Fundamentals of Music Richard Kahn Music

Fundamentals Of Music Richard Kahn Music-Free PDF

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FIRST EDITION,Fundamentals,R ic har d Kahn d,Los Angeles Valley College. C Music Los Angeles 90048,y ri Concourse,Preface xi. Sheet Music and Notation xi,The Elements and Nature of Sound xiii. Consonance and Dissonance in Sound xiv,Music Sound in Time xiv. Reading Exercises xv,Written Exercises xv,Listening Exercises xv.
Applied Keyboard Exercises xvi,How to Practice and Have Fun at the Same Time xvi. One Possible Activity Tree xvii, Solfeggio Moveable Do and the Numerics of Melody xviii. Using Worksheets xix,Written and Performance Exams xix. Acknowledgements xx,Chapter One Notating Rhythm,Key Terms and Concepts 1. The Vocabulary of Western Music 1,Traditional Commercial Latin and Jazz 1.
Beats and Tempo Where s the Beat 2,Groupings of Beats 2. Measures and Bar Lines 2,Primary Beats Secondary Beats and Subdivisions 3. Slash Notation 3,Symbols for Durations of Sound 3,Components of a Note 3. The Staff 3,Stem Directions 3,Notes Symbols for Durations of Sound 4. Proper Notation of Sounds Notes 4,Labeling and Counting Rhythms 4.
Duplets Triplets and Quadruplets 5,Ties and Tied Notes 5. Dotted Notes and Ties 5,Comparison of Dotted Notes to Tied Notes 6. Slurs and Slurred Notes 6,Symbols for Durations of Silence 7. Proper Notation of Silence Rests 7, Lengths of Sound and Equivalent Lengths of Silence 7. Dotted Rests 8,Multimeasure Rests 8,The Notation of Rhythm 8.
Time Signatures Meter 8,What Note Duration Gets the Beat 8. Simple Time Signatures 9,Simple Meter 9,Compound Time Signatures 9. Duple Triple Triple Triple Quadruple Triple 9, Counting Beats and Subdivisions in Compound Time 10. Double Bar and Final Double Bar 10,Group Activities 11. Worksheet 1 1 Time Signatures Stem Directions Ties and Note. Lengths 12,Worksheet 1 2 Rhythmic Notation 13,Chapter Two Notating Pitch 15.
Key Terms and Concepts 15,The Staff Tool Number One 15. Staff Staves 15, Slash Rhythm and Standard Notations and One Bar Repeats 16. Pitch High and Low Sounds 16,Ledger Lines 16,Extending the Staff 17. Ledger Lines Octava Octava Basso and 15ma 17,The Treble Clef G Clef 17. The Bass Clef F Clef 17,Movable Clefs 18,The Grand Staff 19.
Split Point 19,Group Activities 20,Worksheet 2 1 Pitch Notation 21. Chapter Three The Keyboard 23,Key Terms and Concepts 23. Western Music The System of Whole and Half Steps 23. The Piano Keyboard Tool Number Two 24,Half Steps and Whole Steps 25. Accidentals Alterations of the Letter Names 25, The Sharp Flat Natural Double Sharp and Double Flat 26. Half Steps and Whole Steps 26,Diatonic and Chromatic Spellings 26.
Enharmonic Equivalents 26,Group Activities 27,Worksheet 3 1 Definitions Multiple Choice 28. Worksheet 3 2 Chromatic and Diatonic Half and Whole Steps 30. Chapter Four Form and Rhythm School Part One,Key Terms and Concepts 33. Form in Music 33,Antecedent consequent 33,Repeated Sections and Repeats 34. Cadence 34,First and Second Endings 34,Segnos and Codas 35. Conducting Patterns in Simple Meter 35,Conducting 35.
Compound Meter Conducting Patterns 36,Using Your Hands and Feet 36. Group Activities 37,Worksheet 4 1 Definitions Form and Conducting 38. Worksheet 4 2 Rhythmic Analysis and Performance 40. Worksheet 4 3 Rhythm Exercises for Jazz 41,5 Chapter Five Major Scales and Key Centers Keys. Key Terms and Concepts 43,The Overtone Series 43,V I and the Establishment of Tertian Harmony 44. Formula for All Perfect Authentic Major Scales 46,WWHWWWH in 15 keys including enharmonic keys 46.
Diatonic Scales Degrees 46,Major Scales 47,Circle of Descending Fifths Tool Number Three 48. Sharps and Flats 49,Major Key Signatures 50,Transposition the Act of Changing Key Centers 50. Tetrachords 51,Group Activities 52,Worksheet 5 1 Notating Pitches 53. Worksheet 5 2 Drawing Major Key Signatures 54,Worksheet 5 3 Definitions Multiple Choice 55. Chapter Six Rhythm School Part Two 59,Key Terms and Concepts 59.
The Anacrusis or Pickup Note 59,Beat One and the Middle of the Measure 60. Swing Shuffle and Straight Eighth Notes 61,Basic Tumbao Pattern 63. Tumbao Bass Pattern 63,Group Activities 65, Worksheet 6 1 Rhythm Exercises Syncopation and Coordinated Skills 66. Worksheet 6 2 Rhythm Exercises for Jazz 67,Chapter Seven Intervals 69. Key Terms and Concepts 69,Types of Intervals 69,Melodic versus Harmonic Intervals 69.
