Forensic Examination and the Admissibility of Questioned

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Research Journal of Forensic Sciences E ISSN 2321 1792. Vol 4 4 1 5 April 2016 Res J Forensic Sci, documents and their admissibility in the court of law The adopted in analyzing questioned document is significantly. objectives of present research are as follows To examine the inefficient H02 Questioned Document Evidence is not. technology used in the examination and analysis of Questioned standardized H03 The extent of the training work experience. Documents To examine the Admissibility of Questioned required skills and qualification for the experts are significantly. Document Evidence in the Court of law To understand the insufficient. limitations of the experts, Data Analysis This section presents certain introduction about. Research Methodology the usage of various statistical techniques by SPSS tools used. and the assumptions relating to them It also gives the standard. The study adopts both qualitative and quantitative methods The deviation of the variables used for purposes of the present. assignment of data collection and processing ran from July 2014 study7 The total sample of the present study comprises of 150. to January 2015 Field research was carried out in Hubli respondents Although many researchers uses it for research. Dharwad Indian state of Karnataka over a period of five data collection but the prime stress is to understand about. months The mixed research strategy is adopted where both questioned documents keeping it in the mind the researcher has. qualitative and quantitative techniques were considered aimed at tried to draw some conclusion with certain statistical tools in. producing in depth knowledge about the topics of Forensic order to reach the conclusion. Examination and The Admissibility of Questioned Documents. In The Court Of Law As An Evidence being investigated The Table 2 shows the descriptive outcome of valid technology that. research survey parameters are as shown in Table 1 is adopted in the analysis of Questioned Documents The. outcome shows that the descriptive statistics of mean and. The proposed study ensures that there are at least 150 standard deviation where it can be found that Modern. respondents are involved in the study The respondents of the technologies of questioned document are more based on. study consist of Magistrates Senior Advocates and Forensic computing skills thus it saves time and increase productivity in. Experts which are randomly selected from the universe questioned document analysis The likelihood of admissibility. Magistrates and Senior Advocates are from Hubli Dharwad and of of QD as legitimate evidence in court of law is high when. consist of 110 respondents latest technology is used as conventional techniques are more. based on human skills, Hypothesis considered for the study Null Hypothesis. considered for the study are H01 The existing technology. Research Survey Parameters,Research Methodology Qualitative and Quantitative. Total respondents 150, Participant Sampling 40 Forensic Experts 110 Senior Advocates and Magistrates.
Gandhinagar Gujarat State Forensic Science Laboratory FSL. Hyderabad State Forensic Science Laboratory FSL respondents. Hyderabad Central Forensic Science Laboratory CFSL. Private Document Experts,Tools Used SPSS, Questionnaire Design Structured and Semi structured questionnaire. Descriptive Analysis of Adoption of Technology,Descriptive Analysis Mean SD. Latest methods of QD analysis are more based on computing skills 3 57 874. Admissibility of QD as legitimate of QD as legitimate evidence in court of law is high when latest. technologies are used,International Science Community Association 2. Research Journal of Forensic Sciences E ISSN 2321 1792. Vol 4 4 1 5 April 2016 Res J Forensic Sci,ANOVA Test for Adoption of Technology in QDE. Sum of Squares Df Mean Square F Sig,Between Groups 4 055 4 1 014 1 380 261.
Within Groups 25 720 35 735,Total 29 775 39, Table 3 discusses about the statistical outcome of analysis of analyzing questioned document is significantly inefficient. variance The outcome shows that the calculated values are high Hence it can be said that during the analysis of questioned. than the table values at 5 Level of Significance The data was documents valid technologies are not adopted. collected on a five point scale, Table 5 highlights the descriptive outcome for the query. Table 4 highlights about the validity of the technology when whether the Questioned Document evidence is standardized or. adopted in the analysis of Questioned Documents A Chi Square not The outcome shows the descriptive statistics of mean and. dependency test was carried out to see if valid technology is standard deviation. adopted or not in the analysis of Questioned Document The. results which has been shown in above table shows that the Table 6 shows the discussion about the statistical outcome of. calculated values are less than the table values at 5 Level of analysis of variance The outcome shows that the calculated. Significance The data was collected on a five point scale From value is more than the table values at 5 Level of Significance. the above statistical test done it can be concluded that null The data was collected on a five point scale. hypothesis is accepted The existing technology adopted in. Chi Square Test for adoption of technology in QDE,Null Hypothesis. Chi Square Test P value,Accepted Rejected, Latest methods of QD analysis are more based on computing skills 000 Accepted. Admissibility of QD as legitimate of QD as legitimate evidence in court of law is high when. 000 Accepted,latest technologies are used,Descriptive Analysis for Document Standardization.
Descriptive Analysis Mean SD,Quality control 28 65 163 223. Admissibility suffers because of improper Forensic Evidence 11 16 95 056. ANOVA test for Document Standardization,Sum of Squares Df Mean Square F Sig. Between Groups 91829 346 5 18365 869 679 640,Within Groups 2812131 527 104 27039 726. Total 2903960 873 109,International Science Community Association 3. Research Journal of Forensic Sciences E ISSN 2321 1792. Vol 4 4 1 5 April 2016 Res J Forensic Sci,Chi Square Test for Document Standardization.
