FSI German Basic Course Volume 1 Student Text

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BASIC COURSE GERMAN PRBFACE, This Basic Course in German has been des igned to assist United. States Government representatives who require a command of spoken German. The general concept of this text has grown out of the plan of Spoken. Language courses prepared under the auspices of the American Council of. Learned Societies during World War II But pattern drills and other. exercises have been developed extensively at the Foreign Service Insti. tute to provide a much fuller manipulation of forms and patterns and. a conscious attempt has been made to adapt situations and vocabulary to. specific needs of the Foreign Service And the course is intended to. lay asolid foundation for comprehensive language skills providing. systematically for the development of reading proficiency based on oral. aural skills, This text is the end product of several years of work and has bene. fited from the labors of many members and former members of the FSI staff. In its present form it was prepared under the supervision of Dr Samuel A. Brown who has had overall responsibility for the arrangement of situation. al material and for the organization and presentation of structural fea. tures Particular credit for the dialogs and much of the drill material. goes to Mrs Ilse Christoph Mrs Christoph has been assisted by Mrs. Maria Luise Bissonnette Mr Friedrich Lehmann Mr Gerhard Matzel. Mrs Margarete Plischke and Mrs Erika Ouaid A most valuable contri. bution was also made by Mrs Quaid in preparing the major part of the. typescript assisted by Miss Gene i ve Ducastel The project has been. a cooperative venture however and all members of the German staff. have contributed freely the fruit of their classroom experience and the. gifts of their imagination and insight,A r Dean School of Lan uages. Foreign Service Institute,Hosted for free by Live Lingua German. Hosted for free on livelingua com,I NTRODUCTl ON GERMAN BASIC COURSI.
lntroduction, lt is the aim of the course to provide the student with a useful. control of the structure of the spoken language and of a basic vocabu. lary which meets at least some of the specialized needs of the Foreign. Service After completion of the basic course the Foreign Service. Officer should be able to make limited practical use of the language. in his official duties and social obligations He will furthermore. have the means given the proper surroundings and personal motivation. for continued rapid and efficient development of proficiency. The materials in this first volume of the text are organized into. twelve lessons or units Each unit contains a set of basic sentences. for memorization These are in the form of a dialog based on one or. sometimes two specific situations in which a person might find hirnself. in Germany Notes to the basic sentences are provided as necessary to. clarify occasional difficulties in vocabulary and idiom and to provide. additional background on some cultural features unfamiliar to Ameri. cans Notes on pronunciation are included in each of the first eight. units Phonological features which have been found to be particularly. difficult for American students are here presented with explanations. and pronunciation practice drills The notes on qrammar in each unit. single out those structural features illustrated in the basic sentences. which are appropriate for systematic consideration at that stage in the. course Substitution drills provide for the manipulation of forms by. substituting specific items in fixed sentence frames They are in. tended to build habits of association so that in a given syntactic. environment the appropriate grammatical form automatically comes to. mind As the German vocabulary is all familiar no English equiva. lents are given in these drills Variation drills provide for the. manipulation of larger syntactic patterns In each group a model sen. tence underscored serves as a guide Associated with it are ad. ditional sentences incorporating the same syntactic pattern but in. which most of the individual word items have been replaced English. equivalents are given to serve as cues for recall of the German variant. sentences Vocabulary drills provide both practice in the use of new. vocabulary items and also allow for manipulation of sentence elements. whose particular form and arrangement depends upon their association. with that vocabulary item The manipulation of both variation and vo. cabulary drills depends on the use of English equivalents Specific. translation drills are also provided however In most cases they. present the material of the basic dialog in the form of a narrative. They thus provide content review of the basic sentences and practice in. the transformation from active dialog to descriptive narration The. response drills are question and answer drills on the situations of the. basic dialogs Conversation practice and additional situations in out. line bridge the gap to free conversation with small pieces of supple. mentary dialog for acting out and situations providing for a freer play. of the student s imagination The finder list in each unit notes all. new vocabulary which has been presented,METHOD AND PROCEDURE. This is a course in Spoken German the forms and patterns of the. language are intentionally colloquial The emphasis in instruction is. Hosted for free by Live Lingua German,Hosted for free on livelingua com. BASIC COURSE GERMAN IlftItODUCTION, ev rywhere on speech and an indispensable component of the learning. process is the voice of a tutor or instructor whose native language. is German On no account should the student attempt to use these. materials without either a native instructor or recordings of a native. instructor s voice The method of instruction incorporates quided. imitation repetition memorization pattern practice and conversation. Working under the supervision of a linguist the tutor s role is to. serve as a model for speech and to guide the student to accurate imi. tation by constant repetition and c rrection The student s job is to. watch and listen to the tutor carefully and to imitate as exactly as he. can the sounds which he hears He must be prepared for constant cor. rection and repetition Each time however the instructor will give hirn. a model to follow by repeating the item first The student should. never attempt to read from his text but should always wait until he. hears the word or utterance as the tutor speaks it for hirn As far as. possible he should leave his book closed during the presentation of. new dialog material and keep his eyes on the tutor Students will be. asked to repeat in chorus and individually and will be expected to re. peat many many times even when their imitation has been good and. accurate Only by constant repetition after an authentie model for. speech can habitual fluent and accurate reproduction of the sounds and. forms of the foreign language be achieved, The basic sentences are preceded by build ups giving the com.
