COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT IN SGBV PREVENTION AND RESPONSE

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The UN Refugee Agency UNHCR is the United Nations programme mandated to provide. international protection and support to refugees In line with this mandate UNHCR is committed. to ending all forms of SGBV in humanitarian settings UNHCR works alongside displaced. communities and with different partners across a wide range of sectors to prevent SGBV and to. ensure support is available for survivors, The Population Council confronts critical health and development issues from stopping the. spread of HIV to improving reproductive health and ensuring that young people lead full and. productive lives Through biomedical social science and public health research in 50 countries. we work with partners to deliver solutions that lead to more effective policies programs and. technologies that improve lives around the world Established in 1952 and headquartered in New. York the Council is a non governmental non profit organization governed by an international board. of trustees, Suggested citation Mirghani Z Karugaba J Martin Archard N Undie C and Birungi H 2017. Community Engagement in SGBV Prevention and Response A Compendium of Interventions in. the East Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region Nairobi Kenya Population Council. 2017 The Population Council Inc,TABLE OF CONTENTS,Introduction 1. Overview of UNHCR s SGBV Strategy 1, Community Based Approach to SGBV Prevention and Response 2. Workshop Overview 3, Community Engagement in SGBV Prevention and Response A Compendium of.
Interventions 5,Prevention Identification and Response to SGBV 5. Psychosocial Interventions for IPV Survivors 6,Youth Pyramid Structure 7. Outreach Volunteers Programme 8,SASA Approach 8,The Protection of Children 9. Protection Learning Programme Anti FGM Initiative 9. Engaging Men and Boys 9,Engaging Men in Accountable Practices 10. Engaging Religious Leaders on FGM 11,Providing Safe Environments 12.
Women and Girls Empowerment 13, Guidance for Effective Adoption of Community Engagement in SGBV Protection. and Response 14,SGBV Issues Requiring Further Attention 15. Final Thoughts 19,Annex 1 Workshop Agenda 20,Annex 2 Attendance List 22. Annex 3 Compendium of SGBV Protection and Response Approaches 24. Annex 4 Possible Areas of Interest for Anti SGBV Initiatives 26. INTRODUCTION, This document captures efforts by UNHCR and its partners in promoting community engagement. in combating sexual and gender based violence SGBV in the region The compendium of tools. reflected here is drawn from the responses of several actors to various forms of SGBV The. diversity of these efforts involves a range of demographic groups in terms of gender and age. geographic contexts rural urban and intended outcomes SGBV prevention response or both. The interventions described are also at various stages of development or maturity and varied in. scope with a few having been properly documented and assessed in humanitarian settings A. review of these approaches provides important insights and highlights opportunities for. strengthening programming It is hoped that this compendium will enhance advocacy for further. support and lead to greater and more sustainable impact. Overview of UNHCR s SGBV Strategy, Conflicts and natural disasters create conditions where women men girls and boys are vulnerable.
to Sexual and Gender Based Violence SGBV SGBV includes acts or threats of acts which inflict. physical mental or sexual harm or suffering or related deprivations of liberty on the basis of. gender SGBV can have severe and long lasting consequences for survivors their families and. societies At the level of the survivor immediate health consequences include reproductive health. impacts injury and a myriad of other negative effects which may even lead to death. SGBV is a violation of the human rights of those against whom violence is perpetrated UNHCR. adopts a rights based approach in its efforts to prevent and respond to SGBV These efforts include. advocacy and programmatic interventions highlight and protect the rights of refugees minimize. the risk and exposure of refugees to SGBV and to maximize recovery from SGBV Notably UNHCR. has elaborated a specific strategy for action updated in June 2011 against SGBV in humanitarian. settings The strategy includes recommended actions in three focus areas in order to strengthen. UNHCR s capacity and expertise in addressing SGBV, 1 Data collection and analysis Improve the quality of programmes by adopting and. maintaining appropriate SGBV data collection and analysis tools and working with. institutions and partners on researching and documenting SGBV. 2 Knowledge management and,capacity building Strengthen. the management of SGBV,programmes by investing in,capacity building and expertise. across the organisation,3 Partnerships and coordination. Working with UN agencies,governments non governmental.
organisations NGOs and,displaced communities,strengthen SGBV prevention. response and coordination Zahra Mirghani setting the stage. mechanisms for effective service delivery,Community Based Approach to SGBV Prevention and. UNHCR adopts a rights based approach to its work with persons of concern These rights include. the right of every person to participate in deciding and shaping their lives Through the. application of an Age Gender and Diversity Approach AGD UNHCR aspires to ensure that these. rights are accessible to all persons of concern on an equal footing In addition UNHCR. recognizes that external input alone cannot deliver sustainable results for persons of concern. Protection and response strategies are more effective when they are designed implemented and. monitored with the meaningful engagement of refugees in all stages of the process The. community based approach is therefore an integral aspect of the UNHCR framework for action on. The approach shifts the focus from individual service delivery to enhancing the capacities of. people of concern and their communities to be active agents in their own protection By so doing. protection strategies are improved and people of concern are recognized as resources and rights. holders rather than as passive beneficiaries of services. Workshop Overview,With this background in mind the. UNHCR Regional Services Center,in Nairobi and the Population. Council convened a dissemination,workshop entitled Engaging.
Communities in SGBV Prevention,and Response in Humanitarians. Settings see Annex 1 for,workshop programme The,meeting served as a platform for. sharing and learning from regional,initiatives introduced to boost. community engagement in SGBV,protection and to reduce the. Meeting participants in Nanyuki Kenya,occurrence and consequences of.
