ANNEX 1 LOGICAL FRAMEWORK

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ANNEX 2 PROGRAMME PROFILES,Output 1 Improved food production. Project O1 1 Transferring livelihoods inputs to vulnerable populations. To contribute to restoring the livelihoods of at risk populations including IDPs returnees and the most. Objectives,vulnerable households in Southern Sudan. 1 500 000 people 250 000 households comprising vulnerable returnees 15 IDPs 17 host and. Beneficiaries resident populations 68 in Jonglei Upper Nile Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria states. 65 will be women headed households, MoAF SMoAs WFP UNHCR UNICEF UNDP UNMIS RRR IOM WVI ACF CRS PHO CONCERN Oxfam GB. VSF G B S AAH SOLIDARITES COOPI INTERSOS Tearfund DRC CHFI RI IRD NPA Intermon Oxfam. ACROSS ACMI SRC ADRA AMURT International FAR Mercy Corps GAA Caritas Germany LWF BRAC. Implementing partners, WOTAP MASRA CRADA NHDF SALF UNKEA UNWWA WS Mana Sudan GAP Nile Basin FYF YARRDSS. BED PAPAD NYCA RAAH CTC MODA KMFG NEFT CDOT LRDA CDA KENDA AORD MCDF KUCDA. APAD CAD CDAS SSPD SCOPE INCODE CDS SUVAD SSRDA DUYCD LAPFA. Project duration 24 months,Funds requested USD 15 500 000.
Crop production is a major livelihood activity throughout Southern Sudan Cultivation is characterized by. slash and burn rotational practices and the use of rudimentary tools and traditional planting materials. Production is rainfed and subsistence oriented Poor production methods limit households to cultivating. an average of 2 to 4 feddans and yields are often quite low Poor productivity is due to a number of factors. including lack of access to adequate and improved production inputs poor farming practices crop pests. and diseases limited access to seeds and tools and limited labour. The combined impact of poor rainfall crop failure and poor yields meant that over 100 000 households. faced problems accessing seeds for replanting Large numbers of the populations will therefore need. help in 2010 and 2011 to resume production through livelihood input transfers to enable them to produce. Summary their own food, Southern Sudan makes up a third of Sudan s territory but it accounts for 66 percent of fisheries resources. in the country This is largely because of the 100 000 ha Sudd swamps which have rich aquatic resources. Southern Sudan s waters have very limited fishing pressure The fish harvest for the Sudan is estimated at. 60 000 tonnes per annum 40 000 tonnes of which are from Southern Sudan. Fishing communities on the Nile River networks face many challenges in their livelihoods including weak. or absent infrastructure such as roads which makes access to markets difficult for the sale of produce or. purchase of fishing gear Fishing communities experience considerable losses in their harvests due to a. lack of processing skills and materials and limited access to markets. A mid year ANLA review and a Rapid Crop Assessment Mission carried out in July and August 2009 found. that food insecurity and conflict were worse in 2009 than in 2008 Large scale displacement inter tribal. conflict and LRA attacks the disruption of trade and high food prices placed overwhelming pressure on. households coping strategies Crop failure as a result of poor rainfall during the main rainy season led to. critical food gaps in most parts of Southern Sudan It was estimated that the cropped area was reduced by. 20 to 30 percent in 2009 and overall cereal production by 30 to 40 percent. Reduced vulnerability to food insecurity through the provision of food production inputs fishing gear. Expected outcomes, among the targeted farming households in Southern Sudan. Improved accessibility to inputs among the target communities. Expected outputs Increased adoption of improved crop varieties. Improved agricultural production and productivity, 1 Provision of agricultural production inputs crop and vegetable seeds hand tools and treadle pumps. and fishing equipment, a participatory identification of targeted beneficiaries. b procurement of production inputs, c selection of implementing partners and preparation of Letters of Agreement and.
d distribution of the production inputs,2 Provision of technical support and facilitation. a carrying out tailor made training activities,Key activities b targeting criteria. c gender mainstreaming and, d follow up and reporting on the use of the agriculture inputs. a monitor progress regularly through field visits partners progress reports and monthly reports. using developed formats, b in collaboration with MAF and SIFSIA conduct pre harvest assessment to determine crop. performance and, c conduct post distribution assessment and use results for improved intervention.
Personnel international and national 500 000,Contracts with partners 2 900 000. Travel 200 000, Training of partners staff and beneficiaries 190 909. Budget Expendable equipment 9 620 000, Non expendable equipment vehicles motorbikes etc 240 000. Technical support services 140 000,General operating expenses 300 000. Support costs 10 of sub total 1 409 091,Total 15 500 00.
Output 1 Improved food production, Project O1 2 Supporting livelihoods diversification and technology transfer. To ensure target communities have access to production technologies skills and information that support. Objectives,the creation of other livelihood opportunities. Over 6 000 returnee IDP agropastoralist and farming households 60 female headed in the five priority. Beneficiaries,areas and other states in Southern Sudan. SMoAs NGOs both international and national CBOs and faith based organizations operating within the. Implementing partners,targeted five priority states. Project duration 24 months,Funds requested USD 1 957 000.
