Assessment Reading Comprehension Practice

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from In Defense of Space,Exploration,Matt Silver, While many in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology community are. likely thrilled by President Bush s newly announced initiative to return men to. the moon others remain more skeptical Let s take a moment to review both. the plan and benefits of space exploration in general. Regarding cost let s put some things in perspective NASA s FY03 budget1. was roughly 15 5 billion The Bush initiative calls for 1 billion in new. funds spread over the next five years and 11 billion re allocated from. existing NASA programs resulting in an increase of 200 million a year For. comparison the U S will spend roughly 400 billion on defense in 2004 more. 10 than the next fifteen countries combined, Those opposed to space programs will here point out that federal over. spending in one area does not justify it in another There are many reasons. however why that increase and the plan that goes with it constitute wise. resource allocation First the initiative opens the possibility for much needed. change at NASA The Columbia tragedy threw light on major internal and. organizational problems at the agency The Columbia Accident Investigation. Board report describes the tragedy not as an isolated incident but as. symptomatic of a broken safety and management culture in which innovation. and safety often take a back seat to bureaucracy and political infighting The. 20 bold mandate for an 11 billion internal re organization coming from the. highest levels of government will finally give NASA headquarters the authority. to cancel unnecessary programs streamline operations not consistent with the. stated goal and override political pressure that otherwise stifled change. Some of course maintain that the U S should simply not be involved in. human space flight to begin with This brings us to the classic argument of. whether human space exploration in general is a good thing worth reviewing. in light of the current plans, First money spent on space research and development does not disappear. into thin air It goes toward creating knowledge jobs new businesses and. 30 technologies many of which have direct application to other activities. 1 National Aeronautics and Space Administration s budget for fiscal year 2003 go on. assessment pr actice 679, There will also be important scientific returns The NASA Hubble Space Telescope has. literally changed our understanding of the universe A telescope on the moon shielded from. both solar and earth radiation has the potential to see further into the universe than anything. previously built During the Apollo moon landings we arguably learned more about lunar. geology and the solar system in general than we could have in many decades of robotic probes. This kind of science merits government funding, An often ignored benefit of space activities involves its capacity to increase international.
cooperation and generate goodwill A return to the moon will bring the international. community together in an activity that pits man against the cosmos An international effort will. 40 not only lower costs through the pooling of resources it will create concrete links between the. U S Russia Japan Europe even China and this will have tremendous symbolic overtones. Comprehension,DIRECTIONS Answer these questions about the. excerpt from Why Go Back to the Moon,1 In lines 1 11 what claim does the author. make about the value of moon exploration,A The president supports moon exploration. Reach for the stars B Travel to the moon is the best route. and one day C Good reasons exist for exploring the moon. you may D A return to the moon is an outdated idea. get there 2 Which statement is a fact that supports setting. up a solar power station on the moon,A It is the best way to provide clean energy. through microwaves,B Silicon which is available on the moon is.
useful in producing power,C The moon has a surface that is solid. enough to support enormous structures,D Someone needs to show that nuclear. Public service announcement 2007,fusion reactors can produce power. Assessment Practice, 3 Which argument is used to counter the DIRECTIONS Answer this question about both. straight to Mars boosters lines 15 16 selections,A People could use the moon s element rich.
7 Which idea is presented by both authors in,soil to manufacture necessities. support of space exploration,B People who want to use solar power and. A reorganizing NASA,make money from the moon are dreamers. B pooling resources among nations,C Nuclear fusion power plants would be a. better source of energy than solar power C setting up a space observatory on the moon. D Solar power isn t cost effective on Earth D turning silicon into solar cells. DIRECTIONS Answer these questions about the excerpt DIRECTIONS Answer this question about the. from In Defense of Space Exploration advertisement. 4 Which one of the following statements is an 8 Which feeling does the ad try to convey by. opinion showing a smiling child looking up at the,A NASA s budget for 2003 was roughly.
15 5 billion lines 5 6 A optimism C patriotism, B We arguably learned more about space B reverence D playfulness. from the moon landings than we could,have from robotic probes lines 34 35. C Money spent on space research and Written Response. development provides jobs lines 28 30,SHORT RESPONSE Write three or four sentences to. D The Hubble telescope has provided answer this question. scientific information lines 31 32,9 Is the following sentence from Why Go Back. 5 Which argument does the author counter in to the Moon a statement of fact or opinion. lines 25 36 Briefly explain your reasoning,A More money should be given to NASA.
