IMPLEMENTATION OF THE COMPREHENSIVE RURAL DEVELOPMENT

Implementation Of The Comprehensive Rural Development-Free PDF

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The Comprehensive Rural Development Programme CRDP was. introduced as the strategy for rural development by the Department of. Rural Development and Land Reform DRDLR in 2009 It was then. piloted in two sites namely Riemvasmaak Northern Cape and Muyexe. Limpopo in 2011 Muyexe was identified as one of the poorest rural areas. in South Africa this provided the motivation for the study to focus on this. area This research study examines the manner in which the CRDP was. implemented in the Muyexe area, There is at present no information available on the lessons learned. successes or failures of this strategy However there was an evaluation. study conducted by DRDLR in collaboration with the Department of. Planning Monitoring and Evaluation on the CRDP but the results are not. yet published The overall view is that the desired outcomes were not. The main objective of this research was therefore to investigate factors. leading to the poor implementation of this strategy for rural development. and to make findings on the approach that was followed during. implementation The research uses qualitative methodology with the. Muyexe CRDP as a case study to collect in depth information from. respondents A purposive sampling method was utilized since it allows. beneficiaries and other stakeholders affected by this programme to be. interviewed, Several factors emerged as central to the implementation of this strategy. These are strategic leadership consultation co ordination resource. allocation capacity and skills and monitoring and evaluation The. research shows that these factors need to be carefully considered for any. strategy to succeed It was further established that some of these factors. were not taken into consideration and as a result this led to poor. implementation of the CRDP, There were also some areas of success like housing electricity fencing. and household gardens The terms intervention strategy programme and. project are used interchangeably to denote CRDP in this study. DECLARATION, I declare that this report is my own unaided work It is submitted in partial. fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Management in. the field of Public and Development Management in the University of the. Witwatersrand Johannesburg It has not been submitted before for any. degree or examination in any other university,Leabua Jan Sebiloane.
01 June 2015,ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS, Gratitude is expressed to my supervisor Dr Matshabaphala who made. this work possible through his guidance and his willingness to assist even. outside office hours to make this project possible. Recognition is due to the members of the Muyexe Council of. Stakeholders Vongani Child and Youth Development NGO officials of the. Department of Rural Development and Land Reform and the community. of Muyexe who contributed immensely and provided their knowledge and. insight of the CRDP, Lastly I am grateful to my family especially my wife Mokati who allowed. me the time and space needed to complete this project. TABLE OF CONTENTS,ABSTRACT I,DECLARATION III,ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS IV. TABLE OF CONTENTS V,CHAPTER ONE 1,INTRODUCTION 1,1 1 INTRODUCTION 1. 1 2 BACKGROUND 3,1 2 1 Rural development at a global level 3.
1 2 2 Rural development in Africa 5,1 2 3 Rural development in Sub Saharan Africa 9. 1 2 4 Rural development in South Africa 11,1 3 PROBLEM STATEMENT 21. 1 4 PURPOSE STATEMENT 22,1 5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 22. 1 6 CHAPTER OUTLINE 23,CHAPTER TWO 25,LITERATURE REVIEW 25. 2 1 INTRODUCTION 25,2 2 PURPOSE OF LITERATURE REVIEW 25.
2 3 THEORIES OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT 26,2 3 1 Integrated Rural Development 27. 2 3 2 Multisectoral approach towards rural development 29. 2 3 3 Rural development through projects 30,2 3 4 Land reform theory 32. 2 3 5 Agricultural based rural development 34,2 4 STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION 35. 2 5 THEORIES OF STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION 36,2 5 1 Structural approach 36. 2 5 2 Cultural behaviour theory 38, 2 5 3 Monitoring performance and evaluating results 41.
2 6 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 43,2 6 1 People centred approach 43. 2 6 2 Strategic leadership 45,2 7 SUMMARY 48,CHAPTER THREE 49. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 49,3 1 INTRODUCTION 49,3 2 QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH 50. 3 3 QUALITATIVE RESEARCH 52,3 4 RESEARCH DESIGN 54. 3 5 DATA COLLECTION 54,3 5 1 Primary data 55,3 5 2 Secondary data 55.
