First Exhibition to Explore the Lives and Impact of Three

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enlightened princesses caroline augusta charlotte,and the shaping of the modern world. encouraged the era s greatest philosophers scientists artists and architects to. develop important ideas that would guide ensuing generations said Amy Meyers. Director of the Yale Center for British Art and organizing curator at the Center. The palaces and royal gardens they inhabited served as incubators for enlightened. conversation and experimentation and functioned as platforms to project the latest. cultural developments to an international audience Their innovative contributions. across disciplines held great significance centuries ago and continue to inform. The lives of Caroline Augusta and Charlotte straddled the eighteenth century. Caroline the wife of the future George II arrived in London in 1714 when the first. Hanoverian king George I was crowned She became queen consort after her. husband succeeded his father in 1727 Augusta was married to Caroline s eldest son. Frederick Prince of Wales but never became queen as her husband died young. However as mother of the next king George III Augusta became crucial to shaping. his reign In 1761 George III married Charlotte who died in 1818 two years before. her husband, Until this point the contributions of these three princesses have been little. understood and it is the aim of this exhibition to demonstrate how they influenced. the interests of their era in the most vibrant of ways In their engagement and. support of many important projects and initiatives they provided a blueprint for the. royal women who followed them right up to the present For this it is our intention. to bring to the princesses the attention they deserve said Joanna Marschner Senior. Curator at Historic Royal Palaces and lead curator of the exhibition. In addition to masterpieces from the Yale Center for British Art and Historic. Royal Palaces Enlightened Princesses will present over eighty works from the Royal. Collection generously lent by Her Majesty The Queen In total nearly fifty esteemed. collections will be represented including works from Royal Society Royal Botanic. Gardens Kew Richmond British Museum National Portrait Gallery London. British Library Victoria and Albert Museum Science Museum London Winterthur. Museum Garden and Library Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery University of. Glasgow Metropolitan Museum of Art Smithsonian Institution Washington DC. Beinecke Rare Book Manuscript Library and Yale University The display will. also feature a new work created by the artist Yinka Shonibare MBE RA b 1962. specifically for this exhibition which has been inspired by a meeting in 1753 between. Princess Augusta and Mrs Eliza Lucas Pinckney the owner of a slave plantation in. South Carolina which was then a British colony A letter written by Mrs Pinckney to. enlightened princesses caroline augusta charlotte,and the shaping of the modern world. a friend detailing the encounter will be included in the exhibition as a special loan. from the collection of The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America in the. State of South Carolina The dress worn by Mrs Pinckney on the occasion made of. silk produced on her plantation will also be on display courtesy of the Smithsonian s. National Museum of American History,EXHIBITION THEMES. Enlightened Princesses is organized according to five themes and will feature a rich. variety of objects that offer a glimpse into the princesses private lives courts and. legacies Oil portraits of Caroline ca 1735 by Joseph Highmore 1692 1780. Augusta 1769 by Allan Ramsay 1713 1784 and Charlotte 1771 by Johan. Joseph Zoffany 1733 1810 will set the stage for the exhibition. the court as a stage, For Caroline Augusta and Charlotte the royal court operated as a stage not only for.
the performance of music dance and theater but also as a political and cultural arena. In their furnishing of these spaces the princesses constructed a visual statement. of the authority of the Hanoverian dynasty under which the patronage of music. and the arts would flourish At the same time they had to navigate the inherently. political nature of public and private life at court during a period that witnessed an. information revolution initiated by the mass circulation of newspapers journals. and magazines replete with commentary debate and critique This section will. include Hans Holbein the Younger s Lady Lister ca 1532 43 one of the artist s. many portrait drawings of courtiers at the Tudor court which were particularly. prized by Caroline and hung at Kensington Palace in celebration of the distinguished. pedigree of the Royal House These drawings were displayed alongside images of. the present generation of the royal family The painting The Music Party Frederick. Prince of Wales with his Three Eldest Sisters 1733 by Philippe Mercier 1689 1760. is one such example It depicts Caroline s eldest son playing the cello He is. accompanied by his three sisters Princess Anne 1709 1759 at the harpsichord. Princess Amelia 1711 1786 reading a volume of John Milton s poems and. Princess Caroline 1713 1757 playing the mandora,cultures of learning powerful conversations. At the heart of their social circles Caroline Augusta and Charlotte built relationships. with the leading cultural and intellectual figures of their age including politicians. clergymen philosophers gardeners architects authors playwrights and composers. The princesses interests often overlapped or had a common focus such as in science. medicine philanthropy and especially maternity as well as the commercial interests. enlightened princesses caroline augusta charlotte,and the shaping of the modern world. of the state in Britain and abroad Their pursuits in this area are represented by. such objects as an oil portrait by John Vanderbank 1694 1739 of Sir Isaac Newton. 1726 Thomas Gainsborough s portrait of his friend the musician Carl Friedrich. Abel later acquired by Queen Charlotte for whom he provided music 1777 and. Allan Ramsey s remarkably nuanced portrait of Charlotte s medical adviser Dr. William Hunter 1760,royal women education charity and health. Attitudes regarding royal child rearing changed rapidly over the lifetimes of Caroline. Augusta and Charlotte There were shifts in methodology and focus in response. to the evolving contemporary philosophies about childhood sentimentality and. individual freedoms The princesses were active contributors to the educational. programs devised for their children and sought to draw them into conversations. beyond the palace walls In their public roles as encouragers and protectors the. princesses were involved in ambitious and wide reaching public philanthropic. projects organizations and societies especially those connected with health and. social welfare A precious silk satin baby robe 1762 belonging to George Prince. of Wales later George IV the eldest child of George III and Queen Charlotte. compares poignantly with tokens left by unmarried and impoverished mothers as. they consigned their children to the Foundling Hospital The hospital was a charity. supported by all three of the princesses which reflected their progressive interests. and it became an outlet to promote social change through assistance it provided to. disenfranchised and voiceless children in the greater society. political gardening, Caroline Augusta and Charlotte created and recast each other s gardens which. were political and social spaces as well as private retreats They drew in the products. of empire plants and animals were collected from many continents not only. for their beauty and rarity but also their economic value Similarly collections of. animals and birds brought back from the exploration of these new worlds were an. important feature in the royal gardens In the design of their gardens the princesses. explored contemporary garden philosophies and exercised their architectural. ambitions Many of their landscapes were made to be shared not just with the. community of gardeners philosophers and scientists the princesses drew into their. circle but with a wider community fostering an unprecedented relationship between. monarchy and subject Mark Catesby s 1683 1749 dynamic watercolor The Painted. Finch and the Loblolly Bay ca 1722 26 and an intricate cut paper collage by Mary. Delany Cactus Grandiflorus melon thistle 1778 serve as evidence of the princesses. entanglement in Britain s imperial ambition,enlightened princesses caroline augusta charlotte.