SGBV in humanitarian settings The meeting took place from 17 to 19 October 2016 in Nanyuki. Kenya Approximately 50 experts participated in the workshop comprising SGBV focal points. from UNHCR as well as national and international NGO staff A total of 13 countries in the region. were represented see Annex 2 for details of participants The objectives of the workshop were. Take stock of and reflect upon the various community based SGBV initiatives applied in. UNHCR s field operations, Promote the utilization of new evidence based SGBV initiatives in UNHCR s. programming, Strengthen promising field initiatives by enhancing understanding of principles of. effective community engagement and, Strengthen and facilitate regional technical exchange and information sharing around. community engagement in SGBV among UNHCR and partners. As the prevention of identification of and response to SGBV are noted as cross cutting. strategies in UNHCR s action plan the workshop centered on initiatives related to these areas In. addition the workshop focused on 5 out of 6 action areas identified by UNHCR to enhance the. quality of protection and improve services for specific at risk populations from 2011 2016 The. specific action areas highlighted during the workshop include. o The protection of children which includes the prevention of and responses to sexual. violence and harmful traditional practices such as early marriage. o Addressing survival sex as a coping mechanism,o Engaging men and boys. o Providing safe environments and access to domestic energy. o Protecting LGBTI persons of concern, The remainder of this report delves into a description of recent UNHCR interventions geared.
toward 1 the prevention identification and or response to SGBV and 2 addressing UNHCR s. identified action areas for selected at risk populations It is noteworthy that specific action areas. for which there were no actual programming examples presented at the workshop i e. Addressing survival sex as a coping mechanism and Protecting LGBTI persons of concern are. not highlighted in the compendium of interventions However these topics were addressed at the. workshop through sensitization presentations by UNHCR see Annex 1 for the Meeting Agenda. Furthermore interventions around these areas do exist in UNHCR s Kenya Operation for. COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT IN SGBV PREVENTION AND,RESPONSE A COMPENDIUM OF INTERVENTIONS. In response to the need for a community based approach which undergirds UNHCR s strategy for. action against SGBV UNHCR and its partners have devoted efforts to developing or adapting. and implementing innovative approaches to community based SGBV prevention and response 1. These approaches include a variety of evidence based and untested yet promising. interventions This compendium showcases a mix of tested and untested models. Prevention Identification and Response to SGBV,Routine Screening for SGBV in Health Facilities. A growing body of evidence points to the utility of routine screening for promoting the. identification of SGBV survivors as well as survivors access to comprehensive services. Routine screening involves training health providers to ask clients about their SGBV experiences. in an appropriate manner and to offer supportive refers for further care In collaboration with. UNHCR Africa Humanitarian Action and the Office of the Prime Minister this intervention was. tested2 by the Population Council in Rwamwanja Refugee Settlement Uganda from 2015 to. Research results confirmed that routine screening for SGBV can be carried out successfully in. humanitarian settings particularly where screening implementation and SGBV response. services are co located Survivors demonstrated willingness to disclose SGBV including intimate. partner violence IPV and non partner sexual violence health providers achieved high rates of. screening survivor detection and survivor referral most survivors adhered to their referrals and. survivors and providers alike expresses high satisfaction with the screening process. As a testament to the effects of a community based approach which views community members. as resources female SGBV survivors recommended that the screening intervention be adapted. to identify and respond to male perpetrators of SGBV They also recommended other forms of. male involvement including male targeted community outreaches to ensure that male intimate. partners also receive SGBV information as a preventive measure Routine screening for SGBV. has since been institutionalized in Rwamwanja Refugee Settlement within the reception center. and certain clinics in Rwamwanja Several operations have also requested support for the roll out. of the intervention, Challenges around referral adherence may occur but can be resolved by ensuring that SGBV. screening interventions are confined to health facilities in which SGBV services are available and. therefore convenient for survivors to access,1 These approaches are summarized in Annex 3. 2Further information on this intervention and its evaluation may be found here. http www popcouncil org uploads pdfs 2016RH ScreeningSGBV Uganda pdf. Psychosocial Interventions for IPV Survivors, Sexual violence can have a range of consequences for survivors their families and communities.
including psychosocial consequences The latter may include distress conditions such as fear. anger shame sadness and guilt anxiety related disorders depression and suicidal tendencies. and substance use disorders Indeed intimate partner violence IPV which is chronically under. reported can be revealed through these effects These effects can be exacerbated by conditions. in humanitarian contexts Refugees in protracted situations are therefore vulnerable to a variety. of mental health issues, In response to these realities UNHCR is employing a public heath approach to break the cycle of. IPV and mental health problems by addressing both components simultaneously This two year. project aims to develop and test an integrated intervention approach to reduce IPV and improve. wellbeing among refugee women experiencing psychological distress in Tanzania and the. Democratic Republic of Congo DRC Funded by DFID and UNHCR the research is being carried. out in cooperation with UNHCR Johns Hopkins University Muhimbili University MUHAS and the. International Rescue Committee IRC,The first component of the intervention. incorporates an empowerment focus,UNHCR provides information to enable. women to make safe and informed choices,to reduce IPV Secondly the approach. includes a psychological intervention which,takes two forms cognitive processing.
Community Engagement in SGBV Prevention and Response A Compendium of Interventions in the East amp Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region Nairobi Kenya Population Council 2017 The Population Council Inc TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1 Overview of UNHCR s SGBV Strategy 1 Community Based Approach to SGBV Prevention and Response 2 Workshop Overview 3 Community

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