ENGINEERING GEOLOGY for CIVIL ENGINEERS

Engineering Geology For Civil Engineers-Free PDF

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Engineering Geology,for Civil Engineers,P C VARGHESE. Honorary Professor Anna University Madras, Formerly Professor and Head Department of Civil Engineering. Indian Institute of Technology Madras and, UNESCO Chief Technical Advisor University of Moratuwa Sri Lanka. New Delhi 110001,ENGINEERING GEOLOGY FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS. P C Varghese, 2012 by PHI Learning Private Limited New Delhi All rights reserved No part of this book.
may be reproduced in any form by mimeograph or any other means without permission in. writing from the publisher,ISBN 978 81 203 4495 2, The export rights of this book are vested solely with the publisher. Published by Asoke K Ghosh PHI Learning Private Limited M 97 Connaught Circus. New Delhi 110001 and Printed by Raj Press New Delhi 110012. Professor Karl Terzaghi,who first taught the author. Engineering Geology,Contents v,Foreword xvii,Preface xix. Acknowledgements xxiii,Introduction xxv,Part I FORMATION OF ROCKS. 1 Historical Geology 3 14,1 1 Introduction 3, 1 2 A Short History of Earth and Division of Geological Time 3.
1 3 Geological History Time Scale and Rock Scale 5. 1 4 Division of Geological Scales 5, 1 5 Historical Divisions of Geological Formations in India 7. 1 6 Geologic Formation and Series 7, 1 7 Physiographic and Stratigraphical Divisions of India 8. 1 7 1 Physiographic Division of India 8,1 7 2 Stratigraphical Division of India 9. 1 8 Examples of Descriptions in Engineering Geology 11. 1 9 Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift 11,1 9 1 The Theory of Isostasy 13. 1 9 2 Movements between Plates 13,1 10 Summary 13,Review Questions 14.
References 14,2 Elements and Minerals 15 17,2 1 Introduction 15. 2 2 Minerals and Rocks 15,2 2 1 Rock forming Minerals 15. 2 2 2 Clay Minerals 16,2 2 3 Activity of Clays 16,vi Contents. 2 3 Study of Rocks and Soils by Civil Engineers 16. 2 4 Composition of Principal Minerals 17,2 5 Summary 17. Review Questions 17,3 Rocks and Their Formation 18 22.
3 1 Introduction 18, 3 2 Comparison of Formation of Different Types of Rocks with. Formation of Steel Concrete and Bricks 19,3 3 Kinds of Rocks 19. 3 3 1 Formation of Igneous Rocks The Parent Rock from Magma 20. 3 3 2 Formation of Sedimentary Rocks 20,3 4 How Metamorphism Can Take Place 21. 3 5 Summary 22,Review Questions 22,References 22,4 Igneous Rocks 23 28. 4 1 Introduction 23,4 2 Extrusive and Intrusive 23.
4 2 1 Extrusive or Volcanic Rocks 24,4 2 2 Intrusive or Plutonic Rock 24. 4 3 Forms of Intrusive Rocks 24, 4 4 Chemical and Mineralogical Composition Classification of. Igneous Rocks 25,4 4 1 Acidic and Basic Rocks 26,4 5 Important Igneous Rocks 27. 4 6 Rocks of Peninsular India 27,4 6 1 The Deccan Trap 27. 4 6 2 Charnokites 27,4 7 Summary 27,Review Questions 28.
References 28,5 Sedimentary Rocks 29 33,5 1 Introduction 29. 5 2 Formation of Sedimentary Rocks 29,5 3 Cementation of Clastic Deposits 30. 5 3 1 Gravel to Conglomerates and Breccias Rudaceous Deposits 31. 5 3 2 Sand to Sandstone Arenaceous Deposits 31, 5 3 3 Silt and Clay Form Shales Argillaceous Deposits 32. 5 4 Chemically Formed Sedimentary Rocks 32, 5 4 1 Marl to Limestone and Dolomite Calcareous Deposits 32. 5 5 Importance of Immersion Tests on Sedimentary Rocks 32. 5 6 Summary 33,Review Questions 33,Contents vii,6 Metamorphic Rocks 34 38.
6 1 Introduction 34, 6 2 Changes in Sedimentary Rock Due to High Temperature. and Pressure 34,6 2 1 Argilacous Rocks 35,6 3 Formation of Slate from Shale 35. 6 4 Marble from Crystalline Limestone and Dolomite 35. 6 5 Quartzite from Sandstone and Formation of Schist 37. 6 6 Formation of Gneiss 37, 6 7 Criteria for Distinguishing between Metamorphosed Igneous Rocks. and Sedimentary Rocks 38,6 8 Summary 38,Review Questions 38. 7 Structural Features in Rocks 39 47,7 1 Introduction 39.
7 2 Rock Structures 39,7 3 Structural Features 40,7 4 Joints 41. 7 5 Folds 41,7 5 1 Dip Strike and Angle of Plunge 42. 7 6 Faults 43,7 6 1 Overthrust 44,7 7 Cleavage 45, 7 8 Minor Structural Features in Sedimentary Rocks Produced by Erosion 45. 7 9 Summary 46,Review Questions 47,References 47,8 Chemical Weathering of Rocks 48 50. 8 1 Introduction 48, 8 2 Nature of Action of Groundwater on Igneous Rocks 48.
