Encyclopedia of Renaissance Literature

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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF,RENAISSANCE LITERATURE,ENCYCLOPEDIA OF. RENAISSANCE,LITERATURE,James Wyatt Cook,Encyclopedia of Renaissance Literature. Copyright 2006 by James Wyatt Cook, All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any. means electronic or mechanical including photocopying recording or by any information. storage or retrieval systems without permission in writing from the publisher For. information contact,Facts On File Inc,An imprint of Infobase Publishing. 132 West 31st Street,New York NY 10001, Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data.
Cook James Wyatt 1932, Encyclopedia of Renaissance literature James Cook 1st ed. Includes bibliographical references and index, ISBN 0 8160 5624 2 hardcover alk paper 1 European literature Renaissance. 1450 1600 Bio bibliography Dictionaries I Facts On File Inc II Title. PN721 C66 2005,809 894 09024 dc22,2004029417, Facts On File books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk quantities for. businesses associations institutions or sales promotions Please call our Special Sales. Department in New York at 212 967 8800 or 800 322 8755. You can find Facts On File on the World Wide Web at http www factsonfile com. Text design by Rachel L Berlin,Cover design by Smart Graphics. Printed in the United States of America,VB FOF 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1.
This book is printed on acid free paper,Acknowledgments vii. Introduction ix,Writers Covered by,Language of Composition xv. Authors Time Line xxi,Entries A to Z 1,Selected Bibliography 567. This book is for our children and their spouses,Allison Amy and David Geoffrey. Kathleen Marie and Dean David,Mary Sharon and Christopher Wyatt.
Their kids,Josh Leo Riley and Sam, All my former students and their beloveds especially. Jim and Debbie,Dawn and Roger,Kevin and Tabitha,Sandra and Andrew. Sandra and Martha,Angela and Greg,Carol and Misha,Susan and Alex. Irene and Tom,Jon and Leslie,Scott and Pam,Paula Jean. Dave and Aiko,Anna and Matteo,Gl altri Veneziani 1998 e 99.
And the wonderful staff at the Stockwell Mudd Libraries of Albion College Cheers. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, Every substantial project requires the help of I am also indebted to the hundreds of editors. many hands and this one is no exception As whose contributions to specialized reference vol. always my first debt of gratitude is owing to my umes helped to shape my understanding of liter. spouse of a short 51 years Barbara My first draft ary developments around the world during the. editor and an unfailing cheerleader Barbara 16th and 17th centuries Rather than name them. restrains my verbosity and insists on shorter sen individually I gratefully acknowledge having con. tences I feel deeply grateful I am also grateful to sulted the following references. my agent Jodie Rhodes who suggested this proj Bright William ed International Encyclopedia of. ect and to my ever responsive and supportive edi Linguistics New York and Oxford Oxford Uni. tor at Facts On File Jeff Soloway whose patience versity Press 1992. instantaneous response to queries and mastery of Brockhaus Enzyklop die Wiesbaden F A Brockhaus. the techniques of positive reinforcement have 1969. become legendary in our household Datta Amaresh ed Encyclopedia of Indian Literature. Mike Van Houten has supported this project at New Delhi Sahitya Akademi 1989. every step with his expertise as a reference librari Encyclopaedia Judaica Jerusalem The Macmillan. an So have his colleagues Alice Wiley Moore Car Company 1971. olyn Gaswick Michelle Gerry Cheryl Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Islam Leiden E J Brill and London. and their fearless leader John Kondelik My Luzac and Company ca 1963 ca 1980. thanks as well to John and the administration of Garland Mary and Henry Garland The Oxford. Albion College for finding me congenial work Companion to German Literature Oxford Oxford. space near the resources I required to do this job University Press 1997. Professor Ananda Lal of St Xavier University Grendler Paul F ed Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. Kolkatta vetted the initial list of Indian literary New York Scribners ca 1999. figures to be included in this volume and helpful Konzett Matthias ed Encyclopedia of German Liter. ly called my attention to certain matters of ature Chicago and London Fitzroy Dearborn. controversy Publishers 2000,viii Encyclopedia of Renaissance Literature. Mair Victor H ed The Columbia History of Chinese Singer Isidore et al eds The Jewish Encyclopedia. Literature New York Columbia University Press New York and London Funk and Wagnalls. New Catholic Encyclopedia New York McGraw Hill Finally permission to quote from Edward. 1967 Granville Browne s translations from the Persian. Russel Rinaldina ed The Feminist Encyclopedia of of S a ib of Tabriz in volume 4 of A Literary Histo. Italian Literature Westport Conn Greenwood ry of Persia 1997 has been granted courtesy of. Press 1997 Ibex Books,INTRODUCTION, OVERVIEW AND GUIDE TO USE phy of texts intended as a recommended reading. list for those students who want to look further,This reference volume looks at literature written. into the topic,during the Renaissance epoch from an atypical.
