FLIGHT MANUAL US LSA North Coast Air

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P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual,Record of Revisions, Any revisions to the present manual except actual weighing data must be recorded in the following table. New or amended text in the revised pages will be indicated by a black vertical line in the left hand margin Revision No. and date will be shown on the left hand side of the amended page. Log of Revisions,Revision No Date released Chapters Approved By. 1 0 03 30 2005 All Tecnam,2 0 12 30 2006 All Tecnam. 2 01 01 22 2007 1 Tecnam,2 02 03 01 2007 6 Tecnam,2 02a 05 24 2007 6 Tecnam. 2 03 08 12 2007 All Tecnam,2 04 10 09 2007 All Tecnam.
3 00 10 29 2007 All Tecnam,4 00 11 10 2008 All Tecnam. Revision 4 00 updates all sections Many corrections were grammatical It is requested that all sections are reviewed for. content change as well,Revision Date 11 10 2008,Revision Number 4 00. P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual,List of Effective Pages. Page Date Page Date Page Date,1 11 10 2008 36 11 10 2008. 2 11 10 2008 37 11 10 2008,3 11 10 2008 38 11 10 2008.
4 11 10 2008 39 11 10 2008,5 11 10 2008 40 11 10 2008. 6 11 10 2008 41 11 10 2008,7 11 10 2008 42 11 10 2008. 8 11 10 2008 43 11 10 2008,9 11 10 2008 44 11 10 2008. 10 11 10 2008 45 11 10 2008,11 11 10 2008 46 11 10 2008. 12 11 10 2008 47 11 10 2008,13 11 10 2008 48 11 10 2008.
14 11 10 2008 49 11 10 2008,15 11 10 2008 50 11 10 2008. 16 11 10 2008 51 11 10 2008,17 11 10 2008 52 11 10 2008. 18 11 10 2008 53 11 10 2008,19 11 10 2008 54 11 10 2008. 20 11 10 2008 55 11 10 2008,21 11 10 2008 56 11 10 2008. 22 11 10 2008 57 11 10 2008,23 11 10 2008 58 11 10 2008.
24 11 10 2008 59 11 10 2008,25 11 10 2008 60 11 10 2008. 26 11 10 2008 61 11 10 2008,27 11 10 2008 62 11 10 2008. 28 11 10 2008 63 11 10 2008,29 11 10 2008 64 11 10 2008. 30 11 10 2008 65 11 10 2008,31 11 10 2008 66 11 10 2008. 32 11 10 2008 67 11 10 2008,33 11 10 2008 68 11 10 2008.
34 11 10 2008 69 11 10 2008,35 11 10 2008,Revision Date 11 10 2008. Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual,Table of Contents. Unit Conversion Chart 11,1 1 Introduction 12,1 2 Certification Basis 12. 1 3 Descriptive Data 14,1 3 1 Airframe 14,1 3 1 1 Wing 14. 1 3 1 2 Fuselage 14,1 3 1 3 Empennage 14,1 3 1 4 Landing Gear 14.
1 4 Powerplant 14,1 4 1 Engine 14,1 4 2 Propeller 14. 1 4 3 Oil System 15,1 4 4 Cooling 15,1 4 5 Fuel 15. 1 5 Weights 15,1 5 1 Maximum Certified Weights 15,1 5 2 Standard Weights 15. 1 5 3 Specific Loadings 15,1 6 Standard Equipment 16. Flight Instruments 16,Engine instruments 16,Warning Lights and Indicators 16.
Controls 16,Interior 16,Exterior 16,Powerplant and Accessories 16. 1 7 Airframe 17,1 7 1 Wing 17,1 7 2 Fuselage 17,1 7 3 Empennage 17. 1 7 4 Flight Controls 17,1 7 5 Instrument Panel 18. 1 7 6 Carburetor Heat optional 18,1 7 7 Cabin Heat Defrost 18. 1 7 8 Throttle Friction Lock 18,1 7 9 Seats Seatbelts and Shoulder Harnesses 18.
