model including decision. making programme management reporting and selection criteria and processes for. research projects and scholarship recipients The result is that a time extension of 12 18. months is required to ensure that Ph D scholarship students and second call research. projects are able to reach completion as well as for results to be comprehensively captured. and disseminated, The participation of multiple institutions working together is adding value and will. provide an important foundation in Tanzania s future REDD activities Although. establishing coordinating mechanisms among participating institutions was time consuming. initially it is enhancing the quality of research projects and establishing a culture of. collaboration among institutions Research teams have access to expertise at partner. institutions that they may not have within their own staff student populations and information. is shared rather than protected across institutions This will create a multiplier effect of. enhanced knowledge and experiences and will be critical in Tanzania s continued growth of. REDD expertise at a national level and path to becoming one of Africa s leading. REDD climate change countries, To date the programme s activities are being performed in a vacuum with minimal. knowledge sharing or dissemination leading to a perception that CCIAM is not adding. value There is minimal understanding of what CCIAM is doing or how it is contributing to the. REDD dialogue outside of academia creating a perception that the programme is not. practical in nature The evaluation team notes that CCIAM students faculty and research. teams possess a great deal of knowledge that could be of value to the REDD Task Force. NGOs implementing REDD pilot projects and other stakeholders right now even prior to. reaching conclusive research results The programme should immediately launch a. coordinated effort to engage with the Task Force starting with feedback on the recently. released 2nd Draft REDD National Strategy and draft Action Plan to begin to impact the. national policymaking process, The evaluation team s opinion is that the CCIAM programme has the potential to have a significant. impact on Tanzania s national REDD agenda but that it is questionable whether it is on track to do so. on its current path The programme s log frame and budget allocation do not emphasize enough the. importance of translating academic research and training into pragmatic policymaking and awareness. Dissemination is buried under the Strategic Interventions sub component and instead should be. pulled out reported against and measured as a standalone component It is through attention to this. element including possible revision of the log frame and budget that the programme will provide. practical value and maximize impact With a time extension and a focused effort on engagement. outside of the academic community the programme will dramatically increase its reach and impact. Please refer to this report s annexes for a list of meetings and documents reviewed and survey. responses from a sampling of students principal investigators and NGO pilot projects. 2 Introduction and Background, Climate change is one of the biggest global challenges to sustainable livelihoods and economic. development Deforestation and forest degradation is the cause of approximately 15 of greenhouse. gas emissions In response to this challenge Norway launched the International Climate and Forest. Initiative in 2008 in an effort to forward inclusion of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and. Degradation REDD in a future international climate change regime From this initiative Norway and. Tanzania signed a Letter of Intent on a Climate Change Partnership with a focus on supporting REDD. pilot activities in the field capacity building national strategy development and implementation. One component of this Letter of Intent is the NOK 93 88 million Climate Change Impacts Adaptation. and Mitigation CCIAM programme a comprehensive research and capacity building programme for. climate change adaptation and mitigation involving universities and research institutions in Tanzania. and Norway Sokoine University of Agriculture is the lead institution in coordination with three. additional Tanzanian institutions University of Dar es Salaam Ardhi University and Tanzania. Meteorological Agency as well as several Norwegian institutions coordinated by the Norwegian. University of Life Sciences, The Goal of the CCIAM programme is better management of natural resources and the environment.
through appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies and participation in climate change. initiatives while the Purpose is to develop and sustain adequacy in national capacity to address the. effects and challenges of climate change in Tanzania This programme is designed to be executed. through four components strategies research capacity building needs to address climate change. strategic interventions and documentation promotion and publicity administration. 3 Methodology and Limitations,The review comprised three main components. 1 Document Review The team reviewed technical documentation provided by the Norwegian. Embassy by the participating institutions and through desk research including Programme. Documents Agreements Progress Reports Work Plans Formal Meeting Minutes etc A. complete list of documents reviewed is included in Annex 6 8. 2 Site Visits and Interviews The team conducted a series of site visits to Sokoine University. of Agriculture University of Dar es Salaam Ardhi University Tanzania Meteorological. Agency and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences where the team met with CCIAM. coordinators research team members and accounting administrative staff These meetings. were augmented by interviews with the national REDD Task Force the UN REDD. coordinator and others, 3 Surveys The team conducted a series of phone in person and email surveys with CCIAM s. MSc and PhD scholarship students NGO REDD pilot projects and Principal Investigators. The team spoke with NORAD in Oslo and held two meetings with Embassy staff in Dar Es Salaam a. kick off meeting at the beginning of the in country data collection phase and a debrief meeting at the. The primary limitation in conducting this review is that the delayed status of the programme means. there are fewer data points to ascertain the impact sustainability or effectiveness of the programme to. date Approximately 12 18 months behind schedule some activities have not yet begun while those in. progress elicit minimal indication of future impact Nonetheless the evaluation team believes the. review remains a useful exercise as a means to identify early red flags to maximize future impact. It should be noted that all CCIAM institutions were extremely helpful and accommodating in briefing. the team and providing all requested documentation and time for follow up meetings and. correspondence,4 Review Results,4 1 Impact,4 1 1 Implementing the Research Programme. The first batch of research projects started late November 2010 after a rigorous selection process The. CCIAM programme is supporting 15 research projects conducting activities in various areas in the. country out which 8 are hosted at SUA 4 at UDSM 2 at ARU and 1 at TMA A total of 17 Norwegian. researchers and 8 NGOs are participating in the projects There are also projects that are not linked to. any REDD pilot project to avoid concentrating too many research projects in one area and to cover as. wide of geographical locations as possible In terms of vegetation types the research projects cover. the miombo woodlands lowland forests coastal forests mangroves and montane forests. CCIAM conducted a second call for research projects in which six projects were approved but have. not yet begun as the log frames and budgets are still under review These projects expected start. date is July 2012 however without a 12 18 month programme extension these projects would not. reach the end of their 3 year duration, Progress is well along in activities and target results for Output 1 Appropriate climate change. mitigation and adaptation strategies in forestry other land uses ecosystems and biodiversity. management this is less so for Output 2 Climate change impacts on and vulnerability of ecosystem. services and livelihoods under REDD initiatives assessed and Output 3 Policy and legal framework. of climate change adaptation and mitigation with emphasis on economic efficiency ecological. effectiveness and wider political legitimacy analysed where many of these activities are partially. underway or will be forthcoming in the research projects slated to begin in July 2012. The overall evaluation is that final impact of the research programme is expected to be high provided. a programme extension is granted Without an extension impact will be significantly reduced as many. research findings will not reach conclusion, Log Frame Output 1 Six projects are addressing mitigation and adaptation strategies and.
technologies including addressing issues related to quantification of the potential for forestry based. carbon off sets and carbon trading The resulting product is the development of a forest carbon. assessment and monitoring system Fishery resources are addressed in the mangrove ecosystem. Models for estimating mangroves carbon are yet to be developed but they are expected to be. finalized at the end of 2012, The programme provides inputs on determining an effective and efficient payment system for REDD in. Tanzania Different REDD pilot projects are experimenting with different mechanisms such that. research related to payment mechanisms may lack enough data to compare at the end NGOs have. not tested all mechanisms and have avoided protected areas in terms of carbon ownership. uncertainties, The output on assessment of small holder forestry potential for climate change mitigation adaptation. and rural development is addressed under a project on economic valuation of incremental biomass. under PFM and its potential to serve as management incentives under REDD Financial analysis of. carbon sequestration and storage is studied under a project on comparative study of incentive options. for forest based emissions reduction biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement. Triangulation of the above projects with indigenous knowledge can be very effective in developing. adaptation and mitigation measures for climate change. Log Frame Output 2 Six research projects address this output and are geared towards assessing. climate change impacts on ecosystem services and their vulnerability and livelihoods under REDD. initiatives One NTFP product mushrooms has already been identified as having potential for. adaptation by communities around some forests Communities have been trained on mushroom. cultivation technologies in selected forests and further initiatives are planned to train on improving. storage and market promotion The research in the mangrove has collected data on perceptions. vulnerability and coping strategies to climate change impacts The role of indigenous knowledge in. environmental conservation and in climate change adaptation and mitigation is being studied but in. areas where there is no REDD pilot project This type of research would have more impact if it was. crosscutting against all REDD pilot projects where communities are participating Extrapolation of such. information may mislead due to differences in climatic variables culture and land use practices. This 5 year NOK 93 88 million programme funded by the Government of Norway aims to achieve better management of natural resources and the environment through appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies and participation in climate change initiatives The mid term review s scope focused on evaluating progress to date effectiveness and to the extent possible impact Deloitte AS

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