Building Information Modeling in support of Space Planning

Building Information Modeling In Support Of Space Planning-Free PDF

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P a g e ii, The construction industry is responsible for approximately 1 trillion in work. annually A large percentage of this work is tied to the renovation of older structures Due. to increases in sustainable initiatives and the growing lack of green field development sites. the renovation of older buildings is becoming an even more substantial portion of. construction work Old or urban based college and university campuses require renovation. of their buildings to sustain an efficient and comfortable campus Renovations on a college. or university campus are often the effect of a change in space requirements and the. planning of the space in a building is a major driver for renovations. The renovation of an older structure on a college or university campus has many. inherent issues associated with it Included among these is the likelihood of unknown. existing conditions constantly evolving needs of the campus cost implications of minor. changes and scheduling and phasing conflicts Improvements in technology have the. potential to increase the efficiency of the renovation and space planning process One. particular technology that could be of particular benefit is Building Information Modeling. BIM a technology based collaborative process utilizing 3 Dimensional visualization. software as its tool, It was the objective of this research project to explore the benefits of using Building. Information Modeling BIM in the delivery of renovation projects as well as its possible. utilization in space utilization management This study attempted to identify opportunities. for BIM to improve upon the process that universities and institutions in particular. currently use for their renovations and space utilization management. P a g e iii, This research project collected information from the WPI facilities management. department specifically and from surveys of other institutions to better understand the. current issues associated with renovations and space planning and to attempt to validate. the use of BIM as a viable solution A case study was performed on a building on the WPI. campus Salisbury Laboratories as part of this research study The case study utilized 3. Dimensional Building Information Model to validate the possible use of the platform to. streamline the delivery of renovation projects as well as its ability to benefit space planning. The study was able to identify several benefits of utilizing BIM in the delivery of. renovation projects including increased efficiency in the design phase and generation of. conceptual estimates and phasing plans for the owner The principal benefit found by the. study in the utilization of BIM was the ability for spatial visualizations and the ease of. modifying the design in a consistent and efficient fashion There were several observed. barriers to the utilization of BIM in this regard namely the lack of knowledge of the. software and the cost of implementing and updating the system. P a g e iv,Acknowledgements, I would like to thank God for the mental aptitude and fortitude that allowed this. thesis to become a reality I would also like to thank my family and friends for their. continuous support and my parents for the strength they have instilled in me that made. this journey possible, This research would not have been if not for the encouragement of the subject.
matter by my advisor Guillermo Salazar His continuous avid support and interest made this. thesis possible I would also like to thank the staff at Worcester Polytechnic Institute s. Facility Management department Alfredo DiMauro and Elizabeth Tomaszewski in. particular for their input and their continued interest in the subject matter which gave this. thesis meaning I would also like to thank Laura Handler for her practical input and advice. I have made every attempt to ensure that all intellectual property of others was. properly credited to quoted sources and I thank all those that contributed no matter how. small or large the contribution, Last of all none of this would have been possible if not for the unwavering support. of my better half thank you for being you,Table of Contents. Abstract ii,Acknowledgements iv,List of Figures vii. Chapter 1 Introduction 1,Chapter 2 Background 5,2 1 Communication Gaps in Project Delivery 5. 2 2 Facilities Management 7,2 3 Space Planning 13,2 4 Renovations 17.
2 5 Building Information Modeling 23,Chapter 3 Methodology 26. 3 1 Literature Review 27, 3 2 Review of Current State of Colleges and Universities 27. 3 3 Case Studies 28,3 3 1 Salisbury Laboratories 29. 3 3 2 Lee Street School Building 29, Chapter 4 Review of Current Practices of Colleges and Universities 30. 4 1 WPI Meetings 30,4 1 1 WPI BIM Committee 30,4 1 2 Facilities Management Meetings 34.
4 1 3 Space Planning Committee 35,4 2 Other College and University Interviews 36. 4 2 1 Worcester State College 36,4 2 2 Assumption College 38. 4 2 3 Harvard Allston Development Group 39,4 2 4 Harvard FAS Undergraduate 40. 4 2 5 Harvard School of Public Health 40,4 2 6 Summary 41. 4 3 Survey 42,Chapter 5 Case Study Salisbury Laboratories 50.
5 1 Building Model Creation Revit Architecture 50,5 2 Model Use 52. P a g e vi,5 2 1 Proposed Renovation Uses 52,5 2 2 Proposed Space Planning Uses 57. 5 3 Conclusions 60,Chapter 6 Conclusions and Recommendations 64. 6 1 Conclusions 64,6 1 1 Benefits 64,6 1 2 Barriers 66. 6 2 Recommendations 68,Bibliography 71,Appendix A Interview Data 73.
A 1 Questionnaire for Interviews 73,A 2 Interview Meeting Minutes 74. A2 1 Sandra Olson 74,A2 2 Todd Derderian 77,A2 3 Maureen McDonough 79. A2 4 Jay Philips 81,A2 5 Danny Beaudoin 82,Appendix B Meeting Information 84. B 1 WPI BIM Committee 84,B1 1 September 28th 2009 84. B1 2 October 28th 2009 85,B1 3 February 8th 2010 86.
B1 4 February 8th 2010 Reference Sheet 87,Appendix C Survey Information 88. C 1 Survey Questionnaire 88,C 2 Survey Responses 95. Appendix D Cost Estimate Details 100,Appendix E Energy Analysis Details 102. P a g e vii,List of Figures, Figure 1 Traditional Construction Project Delivery Flow 6. Figure 2 Life Cycle Cost Analysis of a Building 8, Figure 3 Organizational Breakdown of FM Department 12.
Figure 4 Information Flow at College or University 13. Figure 5 Resource 25 Software Database Example 15,Figure 6 Workflow Diagram Utilizing Maximo 21. Figure 7 Software Training Requirement Breakdown 33. Figure 8 Architect Generated Floor Plan 36,Figure 9 Interview Summary Chart 42. Figure 10 Survey Results of BIM Knowledge 44,Figure 11 Survey Results on BIM Utilization 44. Figure 13 Survey Results on Utilization of Space Planning Software 45. Figure 12 Survey Results on BIM Software Use 45, Figure 14 Survey Results on Common Issues with Renovations 46. Figure 15 Survey Results on Common Issues with Space Planning 46. Figure 17 Survey Results on Aspects of BIM Use 47, Figure 16 Survey Results on Benefits of BIM Use 47.