The moon would also be a terrific place to,B Many countries do not agree with the. build astronomical observatories line 12,United States about space programs. C Human space exploration is not a good EXTENDED RESPONSE Write two or three paragraphs. enterprise to answer this question,D NASA needs the authority to cancel. unnecessary programs 10 Which selection in favor of space exploration. do you think is more persuasive Identify the, 6 Which words and images in lines 31 41 make reasons evidence and persuasive techniques. the strongest appeal to your emotions that you think make it more effective. A solar system moon landings lunar geology,B earth radiation potential robotic probes.
C goodwill man against the cosmos,tremendous,D capacity return to the moon effort. assessment pr actice 681,Vocabulary, DIRECTIONS Use context clues to answer the following DIRECTIONS Read the thesaurus entries and answer. questions about specialized vocabulary words the questions. 1 Which expression in lines 8 10 of Why Go farfetched adjective. Back to the Moon gives the best clue to the bizarre grotesque fantastic remote distant. meaning of mineralogical imaginary antic strained,A blasted from Earth. B planet size object 4 Which word could be substituted for the. word farfetched as it is used in line 27 of,C moon rocks. Why Go Back to the Moon,D Apollo missions,A strained.
2 In line 12 of Why Go Back to the Moon B grotesque. the word astronomical refers to C fantastic,A outer space D antic. B enormous size,C microwaves bold adjective,rude pushy noticeable adventurous. conspicuous obvious shameless,3 Which word in lines 34 35 of In Defense of. 5 Which word could be substituted for the,Space Exploration gives the best clue to the. word bold as it is used in line 20 of In,meaning of lunar.
Defense of Space Exploration,D adventurous,consistent adjective. compatible unchanging constant unfailing,even loyal valid. 6 Which word could be substituted for the,word consistent as it is used in line 22 of In. Defense of Space Exploration,A compatible,B unchanging. C constant,D unfailing,682 unit 6 argument and persuasion.
Assessment Practice,Writing Grammar, DIRECTIONS Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. 1 Space tourism is a lucrative business 2 One company found two willing candidates. 3 The candidates wanted to fly to the International Space Station 4 Each was ready. to pay 20 million 5 In the future the company will offer more affordable trips. 6 People will be able to take suborbital flights for just 100 000 7 Civilian spaceships. need to be built first 8 Some people might want the experience without going to space. 9 To meet this need the company will offer a training only session 10 Others might. be interested in a short flight 11 They ll have the option to fly just 15 miles high. 1 Choose the correct way to rewrite sentences 2 C In the future when civilian spaceships are. 3 and 4 as one compound complex sentence built the company will offer more. A One company found two willing affordable trips and people will be able to. candidates wanting to fly to the take suborbital flights for just 100 000. International Space Station and each was D In the future civilian spaceships will be. ready to pay 20 million built and the company will offer more. B One company found two willing affordable flights to people for just. candidates who wanted to fly to the 100 000,International Space Station and each was. ready to pay 20 million 3 Choose the correct way to rewrite sentences 9. 10 and 11 as one compound complex,C When one company found two willing. candidates wanting to fly to the, International Space Station they A To meet this need the company will offer. discovered that each was ready to pay 20 a training only session or if people are. million interested in a short flight they ll have the. option to fly just 15 miles high,D One company found two willing.
candidates wanting to fly to the B To meet this need the company will offer. International Space Station with each a training only session or people will have. ready to pay 20 million the option to fly just 15 miles high for a. short flight, 2 Choose the correct way to rewrite sentences 5 C To meet this need the company will offer. 6 and 7 as one compound complex sentence a training only session to interested people. A In the future the company will offer more who also will have the option to fly just 15. affordable trips to people who will be able miles high. to take suborbital flights for just 100 000 D To meet this need the company will offer. when civilian spaceships are built a training only session people also will. B In the future when civilian spaceships are have the option to fly just 15. built the company will offer more miles high,affordable trips to people who will be able STOP. to take suborbital flights for just 100 000,assessment pr actice 683. Assessment Practice assessment online For more assessment practice and test taking tips go to the Assessment Center at ClassZone com Reading Comprehension DIRECTIONS Read these selections and answer the questions that follow from Why Go Back to the Moon Michael D Lemonick

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