by Ernest Hemingway

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Flyleaf , Published in 1926 to explosive acclaim The Sun Also Rises stands as perhaps the most impressive first. novel ever written by an American writer A roman clef about a group of American and English expatriates on an. excursion from Paris s Left Bank to Pamplona for the July fiesta and its climactic bull fight a journey from the. center of a civilization spirtually bankrupted by the First World War to a vital God haunted world in which faith. and honor have yet to lose their currency the novel captured for the generation that would come to be called Lost . the spirit of its age and marked Ernest Hemingway as the preeminent writer of his time . This book is for Hadley, and for John Hadley Nicanor. You are all a lost generation , GERTRUDE STEIN IN CONVERSATION. One generation passeth away and another generation cometh but the earth abideth forever The sun also ariseth . and the sun goeth down and hasteth to the place where he arose The wind goeth toward the south and turneth. about unto the north it whirleth about continually and the wind returneth again according to his circuits All the. rivers run into the sea yet the sea is not full unto the place from whence the rivers come thither they return. again , ECCLESIASTES, BOOK ONE, 1, Robert Cohn was once middleweight boxing champion of Princeton Do not think that I am very much. impressed by that as a boxing title but it meant a lot to Cohn He cared nothing for boxing in fact he disliked it but. he learned it painfully and thoroughly to counteract the feeling of inferiority and shyness he had felt on being. treated as a Jew at Princeton There was a certain inner comfort in knowing he could knock down anybody who was. snooty to him although being very shy and a thoroughly nice boy he never fought except in the gym He was. Spider Kelly s star pupil Spider Kelly taught all his young gentlemen to box like featherweights no matter whether. they weighed one hundred and five or two hundred and five pounds But it seemed to fit Cohn He was really very. fast He was so good that Spider promptly overmatched him and got his nose permanently flattened This increased. Cohn s distaste for boxing but it gave him a certain satisfaction of some strange sort and it certainly improved his. nose In his last year at Princeton he read too much and took to wearing spectacles I never met any one of his class. who remembered him They did not even remember that he was middleweight boxing champion . I mistrust all frank and simple people especially when their stories hold together and I always had a suspicion. that perhaps Robert Cohn had never been middleweight boxing champion and that perhaps a horse had stepped on. his face or that maybe his mother had been frightened or seen something or that he had maybe bumped into. something as a young child but I finally had somebody verify the story from Spider Kelly Spider Kelly not only. remembered Cohn He had often wondered what had become of him . Robert Cohn was a member through his father of one of the richest Jewish families in New York and through. his mother of one of the oldest At the military school where he prepped for Princeton and played a very good end. on the football team no one had made him race conscious No one had ever made him feel he was a Jew and hence. any different from anybody else until he went to Princeton He was a nice boy a friendly boy and very shy and it. made him bitter He took it out in boxing and he came out of Princeton with painful self consciousness and the. flattened nose and was married by the first girl who was nice to him He was married five years had three children . lost most of the fifty thousand dollars his father left him the balance of the estate having gone to his mother . hardened into a rather unattractive mould under domestic unhappiness with a rich wife and just when he had made. up his mind to leave his wife she left him and went off with a miniature painter As he had been thinking for months. about leaving his wife and had not done it because it would be too cruel to deprive her of himself her departure was. a very healthful shock , The divorce was arranged and Robert Cohn went out to the Coast In California he fell among literary people.
and as he still had a little of the fifty thousand left in a short time he was backing a review of the Arts The review. commenced publication in Carmel California and finished in Provincetown Massachusetts By that time Cohn . who had been regarded purely as an angel and whose name had appeared on the editorial page merely as a member. of the advisory board had become the sole editor It was his money and he discovered he liked the authority of. editing He was sorry when the magazine became too expensive and he had to give it up . By that time though he had other things to worry about He had been taken in hand by a lady who hoped to. rise with the magazine She was very forceful and Cohn never had a chance of not being taken in hand Also he was. sure that he loved her When this lady saw that the magazine was not going to rise she became a little disgusted. with Cohn and decided that she might as well get what there was to get while there was still something available so. she urged that they go to Europe where Cohn could write They came to Europe where the lady had been educated . and stayed three years During these three years the first spent in travel the last two in Paris Robert Cohn had two. friends Braddocks and myself Braddocks was his literary friend I was his tennis friend . The lady who had him her name was Frances found toward the end of the second year that her looks were. going and her attitude toward Robert changed from one of careless possession and exploitation to the absolute. determination that he should marry her During this time Robert s mother had settled an allowance on him about. three hundred dollars a month During two years and a half I do not believe that Robert Cohn looked at another. woman He was fairly happy except that like many people living in Europe he would rather have been in America . and he had discovered writing He wrote a novel and it was not really such a bad novel as the critics later called it . although it was a very poor novel He read many books played bridge played tennis and boxed at a local. gymnasium , I first became aware of his lady s attitude toward him one night after the three of us had dined together We. had dined at l Avenue s and afterward went to the Caf de Versailles for coffee We had several fines after the. coffee and I said I must be going Cohn had been talking about the two of us going off somewhere on a weekend. trip He wanted to get out of town and get in a good walk I suggested we fly to Strasbourg and walk up to Saint. Odile or somewhere or other in Alsace I know a girl in Strasbourg who can show us the town I said . Somebody kicked me under the table I thought it was accidental and went on She s been there two years and. knows everything there is to know about the town She s a swell girl . I was kicked again under the table and looking saw Frances Robert s lady her chin lifting and her face. hardening , Hell I said why go to Strasbourg We could go up to Bruges or to the Ardennes . Cohn looked relieved I was not kicked again I said good night and went out Cohn said he wanted to buy a. paper and would walk to the corner with me For God s sake he said why did you say that about that girl in. Strasbourg for Didn t you see Frances , No why should I If I know an American girl that lives in Strasbourg what the hell is it to Frances . It doesn t make any difference Any girl I couldn t go that would be all . Don t be silly , You don t know Frances Any girl at all Didn t you see the way she looked . Oh well I said let s go to Senlis , Don t get sore .
