An approach on how to trade in commodities market

An Approach On How To Trade In Commodities Market-Free PDF

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Chicago Board Option Exchange CBOE Options on Energy Interest rate. Tokyo Commodity Exchange TCE Silver Gold Crude oil Rubber. Malaysian Derivatives Exchange MDEX Rubber Soy Oil Crude Palm Oil. Commodities Exchange COMEX Gold Silver Platinum Copper. Gold Silver Crude Oil Mentha CPO Copper Zinc Lead,Multi Commodity Exchange MCX Nickel etc. National Commodity Derivative Chana Soybean Soy Oil RM Seed Pepper Jeera. Exchange NCDEX Turmeric Chilli Sugar etc, At Present futures are available on the following commodities. Bullion Gold and Silver, Oil Oilseeds Castor seeds Soy Seeds Castor Oil Refined Soy Oil Soymeal Crude Palm Oil. Cotton seed Oilcake Cottonseed Mentha oIl, Spices Black Pepper Red Chilli Jeera Turmeric Cardamom Coriander. Metals Copper Nickel Steel Zinc Aluminium and Lead. Fibre Kapas Cotton,Pulses Chana,Cereals Wheat Maize.
Energy Crude oil Natural Gas,Others Rubber Sugar Gur. Since the exchanges continue to add new products the above list may not show all commodities. Why Commodity Trading, Commodity trading can be done for various purposes out of which two are most important. Against the exposure towards physical trades for risk management Hedging. Having no exposure in physical form Investment Speculation. Hedging is the practice of offsetting the price risk inherent in any cash market position by taking an. opposite position in the futures market A long hedge involves buying futures contracts to protect against. possible increasing prices of commodities A short hedge involves selling futures contracts to protect. against possible declining prices of commodities, Speculation is the practice of engaging in risky financial transactions in an attempt to profit from short. or medium term fluctuations in the market value of a tradable good such as a financial instrument ex. Basic instruction How to trade, The basic information that should be with the client is as follows. The process of the selection of the commodity depends on the knowledge and interest of the client. regarding various commodities It also depends on the amount of margin money means how much the. client is interested to invest in commodity market The selection of the commodity also depends on the. time horizon short medium and long for which the customer wants to go for investment in. commodities The choice of commodities is also based on the purpose for which customer want to go for. investment like hedging speculation or diversification. Margin amount has to be deposited by both buyers and sellers of futures contracts through cheque The. purpose of collecting margin money by the exchange is to avoid the counter party risk of defaulting by its. members or their clients in fulfilling their obligations It is a part of the risk management system. For conducting the process of trading the client can contact the dealer for knowing the price movement. and details regarding the amount required for doing a trade For information on a particular commodity. one has to generate interest in reading the fundamental reports coming out from the research desk. The profit and loss of a trade depends on how correct you can identify the future trend of the price. movement of that particular commodity The loss can be controlled by putting a stop loss whenever you. Why to Invest in Commodities, The fact remains that commodities trading is a robust well regulated and a fast growing industry but as.
an investor why should one invest in it, 1 They Can Help You Beat Inflation Whenever you look at an investment you consider the returns. that investment gives you and whether those returns beat inflation We always crib about inflation. inflation means things getting expensive products like pulses oil gold silver spices cotton all keep on. getting expensive So when you invest in these commodities through futures trading you are effectively. beating inflation Gold is considered as an important hedge against inflation. 2 Diversification of Your Portfolio All financial planners financial blogs and magazines advise you. diversify your portfolio and commodities are a great way to do so They have a high return capacity just. like equities and you have an option other than equity that can help you earn big returns To diversify. your investment portfolio you may look to invest in E Gold i e in Spot Market NSEL or in Futures. Market or you can also go for investing through arbitrage The simultaneous purchase and sale of similar. commodities in different markets to take advantage of a price discrepancy. 3 Hedging of Risks During a disaster like war drought flood political uncertainty etc the. commodities react differently from other investment classes These situations may cause a shortage of. products and increase in demand of certain products thereby pushing the commodities price up and. giving you an option to hedge your risk Secondly participants who are exposed to commodities in. physical form they always carry the price risk To reduce this price risk futures is one of the financial tool. available in the market, 4 Surplus fund To park the surplus amount of fund which one wants to invest then one of the. options available for him her is commodities, Another advantage of trading in commodities is high financial leverage Margin required for trading in. commodities except in spot trading where complete cash is required is less it ranges between 5 15. whereas for equity trading it is between 10 25, So if Rama buys a silver future and the margin for the same is 7 by investing Rs 7000 she. can buy a futures contract worth Rs 100 000 If the price of silver increases by 5 then she. has the potential of earning Rs 5000 by investing Rs 7000 This can especially be beneficial. for small investors who do not have a large amount to block for investments However there. is a risk of price movement on the down side too if position has been taken without having. correct information Therefore there has to be always a STOP LOSS for the trades executed. to contain the downward risk if it s not hedged,How does it work.
