INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY 1 HOUR Learning

Introduction To Medical Microbiology 1 Hour Learning-Free PDF

  • Date:26 Jan 2020
  • Views:35
  • Downloads:0
  • Pages:49
  • Size:249.18 KB

Share Pdf : Introduction To Medical Microbiology 1 Hour Learning

Download and Preview : Introduction To Medical Microbiology 1 Hour Learning


Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Introduction To Medical Microbiology 1 Hour Learning


Transcription:

Lecture Title, BACTERIAL STRUCTURE GROWTH GENETICS AND CULTIVATION 1 HOUR. Learning Outcomes, At the end of the course the students should be able to. 1 Describe the bacterial structure and composition in comparison with eukaryotic cells. 2 Discuss the phases and factors influencing bacterial growth the structure and functioning of. bacterial DNA and RNA and cultivation of bacteria,Lecture Outline. 1 Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells examples and differences. 2 Structure and function of the prokaryotic cell, 3 Gram stain differences in Gram positive and Gram negative cell walls. 4 Composition of bacterial cell,5 Factors influencing bacterial growth.
physical environmental temperature oxygen CO2 pH osmotic pressure. growth factors,6 Phases of bacterial growth,growth cycle. determination of bacterial growth, 7 Bacterial genetics Structure and functions of DNA and RNA. 8 Transfer of genetic material,Transduction,Transformation. Conjugation and recombination,9 Plasmids, 10 Cultivation of bacteria in the laboratory using various media. Main References, Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology Edited by Koneman EW Allen SD WM et.
a l Fifth Edition 1997 Published by Lippincott New York. Principles of Microbiology Ronald M Atlas Second Edition 1997 Published by Wm C 13. Lecture Title,STAPHYLOCOCCUS AND STREPTOCOCCUS 1 HOUR. Learning Outcomes, At the end of the course the students should be able to. 1 List and classify the various medically important staphylococci streptococci and enterococci. previously in the genus streptococcus and state their importance in medicine. 2 Describe the basic important features of these organisms and important biochemical tests in. their identification, 3 Discuss the virulence factors and the infections caused. 4 Describe laboratory diagnosis of these organisms. 5 List the antimicrobial drug treatment of choice and preventive methods where appropriate. Lecture Outline,A Staphylococci,1 Introduction and classification. 1 1 General features of Staphylococci, 1 2 Differentiating Staphylococcus and Streptococcus.
2 Important Group members, 2 1 Coagulase positive and coagulase negative Staphylococcus. 2 2 Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA. 3 Gram stain morphology,4 Cultural characteristics. 5 Virulence factors,6 Infections caused,7 Laboratory diagnosis. 8 Antibiotic susceptibility,9 MRSA methicillin resistant S aureus VISA VRSA. B Streptococci, 1 Introduction and classification of Streptococci Enterococci.
1 1 Morphology growth and cultural characteristics. 1 2 Hemolytic patterns and examples of alpha beta and gamma hemolytic streptococci. 2 Streptococcus pyogenes Group A beta hemolytic, 2 1 Typing antigenic determination and virulence factors. 2 2 Disease and complications,2 3 Laboratory investigations. 2 4 Treatment and Prevention,3 Streptococcus agalactiae Group B streptococcus. 3 1 Virulence factors diseases and laboratory investigations and identification. 3 2 Treatment and Prevention,4 Enterococci and Viridans Streptococci. 4 1 Diseases and laboratory identification,5 Streptococcus pneumoniae.
5 1 General characteristics identification and typing. 5 2 Virulence factors,5 3 Diseases,5 4 Laboratory investigations. 5 5 Treatment and Prevention,6 Anaerobic streptococci. 7 Nutritionally variant Streptococci,Main References. Notes on Medical Microbiology J Douglas Sleigh and Morag Timbury. Medical Microbiology and Immunology Examination and Board Review Warren Levinson and. Ernest Jawetz latest edition, Jawetz Melnick and Adelberg s Medical Microbiology Brooks Butel Morse. Lecture Title,NEISSERIA AND PARVOBACTERIA 1 HOUR,Learning Outcomes.
At the end of the session students should be able to. 1 Describe important members of the family Parvobacteriaceae and of important Neisseria. species Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis. 2 Discuss their microbiological characteristics laboratory diagnosis and clinical significance. Lecture Outline,1 Parvobacteria, Habitat morphology cultural characteristics virulence factors infections associated antibiotic. susceptibility of,1 1 Haemophilus,1 2 Bordetella,1 3 Brucella. 1 4 Pasteurella,1 5 Francisella,1 6 Actinobacillus. 2 Neisseria,2 1 Classification,2 2 Discuss the disease gonorrhoea. pathogenicity aetiological agent predilection for columnar epithelium. clinical presentation,laboratory diagnosis,treatment and prevention.
