Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool

Manual Handling Assessment Charts The Mac Tool-Free PDF

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Health and Safety,How to complete a MAC assessment. Note Using the MAC may not comprise a suitable and sufficient risk. assessment You may need to do a full risk assessment when certain conditions. apply Before you start your MAC assessment look at the checklist on the. score sheet to see if any of them apply to you The Appendix of Manual handling. L23 4 explains this in more detail, G GREEN Low level of risk Although the risk is low consider the exposure. levels for vulnerable groups such as pregnant women disabled recently injured. young or inexperienced workers, A AMBER Medium level of risk Examine tasks closely. R RED High level of risk Prompt action needed This may expose a. significant proportion of the working population to risk of injury. P PURPLE Unacceptable level of risk Such operations may represent a. serious risk of injury and must be improved, Identify the tasks to assess Choose the ones that you know are hard work or. that employees complain about, Consult employees and their representatives on the manual handling risks.
from their work and ways to manage and or control these risks See. INDG2325 for more information Aim to gain insight into the demands of the. job from the perspectives of all employees carrying out the task. Observe the task carefully videoing may help and make sure that you look at. how it is normally done, Select the appropriate type of assessment lifting carrying or team handling. If a task involves lifting and carrying consider both. Follow the appropriate assessment guide and flow chart to determine the. level of risk for each risk factor Always assess the worst case scenario if. Enter the colour bands and numerical scores on the score sheet and use. them to identify which risk factors need to be examined and the total level of. exposure to risk, An interactive score sheet is at www hse gov uk msd mac scoresheet htm. Look for ways of modifying the task to reduce the red risk factors to amber or. green and to reduce amber risk factors to green, If the individual does a number of tasks assess each one separately. Prioritise action by addressing the task with the highest total score first The. total scores do not relate to specific action levels. Look at www hse gov uk msd mac for further guidance on using this tool. Remember The purpose of the assessment is to identify and then reduce the. overall level of risk of the task You need to put measures in place to control the. risks you have identified There is space to list your control measures on. the score sheet, Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 2 of 20. Health and Safety,Lifting operations assessment guide.
A Load weight frequency, Note the weight of the load and the frequency or repetition rate of the lifting. operation Read the risk band from the graph below and enter the colour band and. numerical score onto the score sheet, If the colour band is purple you should examine the task very closely as it may. represent a serious risk of injury and must be improved. Load weight frequency graph for lifting operations. Weight of load kg, One lift per 30 minutes 5 minutes 2 minutes 1 minute 14 seconds 9 seconds 5 seconds. day 2 12 30 60 250 400 720,One lift every lifts per hour. To assess lifting at more than once every five seconds you should carry out a full. risk assessment, Repetitive handling of light items will fall within the green zone but may be.
associated with upper limb problems For advice on assessing these tasks see. Upper limb disorders in the workplace6 and the ART tool. When a job is complex because load weights vary significantly eg in order picking. distribution you can use the Variable manual handling assessment chart V MAC. tool7 to assess the load weight frequency risk factor instead of this graph before. returning to complete your MAC assessment, Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 3 of 20. Health and Safety,Lifting operations assessment guide. B Hand distance from the lower back, Observe the horizontal distance between the worker s hands and lower back. You should assess the worst case scenario including picking up and putting. down Use the following illustrations and descriptions as a guide. Upper arms vertical AND Upper arms angled Torso bent Torso upright Upper arms angled. torso upright away from torso forward Arms fully away from torso AND. outstretched torso bent forward, Hands close to Hands at moderate Hands far from the low back. the low back G 0 distance from the low back A 3 R 6. C Vertical lift zones, Observe the vertical position of the worker s hands at both the start and end of the.
lift Record the worst case colour band score Use the following illustrations and. descriptions as a guide, Hands Hands between Hands Hands at floor level Hands at. between knee and floor between or below head height. knee and G 0 level elbow A 1 or above R 3,elbow height and. height head height, Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 4 of 20. Health and Safety,Lifting operations assessment guide. D Torso twisting and sideways bending, Observe the worker s torso as the load is lifted If the person twists the torso in.
relation to the hips OR leans to one side as the load is lifted the colour band is. amber and the score is 1 If the torso both twists AND bends to the side as the. load is lifted the colour band is red and the score is 2. Little or no Torso twisted Torso bent Torso both,torso twisting sideways twisted AND. or sideways G 0 A 1 bent sideways R 2,E Postural constraints. Look for factors that force workers to modify their postures If their movements. are restricted when lifting because of the space available eg lifting in a narrow. aisle or in a crowded or disorganised storage area or lifting through narrow gaps. the colour band is amber and the score is 1 If the posture is severely restricted. eg lifting in an area with a low ceiling the colour band is red and the score is 3. Severely restricted, No postural constraints G 0 Restricted posture A 1 posture R 3. Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 5 of 20. Health and Safety,Lifting operations assessment guide. F Grip on the load, Look at the quality of the grip that the worker can use to get hold of and control.
