Best Management Practices Association of Fish amp Wildlife

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The Association of Fish and,Wildlife Agencies AFWA. Acknowledgements, formerly the International Best Management Practices BMPs for Trapping in the United States was written by. Association of Fish and the Furbearer Conservation Technical Work Group of the Association of Fish Wildlife. Wildlife Agencies IAFWA Agencies Development of this document would not have been possible without the. was founded in 1902 It is an cooperation and participation of many state wildlife agencies expert trappers and. organization of public agencies trapper organizations State agency personnel provided on the ground coordination. and supervision in those states where BMP trap testing occurred and many agency. charged with the protection, staff members provided constructive comments on earlier drafts of this document We. and management of North thank the wildlife veterinarians at the University of Georgia the University of Wyoming. America s fish and wildlife and Wildlife Health Associates who completed evaluations of captured animals. resources The 50 state fish and, wildlife agencies as well as We thank the members of trapper associations individual trappers and technicians. provincial and territorial who took part in field testing that supported the development of these BMPs Their hard. governments in Canada are work and commitment to the continued improvement of trapping in the United States. was an essential contribution to the success of this project We also appreciate the. members Federal natural, involvement of the National Trappers Association from the inception of the BMP.
resource agencies in Canada process and would like to acknowledge their continuing assistance and support. and the United States are also, members The Association We are indebted to the Fur Institute of Canada FIC for providing valuable information on. has been a key organization the animal welfare of furbearers captured in bodygrip traps and the mechanical attributes. in promoting sound resource of both bodygrip and foothold traps Their research has provided the information needed. management and strengthening for inclusion of many important trapping devices in the respective BMPs and would. have been practically impossible to obtain otherwise. state provincial federal,and private cooperation in. We also extend our appreciation to the many cooperating landowners who permitted. protecting and managing BMP trap testing to be conducted on their property They have made a significant. fish and wildlife and their contribution to the future of furbearer management in the United States. habitats in the public interest, The U S Department of Agriculture USDA provided funding for trapping BMP research. and development The International Fur Trade Federation provided additional funding. and many state agencies made substantial in kind contributions. Mission Statement, The Furbearer Conservation Technical Work Group is composed of wildlife biologists from. state fish and wildlife agencies throughout the United States Regional representation is from. the Northeast Southeast Midwest West and Alaska, The mission of the Furbearer Conservation Technical Work Group of the Association of.
Fish Wildlife Agencies is to maintain the regulated use of trapping as a safe efficient. and acceptable means of managing and harvesting wildlife for the benefits it provides. to the public while improving the welfare of trapped animals. Editing and Design,Devaney Associates Inc,Illustrations Joe Goodman and. Natalene Cummings,Copyright AFWA 2006,Document may be. photocopied Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. BMPs are intended to inform,Introduction people about traps and trapping. The purpose of the BMP process is to scientifically evaluate the traps and trapping systems considered to be state. systems used for capturing furbearers in the United States Evaluations are based on of the art in animal welfare and. animal welfare efficiency selectivity practicality and safety Results of this research efficiency Through the use of. are provided as information to state and federal wildlife agencies and trappers BMP guidelines trappers can. continue to play an important, The goals of this document are role in furbearer management. To promote regulated trapping as a modern wildlife management tool programs across the United. To identify practical traps and trapping techniques that continue to improve efficiency. selectivity and the welfare of trapped animals, To provide specifications for traps that meet BMP criteria for individual species in.
various regions of the United States, To provide wildlife management professionals with information to evaluate trapping. systems in the United States, To instill public confidence in and maintain public support for wildlife management. and trapping through distribution of science based information. BMPs serve as a reference guide to wildlife management agencies conservation organiza. tions tribal nations researchers trapper organizations individual trappers and others. interested in the continued improvement of traps and trapping systems. Benefits of Trapping, Trapping is a highly regulated activity Anyone who traps must follow strict rules. established and enforced by state fish and wildlife agencies Restrictions on species. that may be harvested harvest seasons trap types trapping methods and areas open. to trapping are some examples of the guidelines and regulations that state agencies. regularly review implement and enforce, Trapping is an element of many wildlife management programs In some cases local. populations of furbearers are controlled thereby helping to minimize human wildlife. conflicts and mitigate habitat changes brought about by certain furbearer species. Similarly trapping contributes to the protection of threatened and endangered species. by controlling predators Trapping also is used to relocate animals to and restore. populations in areas where conditions are suitable for the species to thrive. Scientists collect important ecological information about wildlife through the use of. trapping Preferred habitats migration patterns and population indices for some species. of wildlife are determined through mark and recapture programs and by monitoring. regulated harvest levels In addition trapping can help reduce the exposure of humans. and pets to rabies and other diseases Trapping is widely recognized by the wildlife. conservation community as a beneficial outdoor activity providing food clothing cos. metic items artists supplies and other products,3 INTRODUCTION.