As in the case of stock futures you don t have to pay the entire amount just a fixed percentage of the. cost of the commodity which is known as initial margin can be paid to take a position or trade in the. commodity futures market, Let s say you are buying a Gold Futures contract of 100 g 100 gms of gold may be worth Rs 2 80 000. The margin for gold set by the Exchange is 4 to 5 So you only end up paying Rs 14 000 The low. margin means that you can buy futures representing a large amount of gold by paying only a fraction of. the price So you bought the Gold Futures contract when it was Rs 28000 per 10 gms The next day the. price of gold rose to Rs 28500 per 10 gms Then Rs 500 Rs 28500 Rs 28000 will be credited to your. account The following day the price dips to Rs 27500 Rs 500 will get debited from your account Rs. 28000 Rs 27500 This profit or loss is called Mark to Market In this way trade happens. At the end of every trading day the margin account of the trader client is adjusted to reflect the. participant s gain or loss These price variations are netted into the daily margin account. Risk that should be kept in mind while trading, Different kinds of risks faced by participants in derivatives markets are. Credit Risk Credit risk on account of default by counter party This is very low or almost zero. because the Exchange takes on the responsibility for the performance of contracts. Market Risk the risk of loss on account of adverse movement of price. Liquidity Risk the risk that unwinding of transactions may be difficult if the market is illiquid. Legal Risk legal objections might be raised regulatory framework might disallow some. activities, Operational Risk the risk arising out of some operational difficulties like failure of connectivity. electricity or banking problems etc due to which it becomes difficult to operate in the market. How risky are these markets compared to stock bond markets. Commodity prices are generally less volatile than the stocks and this has been statistically. proven Therefore it s relatively safer to trade in commodities. Also the regulatory authorities ensure through continuous vigil that the commodity prices are. market driven and free from manipulations, However all investments are subject to market risk and depend on the individual decision There. is risk of loss while trading in commodity futures like any other financial instruments. Also the client should use Stop loss as a precautionary measure according to the risk appetite. The client should be aware of the amount of the risk he or she can absorb as sometimes market. becomes volatile or move in opposite direction,What is the minimum investment needed.
You can start your investment with an amount as low as say Rs 25 000 All you need is money for. margins payable upfront to exchanges through brokers Generally commodity futures require an initial. margin between 5 10 of the contract value The exchanges levy higher additional margin in case of. excess volatility The margin amount varies between exchanges and commodities Therefore they provide. great benefits of leverage in comparison to the stock traded on the stock exchanges The exchange also. requires the daily profits and losses to be paid in out on open positions Mark to Market or MTM so that. the buyers and sellers do not carry a risk of not more than one day. Do I have to give delivery or settle in cash, You can do both however as per the guidelines of the exchanges Some commodities are cash settled. while rest are compulsory deliverables The choice is yours If you want your contract to be cash settled. you have to pre close the positions before the delivery period. If you plan to take or make delivery you need to have the required warehouse receipts demated or. without demat as per the exchange guidelines in the case of seller while in the case of the buyer pay in. has to be complete to take the delivery Once decided same needs to be informed in advance to your. member broker The option to settle in cash or through delivery can be changed as many times as one. wants till the start of the delivery period of the contract. What do I need to start trading in commodity futures. You have to open an account by filling up Know Your Customer KYC application with a broker and. margin will have to be given to the broker to start the trading If you are looking for deliveries also then. in addition to the trading account you need to have a separate commodity demat account from the. National Securities Depository Ltd NSDL or Central Depository Securities Ltd CDSL just like in stocks. Besides you will need to give you details such as PAN no bank account no and cheque address proof. Who regulates the commodity exchanges, Just as SEBI regulates the stock exchanges commodity exchanges are regulated by Forward Markets. Commission FMC Forwards Market Commission works under the purview of the Ministry of Food Civil. supplies and Public Distribution, Are there physical deliveries in commodity futures exchanges. YES the exchanges in order to maintain the futures prices in line with the spot market have made. available provisions of settlement of contracts by physical delivery They also make sure that the price of. futures and spot prices coincide during the settlement so that the arbitrage opportunities do not exist. How the deliveries are made possible, The exchange has enlisted certain cities for specific commodities as the delivery centres The seller of. commodity futures may choose to deliver physical stock instead of settling the positions by cash in which. case he would be required to deliver the stocks to the specified warehouses as per the contract quality. specifications The buyer of the commodity futures if he is interested in physical delivery would be. matched with a seller and would be required to take delivery of the specified quantity of stock from the. designated warehouse, World wide commodity futures are generally used for hedging and speculation and hence physical.
deliveries are negligible However the possibility of physical delivery has made these markets more. attractive in India Both NCDEX and MCX have successfully completed physical delivery in bullions and. various agro commodities, Who benefits from dealing in commodity futures and how. Commodity futures are beneficial to a large section of the society be it farmer businessmen. industrialist importer exporter consumer, If you are an investor commodities futures represent a good form of investment because of the following. Diversification The returns from commodities market are free from the direct influence of the. equity and debt market which means that they are capable of being used as effective hedging. instruments providing better diversification, Less Manipulations Commodities markets as they are governed by international price. movements are less prone to rigging or price manipulations by individuals. High Leverage The margins in the commodity futures market are less than the F O section of. the equity market, If you are an importer or an exporter commodities futures can help you in the following ways. Hedge against price fluctuations Wide fluctuations in the prices of import or export. products can directly affect your bottom line as the price at which you import export is fixed. before hand Commodity futures help you to procure or sell the commodities at a price decided. possible increasing prices of commodities A short hedge involves selling futures contracts to protect against possible declining prices of commodities Speculation is the practice of engaging in risky financial transactions in an attempt to profit from short or medium term fluctuations in the market value of a tradable good such as a financial

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