Many of the writers works and literary move,perspective a global one Renaissance volumes. ments discussed in this book sought innovation,historically have dealt exclusively with European. by looking back to ancient roots for inspiration,literary phenomena or more recently with cultur. For example the writers of the Ming dynasty, ally European literary works expatriate in the New. 1368 1644 and the Early Qing Ch ing dynasty,World as well This book attempts to look at typi.
1644 1911 in China looked back for inspiration,cal and significant literary effort around the. world It tries to take into account authors com to the literature especially the poetry of the Tang. positions movements and literary types and ter dynasty 618 907 a period during which the. minology not only in European culture and its Chinese invented printing by word blocks and lit. extensions but also in the native cultures of the erature flourished Under the influence of the Chi. New World in Asia on the Indian subcontinent nese Ming literary efflorescence Korean and. and in the Muslim world both in and outside Japanese literature often written in Chinese as. India The period under consideration focuses well as in the native tongues also blossomed dur. mainly on the years 1500 1700 but the encyclo ing the years of the European Renaissance The. pedia also glances back at a few important ancient mid 15th century invention of an alphabet for. and medieval precursors the Korean language gave impetus to the growth. Most of the entries included here have been of literature in that language. suggested by popular anthologies of literature I In Hindu India a spiritual movement called. have included entries writers and texts that are bhakti had been gaining momentum since the ninth. often covered in introductory college or advanced century As its adherents spread its tenets across the. high school classes because the primary intended length and breadth of the subcontinent the move. reading audience for this book consists of students ment developed characteristics comparable to some. in these kinds of classes as well as their instructors displayed by the Protestant Reformation and the. Most entries are followed by a selected bibliogra Roman Catholic Counter Reformation in Europe. x Encyclopedia of Renaissance Literature, There appeared for instance a reaction against and in the Arabic of Egyptian writers and the. clerical monopolization of ancient texts by virtue Turkish of the Ottomans and the Turki of the. of priests mastery of the Sanskrit language A Mughals of North India poetic forms like the. prime feature of bhakti was the insistence of its rub i and the qas da became ubiquitous Prose. saints that the way to salvation lay in devotion to biographies of important poets and poetic. God a good heart and kindness to one s neighbor romances based on biblical or historical themes. The movement de emphasized abstruse and diffi became ubiquitous and in Turkey a shadow pup. cult theological doctrine So rough parallels can be pet theater called karagoz developed Among the. drawn between the populism of both the bhakti Persian contributions to the literature of the Mus. movements of India and the Protestant move lim world was the expansion of the capacity for. ments of the European Renaissance In many local vernacular languages and dialects to achieve. instances ancient Hindu Sanskrit texts were trans the greater power of expression that Arabic. lated into the many emergent vernaculars of India displayed. and in those translations the emphases shifted to In all the cultures thus far discussed transla. stress social justice and the love of such gods as tion played a major role An entry on the subject. Vishnu and Krishna The bhakti movement also of translation attempts a cross cultural overview. contributed to the appearance of a humanistic of the results of efforts at translation around the. religion of the book Sikhism with its holy scrip world Similar entries for comedy and tragedy for. ture the Adigranth instance try to look comparatively at global liter. The love poetry of medieval Sufi Muslims with atures even at a few examples of the oral litera. its conventions of spirituality derived from tures of Africa and Pacific Oceania A student or a. human love had made its way from North Africa general reader can