COLLEGE TO CAREER SUPPORTING MENTAL HEALTH

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TABLE OF CONTENTS,EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3,INTRODUCTION 5. LITERATURE REVIEW 8, Experiences of Seniors Preparing to Transition from College 10. College based Strategies to Support Students and their Emotional. Wellness in Preparation for the Transition to the Workplace 18. Experiences of Recent Graduates as They Transition. to the Workplace 26,How Employers Support the Emotional Health. of Young Adult Employees 31,SURVEY OF COLLEGE SENIORS RECENT. GRADUATES AND EMPLOYERS 40,Methods 40,Findings 41,RECOMMENDATIONS 57.
REFERENCES 64,APPENDIX 71,Table 1 College Senior Demographics 71. Table 2 Recent College Graduate Demographics 75,Table 3 Employer Demographics 78. This work was made possible with support from Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America Inc and the Bruce Abrams Family Foundation. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, College graduates take on many new responsibilities and obligations in the real world. upon graduation which offer many opportunities for change and growth in terms of career. development and emotional wellness Activities and choices made during this time can set. the trajectory for the remainder of a college graduate s adult life Committee on Improving. the Health Safety and Well Being of Young Adults 2015 p 59 For many this time period. includes significant stress and anxiety as young adults feel the pressure of burgeoning careers. financial obligations changes in support networks and all the other adjustments that come. with stepping away from college and into the workforce Limited attention has been paid in. the literature or at the practice level i e colleges and employers to the emotional wellness. of college graduates as they transition from college to career This report was undertaken to. better understand the challenges to emotional wellbeing faced by young adults during the. college to career transition We address the following questions. 1 What emotional challenges do college seniors face as they prepare to leave college. 2 What can colleges do to address these challenges. 3 What emotional challenges exist for recent college graduates entering the workforce This report. 4 How can employers support the emotional wellbeing of young adult hires was undertaken. understand, Investigators from The Jed Foundation JED and the University of Massachusetts. the challenges, Medical School examined the literature in education business psychology and sociology to emotional.
regarding the college to career transition Knowledge gained informed a national survey of wellbeing. 1 929 college seniors recent graduates and employers exploring specific challenges to the faced by young. transition as well as existing strategies to support young adults and their emotional health adults during. the college, Data from the literature review and the survey informed the following recommendations to career. targeting college settings and employers transition. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COLLEGES, Create opportunities for students to learn skills that simultaneously are protective of. emotional wellbeing and help prepare students to have successful work and careers. We recommend that schools adopt career counseling and student affairs models that. facilitate identifying appropriate career pathways in conjunction with gaining life skills. and emotional awareness that will support workplace success. Create expectation of student commitment to college to career transition preparation. We recommend that career services activities focused on the college to career transition. are integrated into students day to day activities and are a requirement of graduation. for all students, Supporting Mental Health in the Transition from College to the Workplace 3. Seek and incorporate student voice to create college to career transition support. activities We recommend that colleges engage student liaisons to partner in developing. launching and implementing college to career transition initiatives. Plan early for the college to career transition don t wait until senior year We. recommend supports for the college to career transition start in the first year and are. systematically integrated across all years of college life. Emphasize emotional health and wellness not only mental health We recommend. framing supports as emotional health and wellness to reinforce emotional health as. part of overall health and to address possible concerns re stigma and mental health. Expand the range of campus offices engaged in educating students about the college. to career transition We recommend that schools increase the capacity of their core. workforce e g faculty residential advisors campus security through specialized. education and training to understand and respond to issues and concerns specific to the. college to career transition, Develop targeted supports to address the unique concerns of identified student populations. We recommend that targeted supports are developed to meet the needs of unique student. populations e g female students students with parents born outside the U S international. students students of color first generation college students that have identified increased. emotional stress and concerns specific to the college to career transition. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR EMPLOYERS, Expand refocus employee orientation to be an ongoing process We recommend.
frequent onboarding activities over the course of a year or more to ensure young adults. integrate socially and professionally in their new work environment. Rethink and formalize the format of on the job mentoring We recommend that time. and attention is given to improving the quality and quantity of mentorship provided. Promote a culture of wellness in the workplace We recommend that employers adjust. their health policies and promotion activities to portray emotional health as central to. one s overall wellness This will encourage more dialogue about emotional wellness and. help to remove its taboo from the workplace, Ensure goodness of fit among new hires We recommend that employers recruitment. efforts include a focus on accurately representing the offered work culture to attract. applicants who are truly good fits for available positions. Create policies to support the emotional health of all employees We recommend that. employers have mental health and wellness policies applicable to all employees Policies. should be outlined to support the emotional wellbeing of employees with clinical level. conditions as well as those with non clinical level concerns. Identify a wellness champion in the workplace We recommend that employers identify. a workplace wellness champion and provide this champion with the resources needed. to effectively promote emotional wellbeing in the workplace Consideration should be. given to how this may interface with existing structures around employee support e g. Employee Assistance Programs EAPs and Human Resources. Supporting Mental Health in the Transition from College to the Workplace 4. INTRODUCTION, The college to career transition is a crucial developmental period however despite. its significance there is limited literature or data available on the emotional wellbeing of. college seniors and recent college graduates As De Rodriguez observes. Not unlike the freshman year the senior year is a stressful one of transition but unlike. the former the problems and needs associated with the transition out of the college. setting have received little attention from college and university personnel let alone. researchers 2007 p 8, We hope this report serves as a first step to explore this important time period and to increase. our consciousness about how to support young adults during the college to career transition. WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO FOCUS ON EMOTIONAL WELLNESS. For young adults, Early and emerging adulthood is a specific developmental period that has become more. nuanced and difficult in recent years Today s college graduates generally take longer to. reach traditional life milestones such as leaving home finishing their education entering the. workforce gaining financial independence committing to significant others and becoming. parents compared to earlier generations Arnett 2007 Young adults today face a set of. challenges burdens and barriers that are unique to their cohort all of which can negatively. impact and undermine emotional health and wellness. Young adults, As the Committee on Improving the Health Safety and Well Being of Young Adults 2015 today face.
