JANUARY 2018 Views on the Impact of Artificial

January 2018 Views On The Impact Of Artificial-Free PDF

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COPYRIGHT STANDARDS, This document contains proprietary research copyrighted and trademarked materials of Gallup Inc Accordingly. international and domestic laws and penalties guaranteeing patent copyright trademark and trade secret protection. safeguard the ideas concepts and recommendations related within this document. The materials contained in this document and or the document itself may be downloaded and or copied provided that all. copies retain the copyright trademark and any other proprietary notices contained on the materials and or document No. changes may be made to this document without the express written permission of Gallup Inc. Any reference whatsoever to this document in whole or in part on any web page must provide a link back to the original. document in its entirety Except as expressly provided herein the transmission of this material shall not be construed to. grant a license of any type under any patents copyright or trademarks owned or controlled by Gallup Inc. Optimism and Anxiety Views on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Higher Education s Response. Economists across the political spectrum agree that the single biggest threat to future. job growth in the United States is neither immigration nor trade but the artificial. intelligence tsunami about to sweep the economy, Automated trucks are making deliveries and software is picking stocks and interpreting. medical tests Smart machines are getting smarter and many of the jobs performed by. people today up to half of all U S jobs according to some forecasts will disappear. within the next 20 years, With the release of the inaugural Northeastern Gallup national survey on artificial. intelligence AI we now know a majority of Americans agree that AI poses a great. threat to our economy It s a concern that is collar blind Blue collar and white collar workers alike are deeply. concerned that AI s adoption will result in a net loss of jobs. Moreover many Americans including 69 of millennials worry that the emergence of new technology will. exacerbate inequality and widen the gap between rich and poor in the United States. What s less clear is how higher education institutions the incubators of human talent will respond to this sea. change in the future of work Now more than ever it is incumbent on higher education to consider how we best. position students to secure the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed in the 21st century global digital economy. As the Northeastern Gallup survey shows Americans believe colleges and universities have their work cut out for. them Just 22 of those with a bachelor s degree or higher believe their own education prepared them well or. very well to work with AI in the workplace, Further 18 of those currently employed say they are extremely confident they could secure the education or. training they need to obtain an equivalent position at a similar salary should they lose their current position to new. technology And nearly half 49 would prefer to get such training from an employer as opposed to one fifth. 21 who would seek to upskill through an in person program at a college or university. Taken together these results are a wake up call for higher education The need for colleges and universities to. adapt is clear We must design and implement a curriculum that empowers humans to be robot proof to do. the jobs only humans can do, I am convinced that the answer to greater artificial intelligence is greater human intelligence In times of.
uncertainty and disruption our guiding star should be education As machines continue to improve we can too. Armed with these new data higher education must heed the call to innovate to meet learners where they are and. to make the changes necessary to help all Americans adapt to new technology. The economic stakes are high The well being of societies has long been tethered to vibrant systems of higher. education By rising to the challenge of artificial intelligence universities with the audacity to change represent. humanity s best chance to win the jobs of the future. Joseph E Aoun,Northeastern University,1 Copyright 2018 Gallup Inc All rights reserved. Optimism and Anxiety Views on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Higher Education s Response. Table of Contents,Foreword 1,Summary of Key Findings 4. Introduction 7, Americans Attitudes Toward Artificial Intelligence 8. Americans Optimistic About the Impact of AI on Work and Life 8. Personal Impact of AI on Americans Lives Seen as Positive 10. Majority of Americans Favor Government Oversight of AI 11. AI Adoption and Job Loss 13, Americans Believe AI Adoption Will Result in Net Job Loss 13. Americans Fears of Job Loss From AI Adoption by Industry 14. Americans Worry About Job Loss Overall but Not Their Personal Job 15. Americans See Manufacturing and Construction Sectors as Most Vulnerable. to AI Adoption Law or Public Policy Least Vulnerable 17. Responses to Job Loss Related to New Technology 18. Workers Understand They Need Additional Education Should They Lose Their Job 18. U S Adults Lack Confidence They Can Secure the Education They Need 19. Workers Look to Employers for Retraining Opportunities 20. U S Adults Expect Employers to Pay for Retraining Programs 21. Support Mixed for Universal Basic Income Program 21. Demographic Comparisons 23,Job Type 24,Education 26.
Generational 28,Conclusion 30,Appendix 31,Methods 33. About Gallup 35,About Northeastern University 35,3 Copyright 2018 Gallup Inc All rights reserved. Optimism and Anxiety Views on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Higher Education s Response. Summary of Key Findings, Between Sept 15 and Oct 10 2017 Gallup and Northeastern University conducted a mail survey of 3 297. U S adults This survey covered a wide range of topics related to artificial intelligence AI including. perceptions of the impact on people s lives and their work educational choices they may make in response. to this economic revolution and potential interventions from higher education government and private. industry Several key findings emerged from this study. AMERICANS ARE LARGELY OPTIMISTIC ABOUT THE IMPACT THAT AI WILL HAVE ON PEOPLE S. LIVES AND WORK, Seventy six percent of Americans agree or strongly agree that AI will. fundamentally change the way people work and live in the next 10 years Additionally. among Americans who anticipate this change a similar percentage 77 are mostly. positive or very positive about the impact AI will have on these two areas. HOWEVER AMERICAN WORKERS EXPECT THE INTRODUCTION OF AI WILL RESULT IN A NET. LOSS OF JOBS, Nearly three quarters of adults 73 say an increased use of AI will eliminate more.