ponent parts of the utterance separately Each new item which is. introduced appears first as a build up The tutor will ask the. students to repeat the build ups separately first then combined into. larger units and finally the complete new sentence or utterance The. basic sentences are sub divided into numbered sections each to be. treated as a unit repeated in chorus and individually with and with. out build ups until the students imitation is satisfactory Then a. new section may be begun The time required to cover each section in. this way will differ widely depending on the size and ability of the. class After acceptable imitation and accurate pronunciation has been. achieved in one or more sections they are assigned for memorization. outside of class or repeated in class until memorized The student. should be able to give either the German sentence or its English equiva. lent on request or switch from one to the other and back aqain The. tutor will drill by repeating each sentence for each student in the. class then by giving each student a different sentence repeating it for. hirn first and finally asking the students to recite the sentences in. order the first student the first sentence the second student the. second sentence etc without receiving a cue from the instructor. Repetition outside of class preferably using recorded materials as a. guide should be continued to the point of overlearning The student. should not only be able to give the correct German sentence immediately. upon hearing an English equivalent at random selection he should also. be able to give the correct German sentence with equal ease and speed. of response upon hearing its German cue As a final step the students. are expected to act out the basic dialog in entirety from memory with. the tutor or with other students Only when the basic sentences have. been mastered to this extent can they be considered to provide an. adequate basis for control of the spoken language It should be noted. at this point that the English text accompanying the basic sentences. is not primarily a translation but rather a set of conversational. equivalents Many apparent discrepancies will be found if the student. Hosted for free by Live Lingua German,Hosted for free on livelingua com. IlfI BODYCTION QERMAN BASIC COURSE, or the tutor looks for word for word eorrespondenee between the. Bnglish and German text It does not exist Rather in such and such. a situation this is what is said in German and is what is said in. The pronuneiatlcn praetiee drill are to be taken up after the. presentation of the basic sentences has been eompleted and memorization. has been started Items are arranged in graups aeeording to the par. tieular phonologieal feature eoncernecl Words in vertieal eolumns. present the same phonologieal feature in different environments. Beveral eolumns in a praetiee group eontain related phonologieal. features or related phonologieal environments in whieh the same feature. reeurs Words are to be repeated first in chorus and then individually. by eaeh student after the tutor at first following the vertieal. eolumns and later for variation and comparison horizontallyaeross. the page particular attention should be paid to items in contrast. These are minimum meaningfully distinetive sound patterns accurate. eontrol of whieh is important for eommunieation and eomprehension. Contrasting ward pairs are linked by a dash and after separate practiee. for aecuraey the items should be repeated by pairs to bring out the. exaet distinetions between them, The notes on grammar are earmarked for home study After eaeh. unit has been started and the first hour or more has been spent in. elass on repetition of the basic sentences the student should read. through the grammar notes to aequaint himself with the grammatieal. points presented in that unit During the whole time a particular unit. is being worked on in elass the student should eontinue to the. grammar seetion Many questions whieh he may feel tempted to raise in. elass will be found to be answered in the notes on grammar Tbe tutor. is speeifieally reguested not to diseuss the language with his students. and the students are asked not to ply him with questions Time in. elass is to be spent using andmanipulating the language and not in. talking about it In eaeh unit one or more grammatieal features are. presented and the basic sentences have been designed as far as is. possible eonsistent with natural expression to ineorporate and il. lustrate those features Eaeh point of grammar diseussed is illustrated. by sentences whieh are natural utteranees in the language Tbey are. taken in nearly every ease from the basic sentences of the eurrent or. preeeding units Tbus the examples are already familiar to the student. and the patterns they eentain which will be drilled and praeticed in. the seetions to follow are patterns whieh the student has already. begun to assimilate by memorizing the sentences of the dialog. After the basic sentences of a unit have all been repeated several. times and memorization has been well begun werk ean be started on the. drills Tbe material is designed to provide a maximum of additional. experienee in using the forms and patterns of the language learned in. the basic sentences It is assumed however that the learner is. automatically able to transfer the experienee gained in the basic. sentences to error free manipulation of these forms and patterns Tbe. drills are by no means a test of what the student ean do with the. elements given him It is a matter of no great importanee whether he. ean or eannot figure them out by himself Tbe goal is to learn to. speak the language aeeurately and fluentlY and this aim ean only be. aehieved by eorrect repetition of the forms and patterns involved. Tberefore all the sentences in eaeh drill qroup are first to be. repeated after the tutor in their correet form Tbe tutor then cues. Hosted for free by Live Lingua German,Hosted for free on livelingua com. BASIC COURSE OERMAN INTR ODUCTION, eaeh student in turn for repetition of one of the drill sentences until.
all students have given all sentences eorreetly, In the substitution drills the model sentenee and all its variants. are first rep ated in chorus after the tutor He then gives the model. sentenee aqain the elass repeats it in chorus after whieh eaeh student. The materials in this first volume of the text are organized into twelve lessons or units Each unit contains a set of basic sentences for memorization These are in the form of a dialog based on one or sometimes two specific situations in which a person might find hirnself in Germany Notes to the basic sentences are provided as necessary to clarify occasional difficulties in vocabulary and

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