Null Hypothesis,Chi Square Test P value,Accepted Rejected. Quality control 000 Accepted, Admissibility suffers because of improper Forensic Evidence 000 Accepted. Table 7 shows the reliability analysis for investigation the level Table 9 discusses about the statistical outcome of analysis of. of standardization of the Questioned Document evidence A variance The outcome shows that the calculated value is more. Chi Square dependency test was carried out to see if the than the table values at 5 Level of Significance The data was. Questioned Document evidence is not standardized The results collected on a five point scale. which has been shown in above table shows that the calculated. values are less than the table values at 5 Level of Significance Table 10 shows the training given to the experts A Chi Square. From the above statistical test done it can be concluded that dependency test was carried out to see whether experts are given. null hypothesis is accepted i e The Questioned document proper training to present questioned document evidence in the. evidence is not standardized court of law The results which has been shown in above table. shows that the calculated values are less than the table values at. Table 8 shows the mean and standard deviation analysis of the 5 Level of Significance From the above statistical test done it. level of training given to experts to present Questioned can be concluded that null hypothesis is accepted i e Experts. document evidence The outcome shows the descriptive are not given proper training to present questioned document. statistics of mean and standard deviation evidence in the court. Descriptive Analysis for Training Given to Experts. Descriptive Analysis Mean SD, Experts should be well trained and qualified 1 28 577. Opinion of a document expert is fallible 29 74 163 044. ANOVA test for Training Given to Experts,Sum of Squares Df Mean Square F Sig. Between Groups 103620 247 3 34540 082 1 310 275,Within Groups 2793957 108 106 26358 086.
Total 2897577 355 109,Chi Square Test for Training Given to Experts. Null Hypothesis,Chi Square Test P value,Accepted Rejected. Quality control 000 Accepted, Admissibility suffers because of improper Forensic Evidence 000 Accepted. International Science Community Association 4, Research Journal of Forensic Sciences E ISSN 2321 1792. Vol 4 4 1 5 April 2016 Res J Forensic Sci, Conclusion 3 Find Law 2015 http litigation findlaw com filing a.
lawsuit civil court cases html Date of access 13 2 15. The judiciary system in India is encountering various intricate. issues that have lead to unusual delays in its administration 4 Kelly J S and Lindblom B S 2006 Scientific. resulting in more than million s of cases to be pending in Indian Examination of Questioned Documents CRC Press. Court The prime contribution of Forensic Science is to assist 5 Osborn A S 1929 Questioned Documents Boyd. the justice delivery by highlighting the facts behind the crime Printing Company Toronto. using scientific testing of questioned documents evidence in the. 6 Ordway Hilton 1992 Scientific Examination of, criminal civil regulatory as well as statutory cases. Questioned Documents 2nd edition CRC Press 448 pages. Admissibility of Questioned document examination in the court. of law is one of the less attended topics in the area of research 7 Creswell J W 2013 Research design Qualitative. work as it is very less accessible to common people The quantitative and mixed methods approaches Los. proposed work makes a deliberate attempt to understand the Angeles Sage. effectiveness of the techniques adopted to ensure the reliability 8 Pyrek K 2010 Forensic Science Under Siege The. of questioned documents as evidence in Indian Court of Law Challenges of Forensic Laboratories and the Medico. The study discusses about the modern and conventional Legal Investigation System Academic Press. techniques where mixed mode research is carried out on 150. respondents with experts opinion who are mainly working as 9 Saferstein R 2010 Criminalistics An introduction to. forensic experts as well as judges magistrates in India The Forensic Science Prentice Hall. findings indicated that 10 Levison J 2001 Questioned Documents A Lawyer s. Handbook Acedemic Press, Valid technologies are not adopted in the analysis of questioned. documents In this modern world were the forgery rate is 11 Sharma B R 2013 Forensic Science in Criminal. increasing in a very fast pace experts should use modern Investigation and Trials Universal Law Publishing. reliable technologies to solve the cases The questioned Hyderabad. document evidence is not standardized Experts are not given 12 Wilson R Harrison 2008 Suspect Documents. proper training to present questioned document evidence in the Burnham Inc Pub. court of law, 13 Ellen D 2001 Scientific Examination of Documents. Methods and Techniques CRC Press,References, 1 Evidence law 2015 Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. available at https en wikipedia org wiki Evidence,law date of access 12 2 15.
2 National Forensic Science Technology Center NFSTC. and Bureau of Justice Assistance BJA 2015 A,Simplified Guide to Forensic Document Examination. available at http www crime scene investigator net. SimplifiedGuideQuestionedDocuments pdf date of,access 12 2 15. Forensic Examination and the Admissibility of Questioned Documents in the Court of Law as an Evidence Dept of Criminology and Forensic Science Karnatak Available online at Received 26 th January Abstract Questioned document examination QDE is one of the less attended topics in the area of research work as it is very less accessible to

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