B ll Foundation MEAT ATLAS Facts and figures about the

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Zoom Fit Width Search TOC 2 pages Full Screen Mode. IMPRINT IMPRESSUM,The MEAT ATLAS is jointly published by the. Heinrich B ll Foundation Berlin Germany and,Friends of the Earth Europe Brussels Belgium. Executive editors,Christine Chemnitz Heinrich B ll Foundation. Stanka Becheva Friends of the Earth Europe,Managing editor Dietmar Bartz. Art director Ellen Stockmar,English editor Paul Mundy.
Copy editor Elisabeth Schmidt Landenberger,Proofreader Maria Lanman. Research editors Bernd Cornely Stefan Mahlke, Contributors Michael lvarez Kalverkamp Wolfgang Bayer Stanka Becheva. Reinhild Benning Stephan B rnecke Christine Chemnitz Karen Hansen Kuhn. Patrick Holden Ursula Hudson Annette Jensen Evelyn Mathias. Heike Moldenhauer Carlo Petrini Tobias Reichert Marcel Sebastian Shefali Sharma. Ruth Shave Ann Waters Bayer Kathy Jo Wetter Sascha Zastiral. Editorial responsibility V i S d P Annette Maennel Heinrich B ll Foundation. This publication is written in International English First Edition January 2014. Production manager,Elke Paul Heinrich B ll Foundation. Printed by m ller druck Ahrensfelde Germany, Climate neutral printing on 100 percent recycled paper. Except for the copyrighted work indicated on pp 64 65 this material is licensed. under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3 0 Unported CC BY SA 3 0 For the. licence agreement see http creativecommons org licenses by sa 3 0 legalcode. and a summary not a substitute at http creativecommons org licenses by sa 3 0 deed en. This publication has been produced with the financial assistance of the. Development Fields project funded by the European Commission The contents of. this report are the sole responsibility of Friends of the Earth Europe and the. Heinrich Boell Foundation and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting. the position of the European Commission,For orders and download.
Heinrich B ll Foundation Schumannstr 8 10117 Berlin Germany www boell de fleischatlas. Friends of the Earth Europe www foeeurope org meat atlas. Zoom Fit Width Search TOC 2 pages Full Screen Mode. MEAT ATLAS,Facts and figures about the animals we eat. Zoom Fit Width Search Go to 2 pages Full Screen Mode. TABLE OF Contents,2 IMPRINT 22 wHY FaRMS KIll FISH. BIodIVERSITY loSS oN laNd,6 INTRodUCTIoN aNd IN waTER. Overfertilization harms plants and, 8 lESSoNS To lEaRN animals and damages ecosystems worldwide. Nitrates in groundwater can cause, 10 THE RISE oF THE GloBal MaRKET cancer In coastal waters they can result in.
The developed world has fewer and fewer oxygen starved dead zones. farmers but they are keeping more, and more animals Instead of producing 24 a SPECIES PooR PlaNET. for the local market they supply The genetic basis of livestock is getting ever. distant supermarkets This same shift is narrower We are relying on a few. now transforming livestock specialized breeds of animals such as the. production in the developing world black and white Holstein Friesian dairy cattle. that are raised in over 130 countries A few, 12 CoNCENTRaTIoN ECoNoMIES high yielding strains also dominate the. oF SCalE BUT lESS dIVERSITY production of chickens goats pigs and sheep. Economic imperatives are the driving, force behind the consolidation of the global 26 aNTIBIoTICS BREEdING SUPERBUGS. meat industry This may mean more Industrial producers use large amounts. efficient production but it also concentrates of pharmaceuticals to prevent diseases from. market power in the hands of just a few spreading like wildfire among animals. much to the detriment of smallholders And on huge factory farms and to promote faster. it may be risky for consumers too growth But this is dangerous bacteria. are developing resistance to drugs that are, 14 MaKING PRodUCTS FRoM aNIMalS vital to treat diseases in humans. THE SlaUGHTER INdUSTRY, To get from steer to steak the steer has to die 28 wHEN THE TaNK IS RUNNING dRY.
