JP 3 60 Joint Targeting Just Security

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Intentionally Blank, This publication provides doctrine for the planning coordination and execution of joint. This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint. Chiefs of Staff CJCS It sets forth joint doctrine to govern the activities and performance. of the Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations and provides the doctrinal basis. for US military coordination with other US Government departments and agencies during. operations and for US military involvement in multinational operations It provides military. guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force. commanders JFCs and prescribes joint doctrine for operations education and training It. provides military guidance for use by the Armed Forces in preparing their appropriate plans. It is not the intent of this publication to restrict the authority of the JFC from organizing the. force and executing the mission in a manner the JFC deems most appropriate to ensure unity. of effort in the accomplishment of the overall objective. 3 Application, a Joint doctrine established in this publication applies to the Joint Staff commanders of. combatant commands subordinate unified commands joint task forces subordinate. components of these commands and the Services, b The guidance in this publication is authoritative as such this doctrine will be. followed except when in the judgment of the commander exceptional circumstances dictate. otherwise If conflicts arise between the contents of this publication and the contents of. Service publications this publication will take precedence unless the CJCS normally in. coordination with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff has provided more current. and specific guidance Commanders of forces operating as part of a multinational alliance. or coalition military command should follow multinational doctrine and procedures ratified. by the United States For doctrine and procedures not ratified by the United States. commanders should evaluate and follow the multinational command s doctrine and. procedures where applicable and consistent with US law regulations and doctrine. For the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,CURTIS M SCAPARROTTI. Lieutenant General U S Army,Director Joint Staff,Intentionally Blank.
ii JP 3 60,SUMMARY OF CHANGES,REVISION OF JOINT PUBLICATION 3 60. DATED 13 APRIL 2007, Reorganizes discussion of targets targeting the joint target cycle and targeting. duties and responsibilities for readability, Moves discussions on following from appendices into Chapters I. Understanding Targets and Targeting through Chapter III Joint Force. Targeting Duties and Responsibilities time sensitive target considerations. intelligence support to target development capabilities analysis and force. assignment and collateral damage estimation, Adds or updates the following terms and definitions in accordance with current. directives and practices target active defense critical element damage. criteria damage estimation entity passive defense physical characteristics. protected emblems and targeteer, Adds discussion of component critical targets as distinct from joint force.
commander validated time sensitive targets, Adds discussion on joint targeting working groups and describes their purpose. Clarifies roles and responsibilities during federated targeting support. Adds United States Cyber Command s role in support of joint targeting and. discussion on integration of cyberspace operations in joint targeting. Adds detailed description of battle damage assessment and its role in the. targeting process,Summary of Changes,Intentionally Blank. iv JP 3 60,TABLE OF CONTENTS,EXECUTIVE SUMMARY vii. UNDERSTANDING TARGETS AND TARGETING,Introduction,SECTION A TARGETS I 1. Target Description I 1,Characteristics of Targets I 2.
SECTION B TARGETING I 5,The Purpose of Joint Targeting I 5. Principles of Targeting I 7,Prioritization and Special Considerations I 8. The Joint Targeting Cycle I 10,Targeting and Joint Operation Planning I 10. CHAPTER II,THE JOINT TARGETING CYCLE,General Activities II 1. Categories of Targeting and Targets II 1,The Joint Targeting Cycle II 3.
Time Sensitive Target Considerations II 31, The Relationship Between Targeting and Effects II 33. CHAPTER III,JOINT FORCE TARGETING DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES. Joint Targeting Integration and Oversight III 1,Joint Force Targeting Responsibilities III 2. Federated Targeting Support III 13,A Legal Considerations in Targeting A 1. B Targeting Automation B 1,C Component Targeting Processes C 1.
D The Targeting Assessment Process D 1,E References E 1. F Administrative Instructions F 1,Table of Contents. Part I Abbreviations and Acronyms GL 1,Part II Terms and Definitions GL 4. I 1 Targeting Overview I 6,II 1 Categories of Targeting and Targets II 2. II 2 Joint Targeting Cycle II 4,II 3 Target Development Relationships II 6.
II 4 Example Target System Components and Elements II 7. II 5 Example of Petroleum Oils and Lubricants Target System and. Components II 8, II 6 Factors in Target Evaluation Within a Target System Analysis II 9. II 7 Commander s Decision and Force Assignment II 17. II 8 Phase 5 Mission Planning and Force Execution II 20. II 9 Correlation of Deliberate and Dynamic Targeting During Phase 5 II 22. II 10 Phase 5 Targeting Steps II 23,II 11 Find II 24. II 12 Find Step Determinations and Actions II 25,II 13 Fix II 26. II 14 Track II 27,II 15 Target II 28,II 16 Engage II 30. III 1 Joint Targeting Coordination Board Organization and Representation III 4. III 2 Notional Joint Targeting Coordination Board Agenda III 6. III 3 Joint Targeting Working Group III 8, III 4 Notional Relative Division of Joint Targeting Cycle Responsibilities III 10.
C 1 Joint Air Tasking Cycle C 3,C 2 Notional Joint Air Tasking Cycle Timeline C 4. C 3 Joint Air Tasking Cycle Battle Rhythm C 5, D 1 The Interconnected Operational Environment D 2. D 2 Assessment Levels and Measures D 3,vi JP 3 60,EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. COMMANDER S OVERVIEW, Provides an understanding of Targets and Targeting. Explains the Joint Targeting Cycle, Addresses Joint Force Targeting Duties and Responsibilities.
