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The guided learning hours are 180 for an AS level and 360 over two years for an A. level This document provides a topic guide for teaching Coastal Landscapes and. Change and can be adapted by centres to fit their own contexts and teaching styles. It has been produced as an example approach and is not intended to be prescriptive. The topic guides indicate resources that you can use to support your teaching These. are only suggestions and you are encouraged to use a wide range of resources to. suit the needs of your own students, The advised teaching time for this topic is 24 hours with 6 hours of fieldwork i e. roughly 6 hours per enquiry question EQ This requires some blending together of. the detailed content Detailed information on fieldwork techniques approaches and. integration with the topic content is not provided here Instead support for fieldwork. can be found in the separate fieldwork guide In the guidance below suggestions are. made about contextualisation or stretch challenges that may be suitable for more. able students as well as expected lesson outcomes for those less able Please note. that these are suggestions only and not specific syllabus requirements. Each of the EQs and key areas is broken down into sections beginning with a quick. overview of the breadth of the enquiry question followed by a more detailed. explanation of the key concepts and processes examples of teaching strategies. guidance on integrating geographical skills and a summary of the key terminology. required The structure is suggestive not prescriptive. Synoptic linkages and case study nesting, There are many opportunities to develop knowledge through place and context. within this unit as well as areas where past case studies from Crowded Coasts. may be used as well as others Examples could include but are not limited to. Holderness,Jurassic Coastline,Formby Sand Dunes,Salt marsh development in the Blackwater Estuary. These are examples which could be developed However there are others both. based within the UK and abroad which have equal merit and should be used as. appropriate, Our synoptic themes help students see the bigger picture by encouraging them to. make geographical links between topics and issues To enable this and support. exam preparations we have continued to signpost Players P Attitudes and. Actions A and Futures and Uncertainties F throughout the specification. content Synoptic links here can include deltas and work on the Nile and California. water security flooding and poverty in areas such as Bangladesh climate. change and impacts of increased hydro meteorological hazards for example. tropical storms in places such as the Philippines, 2 Pearson Education Ltd 2016 Copying permitted for purchasing institution only This material is not copyright free.
Introduction, Students and teachers will investigate why these landscapes are increasingly. threatened from physical processes and human activities and the need for. holistic and sustainable management of these areas in all the world s coasts. Study must include examples of landscapes from inside and outside the UK. The first area of this topic is built around the ideas associated with the physical. processes that create coastlines For some students the depth of information. given can be quite taxing and hard to grasp However with differentiated. resources and a variety of approaches this can be overcome Hitting the basics. here will bear fruit later in the course The teaching should cover. the littoral zone and dynamic change, coastal classification based on geology changes to sea level and inputs or. low and high energy coastlines,concordant and discordant coasts. coastal morphology and geomorphology,EQ1 Why are coastal landscapes different and. what processes are causing these differences,Teaching approach over 6 hours.
The coast and wider littoral zone has distinctive features and. Lesson 1 1hr,landscapes, Geological structure influences the development of coastal. Lesson 2 1hr landscapes at a variety of scales including concordant and. discordant coastlines, Potential integration of coursework fieldwork theme in terms of. Lesson 3 1hr, key skills such as field sketches OS maps and geological maps. Geological structure jointing dip faulting folding is an. Lesson 4 1hr, important influence on coastal morphology and erosion rates. Lesson 5 and 6 Rates of coastal recession and stability depend on lithology and. 2 hrs other factors,Lesson 1 The littoral zone, This lesson should introduce the key concepts of the littoral zone building on what.
students may have learnt at GCSE Students need to be able to describe and explain. the factors that create the different landscapes around our coastline. This should then build into ideas of geology through the rock type which is important. in determining much of our coasts, Pearson Education Ltd 2016 Copying permitted for purchasing institution only This material is not copyright free 3. Images or maps can be used as differentiation tools These can be annotated to. some extent for the less able, Videos of the changing coastline may help visual learners develop an understanding. of the temporal elements involved,Key concepts and processes. Why coastal landscapes are different and what processes are causing these. differences,Students need to, o appreciate that the coastline consists of the backshore nearshore and. offshore zones, o recognise that the coastline is a dynamic and changing environment.
that can be altered rapidly, o understand that there are inputs and outputs within this system such as. rivers and tides and the action of waves,Guidance on teaching. The first area of this topic is built around the ideas associated with the physical. processes that create coastlines, In terms of teaching the littoral zone can be explored through both layered. diagrammatic exemplification or cause and effect Less able students might benefit. from a more structured element with recourse to personal experience at the beach. Geological themes can be explored through pictorial evidence such as different. landscapes being shown with students writing down hard or soft on mini. whiteboards or erosional or depositional This will improve their ideas and. confidence with visualising landscapes,Lesson 2 Geology. Students will need to develop an awareness of how geology impacts upon the. coastline and its importance in coastal formation, There will be key terms which students are not familiar with and these will need to.