1 7 10 Canopy 19,1 7 11 Baggage Compartment 19,1 8 Powerplant 19. 1 8 1 Engine 19,1 8 2 Propeller 19,1 8 3 Fuel System 20. 1 9 Electrical System 22,1 9 1 Generator light 22,Revision Date 11 10 2008. Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual,1 9 2 Voltmeter 23. 1 9 3 Oil temperature gauge 23,1 9 4 Cylinder head temperature 23.
1 9 5 Oil Pressure 23,1 9 6 Fuel Pressure 23,1 9 7 O A T Indicator optional 23. 1 9 8 Stall Warning System optional 23,1 9 9 Avionics optional 23. 1 9 10 Exterior Lighting 23,1 9 10 1 Navigation Lights Optional 23. 1 9 10 2 Landing Light 24,1 9 10 3 Tail Strobe Light 24. 1 10 Pitot and Static Pressure Systems 24,1 11 Landing Gear 25.
1 11 1 Brake System 26,2 Introduction 27,2 1 1 Airspeed Limitations 27. 2 1 2 Airspeed Indicator Markings 27,2 1 3 Powerplant Limitations 28. 2 1 4 Temperatures 28,2 1 5 Oil Pressure 28,2 1 6 Operating starting temperature range 28. 2 1 7 Fuel Pressure 28,2 1 8 Lubricant 29,2 1 9 Coolant 29. 2 1 10 Propeller 29,2 1 11 Fuel 29,2 1 12 Approved Fuel 30.
2 1 13 Powerplant Instrument Markings 30,2 1 14 Other Instrument Markings 30. 2 1 15 Weights 30,2 1 16 Center of Gravity Range 30. 2 1 17 Approved Maneuvers 31,2 1 18 Maneuvering Load Factor Limits 31. 2 1 19 Flight Crew 31,2 1 20 Kinds of Operation 31. 2 1 21 Day VFR 31,2 1 22 Night 32,2 1 23 IFR 32,2 1 24 Demonstrated Crosswind Safe Operations 32.
2 1 25 Service Ceiling 32,2 1 26 Limitation Placards 32. 3 Introduction 33,3 1 Aircraft weighing procedures 33. 3 1 1 Preparation 33,3 1 2 Weighing 33,3 1 3 Determination of C G location 33. Revision Date 11 10 2008,Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra. Flight Manual,3 2 Weighing Report 35,3 2 1 Center of Gravity Limits 35.
3 2 2 Distances from the datum 36,3 3 Weight and Balance 37. 3 3 1 Loading 39,3 4 Equipment List 39,4 Introduction 42. 4 1 Use of Performance Charts 42,4 2 Airspeed Indicator System Calibration 43. 4 3 ICAO Chart 44,4 4 Stall Speeds 45,4 5 Crosswind 46. 4 6 Takeoff Performance 47,4 7 Landing Distance 48.
4 8 Climb Performance 49,4 9 Cruise 50,4 10 Balked Landing 51. 4 11 Effects of Rain and Insects 52,4 12 Noise Data 52. 5 Introduction 53,5 1 Engine Failures 54,5 1 1 Engine Failures on Ground 54. 5 1 1 1 ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKEOFF RUN 54,5 1 2 Engine Failure during Flight 54. 5 1 2 1 ENGINE FAILURE IMMEDIATELY AFTER TAKEOFF 54. 5 1 2 2 IRREGULAR ENGINE RPM 54,5 1 2 3 LOW FUEL PRESSURE 54.
5 1 2 4 LOW OIL PRESSURE 55,5 1 2 5 IN FLIGHT ENGINE RESTART 55. 5 1 2 6 ENGINE OUT GLIDE 55,5 2 Smoke and Fire 55,5 2 1 Engine Fire while Parked 55. 5 2 2 Engine Fire during Takeoff 55,5 2 3 Engine Fire in Flight 56. 5 2 4 Cabin Fire during Flight 56,5 3 Landing Emergency 56. 5 3 1 1 FORCED LANDING WITHOUT ENGINE POWER 56,5 3 1 2 POWER ON FORCED LANDING 56.