Best Management Practices for Trapping in the United States. BMPs are based on the most, extensive study of animal traps Best Management Practices. ever conducted in the United, States Test traps were selected Wildlife professionals trappers and trapper associations historically have worked. based on knowledge of com to improve trapping Most of the advancements used today come from the efforts of. trappers Wildlife agencies have a long history of regulating trapping to assure that. monly used traps previous, the traps and trapping systems being used are the best available State fish and wildlife. research findings and input from agencies must continue to take a lead role by establishing a practical and effective plan. expert trappers Statisticians for the improvement of trapping systems in order to maintain trapping as a valuable. from universities and federal wildlife management practice. and state agencies developed, rigorous study designs The BMP framework provides a structure and criteria for identifying and documenting. Experienced wildlife biologists trapping methods and equipment that will continue to improve trapping The trapping. BMP project is intended to provide wildlife management professionals in the United. and trappers developed study, States with the data necessary to ensure improved animal welfare in trapping programs.
procedures supervised or Trapping BMPs are based on scientific research and professional experience regarding. participated in field research currently available traps and trapping technology Trapping BMPs identify both techniques. and provided insight and expert and traps that address the welfare of trapped animals and allow for the efficient selective. technical advice on trapping safe and practical capture of furbearers. methods to ensure the completion, of each project Data collection Trapping BMPs are intended to be a practical tool for trappers wildlife biologists. wildlife agencies and anyone interested in improved traps and trapping systems BMPs. including safety evaluations, include technical recommendations from expert trappers and biologists and a list of. was undertaken following specifications of traps that meet or exceed BMP criteria BMPs provide options allowing. widely accepted international for discretion and decision making in the field when trapping furbearers in various. standards for testing traps regions of the United States They do not present a single choice that can or must be. specified in the International applied in all cases The suggestions contained in this document include practices. Organization for equipment and techniques that will continue to ensure the welfare of trapped animals. avoid unintended captures of other animals improve public confidence in trappers and. Standardization ISO wildlife managers and maintain public support for trapping and wildlife management. Documents 10990 4 and, 10990 5 Wildlife biologists Trapping BMPs are recommendations to be implemented in a voluntary and educational. and statisticians assisted in approach The trapping BMPs are the product of ongoing work that may be updated. data analysis and interpretation as additional traps are identified in the future BMPs are intended to compliment and. during the development of enhance trapper education programs It is recommended that all trappers participate in. this document a trapper education course Trapping BMPs provide additional technical and practical. information to help trappers and managers identify and select the best traps available. for a given species and provide an overview of methods for proper use. Although many details of trap,testing procedures and results. are available in other docu Criteria for Evaluation of Trapping Devices. ments some understanding of, the procedures is important and For the purpose of developing trapping BMPs thresholds were established by the.
Furbearer Conservation Technical Work Group of AFWA for several trap performance. can be gained by reading this criteria These thresholds were derived from reference standards annexed to the 1997. document understanding reached between the United States of America and the European. Community and with input from wildlife biologists and wildlife veterinarians involved. in this effort These thresholds provide a common framework for evaluating progress. toward the use of more humane traps and trapping methods Assessments of injury. were undertaken in the furtherance of such common framework. INTRODUCTION 4,Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. Restraining Devices, All types of traps used on land to hold live animals were evaluated using five performance Traps were selected for testing. criteria animal welfare efficiency selectivity practicality and safety Live restraining based on their relative use. devices included cage traps foothold traps enclosed foothold devices such as the EGG among trappers surveyed by. trap and powered and non powered cable devices including modified designs like. the Belisle foot snare,IAFWA now AFWA in 1992,and 2004 and in consultation. Animal Welfare with wildlife biologists and, Trauma scales used to determine a level of animal welfare performance for restraining expert trappers Commonly used. traps are presented as guidelines in ISO International Organization for Standardization trap models and modifications. Document 10990 5 One scale allocates points to specific injuries including a zero score and new readily available designs. for uninjured animals The other scale groups specific injuries into classes ranging from. none to severe A combination of both systems was used in this evaluation process. that may improve animal welfare, The primary species captured in traps that meet BMP performance criteria must have were given priority for testing.
an average cumulative score of 55 points or less according to one scale According Experienced local trappers tested. to the other scale 70 or more of those in the sample must have no injuries or only traps during regulated trapping. have trauma described as mild or moderate seasons using daily trap checks to. provide for consistent repeatable,Efficiency,and reliable data for the most. Traps meeting BMP criteria must be able to capture and hold at least 60 of the. primary species of interest that activate the trap An activated trap is one that has accurate analysis possible. been sprung An activated cable device is one that has the cable loop closed Technicians accompanied trappers. and recorded data Teams, Efficiency Number of primary species captured worked under field conditions. Number of activations by primary species throughout the United States. during regulated trapping seasons,Selectivity Wildlife veterinary pathologists. Traps should be set and used in a fashion that limits the risk of capturing non furbearers examined captured animals for. including domestic animals while increasing the chances of capturing desired furbearer. of the art in animal welfare and efficiency Through the use of BMP guidelines trappers can continue to play an important role in furbearer management programs across the United States Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies Best Management Practices Wildlife professionals trappers and trapper associations historically have worked to improve trapping Most of the advancements used today

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