The majority of households in Southern Sudan rely on cattle rearing crop production fishing wild food. collection and trade for their livelihoods with various combinations of these activities making up the. household economy depending on geographic location Crop production is a major livelihood activity. across Southern Sudan Cultivation is characterized by slash and burn rotations use of rudimentary. technology and poor quality planting materials and subsistence farming in a rainfed production system. Yields are often low and households are generally only able to plant 2 to 4 feddans. Livestock cattle goats and sheep play an important role in the livelihoods of agropastoralist groups. making a significant contribution to household food and income Seasonal migration of livestock for. pasture and water characterizes the livelihood system of large numbers of people in Southern Sudan. Major constraints to livestock production include inadequate veterinary extension services to control. livestock diseases and improve animal husbandry practices insecurity in the form of cattle raiding and. poor livestock marketing infrastructure Improving the animal health delivery system will greatly improve. Summary the food and livelihood security of agropastoralist communities. Despite the abundant water resources in Southern Sudan small scale irrigation during the dry season. is still minimally practiced Traditional hand irrigation takes place in riverbeds during the dry season for. the production of mainly tobacco and local vegetables Beekeeping exists as an untapped resource that. could offer an alternative source of food for families but is not widely practiced in Southern Sudan Poultry. production still follows traditional practices with limited productivity resulting in significant imports from. neighbouring countries Prolonged conflict left many returnees and IDPs with no or limited livestock herds. The project will therefore empower the target beneficiaries to employ alternative livelihood activities to. increase their access to food, The project focuses on promoting livelihoods diversification and technology transfer in five priority states. of Southern Sudan that are prone to hazards and disasters These include Jonglei Upper Nile Northern Bahr. el Ghazal Warrap and Eastern Equatoria The project targets over 6 000 farming households of returnees. IDPs and resident agropastoralist and farming communities 60 percent of which will be female headed. Expected outcomes Reduced vulnerability to shocks among the targeted farming households in Southern Sudan. Improved access to food for the target communities. Expected outputs Increased adoption of production technologies and practices. Increased awareness of available livelihood options in food production. Training on different livelihood options, Promoting the adoption of following production options. small scale vegetable production and small scale irrigation technology transfer. apiculture and honey processing and,poultry meat and egg production. Key activities, Establishing micro grant system to support access to inputs such as irrigation equipment beekeeping. kits day old chicks and poultry equipment goats etc. Facilitating the formation and organization of farmers groups and or associations. Monitoring and evaluation of the planned activities. Personnel international and national 450 000,Contracts with partners 250 000.
Travel 90 000, Training of partners staff and beneficiaries 100 000. Expendable equipment all agricultural commodities and consumables 450 000. Non expendable equipment vehicles motorbikes computers printers other. hardware and software,Technical support services 100 000. General operating expenses including office rent maintenance of vehicles. UN contribution in country transport storage and handling ITSH. Support costs 10 of sub total 137 000,Total 1 957 000. Output 1 Improved food production, Supporting natural resource based conflict transformation and land tenure security for rural. Project O1 3,communities, Ensure equitable access to land and tenure security for rural communities and develop institutional.
Objectives,capacity in resource based conflict resolution. Rural farming households returnees and traditional and civil leaders in resource based conflict prone. Beneficiaries, areas of Upper Nile Jonglei and Warrap states and other states with potential for resource based conflicts. Implementing partners Southern Sudan Land Commission UN agencies NGOs local government and CBOs. Project duration 24 months,Funds requested USD 1 468 500. As is the case elsewhere in sub Saharan Africa land tenure and access to natural resources are among. the key structural factors contributing to poverty and the outbreak of violent conflict in Southern Sudan. Land is not just a means of survival or material gain it has profound religious cultural social and political. significance Land is an extremely sensitive issue and was not addressed in depth during the negotiations. that led to the signing of the CPA Instead the CPA recognized that the land in Southern Sudan is. governed by customary practices and the matter was to be comprehensively dealt with in the post CPA. interim period, The majority of the population of Southern Sudan depends on land and natural resources for their. livelihoods Secure access to land by the rural poor is therefore essential to the process of post conflict. recovery and promotion of sustainable rural development and most importantly food production at the. community level Improving people s knowledge of their land rights will make these rights real allowing. the right holders to invest in the land thereby improving their livelihoods The land rights of the people of. Southern Sudan have been guaranteed in the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan 2005. Summary Secure land tenure in a post conflict situation particularly for poorer and more vulnerable groups is key. to poverty reduction and should be guaranteed through appropriate policies and legislations that protect. the land rights of the poor Women s tenure rights which are often considered subservient to those of. men require particular attention In Southern Sudan as in other developing countries in Africa women. are the main users of land and play a key role in food production Continued land tenure insecurity due. to prevailing customary norms and practices which discriminate against women will profoundly affect. household and community food security, Competition over access to and use of natural resources particularly water and pasture land is the.
main driver of inter and intra ethnic conflict This is exacerbated by the growing human and livestock. populations and impact of climate change related events such as floods and drought which have reduced. the natural resources on which livelihoods depend thereby intensifying competition over access This can. become violent and lead to the displacement of people from their sources of livelihood and destruction. of their livelihood assets compounding an already fragile food security situation In the past traditional. institutions ensured that access to and use of natural resources was negotiated and clear terms of use. were agreed between different parties However the proliferation of small arms among pastoral. communities has undermined the authority of traditional institutions which has been hijacked by armed. gangs of youth who disregard traditional norms of negotiated access It is critical that mechanisms. for resolving resource based conflicts be re established to ensure the recovery and development of. sustainable livelihoods, The following approaches will be adopted for activities related to land tenure and the resolution of land. ANNEX 1 LOGICAL FRAMEWORK Project description Indicators Means of verification Assumptions Goal Improved food security and livelihoods of the rural population By the end of 2011 percentage of people falling under IPC Phase 4 decreased by 20 IPC SIFSIA activities Outcomes Reduced vulnerability to shocks among rural communities in the targeted priority states By the end of 2011

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