Today slaughtering is highly industrialized The growth of the world s livestock industry. Abattoirs are production lines with semi will worsen the overuse of rivers and. skilled workers toiling in poor conditions The lakes It s not that animals are particularly. industry has moved out of cities hidden from thirsty but a lot of water is needed. view Animal rights groups are questioning to grow the fodder they eat and dung from. the ethics of the slaughter industry factory farms pollutes the groundwater. with nitrates and antibiotic residues,16 BRIGHT PINK IN THE Cold CaBINET. It s goodbye to the neighbourhood 30 THE GRaIN IN THE FEEd TRoUGH. butcher and hello to supermarket chains The Ruminants and people do not have to. shift to Big Retail is now washing over compete over food But producing more meat. developing countries The demands of the requires ever more grain to feed to animals. rising middle classes are setting the agenda as concentrates If we cannot grow enough at. home we have to import it from abroad,18 FREE TRadE VERSUS SaFE Food. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment 32 THE EMERGENCE oF a laTIN. Partnership agreement currently aMERICaN SoY EMPIRE. being negotiated between the United States In Argentina the world boom in soy prices. and the European Union promises to has given rise to a new breed of farmers. boost trade and jobs But it may also weaken along with a huge increase in tax revenues. existing consumer protection laws for the government The structural. on both sides of the Atlantic changes in farming have led to serious social. and ecological effects,20 THE HIddEN CoSTS oF STEaK. The price tag on a package of meat does not 34 THE ClIMaTE CoST oF CaTTlE. reflect the true cost of producing the Livestock directly or indirectly produce nearly. contents the hidden costs to the environment one third of the world s greenhouse gas. and the taxpayer are much higher If emissions But farmers and scientists say that. these costs are included livestock raising with the right type of management livestock. would probably make a net loss do not have to be a burden on the climate. 4 MEAT ATLAS, Zoom Fit Width Search Go to 2 pages Full Screen Mode. 36 RaNCHERS IN THE RaINFoREST 50 URBaN lIVESToCK KEEPING. In Brazil s Amazon region the world s For many urban livestock is a. second largest herd of cattle meets the contradiction in terms Isn t livestock raising. world s biggest rainforest This is bad news a rural activity and don t cities ban. for the forest First come the loggers livestock because of the smell noise and. then come the ranchers pollution Yet urban livestock are. crucial for the livelihoods of many poor city, 38 THE GlYPHoSaTE IN YoUR BURGER dwellers And they provide nutritious.
If pesticides herbicides or medicines leave food at lower prices than their country cousins. unwanted residues in meat milk and, eggs we end up consuming them too Gaps 52 TURNING SCRUB INTo PRoTEIN. in research leave uncertainty about Much of the world s livestock and much of its. what glyphosate a weedkiller used when meat milk and eggs are raised by. growing genetically modified soybeans non industrial producers Many of them. does to our bodies Legal loopholes mean we manage their animals on land that is. may be eating it without knowing it unsuited for crops optimizing the use of. local resources But the existence of, 40 a PlETHoRa oF PoUlTRY CHICKENS these producers is under increasing threat. TaKE THE lEad, In developed countries consumption 54 IN SEaRCH oF Good Food. of chicken is surpassing that of beef Concerned consumers in the rich world face. and chicken production is now a dilemma They want good quality meat. highly industrialized Demand in Asia is that is produced in an environmentally. rising fast and people who refuse friendly ethical manner How best to ensure. pork and beef are happy to eat chicken this Here we look at some alternatives. 42 wHERE KEEPING CHICKENS 56 VEGETaRIaNISM MaNY RooTS. IS woMEN S woRK MaNY SHooTS, Many women in Africa and Asia are forced Only a small percentage of the population. to be dependent on their husbands for big in the industrialized world describe. decisions A few hens chicks and eggs can themselves as vegetarians or vegans Such. build their confidence and self reliance lifestyles are more common in parts. Their contribution to the meat supply is often of the world where religions play a major. underestimated role In most faiths followers are,expected to abstain from meat in one way.