p 2 3 wrote,challenges,burdens and, Today s young adults live in a more global and networked world marked by increased barriers that. knowledge and information transfer heightened risks fairly low social mobility and are unique to. their cohort, greater inequality Economic restructuring advances in information and communication. technologies and changes in the labor market have radically altered the landscape of. risk and opportunity in young adulthood Demands are higher and there is little latitude. for failure Much of the burden of a restructured economy has been borne by the current. cohort of America s young adults Developmentally speaking young people are resilient. and adaptable but many young adults are struggling to find a path to employment. economic security and well being, Supporting Mental Health in the Transition from College to the Workplace 5. It is important that we acknowledge the effects of the Great Recession Although the. Great Recession concluded almost a decade ago life circumstances of young adults are still. greatly influenced by this period of economic hardship Schoon Mortimer 2017 The Great. Recession increased pre existing trends towards more prolonged and precarious transitions. to independence which for many have resulted in long term scarring with respect to. health and well being Schoon Mortimer 2017 The Great Recession has been linked to. increased depressed mood The lasting effects of the Great Recession include decreased. confidence self perceptions and outlooks toward the future Schoon Mortimer 2017. The term quarterlife crisis is a term coined by the popular press to acknowledge the. challenges of young adulthood in the 21st century While many young adults may transition. seamlessly from college to career for others this quarterlife crisis is a very bleak reality As. Hill writes Bearing all the hallmarks of the midlife crisis this phenomenon characterized. by insecurities disappointments loneliness and depression is hitting twenty and thirty. somethings shortly after they enter the real world with educated professionals most. likely to suffer 2011 The quarterlife crisis is a response to the change instability and. seemingly endless options of where to head in life in young adulthood and can result in. quitting jobs avoiding decisions dependence on substances and other unhealthy behaviors. Thorspecken 2005 Perhaps most concerning many who experience the depression. isolation and anxiety of a quarterlife crisis do not seek out counseling or support because. of concerns about stigma Robbins Wilner 2001,For colleges. Colleges have a vested interest in equipping students with the hard and soft skills needed. to thrive in the work environment as their reputations and ability to continually attract. students depend on producing successful graduates, A recent informal sampling n 8 of representatives from JED Campus Schools.
suggested that targeted programs or services that directly address emotional and mental. health concerns specifically as they relate to entry into the workforce are quite rare and that. emotional preparation for workforce entry is not identified as a priority by college counselors Colleges. reputations, One respondent noted this is not even on our radar Another respondent described a past. and ability to, attempt to develop this type of program which failed because of lack of interest This same. continually, respondent however felt that many students could benefit from this type of program In attract. fact despite the lack of targeted supports most counseling center directors felt there was a students. need for campuses to bring more attention to the emotional and mental health aspect of the depend on. transition from college to the workforce producing. successful, It is important for colleges to reinvigorate interest in this issue because promoting emo graduates. tional health during a young adult s college years can greatly increase their chances of. maintaining emotional wellbeing during the college to career transition Their emotional. wellbeing and often corresponding professional success will in turn reflect positively on. the abilities of a college or university to prepare young people for success in their adult lives. Supporting Mental Health in the Transition from College to the Workplace 6. For employers, Employers have a lot to lose by not addressing the emotional wellbeing of the recent.
college graduates that they employ In general organizations that have invested in promoting. the mental and emotional health of employees have experienced consistent positive return. on investment Stevenson Farmer 2017 As Nigel Carrington of the University of Arts. London states, Everyone is somewhere on the mental health spectrum so this is a business productivity. issue which should be dealt with alongside other health and safety considerations. Creating a positive environment for mental health demonstrably costs less than failing. COLLEGE TO CAREER SUPPORTING MENTAL HEALTH Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center Transitions to Adulthood Center for Research University of Massachusetts Medical School 222 Maple Avenue Shrewsbury MA 01545 Prepared for The Jed Foundation Laura Golden Len Levin Raphael Mizrahi Kathleen Biebel EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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