LEVEL 5 5 The Great Gatsby Clases de Ingl s en Valencia

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Pearson E d u catio n L im ited,Edinburgh Gate Harlow. Essex C M 20 2JE England,and Associated Com panies throughout the world. ISBN 978 1 4058 6517 3, First published in the Longm an Fiction Series 1993. This adaptation first published in 1996,First published by Penguin Books 2000. This edition published 2008,3 5 7 9 10 8 6 4 2,Text copyright Penguin Books Ltd 2000.
This edition copyright Pearson Education Ltd 2008,Typeset by Graphicraft Ltd H o n g Kong. Set in 1 1 1 4pt B em bo,P rinted in China,S W T C 0 2. A ll rights reserved no part o f this publication may be reproduced stored. in a retrieval system or transmitted in any fo rm or by any means. electronic mechanical photocopying recording or otherurise without the. prior written permission o f the Publishers, Published by Pearson Education Ltd in association w ith. Penguin Books Ltd both companies being subsidiaries o f Pearson Pic. I hi i 11 n 11 i l i i i li ii i l l i l i r m l i v i i l i l ill in i In I i 11 1 1 1 11 1 I i in i i ii l i ill in your local. l i ii in i I i h i i i i i h i i ill 1 1 i ii ii i l i i i p ill i I i nli 1 1 M iii I 1 1 1111 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ii i n I i i in I t l u i ii ion. I i In il m i n il U ili lliilu v I v i n M Ml l t 11 111111. In tro d u c tio n V,C h a p te r 1 W est Egg and East Egg 1. C h a p te r 2 M rs W ilson 11,C h a p te r 3 M eetin g M r Gatsby 16.
C h a p te r 4 Gatsby and Daisy 25,C h a p te r 5 T h e Tea Party 33. C h ap te r 6 G atsby s Party 41,C h a p te r 7 A H o t A fte rn o o n 49. C h a p te r 8 A ccident 59,C h a p te r 9 M u rd er 63. C h a p te r 10 Saying G oodbye 71,Activities 80,Introduction. T hey re no good any o f them I shouted across the lawn and I meant. Tom and Daisy and all o f Gatsby s fashionable friends You re worth. the whole lot o f them, W hat is any m an o r w o m an w orth T h a t is a q uestion that som e.
o f th e characters in The Great Gatsby struggle w ith and others. sim ply ignore, A t the b eg in n in g o f th e novel Jay Gatsby is a m ysterious. character N o one know s w h ere he has com e from h o w he has. m ade his fo rtu n e o r w h y he has b o u g h t an expensive house in. West E gg o n L ong Island B u t everyone seems to appear every. w eekend at th e brilliant parties at his grand house. N ic k C arraw ay is th e storyteller and he connects East and West. Egg for us H e is G atsby s n eighbour and he know s Tom and. Daisy B uch an an from East Egg the m ost fashionable place to live. on L ong Island N ic k h im self com es from a w ealthy M idw estern. fam ily and looks at life o n the east coast th ro u g h the eyes o f an. outsider His d escription o f tw o very different w orlds com ing. to g eth e r gives us an idea o f w h a t life was like in the U n ite d States. in the 1920s, B u t w h y are these tw o w orlds th ro w n together T h e Buchanans. have little interest in anyone outside th eir circle o f rich fashionable. friends they do n o t atten d G atsby s parties B u t Gatsby is in West. Egg for a purp o se w h ich involves the B uchanans H e has com e. to L ong Island to find D aisy and to claim her, A b o u t five years earlier Gatsby and Daisy had a love affair b ut. Gatsby did n o t have e n o u g h to offer a girl like Daisy T h ey w ent. th eir separate ways and Gatsby w o rk ed hard to change him self. in to the kind o f m an th at D aisy s w orld could accept N o w he. has com e to find her to tell h er that he loves h e r and to take her. away w ith him, W ill G atsby s dream com e true W ill D aisy leave T om and give. up everything she has to be w ith Gatsby W ill th e tw o w orlds. com e to g eth er th ro u g h them, Francis S cott Key Fitzgerald was b o rn in M in n esota in 1896.
