Emotional Intelligence A Summary Vision Realization

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General introduction to EQ, The word intelligence did not appear in books before the twentieth century nor did it appear in. Baldwin s Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology which was published in 1902 As late as. 1927 the majority of the best accredited books on psychology did not mention the word. intelligence Spearman 1927 The term emotional intelligence does not yet appear in. dictionaries, Psychologists have been trying to categorize and define intelligence for many years For the past. century intelligence has been measured with IQ which attempts to tap one s cognitive capacity. and functioning e g one s ability to learn recall apply think reason and abstract More. specifically IQ tests generally include a verbal IQ score based on six subtests information. comprehension arithmetic similarities digit span and vocabulary and a performance IQ score. based on five subtests digit symbol picture completion block design picture arrangement and. object assembly The concept of emotional intelligence brings new depth to the understanding. of human intelligence it expands the ability to evaluate one s general or overall intelligence. Like cognitive intelligence emotional intelligence is difficult to define Broadly speaking. emotional intelligence addresses the emotional personal social and survival dimensions of. intelligence which are often more important for daily functioning than the more traditional. cognitive aspects of intelligence Emotional intelligence is concerned with understanding. oneself and others relating to people and adapting to and coping with the immediate. surroundings to be more successful in dealing with environmental demands Emotional. intelligence is tactical immediate functioning while cognitive intelligence is strategic long. term capacity Emotional intelligence helps to predict success because it reflects how a person. applies knowledge to the immediate situation In a way to measure emotional intelligence is to. measure one s common sense and ability to get along in the world A dictionary definition. might include an array of noncognitive capabilities competencies and skills that influence. one s ability to succeed in coping with environment demands and pressures. It is important to note however that emotional intelligence combines with other important. determinants of one s ability to succeed in coping with environmental demands such as. biomedical predispositions and conditions cognitive intellectual capacity as well as the reality. and limitations of the immediate and ever changing environment Behavior is always a function. of the person and the situation Since behavior never takes place in a vacuum but always occurs. in a situational context it is meaningless to talk about characteristics of an individual s behavior. without specifying the situation in which the behavior occurs. Why do some people have better psychological well being than others Why are some. individuals more able to succeed in life than others These questions commanded a thorough. review of factors emotional skills thought to determine general success in addition to success. in maintaining positive emotional health It soon became clear that the key to determining and. predicting success is not cognitive intelligence alone many cognitively intelligent people. flounder in life while many less cognitively intelligent individuals succeed and prosper During. these efforts to identify the most important factors involved in coping with environmental. demands no significant correlation was found between cognitive and emotional intelligence and. the examination is continuing to examine the contribution of both forms of intelligence to. success in various aspects of life, Daniel Goleman s book Emotional Intelligence 1995 has served to popularize this relatively. new area He has presented his adaptation of a few existing models of emotional intelligence. and emphasized how it is altered throughout life the ways basic emotional skills can augment. one s ability to function better and to succeed in life and the price paid for what he calls. emotional illiteracy, The genesis of the study of emotional intelligence has its roots in David Wechsler s idea of. nonintellective aspects of general intelligence which reaches as far back as 1940 Wechsler. 1940 The following excerpt illustrates Wechsler s foresight and recognition of the importance. of emotional intelligence,The main question is whether nonintellective that.
is affective and conative abilities are admissible as. factors of general intelligence The contention of, this paper has been that such factors are not only. admissible but necessary I have tried to show that. in addition to intellective there are also definite. nonintellective factors that determine intelligent. behavior If the foregoing observations are correct. it follows that we cannot expect to measure total,intelligence until our tests also include some. measures of the nonintellective factors Wechlser,1943 p 103. In 1948 Leeper proposed that emotional thought is part of and contributes to logical thought. and intelligence in general Leeper 1948, These early proposals were succeeded nearly a half century later by the ideas of Harvard. University s Howard Gardner who broadened the way people have traditionally considered. cognitive intelligence since the early twentieth century Gardner 1983 Gardner feels. intelligence encompasses multiple dimensions combining a variety of cognitive elements of. emotional intelligence or personal intelligence as he called it The emotional or personal. dimension of his concept of multiple intelligence includes two general components thus far. referred to as intrapsychic capacities and interpersonal skills. Other psychologists continued to challenge the conventional view of intelligence John Mayer at. the University of New Hampshire and Peter Salovey at Yale University concentrated their. research efforts on the emotional aspect of intelligence They expanded upon Gardner s. approach and looked primarily at six components of emotional intelligence that are very similar. to the current conception of it emotional self awareness assertiveness empathy interpersonal. relationship stress tolerance and impulse control,Why is it important.