Understanding Targets and Targeting, Targeting is the process of Joint targeting is a fundamental task of the fires. selecting and prioritizing targets function that encompasses many disciplines and. and matching the appropriate requires participation from all joint force staff. response to them considering elements and components along with various. operational requirements and nonmilitary agencies The primary purpose of joint. capabilities targeting is to integrate and synchronize all weapon. systems and capabilities, Target Description A target is an entity person place or thing. considered for possible engagement or action to, Targets should be logically and alter or neutralize the function it performs for the. causally tied to objectives at all adversary A target s operational importance is. levels strategic operational determined by conducting an assessment to. and tactical determine if engaging the target is consistent with. planned operations and will help achieve the,commander s objective s and the end state. Characteristics of Targets Every target has distinct intrinsic or acquired. characteristics that form the basis for target, detection location identification and classification.
for ongoing and future surveillance analysis,engagement and assessment Physical functional. cognitive environmental and temporal are broad, categories that help define the characteristics of a. The purpose of targeting is to Targeting systematically analyzes and prioritizes. integrate and synchronize fires targets and matches appropriate lethal and nonlethal. into joint operations by utilizing actions to those targets to create specific desired. available capabilities to generate effects that achieve the joint force commander s. a specific lethal or nonlethal JFC s objectives accounting for operational. effect on a target requirements capabilities and the results of. previous assessments The emphasis of targeting is,on identifying resources targets the enemy can. Executive Summary,least afford to lose or that provide him with the. greatest advantage high value target HVT then, further identifying the subset of those targets which.
must be acquired and engaged to achieve friendly,success high payoff target HPT Targeting links. the desired effects to actions and tasks, Principles of Targeting Adherence to these four principles throughout the. targeting cycle should create desired effects while. diminishing undesired collateral effects, Focused The function of targeting is to efficiently. achieve the JFC s objectives through target,engagement within the parameters set by the. concept of operations CONOPS the operational, limitations within the plans and orders to include.
fragmentary orders the rules of engagement,ROE the law of war and agreements concerning. the sovereignty of national territories Every target. nominated should contribute to attaining the JFC s. objectives, Effects Based The art of targeting seeks to create. desired effects with the least risk and least,expenditure of time and resources. Interdisciplinary Joint targeting entails, participation from all elements of the JFC s staff. component commanders staffs other agencies,departments organizations and multinational.
Systematic The joint targeting cycle is designed to. create effects in a systematic manner It is a rational. and iterative process that methodically analyzes,prioritizes and assigns assets against targets. systematically, Prioritization and Special Planning and execution of all joint and component. Considerations targeting should be in accordance with the priorities. established by the JFC The JFC s guidance should,describe the objectives to be achieved and the. relative priority of each Sensitive targets refer to. those targets for which planned actions warrant,President or the Secretary of Defense review and. approval An HVT is a target that the enemy,viii JP 3 60.
Executive Summary,commander requires for the successful completion. Certain targets may require of the mission An HPT is one whose loss to the. special care or caution in enemy will significantly contribute to the success of. treatment because attacking them the friendly course of action COA A time. improperly could lead to adverse sensitive target TST is a JFC validated target or. consequences set of targets of such high importance to the. accomplishment of the JFC s mission and,objectives or that presents such a significant. strategic or operational threat to friendly forces or. allies that the JFC dedicates intelligence collection. and engagement assets or is willing to divert assets. away from other targets in order to find fix track. target engage and assess it Component,commanders may nominate targets to the JFC for. consideration as TSTs If they meet TST criteria,but are not approved as TSTs by the JFC these. component critical targets may still require,dynamic execution with cross component.
coordination and assistance in a time compressed, Targeting and Joint Operation Target development and selection are based on the. Planning JFC s desired end state rather than on the available. ways and means to achieve them In other words, the focus should be on creating the desired target. effects that accomplish targeting related tasks and. objectives in support of the JFCs objectives rather. than simply servicing a list of targets or basing, targeting decisions on the availability of particular. weapons platforms or systems Joint operation,planning is the mechanism by which a JFC. translates national military objectives into viable. plans and orders for conducting military operations. The joint targeting process occurs within this,The Joint Targeting Cycle.
General Activities Joint targeting is an integral part of joint operation. planning and continues through publication of the, The joint targeting cycle supports campaign or contingency plan operation order or. the joint force commander s fragmentary order Detailed joint intelligence. JFC s joint operation planning preparation of the operational environment and. and execution with a country assessments performed by JFCs within. comprehensive iterative and their operational areas OAs set the stage for. logical methodology for detailed targeting within the joint targeting cycle. Executive Summary, employing the ways and means to Once actions are taken against targets the. create desired effects that support commander and staff assess the effectiveness of the. achievement of objectives actions If there is no evidence that the desired. effects were created reengagement of the target,may be necessary or another method selected to. create the desired effects, Categories of Targeting The targeting process can be generally grouped. into two categories deliberate and dynamic,Deliberate targeting normally supports the joint.
force s future plans effort which is overseen by the. plans directorate of a joint staff J 5 Normally,the future operations directorate focuses on 24. iii SUMMARY OF CHANGES REVISION OF JOINT PUBLICATION 3 60 DATED 13 APRIL 2007 Reorganizes discussion of targets target ing the joint target cycle and targeting

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