Lingva Latina Per Se Illvstrata Capitvlvm SECVNDVM

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The Genitive Case, In this reading you ve seen sentences such as I lius pater M rc et Qu nt est which you were. able to understand as Julius is the father of Marcus and Quintus The words M rc and. Qu nt are in the genitive case The genitive case is used to express a very close relationship. between two nouns In English this is usually done by using the preposition of Some. examples in English then might be the house of friends a fear of snakes a jar of. pennies a woman of virtue The words of friends of snakes of pennies and of. virtue qualify or limit in different ways the nouns on which they re paired Of friends of. snakes of pennies and of virtue would be expressed in Latin by friends snakes. pennies and virtue with no preposition the genitive ending flag contains the idea of of. within it Because these relationships are identical to the English use of the genitive with of. there should be little difficulty in understanding the genitive case in Latin. QUICK TEST, What English keyword is used to transmit the idea of the genitive case. Awesome You ve now mastered the genitive case,The Genitive of Possession. One of the most common uses of the genitive case is that of ownership or possession the. book of the girl the father of Julia the house of John etc This is a specialized use of the. genitive case known as the genitive of possession or genet vus possess vus The genitive of. possession can be expressed two ways the father or Julia or Julia s father In English the. apostrophe sort of serves as a genitive ending Remember any word in the genitive case is. going to be translated with the word of in front of it. Declensions, In Latin nouns are organized into families called declensions All nouns in the same declension. will behave in the same way There are five declensions of nouns in Latin Just members of our. families may share a common last name all members of a noun declension family shares a last. name A noun can only be in one family The last name and thus the declension of a noun is its. genitive singular ending Unlike other endings the genitive singular ending is unique to its. own family and therefore we can look to the genitive singular ending to identify a noun s. declension, Here are the genitive singular endings for all five declensions.
1st Declension 2nd Declension 3rd Declension 4th Declension 5th Declension. Here s a chart of the cases you ve met now in the 1st and 2nd Declensions. Case 1st Declension 2nd2nd,Declension,Declension,Nominative Singular a us r. Genitive Singular ae,Ablative Singular,Case 1st Declension 2nd Declension masc. Nominative Plural ae us r,Genitive Plural rum rum,Ablative Plural s s. Commit these to memory Soon we ll be adding more cases and expanding our charts. PRACTICE Identify the declension number of the following nouns using the GENITIVE. singular ending as your guide All nouns are given in their genitive singular form. 1 vir 2 puellae 3 oppid 4 puer 5 nsulae, 6 p ns 7 pr vinciae 8 numer 9 litterae 10 ancillae. 11 domin 12 m tris 13 p ginae 14 patris 15 f li,16 f liae 17 arc s 18 n minis 19 mammae 20 exempl.
21 r 22 man s 23 serv 24 animae 25 anim,The Dictionary Entry Form Nouns. When you look up a noun in the glossary you will see it listed in a special standardized way. known as the dictionary entry form The dictionary entry form provides you with four key. pieces of information the nominative singular the genitive singular the gender and the. English equivalent of the word You will see two main types of dictionary entry forms. The first type looks like this,aurum n gold,nominative genitive gender English. singular singular equivalent,The second type looks like this. ager agr m field,nominative full gender English,singular genitive equivalent. In the Second Type the stem changes and so you are given the full genitive singular. Remember The DICTIONARY ENTRY,FORM gives you EVERYTHING you need to.
know about a noun its stem its,declension its gender and its English. equivalent How Convenient, 1 USE YOUR GLOSSARY TO FIND THE DICTIONARY ENTRY FORMS FOR THE. FOLLOWING WORDS AND FILL IN THE MISSING BLANKS, 2 IDENTIFY THE MISSING PART genitive singular gender English equivalent. 3 IDENTIFY THE DECLENSION 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th,1 metus s fear Dec. 2 n men n name tribe name Dec,3 portus m port harbor Dec.