T h e tw o different sides o f his fam ily h elp ed to shape h im in to. the k ind o f w rite r he becam e Like m any o f th e characters in. The Great Gatsby his father E dw ard cam e from a w ealthy u p p e r. class family In fact M r Fitzgerald n am ed his son after a distant. cousin Francis S cott Key the m an w h o w ro te T h e Star Spangled. B an n e r the national song show ing by this th at th e Fitzgeralds. cam e from traditional A m erican roots In contrast to the highly. respected Fitzgeralds Francis S co tt s m o th er M ollie M cQ uillan. cam e from a fam ily o f p o o r Irish farm ers b u t in the U S h er. father like the G reat Gatsby him self achieved the A m erican. D ream and th ro u g h hard w ork becam e a w ealthy shop ow ner. W h e n his o w n business failed in 1908 E dw ard Fitzgerald. m oved his fam ily back to M in n eso ta and lived on the m oney. that M o llies father h ad left her F Scott Fitzgerald u n derstood the. advantages o f an upper class b ack g ro u n d as well as the advantages. o f having a lo t o f m oney even if it had to be earned In his. w ritin g especially in 1 he Great Gatsby he tries to answer the. question o f w h at actually defines a person, By th e tim e he en tered P rin c e to n U niversity in 1913 the. yo u n g Fitzgerald already k n ew th at he w an ted to be a w riter. H e was well suited for this profession because as he said him self. he had a strongly rom antic im ag in atio n and was very sensitive. to the prom ises o f life H e was a leading m e m b e r o f a group o f. P rin c e to n students w h o w ere interested in literature art and the. theatre U n fortunately he w ro te plays and sh o rt stories instead. o f studying for exam s H e left P rin c e to n without his degree in. 1917 and jo in e d th e arm y for the last two years o f the W orld War. I B elieving th at he w o u ld die in battle Fitzgerald quickly w rote. his first novel, In Ju n e 1918 the arm y sent Fitzgerald to A labam a and he. fell deeply in love w ith eig h teen y ear o ld Z elda Sayre T h e love. b etw een Fitzgerald and Z elda shaped th e ir lives and eventually. dam aged b o th o f them B u t in 1918 Z elda refused to m arry. Fitzgerald because he h ad no m oney, Fitzgerald w en t to N e w York b u t after failing to m ake his. fo rtu n e he re tu rn e d to M in n eso ta and re w ro te his novel This. Side o f Paradise ab o u t a y o u n g m a n s search for financial success. and rom antic happiness cam e o u t in 1920 and was im m ediately. successful, T h e novel m ade Fitzgerald rich and fam ous H is sh o rt stories. soon appeared in the m ost fashionable m agazines as well as in. m ore serious ones H e was th e n able to m arry Z elda and the. couple becam e k n o w n as the p rin ce and princess o f high society. according to the celebrated jo u rn alist and novelist R in g Lardner. T h e Fitzgeralds w ere th e m ost beautiful and m ost fashionable. A m erican couple o f th e 1920s T h e ir lifestyle defined the age. they lived in T h e y spent m o n ey freely ate in the best restaurants. w en t to th e best parties and danced and drank until daw n T h e n. Fitzgerald w ro te abo u t it all His second novel The Beautiful and. the Damned tells the story o f a handsom e y o u n g m an and his. beautiful w ife and ho w th e ir lives end in disaster. To avoid his o w n path to personal disaster and to concentrate. m ore o n his w ritin g and less o n his lifestyle Fitzgerald to o k Zelda. and th e ir th ree y ear old d au g h ter to France in 1924 Fitzgerald. was criticized at that tim e for his heavy drinking A lthough he. insisted th at he never d rank w h e n he was w ritin g Fitzgerald s. alcoholism and Z e ld a s habit o f d rin k in g heavily led to frequent. quarrels b etw een th e couple H ow ever Fitzgerald m anaged to. w rite The Great Gatsby d u rin g this p erio d and th e novel appeared. in A pril 1925 T h e story was praised b u t the b o o k w h ic h is based. o n Fitzgerald s ow n divided nature was financially disappointing. T h e Fitzgeralds stayed in France u n til th e end o f 1926 and. becam e friends w ith w riters like E rn est H em ingw ay B u t the. p e rio d was m arked m o re by Z eld a s failing m en tal health than. by F Scott F itzgerald s w ritin g H e m ade very little progress on. his fourth novel and th ey re tu rn e d to th e U S to escape th eir. exciting b u t expensive life in France, Fitzgerald s w ritin g still did n o t go well and the family re tu rn e d.