5 3 1 3 LANDING WITH A FLAT NOSE TIRE 56,5 3 1 4 LANDING WITH A FLAT MAIN TIRE 57. 5 4 Recovery from Unintentional Spin 57,Revision Date 11 10 2008. Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual,5 5 Other Emergencies 57. 5 5 1 UNINTENTIONAL FLIGHT INTO ICING CONDITIONS 57. 5 5 2 Carburetor Ice 57,5 5 2 1 AT TAKEOFF 57,5 5 2 2 IN FLIGHT 57. 5 6 Electric Power System Malfunction 58,5 6 1 GENERATOR LIGHT ILLUMINATES 58.
5 7 Trim System Failure 58,5 7 1 LOCKED CONTROL 58. 6 Introduction 59, 6 1 Removing and Reinstalling the Engine Cowling 59. 6 1 1 Upper Cowling 59,6 1 2 Lower Cowling 59,Checklist Procedures 60. 6 1 3 Pre Flight Inspection 60,6 1 3 1 Cabin Inspection 60. 6 1 3 2 External Inspection 61,6 1 3 3 BEFORE START 62.
6 1 3 4 STARTING ENGINE 62,6 1 3 5 BEFORE TAXI 63,6 1 3 6 TAXI 63. 6 1 3 7 BEFORE TAKE OFF 63,6 1 3 8 TAKEOFF AND CLIMB 64. 6 1 3 9 CRUISE 64,6 1 3 10 BEFORE LANDING 64,6 1 3 11 BALKED LANDING 64. 6 1 3 12 AFTER LANDING 65,6 1 3 13 ENGINE SHUT DOWN 65. 6 1 3 14 POSTFLIGHT CHECK 65,7 Introduction 66,7 1 Aircraft Inspection Periods 66.
7 2 Aircraft Alterations or Repairs 66,7 3 Ground Handling 66. 7 3 1 Towing 66,7 3 2 Parking and Tiedown 66,7 3 3 Jacking 66. 7 3 4 Leveling 66,7 3 5 Road Transport 66,7 3 6 Cleaning and Care 67. 8 Required Placards and Markings 68,Revision Date 11 10 2008. Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual,WARNINGS CAUTIONS NOTES.
The following definitions apply to warnings cautions and notes used in the Flight Manual. Means that the non observation of the corresponding procedure leads to an immediate or important degradation of the flight. Means that the non observation of the corresponding procedure leads to a minor or to a more or less long term degradation. of the flight safety, Draws the attention to any special item not directly related to safety but which is important or unusual. Revision Date 11 10 2008,Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra. Flight Manual,Abbreviations Terminology,Airspeed Terminology. KCAS Calibrated Airspeed is the indicated airspeed corrected for position and. instrument error and expressed in knots, KIAS Indicated Airspeed is the speed shown on the airspeed indicator and. expressed in knots, KTAS True Airspeed is the airspeed expressed in knots relative to undisturbed.
air which is KCAS corrected for altitude and temperature. VA Design maneuvering speed,VC Design cruising speed. VFE Maximum Flap Extended Speed is the highest speed permissible with. wing flaps in a prescribed extended position, VH Max Speed in level flight with Max continuous power. VLO Lift off speed is the speed at which the aircraft generally lifts off from the. VNE Never Exceed Speed is the speed limit that may not be exceeded at any. VNO Maximum Structural Cruising Speed is the speed that should not be. exceeded except in smooth air then only with caution. VS Stalling Speed or minimum steady flight speed flaps retracted. VS0 Stalling speed or minimum steady flight speed in landing configuration. VS1 Stalling speed in clean configuration flap 0, VX Best Angle of Climb Speed is the speed which results in the greatest gain. of altitude in a given horizontal distance, VY Best Rate of Climb Speed is the speed which results in the greatest gain. in altitude in a given time, VR Rotation speed is the speed at which the aircraft rotates about the pitch.
axis during takeoff,Meteorology Terminology, OAT Outside Air Temperature is the free air static temperature expressed in. degrees Celsius C, TS Standard Temperature is 15 C 59 F at sea level pressure altitude and. decreased by 2 C for each 1000 ft of altitude, HP Pressure Altitude is the altitude read from an altimeter when the. barometric subscale has been set to 29 92,Engine Power Terminology. RPM Revolutions Per Minute is the number of revolutions per minute of the. propeller multiplied by 2 4286 yields engine RPM,Revision Date 11 10 2008.
Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual, Airplane Performance and Flight Planning Terminology. Crosswind is the velocity of the crosswind component for which adequate control of the airplane. Velocity during takeoff and landing is guaranteed, Usable fuel is the fuel available for flight planning. Unusable fuel is the quantity of fuel that cannot be safely used in flight. g is the acceleration of gravity, TOR is the takeoff distance measured from actual start to wheel lift off point. TOD is total takeoff distance measured from start to clearing a 50 obstacle. GR is the distance measured during landing from actual touchdown to stop point. LD is the distance measured during landing from clearing a 50 obstacle to actual stop. S R is specific range that is the distance in nautical miles which can be expected at a. specific power setting and or flight configuration per gallon of fuel used. Weight and Balance Terminology, Datum Reference datum is an imaginary vertical plane from which all horizontal. distances are measured for balance purposes, Arm is the horizontal distance from the reference datum to the center of gravity.
C G of an item, Moment is the product of the weight of an item multiplied by its arm. C G Center of Gravity is the point at which the airplane or equipment would. balance if suspended Its distance from the reference datum is found by. dividing the total moment by the total weight of the airplane. Empty Weight Empty Weight is the weight of the airplane with engine fluids and oil at. operating levels, Useful Load is the difference between takeoff weight and the empty weight. Maximum Takeoff Weight is the maximum weight approved for the start of the takeoff run. Maximum Landing Weight is the maximum weight approved for the landing touch down. Tare is the weight of chocks blocks stands etc used when weighing an airplane. and is included in the scale readings tare is then deducted from the scale. reading to obtain the actual net airplane weight,Revision Date 11 10 2008. Revision Number 4 00,P2002 Sierra,Flight Manual,Unit Conversion Chart. Multiplying by yields,Temperature,Fahrenheit F 5 Celsius C.
Celsius C 9 Fahrenheit F,Kilograms kg 2 205 Pounds lbs. Pounds lbs 0 4536 Kilograms kg, Meters per second m s 196 86 Feet per minute ft min. Feet per minute ft min 0 00508 Meters per second m s. Knots kts 1 853 Kilometers hour km h,Kilometers hour km h 0 5396 Knots kts. Atmosphere atm 14 7 Pounds sq in psi,Pounds sq in psi 0 068 Atmosphere atm. Kilometers km 0 5396 Nautical miles nm,Nautical miles nm 1 853 Kilometers km.
Meters m 3 281 Feet ft,Feet ft 0 3048 Meters m,Centimeters cm 0 3937 Inches in. Inches in 2 540 Centimeters cm,Liters l 0 2642 U S Gallons US Gal. U S Gallons US Gal 3 785 Liters l,Square meters m2 10 76 Square feet sq ft. Square feet sq ft 0 0929 Square meters m2,foot pounds 1 3558 Newton meters. foot pounds 0 1383 kilogram meters,foot pounds 12 0 inch pounds.
inch pounds 0 0115 kilogram meters,inch pounds 0 1130 Newton meters. inch pounds 0 0833 foot pounds,kilogram meters 7 233 foot pounds. kilogram meters 86 7964 inch pounds,kilogram meters 9 8067 Newton meters. Newton meters 0 7376 foot pounds,Newton meters 8 8508 inch pounds. 2 0 12 30 2006 All Tecnam 2 01 01 22 2007 1 Tecnam 2 02 03 01 2007 6 Tecnam 2 02a 05 24 2007 6 Tecnam 2 03 08 12 2007 All Tecnam 2 04 10 09 2007 All Tecnam 3 00 10 29 2007 All Tecnam 4 00 11 10 2008 All Tecnam NOTE Revision 4 00 updates all sections Many corrections were grammatical It is requested that all sections are reviewed for content change as well P2002 Sierra Flight Manual Revision

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