An introduction to the Logical Framework

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WEDC Loughborough University 2011,Box 6 Logframe design checklist. Based on an original text by Kevin Sansom,1 The project has one Purpose. Edited by Brian Reed and Rod Shaw 2 The Purpose is not a reformulation of the Outputs. 3 The Purpose is within the manageable interest of the project team although. Illustrated by Rod Shaw not necessarily within its control. 4 The Purpose is clearly stated, Quality assurance Brian Reed 5 All the Outputs are necessary for accomplishing the Purpose. Designed and produced by WEDC Publications 6 The Outputs are clearly stated. 7 The Outputs are stated as results, 8 The Activities define the action strategy for accomplishing each Output. This guide is one of a series of published learning resources which are available for 9 The Goal is clearly stated. purchase in print or available to download free of charge from the WEDC Knowledge 10 The if then relationship between the Purpose and Goal is logical and does not. miss important steps, Base Any part of this publication including the illustrations except items taken from.
11 The assumptions at the activity level do not include any pre existing conditions. other publications where WEDC does not hold copyright may be copied reproduced These are listed separately. or adapted to meet local needs without permission from the author s or publisher 12 The Outputs plus the assumptions at that level produce the necessary. provided the parts reproduced are distributed free or at cost and not for commercial and sufficient conditions for achieving the Purpose. ends and the source is fully acknowledged Please send copies of any materials in 13 The Purpose plus assumptions at that level describe the critical conditions. which text or illustrations have been used to WEDC at the address given below for achieving the Goal. 14 The relationship between the Inputs resources and the Activities is realistic. 15 The relationship between the Activities and Outputs is realistic. 16 The relationship between the Outputs and the Purpose is realistic. Published by WEDC Loughborough University 17 The vertical logic among Activities Outputs Purpose and Goal is realistic. as a whole,ISBN 978 1 84380 146 7, 18 The indicators at the Purpose level are independent from the Outputs They are not. a summary of Outputs but a measure of the Purpose, 19 The Purpose indicators measure what is important. 20 The Purpose indicators have quantity quality and time measures. 21 The Output indicators are objectively verifiable in terms of quantity quality. 22 The Goal level indicators are objectively verifiable in terms of quantity quality. 23 The Inputs described at the activity level define the resources and costs required for. accomplishing the Purpose, Water Engineering and Development Centre 24 The Means of Verification column identifies where the information for verifying each. School of Civil and Building Engineering indicator will be found. Loughborough University 25 The Activities identify any actions required for gathering Means of Verification. Leicestershire LE11 3TU UK 26 The Outputs define the management responsibility of the project. 27 When reviewing the Logical Framework you can define the evaluation plan. T 44 0 1509 222885 Linkedin WEDC UK for the project. E wedc lboro ac uk Twitter wedcuk 28 The Purpose indicators measure the project impact to be sustained. 29 The Output strategy includes a description of the project management systems. W wedc lboro ac uk YouTube wedclboro 30 The team designing the project are completely exhausted. References and further UNHCR 2001 Project Planning in Introduction. reading UNHCR A Practical Guide on the Use,of Objectives Outputs and Indicators. Logical Framework Analyses are widely used by donors and governments in the. planning and evaluation of development and disaster relief projects They exist in. BOND 2003 Logical Framework Analysis online Washington DC UNHCR viewed various forms and under a variety of names including OOIP Objective Oriented. London British Overseas NGOs for 22 11 2011 Intervention Planning ZOPP Zielorientierte Projektplanung or GOPP Goal Oriented. Development Available from http www the ecentre Project Planning UNHCR call it OMS Operations Management System. net resources e library doc Project 20,DFID 1998 Engineering KAR Logical.
Planning 20in 20UNHCR pdf, Framework Notes London Department The need for a framework. for International Development DFID WELL 1998 DFID Guidance Manual The logframe was developed in response alike It is essentially a tool for deciding. on Water and Sanitation Programmes to a number of common weaknesses in what to do rather than how and when to. DFID 2009 Guidance on using the revised, Loughborough WEDC Loughborough projects do agreed tasks. Logical Framework How to note a DFID,University also online viewed. practice paper London Department for a lack of common understanding Well designed logframes can enable. 22 11 2011, International Development DFID among partners as to what the. Available from http wedc lboro ac uk a common understanding among the. NORAD 1996 The Logical Framework knowledge bookshop html project entails. different project partners of what, Approach LFA handbook for objectives poorly focused objectives the project entails with agreed and.
oriented planning 3rd ed Oslo focused objectives, Norwegian Agency for Development key risks and assumptions. Cooperation NORAD inadequately identified and a thorough exploration of the key. addressed assumptions and the cause and effect, TEAM TECHNOLOGIES INC 2005 The links between the various objective. Logframe Handbook a Logical Framework cause and effect linkages between. levels to reduce the risk of project, Approach to project cycle management objectives at different levels not. online Washington DC World Bank adequately explored. viewed 22 11 2011 Available from planned activities and outputs. activities and outputs that are, http www wds worldbank org servlet that are collectively necessary and. insufficient collectively to achieve, main menuPK 64187510 pagePK 6419 sufficient to achieve the high order.