4 servit s servit tis f Dec,5 liber libr book Dec,6 v lla ae f Dec. 7 m nsa f table Dec,8 lupus wolf Dec,9 pedes m foot soldier Dec. 10 fenestra ae window Dec,11 dictum n Dec,12 di s m day date Dec. 13 oculus eye Dec,14 gladius m sword Dec,15 l x f light daylight Dec. Interrogative Pronouns, An interrogative is a word used to ask a question You have already met a few in the first.
chapter such as ubi The pronouns quis and quae are used to ask questions about persons. They simply translate as who and operate the same as they do in English Quis est M rcus. Who is Marcus Quae est m ter M rc Who is the mother of Marcus These pronouns behave. like adjectives so they will agree in gender number and case with the words they are paired. with Quis and Quae are in the nominative case masculine for the first feminine for the other. and are singular You ve already seen the neuter nominative singular interrogative Quid. You ve also now met the interrogative in the genitive case In all three genders for the. singular it s cuius which is translated as whose, These interrogative pronouns have their own declension pattern Soon you will meet all. the forms but for now know these,Case Masculine Feminine Neuter. Nominative Singular quis who quae who quid what, Genitive Singular cuius whose cuius whose cuius whose. Nominative Plural qu who quae who quae who,Textbook Tip. Sometimes the book helps you infer the meaning of a new word by giving you just. enough information to piece together its meaning Usually the answer will prevent. itself after a look or two Try to avoid using the glossary as much as you can by. learning the new words from the context of the story or the margin notes Here is. an example from page 14,quot I II III,quot f liae,quot oppida.
The first line shows you that the answer to the question quot is one two three. The last three lines show you that the word quot does not change to agree with. What does quot mean,Conjunctions, A conjunction is a word that joins words and sentences together Instead of et and. sometimes you will see the word que que like et means and Note that que has a hyphen in. front of it This means that you will never see this word standing alone It will always be. attached to the word which is the second element of a pair que should be translated before. the word to which it is attached,For example D lia M dusque Delia and Medus. M rcus et Qu ntus I liaque Marcus and Quintus and Julia. PRACTICE COMPLETE EXERCITIA 1 2 3 4 in your online textbook. When you ve finished memorize the following words and their English equivalents. vir f mina puer,puella familia pater,m ter f lius f lia. l ber que quis quae qu, Estne M dus f lius I li M dus f lius I li n n est M dus est servus I li I lius dominus M d. est I lius dominus serv est D vus quoque servus est M dus et D vus duo serv sunt I lius. est dominus M d et D v I lius dominus serv rum est et pater l ber rum. Estne D lia f lia Aemiliae D lia n n est f lia Aemiliae D lia ancilla Aemiliae est. Aemilia domina D liae est Aemilia domina ancillae est Syra quoque ancilla est D lia et Syra. duae ancillae sunt Aemilia domina ancill rum est, Cuius servus est D vus D vus servus I li est Cuius ancilla est Syra Syra est ancilla.
Quot l ber sunt in famili In famili sunt tr s l ber Quot f li et quot f liae Duo f li et. na f lia Quot serv sunt in famili In famili sunt centum serv In famili I li sunt mult. serv pauc l ber I lius est dominus mult rum serv rum. Duo et tr s numer sunt Centum quoque numerus est Numerus serv rum est. centum Numer l ber rum est tr s Centum est magnus numerus Tr s parvus numerus est. Numerus serv rum est magnus Numerus l ber rum parvus est In famili I li magnus. numerus serv rum parvus numerus l ber rum est, M dus servus Graecus est D lia est ancilla Graeca In famili I li sunt mult serv. Graec multaeque ancillae Graecae Estne Aemilia f mina Graeca Aemilia n n est f mina. Graeca sed R m na I lius n n vir Graecus sed R m nus est. Sparta oppidum Graecum est Sparta Delph T sculumque tria oppida sunt duo. oppida Graeca et num oppidum R m num In Graeci et in Itali magnus numerus. oppid rum est In Galli est magnus numerus fluvi rum Fluvi Galliae magn sunt M gn ne. sunt fluvi fricae In fric unus fluvius magnus est N lus c ter fluvi fricae parv sunt. Suntne magnae nsulae Graecae Cr ta et Euboea duae nsulae magnae sunt c terae nsulae. Graecae sunt parvae,BONUS ACTIVITY, There s a lot of new adjectives in this lecti Draw an arrow. from each adjective to the noun it modifies, In what three ways do adjectives agree with the nouns they. The Genitive of Quantity, Another specialized use of the genitive case is the genitive of quantity a k a genet vus. quantit tis Like all words in the genitive case we translate using the English word of The. genitive of quantity simply tells us how much of something there is For example the phrase. numerus serv rum est magnus would be translated as the number of slaves is large. PRACTICE Translate the following phrases Mark with a P if it s a genitive of. possession and with a Q if it s a genitive of quantity. Translation Type,1 numerus l ber rum,2 f lius I li.