I m not sore Senlis is a good place and we can stay at the Grand Cerf and take a hike in the woods and come. home , Good that will be fine , Well I ll see you to morrow at the courts I said . Good night Jake he said and started back to the caf . You forgot to get your paper I said , That s so He walked with me up to the kiosque at the corner You are not sore are you Jake He turned. with the paper in his hand , No why should I be , See you at tennis he said I watched him walk back to the caf holding his paper I rather liked him and. evidently she led him quite a life , 2, That winter Robert Cohn went over to America with his novel and it was accepted by a fairly good publisher . His going made an awful row I heard and I think that was where Frances lost him because several women were. nice to him in New York and when he came back he was quite changed He was more enthusiastic about America. than ever and he was not so simple and he was not so nice The publishers had praised his novel pretty highly and. it rather went to his head Then several women had put themselves out to be nice to him and his horizons had all. shifted For four years his horizon had been absolutely limited to his wife For three years or almost three years he. had never seen beyond Frances I am sure he had never been in love in his life . He had married on the rebound from the rotten time he had in college and Frances took him on the rebound. from his discovery that he had not been everything to his first wife He was not in love yet but he realized that he. was an attractive quantity to women and that the fact of a woman caring for him and wanting to live with him was. not simply a divine miracle This changed him so that he was not so pleasant to have around Also playing for. higher stakes than he could afford in some rather steep bridge games with his New York connections he had held. cards and won several hundred dollars It made him rather vain of his bridge game and he talked several times of. how a man could always make a living at bridge if he were ever forced to . Then there was another thing He had been reading W H Hudson That sounds like an innocent occupation . but Cohn had read and reread The Purple Land The Purple Land is a very sinister book if read too late in life It. recounts splendid imaginary amorous adventures of a perfect English gentleman in an intensely romantic land the. scenery of which is very well described For a man to take it at thirty four as a guide book to what life holds is. about as safe as it would be for a man of the same age to enter Wall Street direct from a French convent equipped. with a complete set of the more practical Alger books Cohn I believe took every word of The Purple Land as. literally as though it had been an R G Dun report You understand me he made some reservations but on the whole. the book to him was sound It was all that was needed to set him off I did not realize the extent to which it had set. him off until one day he came into my office , Hello Robert I said Did you come in to cheer me up .
Would you like to go to South America Jake he asked . No , Whynot , I don t know I never wanted to go Too expensive You can see all the South Americans you want in Paris. anyway , They re not the real South Americans , They look awfully real to me . I had a boat train to catch with a week s mail stories and only half of them written . Do you know any dirt I asked , No , None of your exalted connections getting divorces . No listen Jake If I handled both our expenses would you go to South America with me . Why, You can talk Spanish And it would be more fun with two of us . No I said I like this town and I go to Spain in the summertime . All my life I ve wanted to go on a trip like that Cohn said He sat down I ll be too old before I can ever do. it , Don t be a fool I said You can go anywhere you want You ve got plenty of money .
I know But I can t get started , Cheer up I said All countries look just like the moving pictures . But I felt sorry for him He had it badly , I can t stand it to think my life is going so fast and I m not really living it . Nobody ever lives their life all the way up except bullfighters . I m not interested in bull fighters That s an abnormal life I want to go back in the country in South America . We could have a great trip , Did you ever think about going to British East Africa to shoot . No I wouldn t like that , I d go there with you , No that doesn t interest me . That s because you never read a book about it Go on and read a book all full of love affairs with the beautiful. shiny black princesses , I want to go to South America .
He had a hard Jewish stubborn streak , Come on down stairs and have a drink . Aren t you working , No I said We went down the stairs to the caf on the ground floor I had discovered that was the best way to. get rid of friends Once you had a drink all you had to say was Well I ve got to get back and get off some cables . and it was done It is very important to discover graceful exits like that in the newspaper business where it is such. an important part of the ethics that you should never seem to be working Anyway we went down stairs to the bar. and had a whiskey and soda Cohn looked at the bottles in bins around the wall This is a good place he said . There s a lot of liquor I agreed , Listen Jake he leaned forward on the bar Don t you ever get the feeling that all your life is going by and. you re not taking advantage of it Do you realize you ve lived nearly half the time you have to live already . Yes every once in a while , Do you know that in ab. excursion from Paris s Left Bank to Pamplona for the July fiesta and its climactic bull fight a journey from the center of a civilization spirtually bankrupted by the First World War to a vital God haunted world in which faith and honor have yet to lose their currency the novel captured for the generation that would come to be called Lost the spirit of its age and marked Ernest Hemingway

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