and the shaping of the modern world, to promote and protect the princesses and the wider world. To promote the arts and sciences Caroline Augusta and Charlotte supported and. championed national products and allowed their interest to be used by enterprising. industrialists The development of advanced industrial technologies including. cloth weaving porcelain production and metal casting enabled unprecedented. mass produced consumer goods This ensured for the first time that the image. of the British monarchy was widely disseminated in a way recognized as a brand. to domestic and international audiences Additionally Britain s increased colonial. expansion following the American War of Independence resulted in heightened. interest in the fruits of empire which the princesses celebrated by furnishing their. homes and developing their gardens with imports from the Caribbean India Africa. China and Australasia Masterpieces that have been gathered to reflect the princesses. engagement with the wider world include a painting by William Verelst 1704 1752. Audience Given by the Trustees of Georgia to a Delegation of Creek Indians 1734 35 as. well as one of the Center s treasured works a painting by George Stubbs of a zebra. belonging to Queen Charlotte 1763,CREDITS AND PUBLICATION. Enlightened Princesses Caroline Augusta Charlotte and the Shaping of the Modern. World is a collaboration between Historic Royal Palaces and the Yale Center for. British Art Lead curator Joanna Marschner Senior Curator at Historic Royal Palaces. was assisted by Samantha Howard Curatorial Assistant The organizing curator at. the Center Amy Meyers Director was assisted by Lisa Ford Assistant Director of. Research Glenn Adamson Senior Research Scholar and Tyler Griffith Postdoctoral. Research Associate The exhibition will be accompanied by a fully illustrated. catalogue of works edited by Joanna Marschner with the assistance of David. Bindman and Lisa Ford Co published with Historic Royal Palaces in association. with Yale University Press this book features contributions by an international. team of scholars,EXHIBITION OPENING PROGRAM February 1 5 30 pm. Skill d in each art Royal Consorts Culture and Politics at the Eighteenth Century Court. Joanna Marschner Senior Curator at Historic Royal Places London and exhibition. lead curator actors Baize Buzan Anna Crivelli and Elizabeth Stahlmann Yale School. of Drama YSD 17 Directed by Kevin Hourigan YSD 17 Yana Biryukova video. design YSD 17 Cole McCarty costumes YSD 18 and Carolina Ortiz lighting. enlightened princesses caroline augusta charlotte,and the shaping of the modern world. ABOUT THE PRINCESSES,caroline of ansbach, Caroline of Ansbach was the daughter of Johann Friedrich Margrave of.
Brandenburg Ansbach 1668 1694 and his second wife Eleanore of Saxe Eisenach. 1662 1696 Orphaned by the age of eleven she was brought up by guardians. Friedrich III Elector of Brandenburg first King in Prussia from 1701 and his wife. Sophie Charlotte of Hanover In 1705 Caroline was married to George Augustus. Electoral Prince of Hanover and when the British throne passed to Sophia s son. George Louis Elector of Hanover George Augustus and Caroline newly created. Prince and Princess of Wales followed George I to London One of Caroline s first. contributions to the integration of the new regime was providing a strong female. presence at court Her position as wife to the heir to the throne was unambiguous. and she was the mother of several healthy children In 1727 George II succeeded his. father but Caroline enjoyed only ten years as queen consort she died in 1737 at the. age of fifty four During her years in London she worked strenuously to support her. husband celebrate and promote the Hanoverian dynasty and bolster the confidence. of her new compatriots in the regime,augusta of saxe gotha. Augusta of Saxe Gotha was the wife of Frederick Prince of Wales the eldest son of. George II and Caroline She was the thirteenth child of Friederich II Duke of Saxe. Gotha and his wife Magdelena of Anhalt Zerbst Saxe Gotha was a tiny principality. and Augusta s marriage prospects seemed inauspicious however George was under. pressure to find a bride for his rebellious son Frederick who had arrived in London. from Hanover in 1728 estranged from his parents after many years of separation. The estrangement endured and the young couple would often bring their children. as they visited manufactories attended the theater and popular entertainments This. provided a homely wholesome image for this next generation of the royal family. Augusta would never become a queen consort Frederick Prince of Wales died. unexpectedly in 1751 However as mother of the future king who had yet to reach. his majority there was still a role for her as long as her eldest son heir to the throne. remained within her household She made her case to George II who declared her. princesses were involved in ambitious and wide reaching public philanthropic projects organizations and societies especially those connected with health and social welfare A precious silk satin baby robe 1762 belonging to George Prince of Wales later George IV the eldest child of George III and Queen Charlotte

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