3 dominus serv rum,4 magnus numerus fluvi rum,5 l ber I li. 6 ancilla Aemiliae,7 numerus serv rum, A box full of cookies fasciculus pl nus cr stul rum MMMM. What kind of genitive,The girl s cookies cr stula puellae. What kind of genitive,The Dictionary Entry Form Adjectives. When you look up an adjective in the glossary you will see it listed in a special standardized. way known as the dictionary entry form The dictionary entry form of many adjectives. follows this pattern,parvus a um little small, This shows that the adjective has a masculine form parvus a feminine form a and a neuter.
form um We call adjectives that have this pattern 2 1 2 adjectives or New York adjectives. These adjectives are easily paired with the nouns you ve met because they ll mostly share the. exact same endings, PRACTICE COMPLETE EXERCITIA 5 6 7 8 9 in your online textbook. When you ve finished memorize the following words and their English equivalents. quot centum servus,ancilla dominus domina, Quis est Corn lius Corn lius dominus R m nus est I lius et Corn lius duo domin R m n. sunt M dus n n est servus Corn li M dus servus I li est. Corn lius Cuius servus est M dus,I lius M dus servus meus est. Corn lius Estne D vus servus tuus, I lius D vus quoque servus meus est Serv me sunt M dus et D vus et c ter mult. Corn lius Estne D lia ancilla tua, I lius D lia est ancilla mea et Syra quoque ancilla mea est Ancillae meae sunt D lia et.
Syra et c terae multae Familia mea magna est,Corn lius Quot serv sunt in famili tu. I lius In famili me sunt centum serv,Corn lius Quid. I lius Numerus serv rum me rum est centum, Corn lius Centum serv Magnus est numerus serv rum tu rum. LIBER TVVS LATINVS,Ecce duo libr Lat n liber ant quus. et liber novus LINGVA LATINA est,pr mus liber tuus Lat nus Titulus.
libr tu est LINGVA LATINA Liber,tuus n n ant quus sed novus est. In LINGVA LATINA sunt,multae p ginae et multa capitula. capitulum pr mum secundum, tertium c tera IMPERIVM ROMANVM est titulus capitul pr m Titulus capitul secund est. FAMILIA ROMANA In capitul secund sunt sex p ginae In p gin pr m capitul secund. multa voc bula nova sunt vir f mina puer puella familia c tera Numerus voc bul rum. Lat n rum magnus est,Possessive Adjectives, This chapter introduces the possessive adjectives of the first my mine and second your. person meus a um tuus a um Like all adjectives they will agree with the gender. number and case of the nouns they modify So when Julius says D lia est ancilla mea mea. is an adjective agreeing with ancilla so it is feminine singular and nominative The possessive. adjective is used to refer to what belongs to the person speaking or the person being spoken. Case feminine noun masculine noun neuter noun, Nominative Singular ancilla mea tua servus meus tuus oppidum meum.
Genitive Singular ancillae meae tuae serv me tu oppid me. Ablative Singular ancill me tu serv me tu oppid me. Case feminine noun masculine noun neuter noun, Nominative Plural ancillae meae tuae serv me tu oppida mea. Genitive Plural ancill rum me rum serv rum me rum oppid rum me rum. Ablative Plural ancill s me s serv s me s oppid s me s. PRACTICE Provide the Latin for the following phrases. 1 my slave girl nominative singular,2 your slave girl nominative singular. 3 of your slaves genitive plural,4 your town ablative singular. 5 my slaves nominative plural,6 your slave girls ablative plural. 7 of my town genitive singular,8 your towns nominative singular.
Textbook Tip,On page 16 you see the phrase,ecce duo libr. It is used to call attentions to something in this case it s pointing to the two. PRACTICE COMPLETE EXERCITIA 10 11 12 13 in your online textbook. When you ve finished memorize the following words and their English equivalents

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