to France in 1929 w h ere Zelda w ork ed hard to b eg in a career as. a professional dancer alth o u g h she was already tw e n ty n in e years. o ld T h e difficult train in g fu rth er dam aged h er health. T h ro u g h th e 1930s th e Fitzgeralds fo u g h t an unsuccessful. battle to save th eir m arriage A t the sam e tim e Fitzgerald struggled. w ith his w ritin g only finishing his n e x t novel Tender is the Night. in 1934 Z eld a s m en tal health becam e w orse and she spent the. rest o f h er life in and o u t o f m ental hospitals. B etw een 1936 and 1937 Fitzgerald was ill d ru n k and unable. to m ake m u ch m oney H e lived in cheap hotels in N o rth C arolina. to be near Z eld a s hospital and kept in co n tact w ith his daughter. m ostly by post, H e w en t to H o lly w o o d in 1937 and began w ritin g for films. H is salary was g o o d en o u g h to pay Z e ld a s hospital bills b ut never. e n o u g h to pay for his d rin k and his lifestyle H e fell in love again. and spent his last few years w ith a film jo u rn a list called Sheilah. G raham w h o accepted his d ru n k en nights and m ade a h o m e for. him H e began his H o lly w o o d novel The Last lycoon in 1939. b u t died o f a h eart attack in G rah am s ap artm en t o n D e cem b er. 21 1940 before he co u ld finish it Z e ld a s life e n d ed in a fire at a. m ental hospital in 1948, F Scott Fitzgerald died believing that h e was a failure at life. and at w ritin g A t th e tim e o f his death he was n o t an im p o rtan t. nam e in A m erican literature B u t since 1960 he has been. considered one o f A m e ric a s greatest and m ost o riginal w riters. For m any students o f literature The Great Gatsby w ith its. exam ination o f the A m erican character defines w h at an A m erican. novel should be B u t Fitzgerald is n o t only rem em b ered for his. w riting Gatsby s rich fashionable w o rld w ith beautiful people. am azing houses and exciting parties m irro red Fitzgerald s life. w ith Z elda in Paris and in th e U n ite d States T h e ir brilliant b ut. eventually disastrous lifestyle provided the h eart o f Fitzgerald s. sh o rt stories and novels and has b eco m e an im p o rta n t part o f. A m erican h isto ry If you w an t to understan d the spirit o f the. 1920s and 30s w hile lo o k in g u n d e rn e a th th e extraordinary. appearance o f life in those days Fitzgeralds w o rk is a good place. The Great Gatsby is o n e o f a g roup o f novels th at cam e o ut. o f the U n ite d States after W orld W ar I and gave the w orld an. idea o f w h at A m ericans w ere really like M any critics consider. Gatsby to be ab o u t the A m erican D ream the optim istic belief. that no m atter w h at b ack g ro u n d you com e from if you w ork. hard en o u g h you can get rich find love and happiness and even. beco m e president, B u t Fitzgerald and o th e r w riters in his g roup q uestioned this. p icture o f th e U S and also began to question the m ean in g o f life. itself T he G reat War had n o t solved the w o rld s problem s instead. countries everyw here faced en o rm o u s financial difficulties and. individuals began to w o n d e r h o w to deal w ith th e n ew c en tu ry. T h e novel leaves us w ith som e im p o rta n t questions W h at is. success W h a t is love W h a t makes a person h u m an admirable. truly wealthy T hese questions and the w arnings they give. us a b o u t life guarantee The Great Gatsby a place in A m erican. literature T oday th e novel is tau g h t in high schools and universities. across th e U S and aro u n d the w orld and four films and a play. have b een m ade from th e story,C h a p te r 1 W est E g g a n d E ast E g g. Last au tu m n after only six m o n th s in N e w York I cam e back to. this m idw estern city w h ere I grew up T h e re have been. Carraways living here for seventy years the first o ne was my. gran d fath ers b rother w h o cam e here in 1851 and started the. business that m y father carries o n today I never saw this great. uncle b u t I m supposed to lo o k like him, I finished m y studies at N e w H aven U niversity in 1915 ju st a.
qu arter o f a cen tu ry after m y father and a little later I w en t over. to E u rop e to take part in th e G reat War I liked E u ro p e so m uch. that I cam e back to th e U n ite d States feeling restless Instead o f. b eing the w arm centre o f the w orld th e M id d le W est now. seem ed like its rough edge So I decided to go East and learn the. b o n d business E v erybody I k n ew was in the b o n d business so I. supposed it co u ld su p p o rt o n e m o re single m an F ather agreed to. pay m y living costs for a year and after various delays I cam e East. in th e spring o f 1922 fo r ever I th o u g h t, I in ten d e d to find room s in N e w York City b u t it was the. b e g in n in g o f sum m er and I had ju st left a c o u n try o f green lawns. and friendly trees so w h e n a y o u n g m an at the office suggested. that w e take a house to g e th e r in the country it so u n d ed like a. great idea H e fo u n d a small house to rent at only eighty dollars a. PENGUIN READERS B2 The Great Gatsby F Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby During one hot summer on Long Island Jay Gatsby throws an amazing party every weekend He is an extremely wealthy man although no one knows where he or his money have come from But Gatsby has a purpose he is following a dream of love Will his dream come true Penguin Readers are simplified texts which provide a step

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