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C1 FM 55 30,Change HEADQUARTERS,No 1 DEPARTMENT OF THE. ARMY, Washington DC , ARMY MOTOR TRANSPORT UNITS AND OPERATIONS. This change replaces Chapter 2 to the basic manual This change also includes an updated Glossary. listing ,1 Change FM 55 30 27 June 1997 as follows . Remove pages Insert pages, i and ii i and ii, 2 1 through 2 16 2 1 through 2 20. Glossary 1 through Glossary 4 Glossary 1 through Glossary 5. 2 A star marks new or changed material , 3 File this transmittal sheet in front of the publication .
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION Approved for public release distribution is unlimited . C1 FM 55 30, FM 55 30,Field Manual,HEADQUARTERS,55 30 DEPARTMENT OF THE. ARMY, Washington DC , ARMY MOTOR TRANSPORT UNITS AND OPERATIONS. TABLE OF CONTENTS, Page,PREFACE v, CHAPTER 1 ORGANIZATIONAL CONCEPTS FOR MOTOR TRANSPORT. OPERATIONS 1 1, 1 1 Motor Transport Organization Concept 1 1. 1 2 Theater Army 1 2, 1 3 Theater Movement Control 1 4.
1 4 Corps 1 4, 1 5 Corps Movement Control 1 5, 1 6 Division 1 6. 1 7 Motor Transport Companies 1 6, 1 8 Motor Transport Teams 1 6. 1 9 Highway Regulation 1 6, 1 10 Equipment 1 9, 1 11 Logistics Civil Augmentation Program 1 9. HCHAPTER 2 UNIT OPERATIONS 2 1, 2 1 Battalion Staff and Responsibilities 2 1. 2 2 Command Section 2 1, 2 3 Primary Staff 2 2, 2 4 Personal Staff Battalion Chaplain 2 7.
2 5 Motor Transport Companies 2 10, 2 6 Maintenance Platoon 2 14. 2 7 Motor Transport Platoons 2 17, DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION Approved for public release distribution is unlimited . This publication supersedes FM 55 30 14 March 1980 . i, C1 FM 55 30, Page,CHAPTER 3 OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT 3 1. 3 1 Threat 3 1, 3 2 Operations Security 3 1, 3 3 Security and Defense Plans 3 3. 3 4 Motor Transport Operations Under Adverse Terrain Conditions 3 3. 3 5 Motor Transport Operations Under Adverse Climatic Conditions 3 5. 3 6 The Highway Net 3 11,CHAPTER 4 MOTOR TRANSPORT OPERATIONS 4 1.
4 1 Missions 4 1, 4 2 Command Relationships 4 1, 4 3 Transportation Support Requirements 4 2. 4 4 Principles of Motor Transport Operations 4 2, 4 5 Operational Planning 4 3. 4 6 Classes of Operation 4 3, 4 7 Types of Operations 4 7. 4 8 Support to Combat Operations 4 18, 4 9 Heavy Equipment Transporter 4 18. CHAPTER 5 CONVOY CONTROL ORGANIZATION AND PLANNING 5 1. 5 1 Planning Factors 5 1, 5 2 Convoy Control 5 1, 5 3 Convoy Organization 5 2.
5 4 Convoy Planning 5 5, 5 5 Unit SOP 5 13, 5 6 Preparing Vehicles for Convoy 5 14. 5 7 Night Convoys 5 15, 5 8 Convoy Commander s Report 5 17. 5 9 Highway Convoy Operations 5 17,CHAPTER 6 CONVOY DEFENSE TECHNIQUES 6 1. 6 1 Air Attack 6 1, 6 2 Artillery or Indirect Fire 6 7. 6 3 Sniper Fire 6 7, 6 4 Ambush 6 8, 6 5 Nuclear Biological or Chemical Attacks 6 10.
CHAPTER 7 UNIT MOTOR PARK 7 1, 7 1 Responsibility 7 1. 7 2 Emergency Evacuation 7 1, 7 3 Communications 7 1. 7 4 Location 7 1, 7 5 Traffic Plan 7 2, 7 6 Fire Prevention 7 2. ii, FM 55 30, Page, CHAPTER 8 ORGANIZATION AND OCCUPATION OF THE TRUCK. COMPANY AREA OF OPERATIONS 8 1, 8 1 Methods of Selection and Preparation 8 1.