Qualities of Intervals 70,Major Minor Diminished and Augmented Intervals 70. Diatonic Intervals 70,P1 M2 M3 P4 P5 M6 M7 P8 70,Intervals by Number Size 71. Simple and Compound Intervals 71,Constructing Intervals by Half and Whole Step 72. Constructing Intervals Upward 72,Constructing Intervals Downward 74. Method by Identification and Alteration 74,Method by Counting by Whole and Half Steps 74.
Method by Interval Inversion 74,Interval Inversion 74. Interval Hierarchy Consonant to Dissonant 76,Group Activities 76. Worksheet 7 1 Analyze and Label Intervals 78, Worksheet 7 2 Constructing Intervals Up and Down 79. Worksheet 7 3 Intervals On the Keyboard 80,rTriads 81. n cand Concepts 81,Chapter Eight,The Basics of Triads 81.
Harmony and Triads 81,Determining the Root 82,First and Second Inversions 82. Closed and Open Position 82,Triads and Their Qualities 82. Major Minor Diminished Augmented Triads 82, Using Key Signatures to Determine Triad Quality 83. Arpeggios 83,Primary Triads 84,Primary Triads in 12 Keys 85. Root Movement by Descending P5 85,iv vii iii vi ii V I 86.
The Cadence 86,Authentic Cadence 86,Half Cadence 86. Plagal Cadence 86,The ii V I Progression 87,Diatonic ii V I in 12 Keys 87. Chord Quality Grids 88,Forming Chord Quality Grids 88. Group Activities 89,Worksheet 8 1 Triads and Inversions 90. Worksheet 8 2 Chord Quality Grids Triads 91,Worksheet 8 3 The ii V I Progression 92.
Worksheet 8 4 The ii V I in Major 93,Chapter Nine Minor Scales and Key Centers 95. Key Terms and Concepts 95,The Minor Scale 95,WHWWHWW 95. Natural Minor Scales and Key Signatures 96,The Minor Circle of Fifths 97. Relative Keys 97,Parallel Keys 99,Relative Minor Scales and Keys 100. Parallel Minor Scales and Keys 101,Minor Scale Forms 102.
Natural Minor 102,Harmonic Minor 102,Melodic Minor 102. Minor Scale Forms Ascending 103,Diatonic Minor Triads 104. Triads and Musical Styles 105,Diatonic Scale Degrees in Minor. Diatonic ii V I in Minor 107,Group Activities 108, Worksheet 9 1 Constructing Minor Scale Forms Ascending 109. Worksheet 9 2 Parallel Minor Scales 110, Worksheet 9 3 Major and Minor Circle of Fifths 112.
Worksheet 9 4 Roots and Chord Qualities of Minor ii V i Progression 113. 10 Chapter Ten Seventh Chords,Key Terms and Concepts 115. Four Note Chords 115,Add 9 chords and Add 6 chords 116. Seventh Chords 116,Major Seventh Chords M M 116,Dominant Seventh Chord M m 116. Minor Seventh Chord m m 116,Half Diminished Chord d m 117. Diminished Seventh Chord d d 117,Inversions of Seventh Chords 117.
Root Position First Inversion Second Inversion and Third Inversion 117. Chord Symbol Conversion Chart 118,Improvisation 119. Comping 119,Group Activities 119, Worksheet 10 1 Seventh Chord Names and Qualities 120. Worksheet 10 2 Identifying Seventh Chords 121,Worksheet 10 3 Notating Seventh Chords 122. Worksheet 10 4 Seventh Chord Grids 123, Worksheet 10 5 Triads With a V7 I and V7 i Cadence 124. Worksheet 10 6 ii V I Major Keys Three Part Voicing Exercise 125. Chapter Eleven Form and Tonality 127,Key Terms and Concepts 127.
Functional Harmony 127,Central Pitch Reference 127. Predominant Functions 128,Dominant Functions 128,Melodic Tendency 128. Stable Pitches and Active Pitches 128,Timbre 129,Tonic Functions 129. Constructing Phrases 130,Extending Lengths of Phrases 130. Rhythmic and Melodic Motifs a a b b c c 130,Texture 130.
Techniques for Extending Lengths of Phrases 130, Augmentation Counterpoint Diminution Homophony Imitation. Inversion Repetition Retrograde Retrograde Inversion Sequence 130. Song Forms 131,Strophic Form 131,Verse Chorus VC or AB 132. Verse Chorus Verse VCV or ABA 132,Verse Verse Chorus Verse VVCV or AABA 132. Through composed 132,Group Activities 132,Worksheet 11 1 Definitions Matching Form 133. Chapter Twelve Other Scales Keys and Modes 135,Key Terms and Concepts 135.