8 3 Action of Groundwater on Limestone 49,8 4 Action of Groundwater on Dolomites 49. 8 5 Action of Groundwater on Clastic Rocks 49,8 6 Action of Groundwater on Metamorphic Rocks 49. 8 7 Formation of Laterites 49, 8 8 Formation of Expansive Soils Black Cotton Soils 49. 8 9 Summary 50,Review Questions 50,9 Engineering Properties of Rocks 51 59. 9 1 Introduction 51,9 2 Standard Laboratory Tests 51.
9 2 1 Test for Density or Specific Gravity and Porosity 52. 9 2 2 Water Absorption Immersion Test 52,viii Contents. 9 2 3 Compressive Strength and Elastic Modulus 52, 9 2 4 Split Test for Strength in Tension Brazilian Test 53. 9 2 5 Modulus of Rupture Test 53, 9 2 6 Abrasion Resistance Tests by Dorry s Machine 54. 9 2 7 Attrition Test by Deval s Attrition Test Machine 54. 9 2 8 Impact Test for Toughness 55,9 2 9 Crushing Strength Test 55. 9 2 10 Alkali Aggregate Reaction Test and Test for. Deleterious Substances 56,9 3 Field and In Situ Tests for Rock Quality 56.
9 4 Field Permeability Test 57,9 4 1 Tests for Permeability of Overburdens 57. 9 4 2 Pressure Test for Field Permeability of Rocks 57. 9 5 Summary 58,Review Questions 58,References 58,10 Weathering of Rocks and Geomorphology 60 65. 10 1 Introduction 60,10 2 General Landforms and Forces Making Them 60. 10 3 Weathering of Rocks 61,10 4 Mechanical Weathering 61. 10 5 Chemical Weathering 62,10 6 Transport of Products of Weathering 63.
10 7 Type of Regolith at a Place 64, 10 8 Symbols Used to Describe the State of Weathering of Rocks 64. 10 9 Summary 64,Review Questions 65,References 65,11 Groundwater and Groundwater Recharging 66 77. 11 1 Introduction 66,11 2 Porosity and Permeability 66. 11 3 Sources of Groundwater 67,11 3 1 Flow of Rainwater 67. 11 3 2 Groundwater Zones 68, 11 4 Freshwater and Salt Water Levels Near the Sea 69.
11 5 Movement of Groundwater 69,11 6 Seepage and Springs 70. 11 6 1 Thermal Springs 70,11 6 2 Aquifers and Artesian Water 70. 11 7 Movement of Water in Rocks 71,11 7 1 Movement of Water in Igneous Rocks 71. 11 7 2 Sedimentary Rocks as Aquifers 71,11 7 3 Metamorphic Rocks as Aquifers 72. Contents ix,11 8 Perched Water Tables 72,11 9 Wells for Extraction of Groundwater 72.
11 9 1 Pumping from Wells 73,11 9 2 Groundwater Exploration 73. 11 10 An Interesting Case of Dewatering and Recharging of Foundation 74. 11 11 Recharge of Groundwater by Rainwater Harvesting 74. 11 11 1 Roofwater Collection 75,11 12 Summary 76,Review Questions 77. References 77,Part II FORMATION OF SOIL DEPOSITS, 12 Field Identification and Classification of Soils 81 89. 12 1 Introduction 81,12 2 Unified Soil Classification Systems USCS 81. 12 3 Subdivisions of Coarse Grained Soils 82, 12 4 Symbols for Grading Classification of Gravel and Sand 83.
12 5 Classifications of Fine Grained Soils by Laboratory Tests 83. 12 6 Summary of Symbols Used and Simplified Classification of Soils 84. 12 7 Filed Identification of Fine Grained Soils 84. 12 8 Summary of the Procedure for Field Identification of Soils 86. 12 9 Examples of Field Discription of Soils 87, 12 10 U S Department of Agriculture Classification of Soils. Sand Silt and Clay 88,12 11 Summary 89,Review Questions 89. 13 Streams Rivers and Their Deposits 90 100,13 1 Introduction 90. 13 2 Streams and Rivers 90,13 3 Playfair s Law Functions of a River 91. 13 4 Particles Carried or Deposited by River Water 91. 13 4 1 Erosion 92,13 4 2 Transportation of Eroded Materials 93.
13 4 3 Deposition Alluvial Deposits 93, 13 4 4 The Problem Faced by Civil Engineers while Dealing with Rivers 93. 13 5 The Normal Stream Cycle 94,13 5 1 Stream Cycle 94. 13 6 Rejuvenation of Rivers 99,13 7 Coriolis Effect and Ferrel s Law 99. 13 8 Soil Deposits Along the River 99,13 9 Summary 100. Review Questions 100,References 100,Engineering Geology For Civil.
Publisher PHI Learning ISBN 9788120344953 Author Varghese PC. Type the URL http www kopykitab com product 7778,Get this eBook. Engineering Geology for Civil Engineers P C VARGHESE Honorary Professor Anna University Madras Formerly Professor and Head Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras and UNESCO Chief Technical Advisor University of Moratuwa Sri Lanka New Delhi 110001

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