Figure 18 Survey Results on Barriers to Use of BIM 48. Figure 19 Barriers to Use of BIM according to BIM Knowledge 49. Figure 20 Existing 2nd Floor Layout Salisbury 52,Figure 21 Proposed 2nd Floor Layout Salisbury 52. Figure 23 Rendering of Proposed Renovation 53,Figure 22 Rendering Before Proposed Renovation 53. Figure 25 Rendering of General Conditions Setup 53. Figure 24 Rendering Before General Conditions Setup 53. Figure 26 Actual General Conditions Setup Area 54,Figure 27 Floor Plan of General Conditions 54. Figure 28 Summary of Estimate Generated from Model 55. Figure 29 Energy Analysis Example 56, Figure 28 Model Generated Space Utilization Survey 57. Figure 27 Space Utilization Survey of Space to be Renovated 57. Figure 30 Model Generated Space Utilization Survey 58. Figure 31 Proposed Space Utilization Survey 58,Figure 32 Fire Extinguisher Location Tag 59.
Figure 33 Egress Route Location Plan 59,Figure 34 Card Access Door Location Tag 60. Figure 35 Architect Generated Floor Plan 62, Figure 36 Recommended Data for Entry into Future Building Models 70. Chapter 1 Introduction, The modern construction industry is well known for being a fragmented and. departmentalized one In the industry there are several parties that act mostly independent. of one another the group who plans the project then the ones who design the project the. party that builds the physical project and there is the party that maintains and operates the. completed project which may be the same but isn t always as the last party the user By. proxy of the nature of each individual parties entailed tasks the separation is inherent but. no bigger separation exists than that of the party responsible for the operation and. maintenance of the building typically the owner or an agent thereof and the party s. responsible for the design and construction of the building Mendez 2006 This separation. is responsible for loss of information detail resulting in poor databases to provide necessary. information for the facilities management team that will be responsible for the operation. and maintenance of the structure Autodesk 2007, This problem is exacerbated for institutions that are responsible for the operation. and maintenance of several buildings or structures The problem is further intensified by. the likely possibility of the diverse use of buildings that need to be operated and. maintained One particular sector of the industry which has an innately larger number and. range of buildings to operate and maintain is higher level education colleges and. universities The range of use of buildings is variably large on any given campus and is. related to the size age and type of campus A college or university campus may have a. wide array of building use types ranging from laboratories to dormitories and common. space with the age of the buildings and level of detail in the documentation ranging widely. as well The longer a campus has been established and the more diverse the usages of their. buildings the wider the scope of the operation and management team must be. There are several major aspects to operating and maintaining a college or university. campus to ensure that a certain level of efficiency and comfort is maintained for the users. of the buildings and for the buildings themselves The charge of ensuring the buildings. themselves are operating at that level of efficiency and comfort is charged to the Facilities. Management department or the Physical Plant Services on any given campus The charge of. guaranteeing that the space contained in those buildings is being used for its proper and. intended means falls to the space planning committee involving faculty staff and. administrators, The management of the campus buildings themselves on a college campus involves.
many factors due to the aforementioned diversity of building types Such factors are. including location restrictions historic value cost implications space usage restrictions and. current market factors including monetary restrictions and sustainable initiatives The need. for renovating existing space occupies a large part of the time and resources used in. maintaining buildings on a college campus As pointed out previously the inherent diversity. of data due to the fragmentation in the industry results in a lengthy process when seeking. out building documentation in order to begin the process of renovating any space This. results in many issues when discussing the renovation of an existing building in any. institution, Among the many issues directly related to the renovation of a space in one of these. buildings includes the likelihood of unknown existing conditions ever changing needs of. owner s use of space cost implications of seemingly minor changes scheduling conflicts of. space in buildings that may still be in use during renovation process structural stability and. lack of accurate dimensioning There are many reasons for the renovation of a space in a. building including health and safety code compliance change in needs or use of space and. typical renovations to maintain the building to current standards If the renovation of space. in a building impacts the day to day activities that are held within the building the charge. falls to the aforementioned provost department to ensure that those same day to day. activities will be able to continue to ensure the integrity of the institution This service on a. college campus is typically referred to as space utilization management or space planning. and possesses its own very unique set of issues, The issues involved within space utilization are many including the difficulty in. continuously changing the uses of the space and being able to clearly identify the owner of. the space the type of space that it is and what is contained inside the space A good. organization will continuously do space utilization surveys to ensure that the spaces they. own and operate are always being used to their maximum potential Another difficulty. involved with this is one that is directly related to the duration of the renovation process. which is where to place the resources that were contained in the space being changed and. what the effects of these moves are These challenges will be present in every change of. space project and any project that needs to shut down any amount of space for any given

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