Church Modes 135, Ionian Dorian Phrygian Lydian Mixolydian Aeolian and Locrian. Modes Key Signatures 136,Example The First Noel 137. The First Noel in Different Modes 137,Determining Key Signature in Different Modes 138. Characteristic Cadential Formulations 138,Other Modes and Scales 139. Chromatic Whole Tone Diminished and Augmented Scale 139. The Major and Minor Pentatonic Scale 140,The Blues Scale 141.
Blues on Tonic 141,Blues on the Sixth Scale Degree 141. Seven Note Blues Scale 141,Nine Note Blues Scale 142. Bebop Scales 142, Bebop Dominant Bebop Dorian Bebop Major Bebop Melodic Minor. and Bebop Harmonic Minor 142,Even More Scales and Modes 143. Phraygish and Spanish Phrygian 143,Twelve Tone Rows 144.
Original Inversion Retrograde and Retrograde Inversion 144. Group Activities 146, Worksheet 12 1 Terminology Other Scales Keys and Modes 147. Worksheet 12 2 Modes of the Major Scale 148,Worksheet 12 3 Church Modes 149. Worksheet 12 4 Twelve Tone Rows 150, 13 Chapter Thirteen Blues and the Pentatonic Scale. Key Terms and Concepts 151,Blues As a Form 151,12 Bar Progression 151. Turnaround Progression 151,What is Blues 152, Features regular meter improvisation distinctive instruments and perfor.
mance techniques and swing rhythms 152,Developmental and Interactive Storyline 152. Rhythm Section and Solo Voice s 152, Traditional Harmonic Movement With Nontraditional Chord. Qualities 153,Root Progressions and Tonal Harmony 153. Nontraditional Usages of Seventh Chords 153,Five Most Common Blues Progressions 153. A Brief History of Improvisation 155,What is Jazz 156.
Ragtime Classic Jazz New Orleans Jazz Dixieland Hot Jazz Chicago. Style Swing Kansas City Style Gypsy Jazz Bebop Vocalese. Mainstream Cool West Coast Jazz 156,Group Activities 157. Worksheet 13 1 Blues Progression in F 158, Worksheet 13 2 Rhythm Exercises with Jazz Articulations 160. Worksheet 13 3 F Walking Bassline Right Hand Comp Pattern 161. Worksheet 13 4 Terminology Blues and Jazz 162, Chapter Fourteen Commercial Music Chord Symbols 163. Key Terms and Concepts 163,The Necessary Members of a Chord 163. Triad and Seventh Chords 164,Voicing a Seventh Chord 164.
R 3 7 R 7 3 and R 7 4 164,Root Range 164,Structural Harmony 164. Naming Seventh Chords With Extensions 165,Root Suffix and Extensions 165. Nondiatonic or Altered Extensions 165,Chord Symbol Conversion Chart 166. Seventh Chord Root Movement and Chord Progressions 167. Root Movement by Step or Half Step Linear 167, Root Movement by Descending Perfect 5th Circular 167. Pairing of Seventh Chords 168, Minor Seventh or Half Diminished Chord Followed by a Dominant.
Seventh Chord 168,Common Root Movement Progressions 167. Group Activities 169, Worksheet 14 1 Labeling Seventh Chords With Extensions 170. Worksheet 14 2 Constructing Root Progressions ii V I and I IV V 171. Worksheet 14 3 Voicing Structural Harmony the ii V I 172. Worksheet 14 4 Voicing Linear Movement With Seventh Chords 173. Appendices 177,Appendix A Glossary of Music Terms 177. Appendix B Performance Terms 184,Tempo Terms 184,Change of Tempo Terms 184. Dynamic Terms 184,Other Music Terms 185,Voice Types 185.
Instruments of the Orchestra 186,Appendix C Practice Tool The Activity Tree 187. Appendix D Daily Practice Routine for the Aspiring Pianist 188. Appendix E Flashcards 190,Appendix F Triad Visualizer Tool 207. Appendix G Seventh Chord Visualizer Tool 209, t is believed that 1000 years ago an anonymous monk honored by the privilege. of music copying developed the linear left to right concept that governs the read. ing and writing of music His system would develop over centuries of musical. contribution into the written form that exists today The modern notational sys. tem of five lines and four spaces ledger lines clefs note and rest values figured bass. and continuo would evolve into chord symbols fretboard tablature and lead sheet. notation The techniques required to accurately communicate musical intention using. symbols has fortunately mandated an evolving notational practice As times change. so does music and musical taste certainly technological advancements have forced. practical musicians and publishers into new sounds style practices and procedures. To keep this fact in perspective musicians have been practicing audio recording for. less than a century music notation has existed in Western civilization for ten times. Civilization must credit composers for their unique contributions As composers ex. plored new terrain they found themselves limited by existing symbols and standards. Pressing onward they created new symbols introduced new instruments and combi. Worksheet 13 2 Rhythm Exercises with Jazz Articulations 160 Worksheet 13 3 F Walking Bassline Right Hand Comp Pattern 161 Worksheet 13 4 Terminology Blues and Jazz 162 Chapter Fourteen Commercial Music Chord Symbols 163 Key Terms and Concepts 163 The Necessary Members of a Chord 163 Triad and Seventh Chords 164

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