find here then a reasonably. to Spain and radiated from there to southern comprehensive view of and introduction to. France and Italy As this poetry traveled its writers important writers works literary terms and liter. adapted it to their own poetic conventions In ary trends around the world for a period of more. Provence in the Middle Ages this imported verse than 200 years. transformed into the poetry of the troubadours The principle for the exclusion of certain liter. and their female counterparts the trobaritz Mov atures on the other hand has been stasis Where. ing south from Provence in Italy it became the few or no new literary developments characterize. poetry of the sweet new style the dolce stil nuovo a literature from 1500 to 1700 as was the case say. employed by Dante and others A founding figure in Russia and the Byzantine Greek world no. of the European Renaissance Francesco Petrarca entries appear. 1304 74 took that poetry infused it with classi A reader may trace cross references of interest. cal erudition with a close examination of his own by pursuing the SMALL CAPITALIZED words in the. interior autobiography and with a poetic sensibil text to other alphabetically listed entries where. ity that rated by its influence on others has not they occur and by following the guide thus pro. since been equaled in the Western world His vers vided may achieve a more comprehensive view of. es set the standard and the tone for lyric poets in a subject of interest. Europe for the next 200 years and the history of, lyric poetry in the West could be characterized as. A CLOSER LOOK,a tug of war between poets who followed Petrarch. and poets who reacted against him Of course the term renaissance occurred first in a. In the Muslim world however the same verses European context The Italian artist Giorgio Vasari. that had developed in Europe in the way broadly 1511 74 seems to have first used the word to. outlined above took a different course Muslim characterize the developments in Italian architec. lyric verse took as its models the poems of Persia ture painting and sculpture that he described in. Introduction xi, the biographical sketches he included in his Lives The technological advance and cost benefit asso.
of the Artists Later writers expanded the meaning ciated with the late 15th century invention of Euro. of the word to describe a flowering of new knowl pean printing opened the world of letters to new. edge a vastly expanded European acquaintance classes of readers and of writers Over the strenuous. with the writings of ancient Greek and Roman objections of some men for instance women s. authors and a sensibility that expressed itself in voices increasingly strove to be heard and were. novel artistic and literary forms that were often heard via the new medium of printed books. based on the works of the ancients Printing and new standards of textual criticism. Any term one applies as a broad descriptor of conspired to turn up the volume of already audi. historical developments of course is necessarily ble demands for vernacular translations of the. retrospective The widely credited initiator of the Bible and for better source texts than St Jerome s. European Renaissance Francesco Petrarca did fourth and fifth century Vulgate Latin Bible pro. not wake up one morning and decide it was time vided Increasingly insistent voices such as those. to get the Renaissance under way rather his inter of Martin Luther and John Calvin challenged the. ests in classical antiquity sparked similar interests authority of the Roman Catholic Church hierar. in others His introspective examination of his chy and ultimately broke ranks with it As the lit. emotional life as a unique phenomenon and his erary effects of the Renaissance spread northward. treatment of his love for a woman as a literal and to the Scandinavian peninsula and to Denmark s. Josh Leo Riley and Sam and All my former students and their beloveds especially Jim and Debbie Dawn and Roger Kevin and Tabitha Sandra and Andrew Sandra and Martha Angela and Greg Carol and Misha Susan and Alex Irene and Tom Jon and Leslie Scott and Pam Paula Jean Meghan Lynne Casey Erica Brad Dave and Aiko Anna and Matteo Gl altri Veneziani 1998 e 99 And the wonderful staff at the

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