higher order objectives and, 3027 piPK 64187937 theSitePK 523679 9 objectives and. entityID 000160016 20050607122225 a lack of systematic monitoring and. a systematic framework for,evaluation,monitoring and evaluation. A logframe can help to resolve these Logframes should be seen as fluid and. shortcomings if it is applied in a evolving rather than rigid plans Indeed. participatory manner throughout the it may be necessary to go back one or. project cycle A good understanding of two stages This is important because. its key concepts application potential relief and development activities rarely. benefits and limitations is useful for follow a set pattern there is learning and. donor government agency and NGO staff change at every stage and so in practice. flexible planning tools should take into in multi disciplinary innovative the course of time Much of the value. account experience gained by project The Logical Framework is a tool projects where there is a degree of in completing a logframe occurs from. partners and key stakeholders at each to help strengthen project design experimentation To be used effectively the shared understanding that emerges. stage Their use can also encourage more implementation and evaluation it does require a clear understanding amongst those people who were involved. effective monitoring and evaluation and This means that it is best used of subtle differences in language so in its design. ensures a more rigorous and accountable throughout the project cycle The care needs to be taken in its use when It is therefore worth devoting sufficient. approach to relief and development work Logical Framework is a simple tool language translation is a problem time for the project team and key. In a rapidly changing environment it that helps you. Logframe analysis is a very useful aid to stakeholders to develop and agree the. is accepted that such a framework will organize your thinking. monitoring and evaluation because of project logframe through workshops and. be less than perfect and may need to set performance indicators. the systematic links between objectives meetings, change frequently to accommodate the allocate responsibilities. situation on the ground and the view of all indicators and assumptions However Logframes can also be developed for. communicate information, stakeholders care needs to be taken in recognising sub projects which then feed into larger. on the project concisely and, changes in the external environment project or programme logframes see.
unambiguously, What is a logframe physical economic social etc over Figure 5. The logframe consists of a 4 x 4 matrix,with four column headings. The four rows relate to the levels of, Objective or narrative summary activity from high level strategic goals. hierarchy of objectives down to detailed lists of activities and. Objectively verifiable indicators OVIs input See Table 1 on pages 9 10 for an. measurable performance indicators example,Means of verification monitoring and. coordination and Developing a logframe, Important assumptions and risks Many people initially have trouble in fully.
understanding how to use logframes The,best way to learn is through practice The. The UNHCR OMS matrix has an,basic principle is to go from the more. additional column heading for,general to the specific That is begin with. Rationale for UNHCR Involvement to,the summary of the objective for each. level and the key assumptions then try to, the overall problem put indicators and targets on the general.
statement of objectives A logframe is,the core problem by sectoral areas. best developed in the early stages of a,causes project together with project partners. so that there is shared ownership of its,related activities and. content While the logframe is a useful Figure 7 Once the logframe is complete and agreed work can begin on strategies for. existing resources tool for communicating the key aspects implementation. of a project to interested parties it has,most relevance to those involved with. developing and updating it The process,of making a logframe though laborious.
ensures that partners actually do,planning and take into account important. issues that are likely to affect the success,of the project. Figure 1 Right Well designed logframes,can enable a common understanding. among the different project partners of,what the project entails with agreed and. focused objectives,Box 1 Composing an objective statement.
Objective statements e g Goals implemented They should be strong. purposes and outputs should be action statements A suitable indicator. phrased as if the task has been of the example objective may then be. completed e g Pit latrine emptying 60 of pit latrines that need emptying. Figure 5 Project purposes form programme outputs system developed agreed and de sludged by the second month of. operation which will indicate how,successfully the system has been. Uses and limitations implemented, of the logframe The use of phrases or words such as. On completion of a project logframe in order to through or by should. review each step in its development be avoided because there will in effect. with key stakeholders apply the tests be two levels of objectives in the one. described above and make sure that it statement e g Developing sustainable. is clear and understandable to people water sources through community. who have not been involved Once the mobilisation If developing sustainable. logframe is complete and agreed water sources is a project purpose. work can begin on strategies for then community mobilisation is an. implementation output or activity along with many other. Figure 6 The logframe is an aid to logical outputs and activities that are necessary. The logframe is an aid to logical thinking thinking to achieve the project purpose. in all types of projects but particularly, Components of a logframe The project purpose It is also important to make a clear The project purpose is the primary. The project purpose is why the project distinction between the basic indicator reason for undertaking the project. The overall goal is being done It describes the desired e g of water samples that meet and may be expressed in terms of. The goal is the impact that this project outcome Ideally a project should have only standards the current or baseline value behavioural or institutional change This. if combined with others will achieve one purpose so that activities and outputs and the proposed target value These can makes OVIs difficult to set though. Usually this is a programme or sector have a clear focus Projects with multiple figures can be used to track trends in they become the key indicators of overall. objective Very often a portfolio of projects purposes and a diverse range of outputs planned and actual performance project success. will share a common goal It is sometimes can be undermined by a lack of direction It. Goal and purpose level indicators Output and activity level. called the aim or main objective can also be called objective or aim. Goal level indicators often describe indicators, programme or sector objectives to Output indicators often feature in the. Box 2 Project purpose development examples wards which this and other projects terms of reference for the project. The Logical Framework is a tool to help strengthen project design implementation and evaluation This means that it is best used throughout the project cycle It helps to organize thinking set performance indicators allocate responsibilities and communicate effectively An introduction to the Logical Framework Logical Framework Analyses are widely used by donors and governments in the

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