jobs than it creates Results are consistent across most demographic groups However. those with blue collar jobs are particularly pessimistic with 82 saying the transition. will result in a net job loss compared with 71 of those with white collar jobs. RELATIVELY FEW AMERICAN WORKERS FEAR LOSING THEIR OWN JOB TO NEW TECHNOLOGY. Less than a quarter of employed adults 23 are somewhat worried or very. worried they will lose their job to new technology This concern is nearly twice as. common among those with less than a four year college degree 28 than among. those with a bachelor s degree or more education 15. AMERICANS ARE SPLIT ON THE SKILLS U S WORKERS WILL REQUIRE TO SUCCEED IN THE. AI ECONOMY, Nearly half of Americans 49 say soft skills such as teamwork communication. creativity and critical thinking are the most important for U S workers to cultivate to. avoid losing their jobs to AI Alternatively 51 say learning hard skills including math. science coding and the ability to work with data are the most important to maintain a. job in the face of new technology adoption, A SLIM MAJORITY OF AMERICAN WORKERS UNDERSTAND THEY WOULD NEED ADDITIONAL. EDUCATION TO SECURE A NEW EQUIVALENT POSITION SHOULD THEY LOSE THEIR CURRENT. JOB BECAUSE OF THE NEW TECHNOLOGY, Fifty one percent of employed U S adults agree or strongly agree they would need. additional training to secure a new position at an equivalent salary results are notably. similar among white collar workers 52 and blue collar workers 50. Copyright 2018 Gallup Inc All rights reserved 4, Optimism and Anxiety Views on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Higher Education s Response. BUT FEW AMERICANS ARE CONFIDENT THEY COULD SECURE THIS ADDITIONAL EDUCATION. Eighteen percent of employed Americans say they are extremely confident they. could secure this training with an additional 25 saying they are confident in their. ability to do so Americans with white collar jobs 51 and those with a bachelor s. degree or more 53 are among the most likely to say they are confident or. extremely confident they could secure the education they would need to find. equivalent jobs, AMERICAN WORKERS WOULD LARGELY LOOK TO EMPLOYERS TO PROVIDE THE EDUCATION.
THEY WOULD NEED TO FIND EQUIVALENT POSITIONS, Just under half of employed Americans 49 say they would look for on the job. training or other opportunities offered by an employer to secure the skills they. would need to find a job similar to the one they lost The next most common option. is in person educational programs at colleges and universities with 21 saying they. would look to these institutions for additional training Online educational or training. programs at universities and colleges are the third most popular option at 16. EMPLOYERS ARE EXPECTED TO PAY FOR AMERICANS RETRAINING PROGRAMS. When asked to choose among seven options concerning who should pay for. retraining a clear majority of U S adults overall 61 say employers should fund these. programs The federal government comes in second at 50. 5 Copyright 2018 Gallup Inc All rights reserved, Optimism and Anxiety Views on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Higher Education s Response. Introduction, The global economy is on the cusp of a revolution that will affect every American regardless of age race. education or profession This revolution will see the adoption of artificial intelligence and robotics on a. vast scale transforming virtually all industries and creating large scale upheaval To succeed in the new. economic environment this change will create Americans will need to develop new skill sets and adapt to. the rapidly changing needs of existing and emerging industries. As with any revolutionary change there will be substantial anxiety among Americans as old industries and. careers are swept away and new opportunities emerge. As many as 47 of all jobs in the U S are at risk,of replacement by these technologies 1. In response to this likely sweeping change Gallup and Northeastern University conducted a mail survey. of 3 297 Americans over the age of 18 from Sept 15 to Oct 10 2017 The survey featured 58 questions. concerning a variety of demographic and public opinion data related to AI defined as computers robots. or other technology that can accomplish tasks humans can do as well as learn and complete tasks that. humans may not be able to do, The results of this survey indicate that 73 of Americans believe the increased adoption of AI will result.
in a net loss of jobs However most Americans 77 don t believe their own job is at risk This gap in. expectations between how Americans believe AI will affect the U S as a whole and how they perceive it will. impact them as individuals has significant policy implications Equipping Americans with the skills to justify. their optimism about their own future is a challenge that higher education can and must meet. U S adults express differing attitudes about how to best mitigate the impact of these changes and. position themselves to take advantage of new opportunities Currently 22 of Americans with at least. a bachelor s degree say their education prepared them well or very well to use AI in the workplace. Additionally 18 of currently employed Americans are extremely confident they could obtain the. additional education they would need to find a new job should they lose their current position because of. new technology, Americans perception that they lack skills to work with AI as well as their uncertainty about whether. they can obtain these skills underscores colleges and universities obligation to provide the additional. education and training necessary to prepare the country s labor force for the emerging digital economy. Understanding Americans attitudes toward this transition and their preferences for mitigating its. potentially negative impacts can help leading academics policymakers and industry leaders develop. initiatives and programs to prepare U S workers for success. 1 http www oxfordmartin ox ac uk downloads academic The Future of Employment pdf. 7 Copyright 2018 Gallup Inc All rights reserved, Optimism and Anxiety Views on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Higher Education s Response. Americans Attitudes Toward,Artificial Intelligence. Americans are generally optimistic about the impact AI will have on their lives and work Majorities in. every key demographic believe AI will likely have a positive effect though the level of optimism varies. Additionally most Americans say they have already adopted some products that incorporate elements. of AI including navigation programs and streaming media services This large scale adoption suggests. Americans are comfortable with elements of AI though they express . Introduction The global economy is on the cusp of a revolution that will affect every American regardless of age race education or profession This revolution will see the adoption of artificial intelligence and robotics on a vast scale transforming virtually all industries and creating large scale upheaval To succeed in the new

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