be reviewed to help students develop good geographical terminology The. introduction of basic geological maps many of which can be found online will be. useful suggestions are given below and throughout, Apps like iGeology can help students understand the complexities of geology in the. UK though only a rudimentary knowledge is needed More able students may wish to. explore this area more through geological maps bgs ac uk has a UK geology. viewer online which can enhance understanding as well as other great features to. help students, Several video websites offer alternative views of geology However rock hardness. differentiation is key to a student s understanding because in looking at one rock in. 4 Pearson Education Ltd 2016 Copying permitted for purchasing institution only This material is not copyright free. relation to another the softer of the two will always erode more quickly. Exemplification of this could be done via annotation geological maps OS maps and. student investigation, Less able students may benefit from annotated photographs or slides explaining the. rock types There are some good videos on rock hardness search by Mineral. hardness test These can used to guide students in identifying rock hardness and in. the classroom they can then test common rocks found in coastal locations chalk. limestone granite clay etc By numbering these students should be able to. understand the relationship between rocks and their hardness rating. Rocks can be collected or bought Quarries or building companies will usually donate. a small amount for educational purposes,Lesson 3 Concordant and discordant coastlines. Within this lesson students will tackle the lithology of coastlines and how different. layers of rocks create potentially different landscapes. Students will by now be able to begin to differentiate between rock hardness in. terms of why certain rocks erode faster than others Good examples here would be. along the Devon coastline or where both concordant and discordant features are. You could begin to introduce different fieldwork skills such as field sketches and. geological map reading A simple understanding of how rocks are laid down over. time may be included here through case studies such as those around the. Holderness coast Devon coast or your chosen case study area The websites. maintained by Hull University are good for Holderness and Southampton University. has produced resources on the Devon coast,Key concepts and processes.
Geology can cause a variety of different coastlines and there are many. different reasons such as wave action and geomorphology why they vary. Students need to, o understand concordant and discordant coasts and the reasons for their. o appreciate the impacts of erosion on these landforms and the landforms. they can create, o understand the actions of both marine and terrestrial processes in the. creation of these landforms,Guidance on teaching, There are many areas which teachers need to impress upon students that go beyond. the previous 2008 specification Geological maps both full and simplified versions. can be used and many are available from sources such as the app iGeology. Pearson Education Ltd 2016 Copying permitted for purchasing institution only This material is not copyright free 5. The distinction between concordant and discordant coastlines can be followed up by. case study led investigations which may or may not be linked to areas students. have visited or have yet to visit, Lesson 4 Geological structure and the impact on coastal morphology. Coastlines that can be termed submergent and emergent exist around the world and. are the result of changes in eustatic and isostatic sea levels due in main to the. processes of long term climate change such as glacial and interglacial periods. There are excellent examples of this on the Dalmatian and Haff coastlines of Croatia. and the Baltic coast of Germany respectively Building on the idea of geology and. submergent and emergent coasts students will be able to make use of different. forms of GIS Google Earth Digimaps or similar software as well as satellite. Less able students could be given more exemplification of coastlines and ideas while. more able students could develop their understanding by looking at progressively. less obvious coastline types, The development of the two case studies of Dalmatian and Haff coastlines with good.
understanding of their formation will help,Key concepts and processes. Students should be able to appreciate and understand the concepts of both. submergent and emergent coastlines,Guidance on teaching. As in many of the earlier lessons testing the more able students should not be too. difficult The less able student can develop an awareness of how geology impacts on. coastal morphology via photographic and physical evidence as well as through tests. on key terms Good exemplification should help in their knowledge development The. lesson plans give examples of this, Historically it is worth pointing out to students that changes in sea level are. considerable during glacial periods and they have been both higher and lower than. we see today Annotated photographs of these features may help students identify. why some submerge and others emerge Good case study analysis is very important. to get information across Examples of emergent coastlines include the west coast of. North America parts of the Swedish and Norwegian coasts as well as closer to. home the Forth Clyde and Tay valleys in western Scotland. Good examples of submergent coasts and the rias and fjords they can create. include the Chesapeake Bay area of the eastern United States and Southampton. Sound UK The British Geographer website is a handy resource for some of this. topic http thebritishgeographer weebly com coastal environments html. 6 Pearson Education Ltd 2016 Copying permitted for purchasing institution only This material is not copyright free. Lesson 5 and 6 Hard and soft rock, Building on all the previous lessons it is important that students get to grips with. geological structure jointing dip faulting folding and understand why it is an. important influence on coastal morphology and erosion rates. If students failed to fully get to grips with the different concepts or it wasn t covered. in depth in lesson 2 now is a key time to bring in the ideas of rock hardness see. Overview lesson 2, In many cases students can find it hard to differentiate between what is considered.
to be a hard and a soft rock In previous specifications it was enough to simply tell. the students Now the relative hardness of rock is an intrinsic part of understanding. the lithologies of the coastline and the impact that this has on cliff profiles and the. micro features that can form as a result,Key concepts and processes. Edexcel AS and A level Geography Topic Booklet for Area of Study 1 Dynamic Landscapes Topic 2 Landscape Systems Processes and Change Option 2B Coastal Landscapes and Change Practical support to help you deliver this Edexcel specification Topic 2B Coastal Landscapes and Change offers students the opportunity to investigate and interpret the coastal areas of the world For teachers there

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