3 6 SAMPLING 56,3 7 DATA ANALYSIS 57,3 8 DATA VALIDATION 58. 3 9 IMPORTANCE OF THIS RESEARCH 59,3 10 LIMITATIONS OF THE RESEARCH 59. 3 11 ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 60,3 12 CONCLUSION 60,CHAPTER FOUR 62. DATA PRESENTATION AND RESEARCH FINDINGS 62,4 1 INTRODUCTION 62. 4 2 CRITERIA FOR INTERVIEWEE SELECTION 63,4 3 RESPONDENTS PROFILE 63.
4 4 INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND RESPONSES BENEFICIARIES 64. 4 4 1 How did you know about the CRDP 64,4 4 2 How were you affected by the CRDP 65. 4 4 3 Have you benefited from this programme 66, 4 4 4 Were the needs of the community addressed by this programme 66. 4 4 5 Do you regard the CRDP as a success in Muyexe 67. 4 4 6 Will you recommend that the programme be rolled out to other rural areas 67. 4 5 INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND RESPONSES OFFICIAL AND OTHER STAKEHOLDERS 68. 4 5 1 What were rural development challenges prior to the implementation of the CRDP 68. 4 5 2 Were there any attempts to deal with these challenges 69. 4 5 3 Was this strategy CRDP necessary 70, 4 5 4 Was there adequate capacity to implement this programme 70. 4 5 5 Is the CRDP successful To what can that success be attributed 71. 4 5 6 Were there any challenges during the implementation How were these dealt with 72. 4 5 7 What could have been done differently 73,4 6 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 74. 4 7 CONCLUSION 76,CHAPTER FIVE 78,DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 78.
5 1 INTRODUCTION 78,5 2 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 78,5 2 1 Strategic leadership 78. 5 2 2 People centred approach 80,5 3 AREAS OF SUCCESS 81. 5 3 1 Area based planning 81,5 3 2 CRDP Intervention 82. 5 3 3 Community participation 82,5 4 AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENT 83. 5 4 1 Resource allocation 83,5 4 2 Consultation 83.
5 4 3 Skills development 84,5 4 4 Institutional arrangements 85. 5 5 FACTORS THAT LED TO POOR IMPLEMENTATION 85,5 5 1 Lack of leadership 85. 5 5 2 Poor communication and consultation 86,5 5 3 Lack of adequate capacity to implement 86. 5 5 4 Unfunded programme 87,5 5 5 Poor co ordination of activities 87. 5 5 6 Poor monitoring and evaluation 88,5 6 CONCLUSION 88.
CHAPTER SIX 90,CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 90,6 1 INTRODUCTION 90. 6 2 PURPOSE STATEMENT 90, 6 3 SUMMARY OF FACTORS LEADING TO POOR IMPLEMENTATION 91. 6 4 LITERATURE REVIEW 93,6 5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 94. 6 6 FINDINGS 95,6 7 INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGS 96,6 8 RECOMMENDATIONS 98. 6 8 1 Recommendations to the DRDLR 98,6 8 2 Recommendations for future research 99.
6 9 CONCLUSION 99,BIBLIOGRAPHY 101,CHAPTER ONE,INTRODUCTION. 1 1 INTRODUCTION, The Department of Rural Development and Land Reform was established. in 2009 in response to the need to improve rural livelihoods A number of. strategies to improve the quality of life of the rural people were introduced. In July 2009 the Comprehensive Rural Development Programme CRDP. was approved by Cabinet as a strategic initiative or framework to adopt for. rural development in South Africa The CRDP is strategic priority number 3. within the government s Medium Term Strategic Framework of 2009 2014. The design of the programme is predicated on lessons learned from pilot. sites selected through socio economic profiling community participatory. processes and intergovernmental co operation The CRDP aims to. mobilise and empower rural communities to take up initiatives aimed at. controlling their own destiny with the support of government The goal of. the CRDP is to achieve social cohesion and development by ensuring. improved access to basic services enterprise development and village. industrialisation Department of Rural Development and Land Reform. According to the CRDP Policy Framework 2009 03, The CRDP proposes an approach that addresses the needs of the. person household community and space It is built on the premise. that rural areas in the country have the potential to be developed in. a way that generates jobs and economic opportunities thus. providing an alternative to the urban centres and contributing to the. reduction in rural urban migration Furthermore although. agriculture plays a significant role in rural development the CRDP. proposes diversification of the rural economy according to the. conditions prevailing in different areas The CRDP is therefore. different from past government strategies in rural areas because it. is premised on a proactive participatory community based planning. approach rather than an interventionist approach to rural. development, There were a number of strategies that the government had embarked. upon previously amongst others the Integrated Sustainable Rural. Development Strategy ISRDS and Comprehensive Agricultural Support. Programme CASP by the Department of Rural Development and Land. Reform and Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. respectively, The ISRDS was a joint venture between the then Department of Land.