8 2 Basic Area Requirements 8 1, 8 3 Types of Operating Base Areas 8 2. 8 4 Reconnaissance and Selection of Positions 8 2. 8 5 Two Party Method 8 2, 8 6 Reconnaissance Selection Occupation Party Method 8 5. 8 7 Moving the Company 8 9, 8 8 Operating in an Urban Environment 8 9. CHAPTER 9 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE 9 1, 9 1 Responsibilities 9 1. 9 2 Maintenance Checklists and References 9 2,CHAPTER 10 LOADS AND LOADING OPERATIONS 10 1.
10 1 Responsibilities of Unit Personnel 10 1, 10 2 Shipper s Responsibilities 10 2. 10 3 Cargo Characteristics 10 2, 10 4 Road Conditions 10 3. 10 5 Loading Procedures 10 3, 10 6 Transporting Hazardous Material 10 4. 10 7 Oversize and Overweight Loads 10 16, 10 8 Cargo Securing Procedures 10 17. 10 9 Double Stacking Trailers 10 17, APPENDIX A EXTRACT OF STANAG 2041 EDITION 4 OPERATION.
ORDERS TABLES AND GRAPHS FOR ROAD MOVEMENT A 1, APPENDIX B EXTRACT OF STANAG 2154 EDITION 7 REGULATIONS. FOR MILITARY MOTOR VEHICLE MOVEMENT BY ROAD B 1, APPENDIX C EXTRACT OF STANAG 2174 EDITION 4 MILITARY. ROUTES AND ROUTE ROAD NETWORKS C 1, APPENDIX D EXTRACT OF STANAG 2176 EDITION 2 PROCEDURES. FOR MILITARY ROAD MOVEMENT ACROSS NATIONAL, FRONTIERS D 1. APPENDIX E THE AMERICAN TRUCKING ASSOCIATIONS INC, SUMMARY OF SIZE AND WEIGHT LIMITS E 1.
APPENDIX F VEHICLE OPERATIONS IN DIFFICULT TERRAIN F 1. APPENDIX G VEHICLE OPERATIONS IN ADVERSE WEATHER G 1. iii, FM 55 30, Page,APPENDIX H ROADNET EVALUATION H 1. APPENDIX I CONVERSION TABLES I 1,APPENDIX J ROAD MOVEMENT PLANNING J 1. APPENDIX K CONTROLLING MOTOR TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT K 1. APPENDIX L CONTAINER INSPECTION CHECKLIST L 1,APPENDIX M MOBILIZATION MOVEMENT AND CONTROL M 1. APPENDIX N MILITARY VEHICLE AXLE WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION. FORMULAS AND PERCENTAGES N 1,APPENDIX O VEHICLE HARDENING O 1. APPENDIX P SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONVOY WARNING SIGNS P 1. APPENDIX Q SAMPLE CONVOY BRIEFING Q 1,APPENDIX R CONVOY COMMANDER S REPORT R 1.
APPENDIX S COMMUNICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS SECURITY S 1. APPENDIX T TRAILER INSPECTION CHECKLIST T 1,GLOSSARY Glossary 1. REFERENCES References 1,INDEX Index 1,iv, FM 55 30. PREFACE, In a theater of operations all modes of transport air rail inland waterways and motor are used to. move personnel cargo and unit equipment Of these modes motor transport is the most flexible . Motor transport supports movement requirements ranging from port clearance tactical. displacement and distribution and retrograde of supplies and equipment throughout the depth of the. battlefield It also serves as the link between the other modes to support combat forces as far forward. as possible , This manual describes how motor transport units operate and the environment in which they operate . It incorporates changes to warfighting and support doctrine and equipment modernization While this. manual is designed primarily for motor transport units the tactics techniques and procedures for. convoy operations apply to most Army units under most operational conditions . The Army s environmental strategy into the 21st century defines our philosophy and commitment in. protecting and preserving the environment and natural resources for present and future generations . Sound environmental practices and considerations must be integrated into all Army documents . missions and operations In keeping with the Army s vision to be a national leader in environmental. stewardship commanders and leaders must ensure that all local state federal and host nation laws. and regulations pertaining to the environment are included in the planning process and strictly. followed , This publication implements the following international agreements .