From Daniel Goleman s 1998 book Working with Emotional Intelligence. I Q is about 24 points higher now than in 1918 due to better nutrition more school smaller. family size etc However EQ is down compared to the last generation Kids now are more. lonely and depressed more angry and unruly more nervous and prone to worry more. impulsive and more aggressive Now there are rising rates of despair alienation drug. abuse crime and violence eating disorders unwanted pregnancies bullying and dropping. out of school, Predicting job performance is a favorite past time in business and psychology When job. performance is comprehensively measured according to superiors peers and subordinates. E Q predicts higher performance three times better than I Q This finding has been. replicated by dozens of different experts in close to five hundred corporations government. agencies and nonprofit organizations worldwide, Leadership is largely an emotional intelligence Some estimates put it as high as 90. Leadership encompasses influence achievement drive self confidence team skills and. political awareness Failed leaders were too critical moody angry defensive and lacked. All interaction can be gauged along a continuum from emotionally toxic to nourishing. Emotionally intelligent people are aware of that and consequently so are the people around. Two thirds of workers say communication problems are the leading cause preventing them. from doing their best work, Rhode Island has incorporated an emotional intelligence curriculum for the whole state. schools hospitals prisons government employees etc. From John Gottman s 1997 book Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child. From the mid 1970 s to the late 1980 s children as rated by parents and teachers have. become more nervous and irritable more sulky and moody more depressed and lonely more. impulsive and disobedient and so on for more than 40 indicators Impulsive girls are more. likely to become pregnant by the end of their teen years and impulsive boys are at a higher. risk for delinquency violence and using drugs and alcohol. Why Parents have less free time with their children less relatives in children s lives these. days and both parents often work There is more TV watching and computer game playing. One learns EQ from a social life which has been decreasing. High EQ kids are able to regulate their emotional states better at soothing themselves calm. their hearts faster have fewer infectious diseases better at focusing attention better at. understanding people higher academic achievement and had better friendships with other. children High EQ children don t have the negative outcomes from divorce such as. aggression academic failure and problems with peers. Gardner H 1983 Frames of mind New York Basic Books. Leeper R W 1948 A motivational theory of emotions to replace emotions as disorganized responses. Psychological Review 55 5 21, Spearman C 1927 The abilities of man New York The Macmillan Co. Wechsler D 1940 Nonintellective factors in general intelligence Psychological Bulletin 37 444 445. Wechsler D 1943 Nonintellective factors in general intelligence Journal of Abnormal Social Psychology 38. From several empirical research studies on the concept. Emotional intelligence assessments have been useful in predicting success and failure in. corporate settings small business and blue collar occupations They have also predicted. academic dropout ability to cope with a severe medical condition aggression in the. workplace suicide attempts and ability to recover from mental illness Although the level. of prediction varies too complex to reiterate here EQ assessments have accounted for. significant and impressive amounts of variance, There is a very small gender difference women on average score 1 higher than men.
Psychometrically the Cronbach internal consistency score is on average 76 very good. Average one month test retest reliability is 85 very good The instrument demonstrated. content and factorial validity Construct validity and divergent validity was evidenced via. comparison with ten other quality scales Predictive or discriminant validity was evidenced. by the ability to successfully differentiate between members of the Young President s. Organization and chronically unemployed successful and unsuccessful military academy. students successful and unsuccessful air force recruiters successful and unsuccessful. college students prisoners versus a local normative sample stress management seminar. students and an untrained control group and successful and unsuccessful alcohol treatment. participants,EQ Web sites,http www casel org,http eiconsortium org. http eqi org,http emotionaliq com,http www eqparenting com. Important Related Books, Mark Davis 1996 Empathy A Social Psychological Approach. Maurice Elias 1997 Promoting Social and Emotional Learning Guidelines for Educators. Maurice Elias 1999 Emotionally Intelligent Parenting How to Raise a Self disciplined Responsible Socially. Skilled Child,Daniel Goleman 1995 Emotional Intelligence. Daniel Goleman 1998 Working with Emotional Intelligence. John Gottman 1997 Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child. William Ickes 1997 Empathetic Accuracy, Mayer Salovey P 1997 What Is Emotional Intelligence In P Salovey and D Sluyter Eds Emotional.
Development Emotional Literacy and Emotional Intelligence Implications for Educators New York. Basic Books, Mayer Salovey Caruso 1998 Competing models of emotional intelligence In R J Sternberg Ed. Handbook of Human Intelligence 2nd edition, Peter Salovey 1997 Emotional Development and Emotional Intelligence Educational Implications. Martin Seligman 1996 The Optimistic Child, Lawrence Shapiro 1998 How to Raise a Child with a High EQ A Parent s Guide to Emotional Intelligence. Karen Stone McCown 1998 Self science The Emotional Intelligence Curriculum. Components of Emotional Intelligence, Listed below are the 15 conceptual components of emotional intelligence Emotional intelligence and emotional skills. develop over time change throughout life and can be improved through training and remedial programs as well as. therapeutic techniques, General intelligence is composed of cognitive intelligence which is measured by IQ and emotional intelligence which.
is measured by EQ The well functioning successful and emotionally healthy individual is one who possesses a. sufficient degree of emotional intelligence and an average or above average EQ score The higher the EQ score the more. positive the prediction for general success in meeting environmental demands and pressures On the other hand lack of. success and the existence of emotional problems are a function of the extent and degree of deficiency evident in these. factors skills over time Moreover lower scores on the following subscales should be considered more problematic for. coping with one s environment Reality Testing Problem Solving Stress Tolerance and Impulse Control EQ scores. when combined with IQ scores will give a better indication of one s general intelligence and hence offer a better. indication of one s potential to succeed in life,Intrapersonal. Emotional Self awareness Emotional self awareness is the ability to recognize one s feelings It is not only the. Daniel Goleman s book Emotional Intelligence 1995 has served to popularize this relatively new area He has presented his adaptation of a few existing models of emotional intelligence and emphasized how it is altered throughout life the ways basic emotional skills can augment one s ability to function better and to succeed in life and the price paid for what he calls emotional

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