Infant Toddler Development Screening and Assessment Module

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2 This page intentionally left blank, Infant Toddler Development Screening and Assessment is one of three. infant toddler modules created to support consultants working in child care. settings especially those who have not had education or training specific. to infants and toddlers in group care These modules were designed to. complement training offered to early childhood consultants through the. National Training Institute at the Department of Maternal and Child Health. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, The infant toddler modules which also include Relationships The Heart. of Development and Learning and Infant Toddler Curriculum and. Individualization provide content on early development and quality child. care policies and practices for consultants working in child care settings. serving children ages birth to 3 years As the modules do not focus on. developing consultation skills they are not intended to be used as stand. alone trainings They should be incorporated into training that also addresses. the critical skills and process of consultation, Information about the National Training Institute for Child Care Health. Consultants can be found at http nti unc edu or by contacting the program. at the following address, National Training Institute for Child Care Health Consultants. COVER CREDITS, Department of Maternal and Child Health Clockwise from top left.
116 A Merritt Mill Road iStockphoto com Tomasz Markowski. Campus Box 8126 iStockphoto com Jelani Memory, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill iStockphoto com Tomasz Markowski. Chapel Hill NC 27599 8126 Fotolia com Carlos Santa Maria. iStockphoto com Brandon Clark,Phone 919 966 3780,iStockphoto com Tomasz Markowski. Email nti unc edu, This module was created through the National Infant Toddler Child Care Initiative ZERO TO THREE a project of the federal Office. of Child Care in response to a request for technical assistance from the Connecticut Head Start State Collaboration Office on behalf of. Healthy Child Care New England a collaborative project of the six New England states We would like to acknowledge the inspiration. and contributions of Grace Whitney PhD MPA director of the CT Head Start Collaboration Office as well as the contributions of the. New England project advisory team the Region I Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Care and the New England. Child Care and Development Fund Administrators, This document was prepared under Contract 233 02 0103 with the Department of Health and Human Services The views expressed. in the document are those of the contractor No official endorsement by the U S Department of Health and Human Services is intended. or should be inferred,Updated April 2010,TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Learning Objectives 7,INTRODUCTION 8,INFANT TODDLER DEVELPOMENT 8. An Overview of Infant Toddler Development 8, The Developmental Continuum and Appropriate Expectations 9. Infant Toddler Development Is Integrated Across Domains 9. How Caregivers Can Nuture Infant Toddler Development 10. Nature vs Nurture It s Not Either Or It s Both 10, ACTIVITY I Comparing Health and Safety Standards 14. The Role of the Child Care Consultant 16,Where to Find More Information 16. Engaging Parents In Development Screening and Ongoing Assessment 18. Family Caregiver Collaboration to Support Overall Development 19. Parent Caregiver Collaboration in Screening and Assessment 19. The Role of the Child Care Consultant 20,Where To Find More Information 20.
OBSERVATION SCREENING AND ONGOING ASSESSMENT 22, Screening and Assessment Definition and Purpose 23. ACTIVITY II Comparing Screening Tools 28,Ongoing Assessment Of Infants and Toddlers 29. What Is Ongoing Assessment 29, Ongoing Assessment of Infants and Toddlers What Does It Look Like 31. ACTIVITY III Using Existing Practices to Compile Portfolios 32. ACTIVITY IV Infant Toddler Assessment Challenges to Programs 33. ACTVITY V Consulting for Quality in Screening and Assessment 34. The Role of the Child Care Consultant 35,Where To Find More Information 35. RED FLAGS AND REFERRALS 36,What Is a Red Flag 36, Atypical Development When Does a Red Flag Become a Concern 37.
Communicating With Parents About Developmental Concerns 37. ACTIVITY VI Supporting Infant Toddler Caregiver Communication With Parents. What Would You Do 41,Referral 42, ACTIVITY VII Connecting With Systems Supporting Infant Toddler Development 46. The Role of the Child Care Consultant 47,Where To Find More Information 47. REFERENCES 50,APPENDICES 52, Appendix A Developmental Milestones of Children From Birth to Age 3 53. Appendix B Infant Toddler Early Care and Education and the Part C Screening Assessment Cycle 57. Appendix C Early Head Start National Resource Center Technical Assistance Paper No 4 58. Appendix D NECTAC Screening Instruments 65,6 This page intentionally left blank. Infant Toddler Development,Screening and Assessment.
L E ARNI NG O B JE C T IV E S, Upon completion of this module child care consultants will be able to. Describe factors that affect infant toddler development and identify. resources for reference on developmental milestones. Discuss how the integrated nature of infant toddler development affects. overall growth and development, Describe their state s professional development system supports for infant. toddler caregivers and how they can be accessed, Define the difference between observation screening and ongoing. assessment and the key components of each process, Discuss the importance of coordinating referrals with the family and other. care providers such as medical and dental homes therapists and. additional child care providers, Identify key aspects of the state Part C Early Intervention system for.
infants and toddlers with disabilities, Discuss the importance of involving families in the process of observation. screening and assessment,Infant Toddler Development. INTRODUCTION, T he purpose of this module is to provide child care consultants with. information that will support their work with individuals and child care. programs serving infants toddlers and their families The module includes. A brief overview of infant toddler development, Information on how infant toddler caregivers can nurture infant toddler. development, Discussion of how programs can involve families1 in recognizing and.