the load The worker may need to reposition their hands on the object as a lift. progresses If this is so assess the worst case scenario. Fit for purpose handles Handles or handholds No handles or handhold Rough slippery or. handholds matched to too small or lack finger areas with pressure points. the size and weight of clearance or only the,the load fingers support the load. Cylindrical handles or No handles or handholds Palm pinch or fingertip Irregular bulky or. items the whole hand can but can be held grip or force used to non rigid. wrap round comfortably underneath or has strap keep items together. or loop handles,Reasonable,Good grip G 0 grip A 1 Poor grip R 2. G Floor surface, Look at the condition of the floor where the handling task takes place Note that for. outdoor work this will depend on the weather Always assess the worst case scenario. Non slip dry clean firm level Mostly dry and clean damp or Slippery greasy oily wet icy OR. and undamaged some debris OR reasonably firm much debris OR soft OR unstable. OR minor damage OR severe damage, Good floor surface G 0 Reasonable floor surface A 1 Poor floor surface R 2. H Environmental factors, Observe the work environment and score if the handling operation takes place.
in extremes of temperature with strong air movements or in extreme lighting. conditions dark bright or poor contrast If one of the risk factors is present. score 1 if two or more of the risk factors are present score 2. No factors G 0 One factor A 1 Two or more factors R 2. Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 6 of 20. Health and Safety,Lifting operations flowchart,START Insert the colours and numerical. scores on the score sheet and identify,and implement suitable control measures. See graph on p3 G 0,No factors G 0,A Load weight See graph on p3 A 4 H. frequency Environmental One factor A 1,See graph on p3 R 6 factors. Two or more factors R 2,50 kg or more P 10,Hands close to G 0.
the low back Good floor surface G 0, distance from Hands at moderate A 3 G Floor Reasonable floor A 1. the lower distance from the,surface surface,Hands far from R 6 Poor floor surface R 2. the low back,Hands between G 0,knee and elbow,Hands between A. knee and floor level,Good grip G 0,C Vertical lift Hands between A F Grip on. elbow height and Reasonable grip A 1,zones the load.
head height,Poor grip R 2,Hands at floor level R 3. Hands at head R 3,height or above,Little or no torso G 0. twisting or sideways,bending No postural G 0,constraints. D Torso twisting Torso twisted A 1 E Postural,and sideways Restricted posture A 1. constraints,bending Torso bent A 1,sideways Severely restricted R 3.
Torso both twisted R 2,AND bent sideways, Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 7 of 20. Health and Safety,Carrying operations assessment guide. A Load weight frequency, Note the weight of the load and the frequency or repetition rate of the carrying. operation Read the risk band from the graph below and enter the colour band and. numerical score onto the score sheet, If the colour band is purple you should examine the task very closely as it may. represent a serious risk of injury and must be improved. Load weight frequency graph for carrying operations. Weight of load kg, One carry 30 minutes 5 minutes 2 minutes 1 minute 12 seconds.
per day 2 12 30 60 300,One carry every carries per hour. To assess carrying at more than once every 12 seconds you should carry out a full. risk assessment, As the V MAC7 takes account of carrying distance when a job is complex because. load weights vary significantly eg in order picking distribution you can use it to. assess the load weight frequency risk factor instead of this graph before returning. to complete your MAC assessment, Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 8 of 20. Health and Safety,Carrying operations assessment guide. B Hand distance from the lower back, Observe the horizontal distance between the worker s hands and lower back You.
should assess the worst case scenario including the start and finish of the task. Use the following illustrations and descriptions as a guide. Upper arms vertical Upper arms angled Torso bent forward Upper arms angled. AND torso upright away from torso away from torso AND. torso bent forward, Hands close to Hands at moderate distance from the Hands far from. the low back G 0 low back A 3 the low back R 6,C Asymmetrical torso or load. When carrying the posture of the worker s torso and the position of the load are. risk factors associated with musculoskeletal injury Use the following illustrations. and descriptions as a guide,Load AND Torso symmetrical Load not Two handed. hands but load is carried symmetrical carrying to the. symmetrical G 0 to one side A 1 side R 2,in front of the. D Postural constraints, Look for factors that force workers to modify their postures If their movements are.
restricted during the carry eg a narrow doorway forces the worker to turn or move. the load to get through the colour band is amber and the score is 1 If the posture. is severely restricted eg having to bend forward to carry in an area with a low. ceiling the colour band is red and the score is 3,Severely restricted. No postural constraints G 0 Restricted posture A 1 posture R 3. Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 9 of 20. Health and Safety,Carrying operations assessment guide. E Grip on the load, Look at the quality of the grip that the worker can use to get hold of and control. the load The worker may need to reposition their hands on the object as a lift. progresses If this is so assess the worst case scenario. Fit for purpose handles Handles or handholds No handles or handhold Rough slippery or. handholds matched to too small or lack finger areas with pressure points. the size and weight of clearance or only the,the load fingers support the load. Cylindrical handles or No handles or handholds Palm pinch or fingertip Irregular bulky or. items the whole hand can but can be held grip or force used to non rigid. wrap round comfortably underneath or has strap keep items together. or loop handles,Reasonable,Good grip G 0 grip A 1 Poor grip R 2.
F Floor surface, Examine the condition of the floor at the locations where the handling task occurs. Note that for outdoor work this will depend on the weather Always assess the. worst case scenario, Non slip dry clean firm level Mostly dry and clean damp or Slippery greasy oily wet icy OR. and undamaged some debris OR reasonably firm debris in several areas OR soft OR. OR minor damage unstable OR severe damage, Good floor surface G 0 Reasonable floor surface A 1 Poor floor surface R 3. G Carry distance, Observe the task and estimate the total distance that the load is carried not the. distance as the crow flies, Between 2 m and 4 m G 0 Between 4 m and 10 m A 1 Over 10 m R 2.
Manual handling assessment charts the MAC tool Page 10 of 20. charts the MAC tool This is a web friendly version of leaflet INDG383 rev3 published 11 18 Introduction Work related musculoskeletal disorders MSDs including manual handling injuries are the most common type of occupational ill health in the UK It is important to remember that there is a lot you can do to prevent them

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