Affairs and Department of Provincial and Local Government now known. as COGTA Department of Co operative Governance and Traditional. Affairs According to Masemola 2005 28 the vision of the Integrated. Sustainable Rural Development Strategy ISRDS is to ensure that. disadvantaged communities become socially cohesive and stable rural. communities with viable institutions sustainable economies and universal. access to social amenities able to attract and retain skilled and. knowledgeable people who are equipped to contribute to growth and. development The main focus of the ISRDS was social cohesion. specifically focusing on skilling people to be the masters of their own. development,1 2 BACKGROUND,1 2 1 Rural development at global level. It is interesting to note that rural development is not a new concept The. Department for International Development DFID of the United Kingdom. promotes sustainable rural livelihoods DFID aims to improve the lives of. the poor people and to strengthen the sustainability of their livelihoods. this it believes to be in everyone s long term interests Carney 1998 04. At the international level DFID assist countries that require support to. successfully implement rural development and ensure sustainable rural. livelihoods At times DFID might find it appropriate to intervene directly in. support of certain outcomes Thus emergency food aid or food for work. programmes represent a short term means of promoting food security. Carney 1998 12 In a longer term development context however people. should be empowered to produce their own food by providing them with. skills It should be their inherent capacity to withstand shocks that needs to. be strengthened, According to Singh 1998 2005 the United Nations Development. Programme UNDP has adopted the sustainable livelihoods approach. which it views as a means of achieving poverty eradication within a. sustainable human development context It applies the approach in both. rural and urban settings and views it as being equally applicable in. developed countries as in developing countries Indeed unless there is an. increase in the sustainability of livelihoods in affluent countries it is. unlikely that it can be achieved for those countries that are currently. challenged by poverty The interventions made by the UNDP should be. sustainable by empowering rural people who are directly affected by. poverty so that they are able to function independently. Countries should be assessed in order to determine their amenability to. these programmes There should be something that informs these. institutions about what should be expected in a particular country before. they begin to consider involvement The Institute of Development Studies. IDS is currently managing a Sustainable Livelihoods Programme funded. by the Economic and Social Committee on Overseas Research DFID. ESCOR This programme which started in 1997 has funded both the. development of frameworks for the analysis of sustainable livelihoods and. the analysis of livelihoods in various countries in Africa and to a lesser. extent Asia Scoones 1998 207 This framework should assist the. organisation to understand the complexities inherent in livelihoods The. culture assets people costs and tools that are involved in the. implementation of the rural livelihoods strategy must be clearly understood. by these organisations This is because as articulated earlier countries. differ and some are more receptive than others Tacoli 1998 69 and. Carney 1998 14 in DFID 1998 provide project examples of two different. countries and the challenges they experience with regard to rural. livelihoods They further argue the importance of the development of an. analysis framework The first example is Rainfed farming projects in India. where their livelihood options are limited Most families have limited. access to land for cultivation but common property resources such as. trees grazing and water play a vital role Environmental degradation can. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE COMPREHENSIVE RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MUYEXE LIMPOPO By Leabua Jan Sebiloane A research report submitted to the Faculty of Management University of the Witwatersrand in 25 fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Management in the field of Public and Development Management June 2015

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