2 3 Meningococcus,Infection caused by organisms,Laboratory diagnosis and treatment prevention. Main References, Notes on Medical Medical Microbiology Douglas Sleigh and Morag Timbury. Jawetz Melnick and Adelberg s Medical Microbiology Brooks Butel Morse. Lecture Title, ENTEROBACTERIACEAE AND OXIDASE POSITIVE GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLUS I HOUR. Learning Outcomes, At the end of the course the students should be able. 1 To recognize the important bacterial species, 2 To define the general characteristics of these organisms.
3 To define the diseases caused by these organisms. 4 To define virulence factors of the organisms,Lecture Outline. A ENTEROBACTERIACEAE,Escherichia,Salmonella,Klebsiella. Enterobacter,Citrobacter,2 Important species in each genus. 3 General characteristics,Morphology,Growth requirements. Selective media for culture,Lactose positive and negative organisms.
Antigenic structure,4 Pathogenicity and disease,Endotoxins. Enterotoxins,Special virulence traits,B OXIDASE POSITIVE GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLUS. Lecture Outline,Pseudomonas,Campylobacter,Acinetobacter. Helicobacter,Flavobacterium,Plesiomonas,Burkholderia. For each GENUS outline the,important species and biotypes.
general characteristics,natural habitat,growth requirements and culture. virulence and pathogenecity,isolation and identification. antimicrobial sensitivity,Main References,Refer to recommended textbooks. Lecture Title,MYCOBACTERIA I HOUR,Learning Outcomes. At the end of the session the learners should be able to. 1 Describe the general characteristics of mycobacteria. 2 Describe the laboratory tests for identification of M tuberculosis M leprae and atypical. Mycobacteria, 3 Discuss spectrum of infections caused by mycobacteria.
4 Describe diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis, 5 List the antimicrobial treatment and prevention methods. Lecture Outline,1 General characteristics of mycobacteria. 2 Cultural and morphological features,3 Spectrum of infections caused by mycobacteria. 4 Interpretation of Mantoux test, 5 Diagnosis of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis. 6 Atypical Mycobacteria,Main References,Refer to recommended textbooks.
Lecture Title,ANAEROBES 1HR,Learning Outcomes, At the end of the course the students should be able. 1 To describe the anaerobes and their growth requirements. 2 To classify the medically important anaerobes, 3 To list the important diseases associated with anaerobes. Lecture Outline,1 Historical aspect,2 Medically important anaerobes. i Gram positive non sporing bacilli,ii Gram positive sporing bacilli. iii Gram negative bacilli,iv Gram negative and positive cocci.
4 Characteristics of anaerobic infection,5 Culture characteristics. i Clostridium,ii Bacteroides,iii Fusobacterium,iv Peptococcus Peptostreptococcus. v Bifidobacterium Propionibacterium Eubacterium,For each genus outline the. a important species and the diseases caused, b cultural characteristics and Gram stain morphology. c virulent factors, d important identification test eg Stormy clot reaction and Nagler s test for.
Clostridium perfringens,e antibiotic sensitivity,Main References. Refer to recommended text books list,Lecture Title. CORYNEBACTERIA ACTINOMYCES NOCARDIA SPIROCHAETES MYCOPLASMA CHLAMYDIA. AND RICKETTSIA 1 HOUR,Learning Outcomes, At the end of the session the students should be able to. 1 list the relevant medically important bacterial species. 2 describe the basic important features of these organisms. 3 describe the major diseases caused by these organisms. 4 describe the diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by these organisms. Lecture Outline, 1 Introduction to medically important bacterial species. Corynebacteria C diphtheriae,Actinomyces A israelii.
Listeria L monocytogenes,Nocardia N asteroides,Spirochaetes Treponema Leptospira Borrelia. Mycoplasma Mycoplasma Ureaplasma, Chlamydiae Chlamydia trachomatis Chlamydophila psittaci Chlamydophila pneumoniae. Rickettsiae Rickettsia Orientia Coxiella, For each species mentioned above the following aspects of the organisms will be described. 2 General characteristics,3 Laboratory identification. 4 Epidemiology diseases and transmission,5 Treatment and prevention.