promoting their child s development, Information on how infant toddler caregivers know how infants and. toddlers are developing observation screening and assessment. Ideas about what to do when development is not proceeding as expected. WHAT THE CHILD CARE CONSULTANT SHOULD KNOW,iStockphoto com Quavondo. An Overview of Infant Toddler Development, T he development that occurs from birth to 3 years provides the foundation for. subsequent development across domains Although it is common practice to. discuss early development within discrete domains the number and labeling of. these domains is not standardized and varies considerably depending on the field. in which the discussion occurs But discussions of development typically include. some combination of the following domains,o Growth and health status. o Fine motor,o Gross motor, In this module family refers to adults who have primary responsibility for parenting a child.
and or other family members who may be routinely involved in the child s life Family can include. biological parents foster parents adoptive parents grandparents legal guardians and others. o Approaches to learning,Communication Language,Social Emotional including mental health. iStockphoto com Tomasz Markowski, The Developmental Continuum and Appropriate Expectations. Infant toddler development proceeds in a predictable sequence infants. crawl before they walk babble before they talk and so on But when. each developmental milestone is achieved varies from child to child. A primary task of child care consultants will be to guide caregivers. awareness of infant toddler development and of the age range that. may be considered typical for the emergence of key developmental. indicators Awareness of the age range of infant toddler development is. important to, Ensure caregiver competence in observing infant toddler. development, Know when referrals should be made to the state s Part C Early. Intervention system discussed in the Red Flags and Referrals. section and other systems, Support individualized curriculum planning to meet each child s.
developmental needs, Infant Toddler Development Is Integrated Across Domains. Development not only occurs on a continuum with expectations that overlap age. ranges but also is integrated across domains For example language development. requires intact cognitive skills to construct conceptual frameworks and physical. development to coordinate the necessary oral motor response Language also. greatly relies on social interactions relationships that are meaningful and. include significant language exchanges Similarly cognitive development does. not result from neurobiological development alone although neural connections. are necessary to allow sensory inputs to reach the brain For example Piagetian. theory supports the notion that infants construct an understanding of the world. by coordinating sensory experiences such as mouthing seeing and hearing. with physical and motor actions such as crawling In other words infants gain. knowledge of the world and develop conceptual frameworks from the physical. actions that allow them to explore their environment. This integration of development across domains has implications for the overall. course of a child s development A developmental disability or delay identified. in any one area will affect other developmental domains as well For example a. child with vision impairment would not able to visualize the environment likely. impacting motor development Or a child with cerebral palsy may be less likely. to physically engage with and explore the environment in a way that will support. overall development These sensory and motor deficits may affect the young. child s base of experience for cognitive and language development because of. limited opportunities to explore the environment, Infant toddler caregivers need core knowledge of the infant toddler. developmental continuum tools and procedures for conducting. developmental screening and ongoing assessment They also need to be. aware of systems for referral if a developmental concern emerges The. iStockphoto com Vanessa Morosini, consultant may be called upon to link programs with accessible resources. that will provide them with this basic information. How Caregivers Can Nuture Infant Toddler Development. Nature vs Nurture It s Not Either Or It s Both, Scientists agree that human development is shaped by both nature. biology and nurture experience National Research Council 2000. Research supports that the interaction of nature and nurture has the greatest. influence on early development with long lasting effects on every developmental. domain throughout childhood, Because a nurturing environment is a critical factor in infant toddler development.
it is important for caregivers to be aware of their responsibility for nurturing the. development and learning of infants and toddlers in out of home care The act of. nurturing infant toddler development can occur in many ways including. Warm responsive relationships,Provision of healthy and safe environments. Caregiver competence, Infants toddlers and their families are nurtured when relationships are healthy. environments are safe and caregivers understand how to support the learning and. development of infants and toddlers, Warm Responsive Relationships Nurture Infant Toddler Development. Human relationships and the effects of relationships on relationships are the. building blocks of healthy development National Research Council 2000 p. 27 Relationships and the interactions that occur through relationships embody. the nurturing that supports development, Parent Caregiver Collaboration in Promoting Development. Early care and education programs have a great opportunity to actively and. appropriately promote development A key aspect of supporting and promoting. child development is an effective positive relationship between the parent and. the infant toddler caregiver A principal task of this relationship is bidirectional. communication about the child and his or her development While the importance. of this level of communication cannot be understated multiple realities of the. field offer challenges that can make it difficult A key role of the child care. consultant is often that of promoting effective communication between programs. and parents and problem solving around some of the challenges. iStockphoto com William Mahnken, Communication between parents and caregivers occurs informally at daily arrival.
and departure and formally in intentionally planned meetings in the child care. setting or on home visits Parent caregiver communication about the child s. development is critical to the process of individualizing the child s curriculum. In this process parent and caregiver work together to establish where the child. is This process is discussed more completely in Module 3 in this series Infant. Toddler Development Curriculum and Individualization. Infant Toddler Development Screening and Assessment National Infant amp Toddler Child Care Initiative U S Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families 2 This page intentionally left blank Infant Toddler Development Screening and Assessment is one of three infant toddler modules created to support consultants working in child care settings

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