STANAG 2041 Edition 4 Operation Orders Tables and Graphs for Road Movement. see Appendix A , STANAG 2154 Edition 7 Regulations for Military Motor Vehicle Movement by Road. see Appendix B , STANAG 2174 Edition 4 Military Routes and Route Road Networks see. Appendix C , STANAG 2176 Edition 2 Procedures for Military Road Movement Across National. Frontiers see Appendix D , The proponent of this publication is HQ TRADOC Send comments and recommendations on. DA Form 2028 Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms to Commander . USACASCOM ATTN ATCL AT Fort Lee VA 23801 6000 , Unless this publication states otherwise masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to.
men ,ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, This publication contains copyrighted material reproduced with permission of the American. Trucking Associations Inc see Appendix E , v, FM 55 30. CHAPTER 1, ORGANIZATIONAL CONCEPTS FOR MOTOR TRANSPORT OPERATIONS. Army transportation units must be prepared to support US Armed Forces and their. allies in a variety of operational environments ranging from war to domestic. support operations These operations may be conducted anywhere in the world . and transportation units must be ready to deploy on short notice Also they must. be prepared to remain after operations terminate to support the redeployment of. other combat and support forces Motor transport is the predominant mode of. transportation for the reception onward movement and sustainment of forces . Motor transport units must be highly trained rapidly deployable and capable of. sustaining themselves for a long time This chapter addresses basic organizational. and operational concepts from theater army level down through the division . 1 1 MOTOR TRANSPORT ORGANIZATION CONCEPT Motor transport units are at. each echelon theater army corps and division These units together with other mode operators. water rail and air terminal operators and movement control units form the backbone of the. theater s transportation capability Most of the Army s motor transport units are located above. division level and are assigned to a transportation battalion motor transport or a CSB Motor. transport units are usually assigned to the following headquarters . Theater army COMMZ , Transportation command , Transportation groups . Transportation battalions , Area support groups , Corps .
Support commands , Support groups , Support battalions . Transportation battalions , Division Main support battalion . The Army will fight as part of a joint team Motor transport units must be prepared to support the. inland surface movement requirements of other services or nations and to integrate HN LOGCAP . or other contract support The Army will fight as a total force active and reserve components and. civilians Army transportation headquarters units must be able to integrate all deployed mode. operating units The objective is a seamless transportation system that supports the movement. requirements of the joint force and the Army , 1 1. FM 55 30, The senior Army headquarters in a theater of operations is normally the Army component. headquarters of the joint force The Army component may be a theater army corps or division . Planners determine the transportation force structure that deploys to support an operation based on. the following , Mission , Magnitude of transportation tasks .
Size of the supported force , Availability and quality of HN support . Type and extent of LOGCAP support , In any case Army motor transport units will be deployed to support nearly all operations The. following missions must be performed regardless of the echelonment of forces or the type of. transportation headquarters , Reception and onward movement of forces . Port clearance , Theaterwide distribution and retrograde of personnel supplies and equipment . Operational mobility , Tactical support to sustain combat operations .
Environmental protection , The operation dictates the transportation force structure required . The Army s environmental vision requires that units at all levels integrate and practice effective. environmental protection programs in all operations Because motor transport units have the. potential to make a major impact on the environment training and operations must be conducted. IAW applicable environmental laws and regulations . 1 2 THEATER ARMY When the scope of operations warrants the deployment of a theater. army headquarters the appropriate support structure will usually also be deployed From a. transportation perspective this includes a TRANSCOM as the senior mode and terminal operating. headquarters and a TMCA as the senior movement control headquarters Figure 1 1 Both the. TMCA and TRANSCOM serve under the staff supervision of the theater army DCSLOG . The senior logistics headquarters in the COMMZ is the TAACOM The TAACOM provides. logistics support through subordinate ASGs ASGs have a variety of logistics units but usually do. not have transportation units assigned when the TRANSCOM is deployed The TRANSCOM. provides direct support to the TAACOM and other units operating in the COMMZ In operations. where EAC logistics support is required short of a full capability motor transport units may be. assigned to an ASG or a transportation composite group . 1 2, FM 55 30, Figure 1 1 Theater motor transport service. The TRANSCOM provides theaterwide transportation services It implements theater movement. programs that include port clearance and local and line haul transportation to theater corps and. division locations The TRANSCOM has subordinate transportation groups and battalions with a. variety of motor transport cargo transfer terminal service watercraft and rail units These units are. located to support transportation requirements , a Transportation Group Composite The mission of the transportation group. headquarters is to command and control transportation units The group may serve under the. command and control of the TRANSCOM if deployed or operate as a major command of the. theater army or as EAC augmentation to the corps As a mode operator the TRANSCOM or group . Commands and controls fleet assets , Operates inland intermodal and transfer points . Provides transportation assets as committed by a movement control organization . C1 FM 55 30 Change HEADQUARTERS No 1 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Washington DC ARMY MOTOR TRANSPORT UNITS AND OPERATIONS This change replaces Chapter 2 to the basic manual This change also includes an updated Glossary listing 1 Change FM 55 30 27 June 1997 as follows Remove pages Insert pages i and ii i and ii 2 1 through 2 16 2 1 through 2 20 Glossary 1 through Glossary 4 Glossary 1

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