6 Antibiotic susceptibility,Main References,Refer to recommended text books. Lecture Title,MYCOLOGY 1 2 1 HOUR,Learning Outcomes. At the end of the course the students should be able to. 1 Describe the taxonomy and nomenclature of medically important fungi. 2 Describe the cultural characteristics of various fungal species. 3 Describe the microscopic morphology of medically important fungal species. Lecture Outline,1 Introduction, Characteristic of colonial morphology of yeasts molds texture topography and color. Microscopic characteristic of molds and yeasts,Types of spores asexual and sexual. 2 Phylogenetic classification of clinically important fungi. 3 Laboratory identification of fungal isolates,direct microscopy and histopathogy.
Culture colony characteristics and microscopy,Slide culture. Differential tests carbohydrate assimilation tests thermo dimorphism corn meal. agar for spore production germ tube test,4 Characteristics of medically important fungi. A Perfect fungi with sexual forms, 1 Ascomycota Sexual cells in ascus with ascopspores. 2 Basidiomycota Sexual cells in a basidium with basidiospores. 3 Zygomycota sexual reproduction by gametes and asexual reproduction with the production. of zygospores,B Imperfect fungi Fungi Imperfecti, No sexual reproduction includes most of the medically important fungi. Two major classes,Blastomycetes budding cells,Hypomycetes.
Main References,Refer to recommended text books,Lecture Title. STERILISATION AND DISINFECTION 1 HOUR,Learning Outcome. At the end of the course students should be able to. 1 Define sterilisation and disinfection, 2 State the methods of sterilization and disinfection the factors affecting the efficacy of. disinfectant the application of sterilisation and disinfection in the health care setting. Lecture Outline, 1 Disinfection definition and objectives methods of disinfection uses advantages and. disadvantages,2 Methods of disinfection and its application.
Heat boiling steaming pasteurization,Irradiation,Filtration. Chemicals disinfectants antiseptics,3 Factors affecting the efficacy of disinfectants. 4 Sterilisation definition and objectives advantage and disadvantages. 5 Methods of sterilisation and its application,Dry heat hot air oven flaming incineration. Moist heat autoclave tyndallisation,Irradiation,Chemical gaseous liquid. Filtration,6 Monitoring the efficacy of sterilisation.
Main References,Refer to recommended text books,Lecture Title. VIROLOGY 1 2 1 HOUR,Learning Outcomes, At the end of the session the students should be able to. 1 Describe the general biological and physical properties of viruses and how they differ from other. infectious agents, 2 Describe the virus structures and its functions virus replication. 3 Describe the virus classification and the major properties of DNA RNA viruses. 4 Apply the knowledge of effect of physical and chemical agents on viruses in inactivation of virus. 5 Apply the knowledge of cultivation of virus in diagnosis. 6 Discuss about viral pathogenesis and disease processes. Lecture Outline,1 Differences between bacteria and virus. 2 General properties of viruses,Size and method of determination.
Physical and chemical structure of viruses,Viral genome and function. Viral structure and symmetry,3 Effect of physical and chemical agents. Heat and cold,Ether and chloroform,Phenols and other inactivating compounds. antibiotics and antivirals,4 Cultivation of viruses. Cell culture and cytopathic effect,Egg embryo and detection of growth.
Laboratory animals,Mosquito inoculation,5 Replication of viruses. RNA viruses,DNA viruses,Retroviruses,6 Viral diseases and host response. Routes of entry,Organ specificity and cell receptors. Acute and latent infections,Symptomatic and asymptomatic infections. Non specific defense mechanisms, Specific host response antibody and cell mediated responses.
7 Basis of virus classification,Serotype and genotype. 8 Syndromic classification,Haemorrhagic fever,Neurologic symptoms. Exanthemata,Respiratory,Main References, Notes on Medical Microbiology Timbury Mc Cartney Thakker and Ward. Jawetz Melnick and Adelberg s Medical Microbiology Brooks Butel Morse. Medical Microbiology and Immunology Examination and Board review Warren Levinson and. INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY 1 HOUR Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology Edited by Published by Lippincott New York Principles of Microbiology Ronald M Atlas Second Edition 1997 Published by Wm C 13 London 3

Related Books