44 IMPoRTEd CHICKEN wINGS dESTRoY or another,wEST aFRICaN BUSINESSES. European poultry firms are not permitted 58 wHaT To do aNd How To do IT. to turn slaughter by products into animal INdIVIdUalS aNd GRoUPS. feed So they export them to developing Given all the problems with livestock. countries and sell them cheap Broiler farms production and meat consumption and 80 graphics. in Ghana and Benin have gone bankrupt is there anything that normal people can on how we produce. do Yes individuals can make and consume, 46 dISQUIET IN THE dEVEloPEd woRld choices about their consumption patterns meat. Demand for meat in the developed world and groups can push for change. has peaked and is beginning to decline, slowly Consumers worries about food safety 60 a GREENER PolICY FoR EURoPE. are reinforced by scandals in the The EU s Common Agricultural Policy CAP. industry The industry is trying to improve has for decades supported and distorted. its image with marketing ploys but farm production It has evolved from. consumers are confused and the product is supporting large scale production to taking. not necessarily any better the environment increasingly into. account But problems remain A greener, 48 HalF a BIllIoN NEw MIddlE CAP could promote socially and ecologically. ClaSS CoNSUMERS FRoM RIo To sound livestock production. Brazil Russia India China and South 62 aUTHoRS aNd SoURCES. Africa the BRICS are five big developing FoR daTa aNd GRaPHICS. countries that are setting out from, different starting points They may not 64 RESoURCES.
end up with the food consumption patterns,of the industrialized West 66 aBoUT US. MEAT ATLAS 5, Zoom Fit Width Search TOC 2 pages Full Screen Mode. INTRODUCTION, ood is very personal It is not just a need Food One in every seven people in the world does. often embodies certain feelings familiarity not have adequate access to food We are a long. relaxation routine or even stress We eat in way from realizing the internationally recognized. different types of situations and have our own right to quantitatively and qualitatively sufficient. very personal preferences food On the contrary almost a billion people in. At the same time however we are more and the world go hungry largely because the middle. more alienated from what is on our plates on the classes craving for meat creates large scale inten. table and in our hands Do you sometimes wonder sive livestock and food industries. where the steak sausage or burger you are eating In many countries consumers are fed up with. comes from Personal satisfaction reflects ethical being deluded by the agribusiness Instead of us. decisions and private concerns can be very po ing public money to subsidize factory farms as. litical in nature Each of us ought to decide what in the United States and European Union con. we want to eat But responsible consumption is sumers want reasonable policies that promote. something that an increasing number of people ecologically socially and ethically sound livestock. demand Then again they need information on production As a result a central concern of the. which to base their decisions Heinrich B ll Foundation is to provide informa. How can normal consumers understand the tion about the effects of meat production and to. global impact caused by their meat consumption offer alternatives. How many people realize that our demand for, meat is directly responsible for clearing the Ama hile governments in the developed world. zon rainforest Who is aware of the consequences have to radically change course and strug. of industrial livestock production for poverty and gle against the power of the agricultural. hunger displacement and migration animal wel lobby developing countries can avoid repeating. fare or on climate change and biodiversity the mistakes made elsewhere If they know about. the effects of intensive meat production they can, one of these concerns are visible on the plan for a future oriented form of production that.
meat and sausage packages in the super is socially ethically and environmentally respon. market On the contrary big agribusinesses sible Instead of trying to export their failed model. try to play down the adverse effects of our high Europe and the United States should attempt to. meat consumption Advertising and packaging show that change is both necessary and possible. in developed countries convey an image of happy There are alternatives Meat can be produced. animals on happy farms In reality the suffering by keeping animals on pasture instead of in build. the animals endure the ecological damage and ings and by producing feed locally rather than. the social impacts are swept under the carpet shipping it thousands of kilometres Manure does. not have to burden nature and the health of the,local population it can be spread on the farmer s. own fields to enrich the soil,Our atlas invites you to take a trip around the. world It gives you insights into the global connec. This publication is written in International English First Edition January 2014 Production manager Elke Paul Heinrich B ll Foundation Printed by m ller druck Ahrensfelde Germany Climate neutral printing on 100 percent recycled paper Except for the copyrighted work indicated on pp 64 65 this material is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3 0 Unported CC BY

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